• Title, Summary, Keyword: physical exercise

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Comparison of Aerobic Exercise and Combination Exercise Program on Overall Physical Fitness and Mental Health in 20 Aged Subjects with Obesity

  • Lee, Eun-Sang;Kim, Gyeong-Tae;Lee, Seung-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of aerobic exercise and combination exercise on physical fitness, body composition, and depression and to observe the relationship between obesity and depression. METHODS: A total of 40 obese people were divided into an aerobic exercise group ($n_1$=20) and a combination exercise group ($n_2$=20) that was performed swiss ball exercise and aerobic exercise. Each group exercised three times per week for eight weeks. Outcome measures were basic physical fitness, body composition, and depression. RESULTS: After completion of the exercise, there was a significant difference in overall physical fitness factors of percentage body fat (%body fat), strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiovascular endurance in the combination exercise group (p<.05). Strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiovascular endurance were more improved in the combination exercise group than aerobic exercise group (p<.05). However, changes of %body fat and psychological factor between the two groups were not significant. CONCLUSION: Combination exercise program has an effect on the solution of obesity in physical development and strength. Therefore, it seems to that use with better perform both aerobic exercise and Swiss ball exercise. In addition, the Swiss ball exercise, which is an easy, convenient and economical self-exercise that can be done at home, is recommended due to its positive effects on physical establishment and fitness.

Physical Therapy for Post-Myocardial Infarction (심근경색후 물리치료)

  • Lee, Jeong-Weon
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the clinical physical therapy program used at the University of Yonsei Rehabilitation Hospital, for the practicing university trained physical therapists who may be unfamiliar with patients who have suffered a myocardial infarction. The four primary phases of the cardiac physical therapy graded exercise program are: 1) coronary care unit program (phase I), 2) general ward program (phase II), 3) convalescence program (phase III), 4) maintenance program (phase IV). The exercise prescription defines the exercise intensity, duration, frequency, and mode of exercise a after pre- discharge low level graded exercise test(LL-GXT) or symptom limited maximum graded exercise test. A typical exercise routine consists of preparation warm-up exercise, therapeutic exercise, cool-down exercise. Physical therapy is involved in the acute care and rehabilitation of the patient after a myocardial infarction. Therefore, the physical therapist must throughly comprehened the cardiac anatomy, cycle, performance, conduction system, pathogenesis, risk factors, and exercise benefits.

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The Study on Exercise Prescription of Patients with NIDDM (인슐린비의존형 당뇨환자의 운동처방에 관한 연구)

  • Um Ki-mai
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.185-200
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the glucose and lipid metabolic changes physical exercise of patients with NIDDM. The physical exercise consisted of 15 minutes per day on a bicycle ergometer at $70\%$ maximum heart rate. The results of this study which were calculated from the level of glucose and lipid metabolism of the preexercise and after 2weeks exercise were as follows. 1. Blood glucose was siginificiantly decreased after physical exercise of two weeks(P<0.005). 2. Total cholesterol showed a tendency to decrease after physical exercise of two weeks, but the difference was statistically insignificiant. 3. Triglyceride showed a tendency to decrease on female, but triglyceride on man was inclose after exercise. 4. HDL showed a tendency to increase after physical exercise of two weeks, but the results were statistically insigificiant. 5. LDL showed a tendency to decrease after physical exercise of two weeks, but the results were statistically insignificiant. 6. HDL/cholesterol showed a tendency to increase aftre physical exercise of two weeks, but the results were statistically insignificiant.

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Determinant factors of Exercise behaviors in Patients with Arthritis (관절염 환자의 운동행위 결정요인)

