• Title, Summary, Keyword: pattern

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A Study of Decorative Pattern Shown in e Mural Painting of Koguryo Dynasty′s Tomb (고구려고분벽화에 나타난 장식문양 연구)

  • 안창현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.131-148
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    • 2003
  • Mural Painting of Koguryo Dynasty. root of Korean traditional pattern. has 5 types of pattern in its 24tombs: Fire pattern. Sun . Moon pattern, Flying angel pattern. Hill.Tree pattern, Holy animal bird Pattern. These patterns had developed specially in 3 regions that are Hwanghae-region, Pyongan-region, Jipan-region. from 4th-7th Century. A lot of fire pattern has found at Pyongan-region in 5th century. The ceiling right above 'Dori' frequently had the pattern. The pattern is organized in 'Kyoho' method. The sun.moon pattern was shown in Pyongan-region in 5th century. '3-leg bird'. representative of sun, and frog, representative of moon. were drawn in the pattern in 6th century, rabbit was added with frog in the pattern. Flying angel pattern had found most in Jipan region in 5th century. The pattern was not found in 4th century. Two types of the pattern are angels playing $$\mu$ical instruments and angels preying. The hill tree pattern was simple, antique, and immature in the beginning. the pattern had developed with real description as a landscape picture after the beginning. this pattern has been categorized as a landscape painting. Holy animal and bird patternn had placed in supporting rock between ceiling and floor with the mean of protection in after life These pattern, which were previously influenced by Chines culture, were developed with a base of Koguryo own tradition and supported establishment of a characterized Koguryo Cloture. This study will be a basic document for modern fashion industry of 21 century.

A study on a present condition of research on the experimental model in oriental medicine (실험동물의 병증(病證) 모형에 대한 연구현황 소고 - 중의(中醫) 자료를 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.69-99
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    • 1995
  • In order to develop experimental research in oriental medicine, it is necessary to make experimental model of diagnostic pattern(證), On model of the condition of a disease maked in china, there are cold-pattern(寒證), heat-pattern(熱證), deficiency of vital energy-pattern(氣虛證), blood-deficiency-pattern(血虛證), yin-deficiency-pattern(陰虛證), yang-deficiency-pattern(陽虛證), deficiency of both yin and yang-pattern(陰陽俱虛證), yang-exhaustion-pattern(亡陽證), blood stasis-pattern(血瘀證), pattern of defferential diagnosis according to states of viscera(臟腑辨證).

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A Literature Review on Pattern-identification of Shoulder Pain (견비통의 변증에 관한 문헌고찰)

  • Park, Hae In;Lee, Kwang Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.147-167
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to summarise pattern-identification of shoulder pain based on the classics of oriental medicine, current literature and domestic papers. Methods : The materials selected were sourced from the classics of oriental medicine, current literature and domestic papers which contained data related to pattern-identification of shoulder pain. The pattern-identifications were compared to determine the similarities, and these were classified. Results : Thirty-five studies were reviewed, and thirty-seven pattern-identifications were collated. These were classified into the following groups: wind-cold-dampness group(n = 8), blood stasis group(n = 3), phlegm group(n = 7), dual deficiency of Qi and blood group(n = 4), deficiency cold group(n = 2), liver-kidney deficiency group(n = 1) and meridian-collateral group(n = 12). Conclusions : On the basis of the classification of pattern-identifications, two groups of pattern-identifications for shoulder pain were suggested. The first group included the pattern-identification associated with a disease-cause, which included the wind-cold-dampness pattern(風寒濕型), blood stasis pattern(瘀血型), phlegm pattern(痰飮型), Qi-blood deficiency pattern(氣血兩虛型), deficiency cold pattern(虛寒型), and liver-kidney deficiency pattern(肝腎虧損型). The second included the pattern-identification associated with the meridian-collateral, which included the hand greater Yin meridian pattern(手太陰經型), hand Yang brightness meridian pattern(手陽明經型), hand lesser Yin meridian pattern(手少陰經型), hand greater Yang meridian pattern(手太陽經型), hand reverting Yin meridian pattern(手厥陰經型), hand lesser Yang meridian pattern(手少陽經型), and foot greater Yang meridian pattern(足太陽經型).

