• Title, Summary, Keyword: performance-based design

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Performance Based Design of Passive Fire Protection Using Consequence Analysis (사고 영향 분석을 이용한 성능위주의 내화설계)

  • Han, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2004
  • Performance based design is a recent evolutionary step in the process of designing fire protection systems. In essence, it is a logical design process resulting in a solution that achieves a specified performance. Sometimes the prescriptive solutions presented in various codes and standards are too expensive or inflexible. Often the solutions do not and enables optimization of a solution for cost and function. In this study, performance based design was carried out to determine the extent of passive fire protection for oil terminal facilities. The results of performance based design were compared with those of prescriptive code based design. Performance based design is not always more economic than prescriptive code based design but provides more reliable and effective design that is fit for the purpose.

Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor Factory (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계)

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.325-336
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    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room (FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design (PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

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Fire Hazard Analysis and Performance Based Fire safety Design for the Clean Room in Semiconductor factory(1) (반도체공장 Clean Room에 대한 화재요인 분석 및 성능위주 화재안전설계(1))

  • Han, Su-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.211-229
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    • 2006
  • This research analyzes clean room major fire prevention standard of clean Room(FM, IRI, and NFPA Code), the structure of Performance-Based Fire Safety Design(PBD) applied the korean fire industry situation. Performance-Based Fire Safety can operate effectively the performance of fire protection equipment & building design, so the fitness of fire safety system can be embodied by operating this. moreover, cost to be consume fire safety of real building can reduce and Performance-Based Fire Safety is considered to important technique in fire protection field. A fire in a clean room may cause a serious loss by spreading smoke particles. We will be investigated by using a computational fluid dynamics, for loss prevention by smoke spreading from one fire area to another for clean room and compared the Performance-Based Fire Safety Design with the prescriptive code design. The methodology of fire safety performance-based fire safety design and guarantee of many kinds design skill of fire system and developing design procedure will be very serious one in order to improve efficiency of domestic system. Therefore, This research will be contributing to secure safety of clean room and to set up the performance-based fire safety design in Korea by regulation for the performance-based fire safety design effectively.

Overview of Performance-Based Seismic Design of Building Structures in China

  • Li, Guo-Qiang;Xu, Yan-Bin;Sun, Fei-Fei
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2012
  • The development history, the current situation and the future of the performance-based seismic design of building structures in China are presented in this paper. Firstly, the evolution of performance-based seismic design of building structures specified in the Chinese codes for seismic design of buildings of the edition 1974, 1978, 1989, 2001 and 2010 are introduced and compared. Secondly, in two parts, this paper details the provisions of performance-based seismic design in different Chinese codes. The first part is about the "Code for Seismic Design of Buildings" (GB50011) (edition 1989, 2001 and 2010) and "Technical Specification for Concrete Structures of Tall Building", which presents the concepts and methods of performance-based seismic design adopted in Chinese codes; The second part is about "Management Provisions for Seismic Design of Outof-codes High-rise Building Structures" and "Guidelines for Seismic Design of Out-of-codes High-rise Building Structures", which concludes the performance-based seismic design requirements for high-rise building structures over the relevant codes in China. Finally, according to those mentioned above, this paper pointed out the imperfections of current performance-based seismic design in China and proposed the possible direction for further improvement.

Can irregular bridges designed as per the Indian standards achieve seismic regularity?

  • Thomas, Abey E.;Somasundaran, T.P.;Sajith, A.S.
    • Advances in Computational Design
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 2017
  • One of the major developments in seismic design over the past few decades is the increased emphasis for limit states design now generally termed as Performance Based Engineering. Performance Based Seismic Design (PBSD) uses Displacement Based Design (DBD) methodology wherein structures are designed for a target level of displacement rather than Force Based Design (FBD) methodology where force or strength aspect is being used. Indian codes still follow FBD methodology compared to other modern codes like CalTrans, which follow DBD methodology. Hence in the present study, a detailed review of the two most common design methodologies i.e., FBD and DBD is presented. A critical evaluation of both these methodologies by comparing the seismic performance of bridge models designed using them highlight the importance of adopting DBD techniques in Indian Standards also. The inherent discrepancy associated with FBD in achieving 'seismic regularity' is highlighted by assessing the seismic performance of bridges with varied relative height ratios. The study also encompasses a brief comparison of the seismic design and detailing provisions of IRC 112 (2011), IRC 21 (2000), AASHTO LRFD (2012) and CalTrans (2013) to evaluate the discrepancies on the same in the Indian Standards. Based on the seismic performance evaluation and literature review a need for increasing the minimum longitudinal reinforcement percentage stipulated by IRC 112 (2011) for bridge columns is found necessary.