  • Suh, Gil-Hee;Lim, Nan-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.102-130
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    • 2000
  • The aims of this study were to understand and to predict the determinant factors affecting the exercise behaviors and physical fitness by testing the Ponder's health promotion model, and to help the patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis perform the continuous exercise program, and to help them maximize the physical effect such as muscle strength. endurance, and fuctional status and mental effects including self efficacy and quality of life, and improve the physical and mental wellbeing, and to provide a basis for the nursing intervention strategies. We analyzed the clinical records of 208 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative arthritis who visited the outpatient clinics at H university hospital in Seoul between October 5, 1999 and October 24, 1999. Data were composed of self reported questionnaire and good of fitness score which were obtained by pedalling the ergometer of bicycle for 9 minutes. SPSS Win 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a were used for statistical analysis. 24 Of 54 hypothetical paths were supported in modified model, which was considered as a proper model with improved fit index. The physical fitness was directly influenced by exercise participation behavior and education level, and indirectly by physical fitness, while fatigue, physical disability, pastexercise behavior, life-style, self-efficacy, which explained 20% of physical fitness. The exercise participation were directly influenced by perceived benefits and self-efficacy, and indirectly influenced by life-style, fatigue and physical disability, and directly and indirectly by past exercise behavior, which explained 53% of exercise participation. Exercise score were directly affected by perceived health status, perceived benefits, self efficacy, and past exercise behavior, and were indirectly affected by fatigue, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 50%. Perceived health status were directly influeced by level of education, depression, sleep disorder, and physical disability, which explained 34% of perceived health status. Perceived benefit was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, physical disability, and life-style, which explained 45%. Perceived barriers was directly influenced by fatigue, sleep disorder, and lifestyle, which explained 9%. Self- efficacy was directly influenced by fatigue, physical disability, past exercise behavior, and level of education, which explained 61%. In conclusion, important variables for physical fitness were exercise participation and level of education, and variables affecting exercise participation were perceived self-efficacy, benefits, and past exercise behavior. Perceived self-efficacy of exercise was a significant predictor of exercise participation. Life-style, fatigue, and physical disability showed direct effects on perceived benefit, perceived barriers, and self-efficacy, and indirect effects on exercise behavior. Therefore, disease related factor should be minimized for physical performance and well being in nursing intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and plans to promote and continue exercise should be soaked to reduce disability. In addition, Exercise program should be planned and performed by the exact evaluation of exercise according to the ability of the patients and the contents to improve the importance of exercise and self efficacy in self control program, dedicated educational program should be involved.

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Comparing the Effects of Drug Therapy, Physical Therapy, and Exercise on Pain, Disability, and Depression in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (약물요법, 물리치료, 운동요법이 만성요통환자의 통증, 기능장애 및 우울 정도에 미치는 효과의 비교)

  • Ko, Ja-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.645-654
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This research was conducted to compare the effects of drug therapy, physical therapy, and exercise on pain, disability, and depression in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: The research design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects of this study were 28 patients for the drug therapy & physical therapy, 24 patients for the drug therapy & exercise, and 22 patients for the physical therapy & exercise. Data was collected by MVAS, Oswestry disability questionnaires, and questionnaires of depression. It was analyzed by paired t-test for effectiveness, ANOVA, and Scheffe for comparison of the effects of the 3 experimental treatments, using SPSS/WIN 12.0. Results: There were no effects of drug therapy & physical therapy on pain, disability, and depression. However, there were effects of drug therapy & exercise and the physical therapy & exercise on pain, disability, and depression. The effects of physical therapy & exercise on pain, disability, and depression were the greatest, but there was no statistically significant differences between the drug therapy & exercise and the physical therapy & exercise. Conclusions: Exercise is regarded as a more effective and easily accessible nursing intervention to apply alone than drug therapy or physical therapy simultaneously in reducing pain, disability and depression.

The effects of patterns of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation & swiss ball exercise on static balance (고유수용성신경근촉진법 운동과 스위스 볼 운동을 적용 했을 때 정적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Won-Jye;Jeon, Jae-Keun;Lee, Woo-Young;Kim, Ki-Bum;Ju, Hye-Mi;Park, So-Hee;Byun, Ju-Hyung;Son, Kyung-Hyun;Kim, Bong-Hwan
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of study was to determine effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss ball exercise and Swiss ball exercise on balance in the 40 students from H university. Method : There were two experimental conditions. There were two difference groups in the experimental conditions, which had to perform different exercise tasks: Swiss ball exercise group (n=20) and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation exercise with Swiss ball exercise group(n=20). The experimental group received Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation exercise for 20minutes and Swiss Ball exercise for 40minutes, 3 times a week for 4weeks. While another experimental group received Swiss Ball exercise for 40minutes, 3 times a week for 4weeks. In order to evaluation effects of the Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise and Swiss Ball exercise in the two different experimental group, subjects was measured by static balance. Statistical analysis was the paired t-test to compare the differences within groups and the SPSS to analyze the differences between groups. Results : The result of this study were as follows: The static balance was higher for the two different experimental group in post-exercise than in pre-exercise(P<0.5). Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise experimental group was significant difference better then another experimental group(P<0.5). Conclusion : The Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation pattern exercise with Swiss Ball exercise can result in improved static balance better then Swiss Ball exercise.

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Changes of the Skin Temperature for Biceps Brachii on the Isotonic, Isometric Exercise and Gender, BMI Index

  • Lee, Jin;Chun, Hye-Lim;Kim, Dong-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out changes in skin temperature, which is one of the regulatory systems of homeostasis, according to the isotonic-isometric exercise type, and changes in skin temperature according to gender and BMI index through isotonic-isometric exercise. Design: Randomized Controlled Trial. Methods: This study was conducted for 28 healthy male and female students from Department of Physical Therapy, G University. Subjects carried out isometric-isotonic exercise using dumbbells of 4kg and 8kg, respectively. And skin temperature was measured by using a computer infrared thermography. Results: The isometric exercise group was significantly difference changes in temperature by measurement time. Conclusion: In order to find out the effect of isometric exercise and isotonic exercise on skin temperature changes of biceps brachii, this study was carried out for 28 healthy male and female adults. The result of this study may helpful as basic data for orthopedic physical therapy.

