• Title, Summary, Keyword: perceived knowledge

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The Factors Influencing the Compliance of Breast Self-Examination of Middle-Aged Womem

  • Choi Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.721-727
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    • 2005
  • Purpose. This cross-sectional survey was conducted to described the compliance of Breast Self-Examination of middle-aged women using a convenient sample, and to examine relationships between the compliance of BSE and Health Beliefs, and the influencing factors on the compliance of BSE. Methods. The subjects were 373 literate volunteers who were from 41 to 60 years of age who visited 6 public health centers. From June 7, 2004 to August 20, 2004, data were collected by 5 research assistants using a self-report questionnaire. The questionnaire was used to obtain information on the general characteristics, knowledge, health beliefs, and compliance of BSE. Results. The findings of this study suggested that there were significant differences in the scores of the perceived susceptibility and severity between compliers and non-compliers of the BSE. BSE compliance was significantly correlated with knowledge, perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity. The most powerful predictor of BSE compliance was the perceived susceptibility. The perceived susceptibility, the perceived severity, the knowledge and educational level accounted for $41.8\%$ of the variance in middle aged women's BSE compliance. Conclusion. Increase in knowledge about breast cancer, with a concomitant increase in both perceived susceptibility and perceived severity could produce a subtle cue or motivating force sufficient to affect a behavior change. Further research is needed to examine the qualitative difference between BSE and other early detection behaviors.

Factors Affecting the Activities of Knowledge-Sharing in Organization (조직 구성원의 지식공유 활동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Kook-Yong
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.81-105
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    • 2010
  • This research explores the role of personal performance expectation, task-technology fit, perceived rewards, shared vision, usefulness of knowledge sharing, top management support, organization culture, organizational commitment, KMS self-efficacy as antecedents which affect knowledge sharing activity as a consequence and investigates relationships among variables considering characteristics. The results show that members' perceived personal performance expectation, task-technology fit, perceived rewards, shared vision, usefulness of knowledge sharing, top management support, organization culture, organizational commitment, KMS self-efficacy has a positive effect perspectively on knowledge sharing in a organization. Especially, the fact that perceived members' task-technology fit, perceived rewards, usefulness of knowledge sharing is more important than other variables was confirmed. The results of this study, knowledge-sharing activities of the enterprise, members of the organization's business strategy for the activation process is expected to help.

Factors Affecting Health Promotion Behaviors of Upper Grade Elementary Students (학령후기 아동의 건강증진행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jeon, Ga Eul;Kwon, In Soo
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors affecting health promotion behaviors of upper grade elementary students. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out with 282 fifth or sixth elementary school students from two cities, Korea. Data were collected using self-administrative questionnaires containing items on health knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavior control and health promotion behavior, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, Pearson Correlation Coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: There were significant positive correlations between health promotion behavior and health knowledge (r=.36, p<.001), attitudes (r=.41, p<.001), subjective norms (r=.36, p<.001), perceived behavior control (r=.49, p<.001). Perceived behavior control (${\beta}=.38$, p<.001), health knowledge (${\beta}=.26$, p<.001), perceived health status - good (${\beta}=.15$, p=.005) were significant factors affecting health promotion behavior and explained 31%(F=43.29, p<.001) of variance. Conclusion: Results indicate that level of health promotion behavior is appropriate and perceived behavior control is the most important factor for health promotion behavior among the predictors. These findings also suggest that it is necessary to promote perceived behavior control and health knowledge in developing health promotion intervention programs for these students, as well as a need to strengthen education on sex behavior and health, accident prevention and first aid.

