• Title, Summary, Keyword: physical and sensory properties

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Optimization of the Sensory and Physical Properties of Oven-Roasted Glutinous Rice Cakes Prepared with Dry Glutinous Rice Flour (By Response Surface Methodology) (건조 찹쌀가루를 이용한 오븐구이 찰떡의 관능적.물리적 최적화 (반응 표면 분석법을 이용))

  • Kim, Kyung-Mee;Kim, Ok-Sun;Kim, Jong-Goon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.883-893
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    • 2007
  • To optimize the preparation process for oven-roasted glutinous rice cake, an experiment was derived using a central mixing composite design to determine the optimal conditions. The addition of flour by soaking time as well as sucrose and water, were the independent variables, with the moisture content, color, sensory, and texture properties of the ovenroasted glutinous rice cakes selected as response variables. For the moisture content, color, sensory, and textural properties, we found significant effects for moisture, lightness, redness, hardness, and cohesiveness in the oven-roasted glutinous rice cakes, and water was one of the most influential factors. The optimal mixing conditions for the highest quality oven-roasted glutinous rice cake, in terms of sensory and textural properties, were 266.0 g of water, 25.4 g of sucrose, and 61.5 minutes of soaking time for the glutinous rice flour. The soaking time was in close to the median, whereas the water and sucrose values were slightly above the median.

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Studies on the Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and the Presumption of Sensory Quality of Japonica Rice Varieties Cultivated in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 자포니카종 쌀에 대한 이화학적 특성의 비교 및 관능품질의 추정에 관한 연구)

  • 홍원표;이성갑;박승남
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.596-604
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    • 2001
  • Twelve varieties of Korean rice and ten varieties of Japanese rice were selected. After being milled. they were analyzed about various physicochemical properties such as moisture, protein and amylose, a -amylase activity, gelatinization properties. And after being cooked with proper amount of water texture and other physical properties were measured by Texturometer, Tensipresser and Rheolograph-micro. Finally the sensory evaluation test was carried out. The results were as follows. 1. In case of protein contents, amylose contents and $\alpha$-amylase activity, Korean rice had a slightly higher value than Japanese As a consequence. Korean rice showed a little stronger hardness and a little weaker stickiness compared with Japanese rice. 2. Amylose contents showed very high correlation with other physicochemical properties and peak viscosity and gelatinization temperature of RVA, the ratio of stickiness to hardness( -Hl/Hl ) of Texturometer and the tan $\delta$(the ratio of dynamic loss to dynamic viscoelasticity) of Rheolograph-micro showed high correlation with other analyzed properties. 3. The ( -/+)work balance of low compression test(25% ) of Tensipresser analysis(texture analysis on the surface of cooked rice) and tan f of Rheolograph-micro showed very high correlation with sensory evaluation results. By using this parameters as major independent variables, some trials to derive high confidence multiple regression equations were accomplished. By the equations it would be possible to make an approximate pre-estimate of eating quality for unknown japonica rice.

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The Physical Characteristies and Sensoy Qualities of Samul Chol-pyon (사물절편의 물리적.관능적 특성)

  • 김윤선;임영희;윤숙자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.845-849
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    • 1999
  • We can make Samul Chol Pyon to add four powdered Korean medicines to Chol Pyon. The purpose of this study is to present the standard recipe of Samul Chol-Pyon for the taste of the moderns, taking the tests of physical charcateristics, sensory qualities. The white Chol Pyon and the group of 5% raw materials for Samul tang are comparatively good for color, odor, taste, softness, chewiness and overall quallity with other group of raw materials. To add Korean medicine browns the Samul Chol Pyon much deeper. The changes in textural properties of Chol pyon during storage at 20$\pm$5oC were measured using a rheometer for hardness, fractureability, adhesiveness, resilience, and cohesiveness. The hardness, fractureability and adhesiveness were increased with the additon of in Samul tang raw material powder. The cohesiveness and chewiness were increased by adding Samul tang powder in the course of time. The Chol Pyon prepared with 5% of Samul tang powder showed the superior sensory qualities as Samul Chol Pyon.

