• Title, Summary, Keyword: people with disabilities

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A Study on the Employment Needs of People with Disabilities using Internet Knowledge Search

  • Choi, Mi-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2015
  • This study was to analyze the employment needs of people with disabilities used Internet Knowledge Search for their employment. The questions related to employment of people with disabilities used Naver's Knowledge-iN Search during the year of 2014 to the year of 2015 were analyzed. The results are the follows. First, people with intellectual disabilities, mental disorders and physical disabilities asked many questions related to employment. Second, most minor disabilities asked many questions related to employment than severe disabilities but exception for people with mental disorders. Third, their's questions related to employment had some different but various according to the types of disabilities. Fourth, their's expected occupation had some different but various according to the types of disabilities. Implications for employment activation of people with disabilities were proposed.

Comparing the smoking rates between people with and without disabilities: Using propensity score matching (장애인 인구집단과 일반인구집단간의 흡연율 비교: 성향점수매칭법을 활용하여)

  • Choi, Minhyeok;Choi, Jinhyeok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: It has been well documented that people on the lower socioeconomic position are significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes. The purposes of this study were (a) to identify a potential difference of socioeconomic factors, and (b) to compare a smoking rate, one of the most representative health behavior between people with/without disabilities after the controlling socioeconomic factors. Methods: The Korea Panel Survey of Employment for People of Disabilities (2012) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (2012) were employed for calculating the smoking rates of persons with/without disabilities. Results: The results demonstrated that the socioeconomic position indicators (education, occupation and household equivalent income) of persons with disabilities were lower than persons without disabilities. The smoking rates of the persons with/without disabilities were 35.9% and 19.0% respectively before propensity score matching. After propensity score matching with the socioeconomic factors, however, ATT of people with disabilities was 0.201 which is lower than ATT of people without disabilities (0.227). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the socioeconomic level of persons with disabilities is important to improve the smoking rates and health level regardless of their disabilities.

A study on the potential market conditions and the road map of Korean vehicles for people with disabilities (장애인 복지차 시장현황과 한국형 장애인 복지차 로드맵에 관한 연구)

  • Rhee, K.M.;Kim, D.O.
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest the potential domestic and international market conditions vehicles for people with disabilities through a review of the literature and internet resources, and to propose a road map developing South Korean vehicles for people with disabilities taking into consideration the current state of domestic and international technology and the usage of the vehicles for people with disabilities depending on the type of disability. The results of the study are as follows: First, vehicles for people with disabilities safety standards of South Korea do not meet the safety standards of developed countries and the technology of development related vehicles for people with disabilities is not as advanced as that of developed countries. Vehicles for people with disabilities installation methods, specifications, features and safety standards should be designed to be more similar to those of Japan and the United States. Second, vehicle modifications for people with disabilities will become more common as measures directed at promoting the welfare of people with disabilities, such as travel and transportation measures, employment opportunities, education, and funding for vehicle modifications, are implemented along with laws, such as The Americans with Disabilities Act, The British Disability Discrimination Act, and Japan's barrier-free transport law, that protect people with disabilities generally. Third, through a comparative analysis of domestic and international market conditions and demands of people with disabilities in vehicle modifications, important things to pay attention by purchasing a modified vehicle for people with disabilities are the employment rate for people with disabilities and monthly income. To enable this, government agencies and industry bodies should work together through the revision of the current Disability Welfare Act or the enactment of the special law for guiding principles of Disability Welfare Act. Through the future changes in vehicles for people with disabilities-related system or society of South Korean, the annual demand of the vehicles is expected to be more than 10,000.

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A Study on the Disabled′s Assessment of Accommodation Facilities and Needs for Improving the Facilities (장애유형별 편의시설에 대한 평가 및 개선요구에 관한 연구)

  • 이연숙;장윤정;이기정
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.26
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    • pp.112-120
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the extend to which the facilities satisfactorily accommodate people with different disabilities and their specific needs for improving the facilities. Systematic interviews were conducted with 90 disabled people using the non-propertionate stratified cluster random sampling method. Frequency analysis, Chi-square tests, Duncan tests, and analysis of variance(ANOVA) were employed for data analysis. The findings indicated that the respondents' assessment of accommodations and needs for improving accommodations differed by the type of disabilities. People with physical disabilities were the least satisfied with stairs, followed by seating in stadiums and/or theaters. For people with visual disabilities, the lack of guidance and information facilities was the most difficult problem. People with hearing disabilities often pointed out difficulties in using public telephones. meanwhile, people with physical disabilities asked for easy access to assistive devices and improved mobility-related circumstances. yet people with visual disabilities expected to improve way-finding relevant issues, such as detectable warnings on walking surfaces and guidance and information facilities, whereas people with hearing disabilities desired to develop hearing-aid equipments, such as TDD and assistive listening systems.

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An Empirical Analysis on the Discriminations(Employment and Wage) for People with Disabilities (장애인 취업.임금차별에 관한 계량적 분석)

  • Kang, Dong-Ug
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.121-144
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    • 2004
  • This study shows that people with disabilities are very disadvantageous in employment and wage, which is originated from social discriminations. In this study, numerical value of employment-discrimination was calculated as 33.4%, and that of wage-discrimination calculated as 67.3%. But these discriminations are only come from one's disability not from productivity. So, Government must legislate 'The Discrimination Prohibit Act for People with Disabilities' rapidly to promote of people with disabilities' life qualities. Nobody knows when he get disabilities. Together with 'The Discrimination Prohibit Act for People with Disabilities', Government also have to improve people with disabilities' way of working, mobility, and provide assistive technology for the promotion of people with disabilities' employment rate and wage.

