• Title, Summary, Keyword: pattern recognition

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A Virtual Robot Arm Control by EMG Pattern Recognition of Fuzzy-SOFM Method (가상 로봇 팔 제어를 위한 퍼지-SOFM 방식의 근전도 패턴인식)

  • 이정훈;정경권;이현관;엄기환
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea CI
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • We proposed a method of a virtual robot arm controlled by the EMG pattern recognition using an improved SOFM method. The proposed method is simple in that the EMG signals are used as SOFM's input directly without preprocessing but nevertheless input patterns are reliably classified and then used for fuzzy logic systems to automatically tune the neighborhood and the learning rate. In order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method, we experimented on EMG pattern recognition of 6 movements from the shoulder, wrist, and elbow. Experimental results show that the proposed SOFM method has 21.7% higher recognition rate than the general SOFM method, the average number of learning iterations has been decreased, and then the virtual robot arm is controlled by EMG pattern recognition.

Key-word Recognition System using Signification Analysis and Morphological Analysis (의미 분석과 형태소 분석을 이용한 핵심어 인식 시스템)

  • Ahn, Chan-Shik;Oh, Sang-Yeob
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.1586-1593
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    • 2010
  • Vocabulary recognition error correction method has probabilistic pattern matting and dynamic pattern matting. In it's a sentences to based on key-word by semantic analysis. Therefore it has problem with key-word not semantic analysis for morphological changes shape. Recognition rate improve of vocabulary unrecognized reduced this paper is propose. In syllable restoration algorithm find out semantic of a phoneme recognized by a phoneme semantic analysis process. Using to sentences restoration that morphological analysis and morphological analysis. Find out error correction rate using phoneme likelihood and confidence for system parse. When vocabulary recognition perform error correction for error proved vocabulary. system performance comparison as a result of recognition improve represent 2.0% by method using error pattern learning and error pattern matting, vocabulary mean pattern base on method.

Electromyography Pattern Recognition and Classification using Circular Structure Algorithm (원형 구조 알고리즘을 이용한 근전도 패턴 인식 및 분류)

  • Choi, Yuna;Sung, Minchang;Lee, Seulah;Choi, Youngjin
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2020
  • This paper proposes a pattern recognition and classification algorithm based on a circular structure that can reflect the characteristics of the sEMG (surface electromyogram) signal measured in the arm without putting the placement limitation of electrodes. In order to recognize the same pattern at all times despite the electrode locations, the data acquisition of the circular structure is proposed so that all sEMG channels can be connected to one another. For the performance verification of the sEMG pattern recognition and classification using the developed algorithm, several experiments are conducted. First, although there are no differences in the sEMG signals themselves, the similar patterns are much better identified in the case of the circular structure algorithm than that of conventional linear ones. Second, a comparative analysis is shown with the supervised learning schemes such as MLP, CNN, and LSTM. In the results, the classification recognition accuracy of the circular structure is above 98% in all postures. It is much higher than the results obtained when the linear structure is used. The recognition difference between the circular and linear structures was the biggest with about 4% when the MLP network was used.

가스미터기 성능검사 자동화를 위한 숫자자동인식용 영상처리시스템 개발

  • 김희식;박준호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.481-486
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    • 1994
  • An image processing and pattern recognition program was developed in order to recognize the nummerinc displays on gas flow meters. the testing process of the accuracy of gas flow meters are to be automated, using the developed software. There are already many known pattern recognition algorithms for recognition of the letters. To upgrade the recognization accuracy, four different algorithms are applied in sequentially in the software. An calculation method to assign the weighting factors for the result of each algorithm was developed. It showed 98% accuracy by the pattern recognition of displaying numbers of gas mwters of 33 differnt types. This pattern recognition system is to be integrated in a industry.

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The Performance Advancement of Test Algorithm for Inner Defects in Semiconductor Packages (반도체 패키지의 내부 결함 검사용 알고리즘 성능 향상)

  • 김재열;윤성운;한재호;김창현;양동조;송경석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.345-350
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    • 2002
  • In this study, researchers classifying the artificial flaws in semiconductor packages are performed by pattern recognition technology. For this purposes, image pattern recognition package including the user made software was developed and total procedure including ultrasonic image acquisition, equalization filtration, binary process, edge detection and classifier design is treated by Backpropagation Neural Network. Specially, it is compared with various weights of Backpropagation Neural Network and it is compared with threshold level of edge detection in preprocessing method fur entrance into Multi-Layer Perceptron(Backpropagation Neural network). Also, the pattern recognition techniques is applied to the classification problem of defects in semiconductor packages as normal, crack, delamination. According to this results, it is possible to acquire the recognition rate of 100% for Backpropagation Neural Network.

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Mobile Palmprint Segmentation Based on Improved Active Shape Model

  • Gao, Fumeng;Cao, Kuishun;Leng, Lu;Yuan, Yue
    • Journal of Multimedia Information System
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.221-228
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    • 2018
  • Skin-color information is not sufficient for palmprint segmentation in complex scenes, including mobile environments. Traditional active shape model (ASM) combines gray information and shape information, but its performance is not good in complex scenes. An improved ASM method is developed for palmprint segmentation, in which Perux method normalizes the shape of the palm. Then the shape model of the palm is calculated with principal component analysis. Finally, the color likelihood degree is used to replace the gray information for target fitting. The improved ASM method reduces the complexity, while improves the accuracy and robustness.