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Study on the Development of Traditional Fast Food -Beandaeduk- (전통식에 입각한 한국적인 fase food의 개발정착에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, Sung-Ja;Lee, Young-Soon;Chang, Jung-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1989
  • The objective of this study was to access the effects of sensory and physical properties of Beandaeduk on 7 different combination methods (three were combined with mung bean and different proportions of water; four were combined with mung bean and various cereals with constant water), and 3 storage periods (0, 1 and 3 weeks at $-18^{\circ}C$). This experiment was consisted of sensory evaluation I (appearance, texture, taste, flavor and overall preference), II (color, moisture, volume, hardness, elasticity, viscosity and ratio materials, off-flavor and oder) and physical analysis of each sample, and questionaire survey of Beandaeduk. In sensory evaluation I except flavor, significant differences (p<0.05) were found among different combination methods of sample. Also significant differences (p<0.05) were found in sample for storage periods, except appearance. In sensory evaluation II, only moisture and oder of samples were significantly different (p<0.05) for storage periods, and there were significant differences (p<0.05) in samples among different combination methods, except elasicity. Stepwise regression for storage periods in sensory I showed that texture and taste were important factors in overall preference of sample. In the questionaire survey, preference and adding materials of Beandaeduk were different according to province. Half of respondents preferred to get instant Beandaeduk and instant mung bean powder.

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Quality Characteristics of Seolgiddeok with Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) Leaf Powder (무청 분말이 첨가된 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Chan-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.318-327
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the physical, textural and sensory properties of Seolgiddeok prepared with different amount of radish leaf powder, and stored for 3 days. The moisture content decreased gradually during storage and the decrease was less in the groups with radish leaf powder than in the control. The color L value decreased significantly as the amount of radish leaf powder increased, while the redness (a) and yellowness (b) both increased. Measurements with a texture analyzer, showed that the hardness, chewiness, gumminess and adhesiveness of Seolgiddeok tended to decrease in proportion to the amount of radish leaf powder in the formula. The gelatinization properties of Seolgiddeok were investigated by amylograph. Breakdown and setback in Seolgiddeok were low following the addition of radish leaf powder. In the sensory evaluation, Seolgiddeok with radish leaf powder was superior in flavor, chewiness, and softness than the control. Seolgiddeok with 3% radish leaf powder had the highest overall acceptability score. Therefore, we concluded that the addition of radish leaf powder to Seolgiddeok improves the sensory characteristics and delays retrogradation.

Digestive, Physical and Sensory Properties of Cookies Made of Dry-Heated OSA-High Amylose Rice Starch (변성 고아미 쌀전분을 이용한 쿠키의 소화율과 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Han, Jung-Ah
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.668-672
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    • 2009
  • Cookies containing wheat flour mixed with 10, 30 or 50% esterified with octenylsuccinic anhydride (OSA, 3%) and dry-heated ($130^{\circ}C$, 2 hr) high amylose rice (Goami 2) starch (DH-OSAR) were prepared and then their physical and digestive properties were evaluated. When the amount of added DH-OSAR increased, the hardness and brittleness of the cookies decreased, and L (brightness) value increased. For the digestive properties, the cookies containing 50% DH-OSAR significantly increased the amount of slowly digestible starch (SDS), and decreased the amount of rapidly digestible starch (RDS), resulting in the lowest expected Glycemic Index (eGI) among tested cookies. Although the cookies containing DHOSAR were inferior to the control, the addition of xanthan gum (0.5% based on total powder amount) significantly improved their textural and sensory properties. Specially, the cookies containing 50% DH-OSAR and the addition of 0.5% xanthan gum showed the lowest eGI value, maintaining the improved textural and sensory properties.