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The Proposal for Improvement of Legal System for the Persons with Disabilities (장애인복지 관련 법제의 발전방향)

  • Woo, Jooh-Hyung
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.41
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    • pp.125-170
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    • 2011
  • In Korea, the evolution of welfare for people with disabilities can be divided largely four stages. The first phase is before 1981, the second is from 1981 to 1988, the third is from 1989 to 2006 and the fourth phase is from 2007 to now. In the first phase people with disabilities were considered as ones of charity. In the second period the welfare ideal for people with disabilities was appeared. In the third, the framework of welfare system for people with disabilities was formed and welfare services began to be expanded. The fourth phase has been the time to secure human right and social services for people with disabilities. In Korea, for people with disabilities, 2007 was the year of historical turning point. "The Act of Prohibition on Disability Discrimination and Remedy for Right"was built that year and became effective the next year. Also "The Special Education Act for People with disabilities" was enacted newly. "The Disabled Welfare Act" was amended for the change of welfare paradigm. The change is introduction of Independent Living. After 2007 Korean legal systems for people with disabilities have been improved largely.

A Study on Development of Public Library Services to People with Disabilities by Types of Disability in Korea (공공도서관의 장애유형별 장애인서비스 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sook-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.97-123
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    • 2011
  • To achieve public library services for all by including those with disabilities, librarians have to think of them in new ways, and be knowledgeable about various types of disabilities and how to best assist the patron. And public libraries must provide them with services designed by types of disability. This study analyzed the characteristics of Korean disabled people by types of disability and proposed the directions to develop of public library services for people with disabilities by types of disabilities.

Differences in Obesity Rates Between People With and Without Disabilities and the Association of Disability and Obesity: A Nationwide Population Study in South Korea

  • Oh, Moo-Kyung;Jang, Hyeon-Gap;Kim, Yong-Ik;Jo, Belong;Kim, Yoon;Park, Jong-Heon;Lee, Jin-Seok
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the differences in obesity rates among people with and without disabilities, and evaluate the relationship between obesity rates and the existence of disabilities or characteristics of disabilities. Methods: Mass screening data from 2008 from the National Disability Registry and National Health Insurance (NHI) are used. For analysis, we classified physical disability into three subtypes: upper limb disability, lower limb disability, and spinal cord injury. For a control group, we extracted people without disabilities by each subtype. To adjust for the participation rate in the NHI mass screening, we calculated and adopted the weight stratified by sex, age, and grade of disability. Differences in obesity rates between people with and without disabilities were examined by a chi-squared test. In addition, the effect of the existence of disabilities and grade of disabilities on obesity was examined by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: People with disabilities were found to have a higher obesity rate than those without disabilities. The obesity rates were 35.2% and 35.0% (people with disabilities vs. without disabilities) in the upper limb disability, 44.5% and 34.8% in the lower limb disability, 43.4% and 34.6% in the spinal cord injury. The odds for existence of physical disability and grade of disability are higher than the nondisabilities. Conclusions: These results show that people with physical disability have a higher vulnerability to obesity.

Study on the Creation of Jobs in the Social Farming of People with Developmental Disabilities (발달장애인의 사회적 농업분야 일자리 창출방안 연구)

  • Lim, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.466-479
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of jobs for people with developmental disabilities in social farming and to derive job-creation plans. To this end, we analyzed the cases of social farms targeted for people with developmental disabilities among overseas social farming activities. And we visited and observed 5 social farms in Korea and interviewed the person in charge. The content of the study was to grasp the meaning and possibility of social farming as a job for people with developmental disabilities, and to explore ways to create a sustainable job for people with developmental disabilities in social farming. As a result of the study, social farming in Korea is in its infancy, and most of the activities are centered on agricultural experiences focused on healing and care for people with developmental disabilities. In the future, it was concluded that continuous agricultural education and activities are sufficient as suitable agricultural jobs for people with developmental disabilities. Based on these results, this study proposed a job model for people with developmental disabilities in social farming. The job model presented in this study is largely divided into a healing-oriented experience model, a care-oriented protective work model, and a social job model. In addition, a smart farm model and a plant factory model were added to the social job model.

Interaction and Image of Characters with Disabilities Displayed in Korean Folk Tales Picture Books (우리나라 옛이야기 그림책에 나타난 장애 등장인물의 상호작용과 이미지)

  • Yoo, Soo-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.235-250
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    • 2007
  • Using content analysis this study examined Korean people's traditional view on children with disabilities, hoping to contribute to the selection of appropriate picture books for an understanding of disabilities in kindergartens and child care centers. Story book characters with disabilities mainly interacted with their families and village people, had lower positions, did not accomplish their work on their own, and suffered from others' anger and beating. Differences in types of disabilities were that physical disabilities were viewed positively, while mental disabilities were viewed negatively. The former had wider scope of activities and maintained more positive relationships with other characters than the latter; furthermore, the former had higher position than the latter and had cooperative interactions with people without disabilities.

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