The Type and Characteristics of the Clouds-Shaped Pattern (조선시대 직물에 나타난 구름문양의 유형과 특성)

  • Jang, Hyun-Joo
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2004
  • The clouds-shaped pattern is originated from Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. It stands for good-luck, longevity and productivity. It has been used on its own or with other patterns since the ancient times. It also has various forms. It particularly was used more frequently than any other patterns as a typical good-luck pattern, representing auspiciousness, divine authority, and so on in Chosun dynasty. The pattern, according to its component parts, is classified as individual type and compound type, which is mixed with other patterns such as treasure pattern, plant pattern, letter pattern, or animal pattern. For both individual type and compound type, swastika-shaped cloud pattern was mostly used. For compound type, the pattern compounded of treasure pattern was extraordinarily used a lot. In terms of the arrangement, the most common arrangement methods were brick-shaped arrangement and dense type arrangement, the arrangement method that spreads the patterns all over the surface. Among the fabrics with clouds-shaped pattern, satin damask fabrics had the majority. Clouds-shaped pattern was used a lot in men's Po(coat), such as Dahnryoung, Jiknyoung, Chollik, etc. rather than in women's clothes. It was a typical pattern used in Dahnryoung, an official uniform that represented people in the highest class in Chosun dynasty. The divine power symbol of this pattern indicated the authority and dignity that the upper class people could have.

A Study on the Possibility of Pattern Design Using CAD System (With concentration on the change of coat basic pattern) (CAD System을 이용한 패턴디자인설계 활용가능성에 관한 연구(I)-Coat 원형을 중심으로-)

  • 김옥경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.20
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this research was to utilize of Pattern Design System(P.D.S) by using AM-300 The conclusion were like these : 1. A coat of basic pattern was selected by design sketch. 2. The basic pattern was input into computer by digitizing. 3. The basic pattern was change into designed shape by using various skills. This system were enabled to draw straight lines, curves, delete lines, sections of lines, extend lines, cut pattern into sections, measure line or section reproduce whole pattern shape of section, rotate and mirror pattern and complete patterns. 4. Automatic grading of finished master pattern have been developed by creation and modification of grading rules of basic pattern. 5. Production pattern added seam allowance, not-ches was generated by P.D.S menu option. 6. Finished pattern design was plotted out 100% and 20% size by AM-300 Plotter. This results will be the basic materials to develop the CAD SYSTEM if some problems were improve. Furthermore, the utilization of P.D.S is expected to be developing in pattern making process.

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Comparison of middle-aged women's bodice pattern using 3D data -focused on the DC Suite program-

  • Cha, Su-Joung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to develop an excellent bodice prototype that is adapted to the body shape of middle-aged women using 3D measurement data. In the evaluation of appearance, S pattern 4.00, B pattern 2.80, E pattern 2.40, L pattern 1.40 were shown in order, and the best fit of S pattern was evaluated as excellent. As a result of looking at the color distribution chart to find out the amount, E pattern and S pattern were not space in the front bust, armhole, and the back waist line. The B pattern and the L pattern were marked in blue because of insufficiency space in the back neck. As a result of evaluation the amount of air gap in the clothing, the air gap of the bust was 0.12, which is the largest pattern of B. Next, the L pattern appears as a tight circle with smallest air gap in the order of the S pattern 0.096, the E pattern 0.08, and the L pattern 0.003. The S pattern was evaluated to be the most appropriate for the body shape of middle-aged women. But the waist and back were slightly tight. Middle-aged women have larger shoulder-related items and larger waist circumference. Therefore, when you set the perimeter item, you should add 1-2cm of space amount and give extra space to the circumference area.

A Study on the Possibility to Use Christopher Alexander's Pattern Language by Using Network Analysis Tool (연결망 분석도구를 이용한 크리스토퍼 알렉산더 패턴언어 활용 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sung-Wook;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2016
  • This study is aimed to increase the possibility of using the Christopher Alexander's pattern language. The methodology of this study is (i) to analyze the pattern language by using the network analysis tool in order to understand the complicate network structure of the pattern language, and (ii) to apply the Alexander's method of using the pattern language by using the network analysis tool (Gephi) and to examine the feasibility of the network analysis tool as a tool for using the pattern language. Firstly, as a result of analysing the pattern language, (i) the pattern language classified by pattern number is distinguished by the patterns of towns, buildings and construction, among which the pattern of buildings plays a key function in the networks; (ii) the buildings functions a medium connecting between the towns and the construction; and (iii) the pattern language is divided into 6 sub-modules, through which the user can select a pattern. Secondly, the result of using the network analysis tool as a tool for using the pattern language (i) suggests the new method of using the pattern language by using the network analysis tool (Gephi); (ii) makes it possible to easily figure out the characteristics of the links between the patterns; and (iii) increases the completeness of the pattern language by making it easy to find out the sub-patterns in selecting a pattern.