Physical and Sensory Characteristics of Wet Noodles Prepared by Adding Ge-Geol Radish Powder (게걸무 분말 첨가에 따른 국수의 물리적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Kim, Haeng-Ran;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Yang-Suk;Kim, Kyung-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 2007
  • The effects of Ge-Geol radish powder on the physical and sensory properties of wet noodles were investigated by adding 4-16% Ge-Geol radish powder based on the flour source. The Ge-Geol radish powder additions significantly increased the redness of the uncooked and cooked noodles. For the texture profile analysis (TPA) of the wet noodles with added Ge-Geol radish powder, hardness, adhesiveness and resilience decreased, whereas chewiness increased. Changes in the volume and weight of the cooked noodles were not significantly different according to Ge-Geol radish powder concentration, but the turbidities of the soup increased. In sensory test, overall acceptability was significantly higher for the noodles with added Ge-Geol radish powder of concentrations between 4-8%. These samples had similar sensory texture properties as the control and had peculiar hot and cool tastes of the radish. Therefore, adding Ge-Geol radish powder at concentrations below 8% was good for making noodles that maintained a natural texture, and also gave an characteristic radish-like flavor to the noodles.

Effect of Free-range Rearing on Meat Composition, Physical Properties and Sensory Evaluation in Taiwan Game Hens

  • Lin, Cheng-Yung;Kuo, Hsiao-Yun;Wan, Tien-Chun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.880-885
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    • 2014
  • Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of an outdoor-grazed raising model on meat composition, physical properties and sensory attributes of Taiwan game hens. Six hundred 1-d old female chicks were raised on a floor for 8 weeks. On day 57, 600 healthy birds, with similar body weight, were selected and randomly assigned to three treatment groups (cage, floor-pen and free-range). The results showed that different feeding models had no effect on drip loss, cooking loss, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash, zinc and calorie contents in breast meat and moisture content in thigh meat. The free-range group had the lowest fat content in both breast and thigh meat, and the lowest calorie content in thigh meat. The firmness and toughness in both thigh and breast of the free-range group were the highest values (p<0.05). The crude protein, total collagen, zinc and iron contents in thigh meat and total collagen content in breast meat of the free-range group were significantly higher than those of the cage-feeding group (p<0.05). The meat sensory scores of flavor, chewiness and overall acceptability of both thigh and breast meat of the free-range group were significantly (p<0.05) better than those of the other two groups. Moreover, the current findings also indicate that the Taiwan game hens of the free-range feeding model displayed well-received carcass traits and meat quality, with higher scores for flavor, chewiness and overall acceptability for greater sensory satisfaction in both breast and thigh meat. In addition, the thigh meat contained high protein and total collage but low fat, offering a healthier diet choice.

Study on Rheological and Sensory Properties of Cooked Rices -II. Effect of Storage on Textural Properties of Cooked Rices- (쌀품종에 따른 쌀밥의 물리적 및 관능적 특성 연구 -II. 쌀밥의 저장이 텍스쳐에 미치는 영향-)

  • Hwang, Jeen-Sun;Kim, Chong-Kun;Byun, Myung-Woo;Chang, Hak-Gil;Kim, Woo-Jung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.118-125
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    • 1987
  • Three rice varieties of Akibare (japonica), Milyang 30 (indica) and Taebaeg (indica) were investigated for their changes in sensory and physical qualities of cooked rices during storage at the temperature range of $4^{\circ}C$ and $70^{\circ}C$ for 25 hours, The qualities studied were sensory attributes of texture which were evaluated by multiple comparison method and physical characteristics of texture measured using with rheometer. Physical Properties of hardness, adhesiveness and elasticity of cooked rices were found to be different among the rice varieties and were affected by storage conditions. Higher values in hardness and elasticity and lower values in adhesiveness were measured for cooked rices of Akibare immidiately after cooking. Those physical values were changed by a steady decrease in hardness and elasticity and increase in adhesiveness during storage for 25 hours. Correlations between sensory and physical characteristics of texture was found a significant relationships between gumminess and hardness (r=0.696), gumminess and adhesiveness (r=-0.800) and gumminess and elasticity (r=0.806).

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