The Analysis of Abroad PBD for Development of Korea PBD Guideline (한국형 PBD 가이드라인의 구축을 위한 국외 성능설계 분석)

  • Lee, Byeong-Heun;Jin, Seung-Hyun;Kwon, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.67-68
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    • 2017
  • In the case of korea, it was enforced the performance based design in 2011 for fire safety to the construction that is hard to safety secure by code based design. However as a result of domestic performance design case analysis, as it conducts that the standard is insufficient, most of cases show that they use the method of adding facilities by strengthening legal standards. Therefore on this study, it conducts the analysis of Performance based design seminar data that it was done by SFPE and each countries Performance based design guidelines. Also based on this, it will use the basic data for developing the domestic performance based design guideline.

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The Legal Problems and Improvement in the Performance Based Design of Fire-fighting (성능위주소방설계의 법적문제 및 개선방안)

  • Yi, Jong-Yeong;Baek, Ok-Sun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.54-63
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    • 2010
  • The buildings relevant to the law should be designed performance-based necessarily according to "Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act" amended, January 1. 2009. Performance based design means that building design reflects structure, size, purpose, and building capacity to achieve the most effective design of fire-fighting system. Performance based design has meaning to buildings that it is insufficient to control fire-fighting by previous law-oriented design or inappropriate by uniform design, because of buildings becoming bigger and higher. However, it is difficult to implement the system actually, because laws relevant to fire-fighting prescribe only the object and the required qualifications of performance based design, but they don't have rules to enforce performance based design for specific parts. This study suggests improvements for a desirable implementation of performance based design in legal aspects, by analyzing the current legal regulations related to performance based design.

Performance Based Seismic Design State of Practice, 2012 Manila, Philippines

  • Sy, Jose A.;Anwar, Naveed;HtutAung, Thaung;Rayamajhi, Deepak
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.203-209
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this paper is to present the state of practice being used in the Philippines for the performance-based seismic design of reinforced concrete tall buildings. Initially, the overall methodology follows "An Alternative Procedure for Seismic Analysis and Design of Tall Buildings Located in the Los Angeles Region, 2008", which was developed by Los Angeles Tall Buildings Structural Design Council. After 2010, the design procedure follows "Tall Buildings Initiative, Guidelines for Performance-Based Seismic Design of Tall Buildings, 2010" developed by Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER). After the completion of preliminary design in accordance with code-based design procedures, the performance of the building is checked for serviceable behaviour for frequent earthquakes (50% probability of exceedance in 30 years, i.e,, with 43-year return period) and very low probability of collapse under extremely rare earthquakes (2% of probability of exceedance in 50 years, i.e., 2475-year return period). In the analysis, finite element models with various complexity and refinements are used in different types of analyses using, linear-static, multi-mode pushover, and nonlinear-dynamic analyses, as appropriate. Site-specific seismic input ground motions are used to check the level of performance under the potential hazard, which is likely to be experienced. Sample project conducted using performance-based seismic design procedures is also briefly presented.

Performance-Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Building Structures Using Inelastic Displacements Criteria

  • Kabeyaswa, Toshimi
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1998
  • A performance-based seismic design method for reinforced concrete building structures being developed in Japan is outlined. Technical and scientific background of the performance-based design philosophy as well as recently developed seismic design guidelines are is presented, in which maximum displacement response to design earthquake motion is used as the limit-state design criteria. A method of estimating dynamic response displacement of the structures based on static nonlinear analysis is described. A theoretical estimation of nonlinear dynamic response considering the characteristics of energy input to the system is described in detail, which may be used as the standard method in the new performance-based code. A desing philosophy not only satisfying the criteria but also evaluating seismic capacity of the structures is also introduced.

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Performance-based seismic analysis and design of code-exceeding tall buildings in Mainland China

  • Jiang, Huanjun;Lu, Xilin;Zhu, Jiejiang
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.545-560
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    • 2012
  • Design codes provide the minimum requirements for the design of code-compliant structures to ensure the safety of the life and property. As for code-exceeding buildings, the requirements for design are not sufficient and the approval of such structures is vague. In mainland China in recent years, a large number of code-exceeding tall buildings, whether their heights exceed the limit for the respective structure type or the extent of irregularity is violated, have been constructed. Performance-based seismic design (PBSD) approach has been highly recommended and become necessary to demonstrate the performance of code-exceeding tall buildings at least equivalent to code intent of safety. This paper proposes the general methodologies of performance-based seismic analysis and design of code-exceeding tall buildings in Mainland China. The PBSD approach proposed here includes selection of performance objectives, determination of design philosophy, establishment of design criteria for structural components and systems consistent with the desirable and transparent performance objectives, and seismic performance analysis and evaluation through extensive numerical analysis or further experimental study if necessary. The seismic analysis and design of 101-story Shanghai World Financial Center Tower is introduced as a typical engineering example where the PBSD approach is followed. The example demonstrates that the PBSD approach is an appropriate way to control efficiently the seismic damage on the structure and ensure the predictable and safe performance.