A Study on the Pattern Recognition of EMG Signals for Head Motion Recognition (머리 움직임 인식을 위한 근전도 신호의 패턴 인식 기법에 관한 연구)

  • 이태우;전창익;이영석;유세근;김성환
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2004
  • This paper proposes a new method on the EMG AR(autoregressive) modeling in pattern recognition for various head motions. The proper electrode placement in applying AR or cepstral coefficients for EMG signature discrimination is investigated. EMG signals are measured for different 10 motions with two electrode arrangements simultaneously. Electrode pairs are located separately on dominant muscles(S-type arrangement), because the bandwidth of signals obtained from S-type placement is wider than that from C-type(closely in the region between muscles). From the result of EMG pattern recognition test, the proposed mIAR(modified integrated mean autoregressive model) technique improves the recognitions rate around 17-21% compared with other the AR and cepstral methods.

The Performance Advancement of Test Algorithm for Inner Defects In Semiconductor Packages (반도체 패키지의 내부 결함 검사용 알고리즘 성능 향상)

  • Kim J.Y.;Kim C.H.;Yoon S.U.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.721-726
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    • 2005
  • In this study, researchers classifying the artificial flaws in semiconductor. packages are performed by pattern recognition technology. For this purposes, image pattern recognition package including the user made software was developed and total procedure including ultrasonic image acquisition, equalization filtration, binary process, edge detection and classifier design is treated by Backpropagation Neural Network. Specially, it is compared with various weights of Backpropagation Neural Network and it is compared with threshold level of edge detection in preprocessing method for entrance into Multi-Layer Perceptron(Backpropagation Neural network). Also, the pattern recognition techniques is applied to the classification problem of defects in semiconductor packages as normal, crack, delamination. According to this results, it is possible to acquire the recognition rate of 100% for Backpropagation Neural Network.

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Design and Implementation of Smart Self-Learning Aid: Micro Dot Pattern Recognition based Information Embedding Solution (스마트 학습지: 미세 격자 패턴 인식 기반의 지능형 학습 도우미 시스템의 설계와 구현)

  • Shim, Jae-Youen;Kim, Seong-Whan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.346-349
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we design a perceptually invisible dot pattern layout and its recognition scheme, and we apply the recognition scheme into a smart self learning aid for interactive learning aid. To increase maximum information capacity and also increase robustness to the noises, we design a ECC (error correcting code) based dot pattern with directional vector indicator. To make a smart self-learning aid, we embed the micro dot pattern (20 information bit + 15 ECC bits + 9 layout information bit) using K ink (CMYK) and extract the dot pattern using IR (infrared) LED and IR filter based camera, which is embedded in the smart pen. The reason we use K ink is that K ink is a carbon based ink in nature, and carbon is easily recognized with IR even without light. After acquiring IR camera images for the dot patterns, we perform layout adjustment using the 9 layout information bit, and extract 20 information bits from 35 data bits which is composed of 20 information bits and 15 ECC bits. To embed and extract information bits, we use topology based dot pattern recognition scheme which is robust to geometric distortion which is very usual in camera based recognition scheme. Topology based pattern recognition traces next information bit symbols using topological distance measurement from the pivot information bit. We implemented and experimented with sample patterns, and it shows that we can achieve almost 99% recognition for our embedding patterns.

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Sonographic Pattern Recognition of Endometriomas Mimicking Ovarian Cancer

  • Saeng-Anan, Ubol;Pantasri, Tawiwan;Neeyalavira, Vithida;Tongsong, Theera
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5409-5413
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    • 2013
  • Background: To assess the accuracy of ultrasound in differentiating endometrioma from ovarian cancer and to describe pattern recognition for atypical endometriomas mimicking ovarian cancers. Materials and Methods: Patients scheduled for elective surgery for adnexal masses were sonographically evaluated for endometrioma within 24 hours of surgery. All examinations were performed by the same experienced sonographer, who had no any information of the patients, to differentiate between endometriomas and non-endometriomas using a simple rule (classic ground-glass appearance) and subjective impression (pattern recognition). The final diagnosis as a gold standard relied on either pathological or post-operative findings. Results: Of 638 patients available for analysis, 146 were proven to be endometriomas. Of them, the simple rule and subjective impression could sonographically detect endometriomas with sensitivities of 64.4% (94/146) and 89.7% (131/146), respectively. Of 52 endometriomas with false negative tests by the simple rule, 13 were predicted as benign masses and 39 were mistaken for malignancy. Solid masses and papillary projections were the most common forms mimicking ovarian cancer, consisting of 38.5% of the missed diagnoses. However, with pattern recognition (subjective impression), 32 from 39 cases mimicking ovarian cancer were correctly predicted for endometriomas. All endometriomas subjectively predicted for ovarian malignancy were associated with high vascularization in the solid masses. Conclusions: Pattern recognition of endometriomas by subjective assessment had a higher sensitivity than the simple rule in characterization of endometriomas. Most endometriomas mimicking ovarian malignancy could be correctly predicted by subjective impression based on familiarity of pattern recognition.