The Development of Torso & Sleeve Basic Pattern for Wedding Dress (웨딩드레스를 위한 토르소 및 소매 원형 개발)

  • Hong, Geun-Hye;Jang, Jeong-Ah
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.614-623
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a wedding dress basic torso pattern and sleeve pattern considering good fit and aesthetic for figures of Korean brides in their 20s. For the research method, 3 women in their 20s who has the body size of ${\pm}$ S.D range of average figure and dress form suggested by 'the 5th human body measurement' of Size Korea were selected as the test group. The evaluators are 8 clothing construction majors, and the evaluation items included total 22 questions related to torso and total 10 questions related to sleeves. The evaluation was made using 5 Likert point scale. 4 prototypes for basic dress pattern were selected through the literature search. After compare analyzing design methods of prototypes, the real wedding dresses were made in the average size of women in their 20s and the dresses were tried on for the assessment. The data was analyzed using SPSS 18.0 Program to examine average, standard deviation and significant differences between basic patterns. Based on the results of the first and the second try-on assessments, a new wedding dress basic pattern with maximized strengths of compared prototypes was completed. The details of result follows. As for dress torso basic pattern, A pattern, which had the highest overall silhouette satisfaction and scores in basic pattern analysis and try-on assessments, was selected as the prototype, and a research basic pattern reflecting strengths of each basic pattern was developed. As for dress sleeve basic pattern, B pattern, which had the highest overall silhouette satisfaction and scores in basic pattern analysis and try-on assessments, was selected as the prototype, and a research basic pattern reflecting strengths of each basic pattern was developed. In this study, a wedding dress basic pattern considering good fit and aesthetic for figures of Korean brides in their 20s was suggested. It is expected that the basic pattern will be used by continuously developing dress market and ready-made wedding dress manufacturers as well as in educational institutes.

A Study on the Preference Degree of a Dangcho Pattern according to Demographic Characteristic (인구 통계적 특성에 따른 당초 문양의 선호도)

  • Park, Young-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.887-899
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    • 2006
  • In this study the preference degree of a Dangcho pattern with priority given to demographic variables was examined. The results was that demographic variables have influence on the preference degree of a Dangcho pattern. The continual arrangement pattern of a stylistic type was shown as the pattern that men in their 40s and over most prefer. The continual arrangement pattern of a realistic type was shown as the pattern that men in their 40s and over and women in their 50s and over most prefer. The continual arrangement pattern of a geometrical type was shown as the pattern that men working on a sales, service, production position and women in their 50s most prefer. The single arrangement pattern of a stylistic type was shown as the pattern that college men in their 20s, men in their 50s and women working on a sales, production, service position most prefer. The single arrangement pattern of a stylistic type of a realistic type was shown as the pattern that men in their 40s working on a sales, service, production position and college women in their 20s most prefer. The single arrangement pattern of a geometrical type was shown as the pattern that most of people prefer.

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The Sensibility Image by the Property Variables of Dangcho Pattern - Focusing on the Representative Type, Pattern Arrangement, Object of Application, Desire of Purchase and Ages - (당초문양의 특성변인에 따른 감성이미지 - 표현유형, 문양배열, 적용대상, 구매욕구, 연령을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Young-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 2005
  • This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between the sensibility image of Dangcho pattern and the pattern composition variables(representation type, pattern arrangement, object of application, desire of purchase, ages). The results obtained are as follows: The sensibility image which is derived from Dangcho pattern was investigated in the property of five dimensions, that is, the property of fascination, elegance, high grade, uniqueness, and correctness. The sensibility image of Dangcho pattern was the significant main effect according to pattern composition variables(representation type, pattern arrangement, object of application, desire of purchase, ages), and was the significant collation effect between each of pattern composition variables. The sensibility image of the Dangcho pattern which had most an influence on degree of preference and desire of purchase was examined by the property of fascination.