Comparison of the Effects of Danjeon Breathing and Walking to Blood Lipids, Physical Symptoms and Hemoglobin in Middle Aged Women (중년여성의 혈중 지질농도, 신체증상, 헤모글로빈에 미치는 단전호흡운동과 걷기운동의 효과 비교)

  • Hyun, Kyung-Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research was to compare the effects of Danjeon Breathing exercise and walking exercise on blood lipids, physical symptoms and hemoglobin of middle-aged women to determine which of these two exercises was more beneficial. Methods: The Danjeon breathing exercise group(20) took health management counseling and performed an eighty-minute Danjeon breathing exercise three times a week for 12 weeks while the walking exercise group(25) took health management counseling and performed a walking exercise seven hours per week for 12 weeks. The control group(20) received only health management counseling. The groups were homogeneous on age, religion, marital status, education, profession, monthly income per household, menopause, smoking, drinking, fat intake and cholesterol intake. Likewise, the groups were homogeneous on total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol,atherogenic index, hemoglobin and physical symptoms. The collected data were analyzed by using the SPSS PC program and $x^2$-test, ANOVA, repeated measures of ANOVA and LSD. Results: 1. Total cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were lower than that of the control group. 2. HDL- cholesterol of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 3. Atherogenic index of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than that of the control group, but atherogenic index of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. 4. Hemoglobin of the Danjeon breathing exercise group and the walking exercise group were not higher than that of the control group. 5. Physical symptom score of the Danjeon breathing exercise group was lower than those of the walking exercise group and the control group, but Physical symptom score of the walking exercise group was not lower than that of the control group. Conclusion: Danjeon breathing exercise and walking exercise are effective for decreasing total cholesterol of middle-aged women. Danjeon breathing exercise is more effective for decreasing atherogenic index and physical symptoms of middle-aged women than walking exercise.

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Effectiveness of Exercise Therapy on Physical Function in Patients With Ankylosing Spondylitis: Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis (강직성 척추염 환자의 신체기능에 대한 운동치료의 효과: 체계적 고찰과 메타분석)

  • Shim, Jae-Hun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.50-59
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    • 2009
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy on physical function of patients with anklyosing spondylitis (AS) through the systemic review and meta-analysis. The 54 studies were identified from computerized search of published researches on PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro, KISS, KERIS database until February, 2008 and review of reference lists. The main search terms were the combination "ankylosing spondylitis", "exercise", "spondyloarthropathy and exercise", "ankylosing spondylitis and physical therapy". The subgroup analysis was performed by the publication year, quality score, type of disease, content of intervention, intervention provider, type of intervention, method of intervention, intervention period and the point of outcome measured. Two reviewers independently selected trials for inclusion, assessed the quality and extracted the data. The result was as follows: The 10 trials were eligible for inclusion criteria, then the systematic review and meta-analysis was assessed on effectiveness of exercise therapy. The meta-analysis of 10 studies based on the random effect model showed that the exercise therapy was beneficial in treating the diseases (effect size .55; 95% confidence interval -.3.75~.61). The findings suggest that the exercise therapy would be appropriate to manage the physical function of AS with evidence based on Meta-analysis. Therefore, the exercise therapy supervised by physical therapist should be recognized as the essential approach to manage the AS and necessarily recommended to improve physical function.

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Effects of Horse Riding Simulator on Pain, Oswestry Disability Index and Balance in Adults with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Chen, Shu-Yi;Kim, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Lee, In-Sil;HwangBo, Gak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of Horse riding simulator exercise on pain, dysfunction and dynamic balance in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. METHODS: In this study, total 19 college students usually complain of low back pain who were randomly divided into the horse riding simulator exercise group (n=10), lumbar strengthening exercise group (n=9) were recruited. Each group carried out for 30 minutes exercise three times a week for 4 weeks. Horse riding simulator exercise group carried out 15 minutes horse riding simulator exercise and 15 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Lumbar strengthening exercise group carried out 30 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured for evaluation back pain. Korean oswestry disability index (KODI) were measured for dysfunction. Limits of stability (LOS) were measured for dynamic balance. RESULTS: VAS, KODI, LOS results showed a significant change within both horse riding simulator exercise group, lumbar strengthening exercise group. CONCLUSION: Present study suggested that the horse riding simulator exercise can improve back pain, dysfunction, dynamic balance. Horse riding simulator exercise provides more convenience, interest and motivation than conversional therapy and it could be a possible approach to adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain.