• Title, Summary, Keyword: peer factors

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The Effects of Family Risk Factors, Ego-Resilience and Quality of Peer Relationships on Adolescent Problem Behaviors (가정의 위험요인, 자아탄력성 및 또래관계의 질이 청소년의 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Hyun-A;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the influence of family risk factors, ego-resilience, and quality of peer relationships on adolescent problem behaviors in a sample of 335 8th grade students (178 boys and 157 girls). They responded to four kinds of questionnaires. Data were analyzed by independent t-tests, correlations, and multiple regressions. Results showed that family risk factors had direct effects on ego-resilience which directly affected quality of peer relationships. Family risk factors, ego-resilience and quality of peer relationships had direct effects on internalizing problem behaviors. Family risk factors and quality of peer relationships had direct effects on externalizing problem behaviors. Family risk factors indirectly influenced adolescent internalizing/externalizing problem behaviors through ego-resilience and quality of peer relationships.

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The Effects of Individual, Family, and Peer Factors on the Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behavior of Adolescents (청소년의 개인요인, 가족요인 및 또래요인이 내면화·외현화 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Youn Hwa
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.371-382
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the relationships among individual factors, family factors, peer relationships and the internalizing and externalizing behaviors of adolescents. The data were obtained from a sample of 417 7th and 8th grade students. These data were collected with questionnaires and analyzed by using a t-test, Pearson's correlation, and a multiple regression analysis with SPSS ver. 18.0. The results can be summarized as follows. There is a significant difference in an adolescent's self-control, their father's rejective rearing, peer pressure, and the peer relationship between boys and girls. The results showed that boys had higher self-esteem and father's rejective rearing than girls. On the other hand, girls had higher peer pressure and more intimate peer relationships than boys. The results revealed that the 7th grade students had higher self-esteem and mother's warmth rearing than the 8th graders. Furthermore, the 8th grade students showed higher shame, mother's rejective rearing, marital conflict, internalizing behavior, and externalizing behavior than the 7th graders. The internalizing behavior in boys was influenced by shame, marital conflict, and peer pressure. In the case of girls, the internalizing behavior was affected by shame, mother's warmth rearing, and peer pressure. The externalizing behavior in boys was influenced by self-control and shame. In the case of girls, the externalizing behavior was affected by self-control, shame, marital conflict, and peer pressure. Adolescents who exhibited higher levels of shame than others and higher peer pressure showed internalizing problem behaviors. Adolescents who had less self-control and more shame, experienced more externalizing behavior problems.

A Comparative Study on the Factors Influencing Risk Behaviors of Adolescents Living in Small and Medium-sized Cities and Rural Communities (중소도시와 농촌 청소년의 위험행동 영향요인 비교 연구)

  • Park, Hyun Sook;Yeo, Hyun Ju;Jung, Sun Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.256-266
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was to compare and to examine the factors related to risk behaviors of adolescents living in small and medium-sized cities and in rural areas. Methods: The subjects were 545 adolescents (295 from small and medium-sized cities and 250 from rural areas). The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson corelation coefficients, and multiple regression with IBM SPSS 19.0 program. Results: The factors influencing the risk behaviors of adolescents in small- medium cities were school, peer risk factors and community risk factors, self- control among protective factors, positive communication with parents, positive peer associations, these variables explained 42.0%. The most important variable explaining the risk behaviors of adolescents in small- medium cities was positive communication with parents, followed by community risk factors, peer risk factors, positive peer relationships, school and self-control. The factors affecting the risk behaviors of rural adolescents were school, personal risk factor, peer risk factor, self- control factor, which explained 38.5% of the risk behaviors of adolescents in rural areas. Among them, the most important variable explaining risk behaviors was personal risk factors, followed by peer risk factors, school, and self-control. Conclusion: These finding suggest a need to develop a strategy to improve positive communication with parents for adolescents living in small- medium cities and a strategy to reduce personal risk factors and peer risk factors for rural adolescents.

Structural Analysis of Factors Related to Preschool Children's Peer Competence (유아의 또래 유능성에 영향을 미치는 개인 내적.외적 요인에 대한 구조 분석)

  • Lee, Jee-Hee;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 2010
  • In this study, I examined the direct or indirect paths among the intra-personal factors as well as extra-personal factors affecting on children's peer competence. Subjects were 514 5-year-old children, their mothers, teachers. The teachers rated each children using Peer Competence Scale (Park, 2001) and completed emotion regulation and Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. The mothers responded to a questionnaire, including Parental Involvement Checklist (Cohen, 1989), parenting behaviors, and Children's Temperament. The data were used for path analysis with Amos 6.0 program. Results of this study were : (1) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through children's emotion regulation via mothers' parenting behaviors. (2) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through teacher-child relationship. (3) Mothers' parenting behaviors have an influence on children's peer Competence through mothers' management strategies of peer relations.

The Effect of Peer Relationship, Depression, and Aggression on Bullying and Victim among Boys and Girls (남녀 아동의 또래 괴롭힘의 가해와 피해에 또래관계, 우울 및 공격성이 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, In Seol;Park, Hee Kyung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.213-228
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the effects of peer relationships, depression, and aggression on bullying and victimization among boys and girls. The subjects were 364 3rd grade students (boys, 218; girls, 146) and 368 6th grade students (boys, 186; girls, 182), that is, a total of 732 students from three elementary schools. Data were collected on bullying, victimization, peer relationships (mutual friendship, mutual antipathy, and peer popularity), depression, and aggression (overt aggression and relationship aggression) from July 12, 2012 to July 13, 2012. These data were analyzed by means of a chi-squared analysis, t-test, and a logistic regression analysis. The results revealed that there were differences by sex in the case of direct bullying and victimization but no differences in the case of indirect bullying and victimization. Among boys, the factors influencing direct bullying were depression and overt aggression, and the factor influencing direct/indirect victimization was depression. Among girls, the factors influencing direct bullying were mutual antipathy relations and relational aggression, the factors influencing indirect victimization were mutual antipathy relations and peer popularity, the factor influencing indirect bullying was mutual antipathy relations, and the factor influencing indirect victimization was peer popularity. The results of this study showed that the factors influencing bullying and victimization are differences in sex. Finally, the implications and methodology for developing bullying prevention education programs were discussed.

Smoking Stage Relations to Peer, School and Parental Factors among Secondary School Students in Kinta, Perak

  • Jeganathan, Premila Devi;Hairi, Noran N.;Al Sadat, Nabilla;Chinna, Karuthan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.3483-3489
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    • 2013
  • Background: To identify the prevalence of different stages of smoking and differences in associated risk factors. Materials and Methods: Thos longitudinal study started in February 2011 and the subjects were 2552 form one students aged between twelve to thirteen years of from 15 government secondary schools of Kinta, Perak. Data on demographic, parental, school and peer factors were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. We examined the effects of peer, school and parental factors on the five stages of smoking; never smokers, susceptible never smokers, experimenters, current smokers and ex-smokers, at baseline. Results: In the sample, 19.3% were susceptible never smokers, 5.5% were current smokers 6% were experimenters and 3.1% were ex-smokers. Gender, ethnicity, best friends' smoking status, high peer pressure, higher number of relatives who smoked and parental monitoring were found to be associated with smoking stages. Presence of parent-teen conflict was only associated with susceptible never smokers and experimenters whereas absence of home discussion on smoking hazards was associated with susceptible never smokers and current smokers. Conclusions: We identified variations in the factors associated with the different stages of smoking. Our results highlight that anti-smoking strategies should be tailored according to the different smoking stages.

Discriminant Analysis of Children's Peer Status based on their Conflict-Resolving Strategies and Emotional Intelligence (갈등해결전략과 정서지능에 의한 아동의 또래지위 판별)

  • Jung, Hye-Young;Kim, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Kyeong-Hwa
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.290-301
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of this study were to test differences in conflict-resolving strategies and emotional intelligence based on children's peer status, and to verify the discriminance of conflict-resolving strategies and emotional intelligence for peer status. 58 popular children and 52 rejected children from 4 elementary school were selected, and the data were analyzed with independent sample t-test and discriminant analysis. The research findings are as follows: First, negotiation- and cooperation-strategies (sub-factors of conflict-resolving strategy) and emotional intelligence showed statistically significant differences between popular children and rejected children, while other sub-factors of conflict-resolving strategy and sub-factors of emotional intelligence showed indifference between them. Second, negotiation- and cooperation-strategies among 4 sub-factors of conflict-resolving strategy and 5 sub-factors of emotional intelligence were the most discriminant predictors for children's peer status. The results suggest systematic teacher training and program for the rejected children's improvement of negotiation- and cooperation-strategies in their peer relations.

Peer and Parental Influences on Adolescent Smoking

  • Lee Eunyoung;Tak Youngran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.694-700
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    • 2005
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between peer and parental factors and smoking behavior of adolescents in urban cities and to investigate whether there are gender differences. Methods. A stratified and random cluster sampling design was used to obtain a cross-sectional sample of high school students in two urban cities. The sample consisted of 512 Korean adolescents (256 boys and 256 girls) aged 15 to 18 (mean age 16.7$\pm$.58). Self-reported questionnaire consisted of adolescent smoking behavior, peer smoking and alcohol use, parental smoking and alcohol use, father-mother-peer relationships and perceived social support from peers and parents. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine the hypothesized model. Results. The findings showed that peer and parental factors accounted for $30.3\%$ of the variance in adolescent smoking and peer smoking was most strongly associated with adolescent smoking behavior (OR = 10.18). In addition, peer smoking (OR = 4.71), peer alcohol use (OR = 4.21), and peer relationships (OR = 1.03) were significantly associated with boys' smoking behavior. In girls, peer smoking (OR = 26.50) and parent smoking (OR = 5.48) were significantly associated with smoking behavior. Conclusions. Consistent with previous findings, peer smoking is a significant factor on adolescent smoking. Specifically, boys would be more influenced from peers than girls. Therefore, smoking prevention programs for adolescents might be focused on the social context such as, resisting to peer pressure and enhancing the self-efficacy to control.

Relationships among Behavior Problem, Peer Interaction, and Parental Factors in Young Boys and Girls with Atopic Dermatitis (유아의 성별 문제행동과 또래상호작용 및 부모 요인과의 관계: 아토피피부염 유아를 중심으로)

  • Chun, Hui Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.19-39
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    • 2016
  • The present study examined differences in children's behavior problems and peer interaction, and parental factors including self-esteem, depression and childrearing stress between atopic dermatitis(AD) and normal(non-AD) children in each gender, and analyzed the effects of the parental factors on the two variables of AD children. 165 AD and 1176 non-AD children of age 5 were selected from the 6th year data of the Panel Study on Korean Children. The results from t-test and multiple regression are as follows. First, only AD boys showed a higher level of behavior problems than non-AD boys, but peer interaction showed no difference between AD and non-AD groups. Compared with non-AD children's parents, mothers of AD children showed a higher stress level and mothers of AD boys had a higher depression level. But there were no differences in maternal self-esteem and paternal factors between the groups. Second, AD boys' behavior problems were related to maternal factors and paternal stress, and some characteristics of AD girls' behavior problems were related with some parental variables. But peer interaction of AD children had no relation with parental factors. Third, behavior problems were influenced by maternal stress in AD boys and influenced by maternal depression and parental self-esteem in AD girls.

Parent-Child Communication Style, Child's Sense of Identity and Peer Relationship (부모-자녀 간의 의사소통유형 및 아동의 자아개념과 또래관계)

  • Shin, Hee-Lee;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.33-46
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    • 2009
  • In this analysis of relationships among parent-child communication style, child's sense of identity, and their effects on child's peer relationships, a survey was conducted of 506 6th grade students in 3 elementary schools of Incheon City. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analyses. Results showed that : girls had higher scores in academic identity and more positive factors in peer relationships than boys; when communications between parents and children were more open, peer relationships were more positive and less negative; children with a stronger sense of identity had more positive factors in peer relationships; social identity was the most influential factor in positive and general identity was the most influential factor in negative peer relationships, respectively.

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