An Empirical Study on the Relationships among Employee Silence, Learning Inertia, and Knowledge Sharing Disengagement (구성원 침묵, 학습관성, 지식공유 비열의 간의 관계에 관한 실증연구)

  • Heo, Myung Sook;Cheon, Myun Joong
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.31-62
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    • 2017
  • It found that employee silence negatively impacts both organizations and their employees as shown in findings from many studies and recently there has been a growing interest in it. Silence is described as intentionally withholding job-related ideas, information, concerns, and opinions. Employee silence may decrease organizational change and innovation and reduce employee learning motivation and knowledge sharing engagement as well. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships among silence motivations, perceived silence climate, and employee silence; the relationships among employee silence, learning inertia and knowledge sharing disengagement; the mediating role of employee silence between antecedents of employee silence and consequences additionally. The results that analyzed using data from 225 employees in 42 organizations are as follows. First, the impact of silence motivation and perceived silence climate on employee silence are positively significant. Second, the influence of defensive silence motivation on the acquiescent and relational silence motivation is positively significant. Third, the influence of employee silence on learning inertia and knowledge sharing disengagement is positively significant. Forth, employee silence mediates the relationship between silence motivation and perceived silence climate and learning inertia and knowledge sharing disengagement. These results suggest that employee silence is another strong expression and message for organizations to try to establish a learning organization from the perspective of knowledge management.

The Influence of Cervical cancer, HPV knowledge and health beliefs on HPV Vaccination among Undergraduate Students (남녀 대학생의 자궁경부암에 관한 지식 및 건강신념이 인유두종바이러스 예방접종에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, An-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.7708-7717
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of cervical cancer knowledge, HPV knowledge, and health beliefs on HPV vaccination. The survey was conducted to undergraduate students of the university in Chungbuk province. Total 271 copies were used in the final analysis. The mean score of cervical cancer and HPV knowledge level was very low(5.34/26). The health beliefs about HPV, the perceived benefit(2.58), perceived barrier(2.52), perceived seriousness(2.49) were generally low level. Especially the perceived susceptibility(1.77) was very low. HPV vaccination rate should be rise 1.229 times(p<.01) and 1.567 times(p<.05), if the cervical cancer knowledge and perceived benefit of HPV vaccination would be that each rise 1unit. In conclusion, The educational strategy would be needed to strengthen the perceived benefit and as well as to increase the cervical cancer knowledge and perceived susceptibility about HPV.

The Analysis of Factors affecting Workers' Knowledge Sharing Intention in a University Hospital (일 대학병원 근로자의 지식공유 의도에 미친 영향분석)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Young-Hoon;Lee, Hae-Jong;Kim, Young-Bae
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.131-144
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analysis factors affecting workers' knowledge sharing intention in a hospital. This study is based on personal factors such as perceived incentives, perceived reciprocal benefits, perceived behavioral control, and subjective norm. Also, there are organizational factors such as organizational climate, CEO's support, rewards system, trust, and IT system. Data were assessed using 107 employees who work at C university hospital in Chunkcheong-do and collected with self-administered questionnaires from April 1 to 13 in 2013. This study was analyzed SPSS 18 by using frequency and multi regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows. First, knowledge sharing intention among personal factors was statistically significant in perceived behavioral control. Second, the awareness of knowledge sharing intention among organizational factors was turned out to be positive effect for CEO's support and trust. This study was identified a couple of factors affecting knowledge sharing intention between personal and organizational factors. The the implications of these factors are discussed and areas for developing hospital management strategies are fostered knowledge sharing.

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Perceived Importance, Educational Needs, Knowledge and Performance Concerning Pressure Ulcer Care by Clinical Nurses (임상간호사가 지각한 욕창 간호의 중요도, 교육요구도와 지식 및 수행과의 관계)

  • Yang, Nam-Young;Moon, Sun-Young
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To examine pressure ulcer care from the standpoints of perceived importance, educational needs, knowledge and performance among clinical nurses. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with a convenient sample of 289 nurses from four hospitals. Questionnaire data collected from June to August 2008 was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The mean scores of importance and educational needs concerning pressure ulcer care were high, performance was moderate, and knowledge was low. Knowledge level differed significantly according to career, performance differed significantly according to pressure ulcer care education and the main healer(the person primarily responsible for treatment). Perceived importance differed significantly according to the main healer, and educational needs differed significantly according to working area and the main healer. Significant correlations were evident between performance and importance, performance and educational needs, importance and knowledge, and importance and educational needs. Conclusion: Focus on perceived importance and educational needs to clinical nurses about pressure ulcer care may be beneficial to improve knowledge and practice of pressure ulcer care, and should be reflected in the development of effective programs to enhance relevant nursing skills.

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Knowledge, Health Belief, and Preventive Behavioral Intention related to Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) of the Patients with Lower Limb Musculoskeletal System Disorders (근골격계 하지손상환자의 정맥혈전색전증 관련 지식과 건강신념 및 예방행동의도)

  • Yang, Hye Jin;Kang, Hee-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.531-541
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship among knowledge, health belief, and preventitive behavioral intention related to venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders. Methods: This transversal descriptive study looked at 145 adult patients with lower-limb musculoskeletal disorders, who were hospitalized in C hospital in G city. Data were collected from September 29 to October 6, 2012. Knowledge, health belief and preventitive behavioral intention were measured by structured questionnaires. Date were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, and Pearson correlation, using the SPSS program. Results: The mean score of knowledge related to VTE was low. The mean scores of health belief and preventitive behavioral intention related to VTE were moderate or higher than average. Preventitive behavioral intention positively correlated with knowledge, perceived benefit, and health motivation. Whereas, there was a negative correlation between preventitive behavioral intention and perceived barriers. Conclusion: These results suggest that developing a health care program which is able to enhance knowledge, perceived benefit, and health motivation related to VTE and reduce perceived barriers, is essential in order to promote preventitive behaviors.

The effect of congruency of parent brand image with self-image, perceived risk, and product knowledge on the attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension - Focusing on moderating effects - (패션브랜드 확장시 모 브랜드와의 자아이미지 일치성과 지각된 위험, 제품지식이 확장제품의 태도에 미치는 영향 - 조정적 역할을 중심으로 -)

  • Rhee, YoungJu
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of congruency of parent brand image with self-image, perceived risk, and product knowledge on the attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from 170 female college students and collected data were subjected to descriptive analysis and regression analysis using SPSS Window program. The results of this study showed that the congruency of parent brand image with self-image and perceived risk had a positive effect on attitude towards extended product, whereas product knowledge had a negative effect on attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension. Also, the congruency of parent brand image with self-image had a positive effect on the attitude towards extended product in fashion brand extension with positive moderating effect of perceived risk and negative mediating effect of product knowledge.

Insights into the Tobacco Cessation Scenario among Dental Graduates: An Indian Perspective

  • Binnal, A.;Rajesh, G.;Denny, C.;Ahmed, J.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.2611-2617
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    • 2012
  • Introduction: To curb the ever growing menace of tobacco and its ill effects, it is essential to prevent its usage. Dental professionals' contributions can be invaluable in this venture. Objectives: To assess Indian dental graduates' knowledge, attitude and practices towards tobacco cessation; perceived effectiveness in pursuing tobacco cessation activities; perception of factors that interfere in tobacco cessation as barriers; and willingness to participate in tobacco cessation. Further, to determine associations among the aforementioned variables. Methodology: All house surgeons in Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Mangalore were included in the study. A structured, pre-tested and self-administered questionnaire was employed to assess participants' knowledge, attitude, behavior, perceived effectiveness, perceived barriers and willingness to participate in tobacco cessation. Information regarding respondents' age, gender and residence was collected. Results: A total of 100 out of 103 respondents participated in the study. Mean knowledge, attitude, behavior, perceived effectiveness, perceived barrier scores were $17.6{\pm}2.53$ (73.2%), $72.1{\pm}6.59$ (90.2%), $28.3{\pm}5.12$ (67.4%), $13.3{\pm}5.36$ (53.16%) and $35.0{\pm}3.79$ (89.8%) respectively. Overall, 97% respondents were willing to participate in tobacco cessation activities. Correlation analysis revealed that knowledge was associated with attitude (r=0.36, p=0.00) and perceived barriers (r=0.34, p=0.00) and behavior was associated with perceived barriers (r=0.22, p=0.03). Conclusions: Respondents reported high knowledge and attitude scores, along with high perceived barriers scores and willingness to participate in tobacco cessation activities. Present study highlights the need for a more meaningful involvement of dental professionals in tobacco cessation and has policy implications for curriculum changes regarding the same.