• Title, Summary, Keyword: patient factors

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Effects of Professional Autonomy, Organizational Commitment, and Perceived Patient Safety Culture on Patient Safety Management Activities of Nurses in Medium and Small-Sized Hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 전문직 자율성, 조직몰입 및 환자안전문화인식이 환자안전관리활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Hyun Jung;Lee, Yun Mi
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of professional autonomy, organizational commitment, and perceived patient safety culture on patient safety management activities of nurses in medium and small-sized hospitals. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed. Self-reported questionnaires were completed by 121 nurses with at least 3 months of working experience in medium and small-sized hospitals located in B city. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, a t-test, a one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and a multiple regression analysis. Results: Professional autonomy (r=.22, p=.016), organizational commitment (r=.34, p<.001), and perceived patient safety culture (r=.55, p<.001) had a statistically significant positive correlation with patient safety management activities. The factors that might affect patient safety management activities were professional autonomy (${\beta}=.23$, p=.003) and perceived patient safety culture (${\beta}=.55$, p<.001). The explanatory power of these factors for patient safety management activities was 33.5% (F=21.19, p<.001). Conclusions: The development of repetitive and continuous education programs is needed to improve a nurse's professional autonomy and perceived patient safety culture.

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Effect of Patient Safety Culture and Patient Safety Competence on Safety Nursing Activity among Nurses working in Anesthetic and Recovery Rooms (마취·회복실 간호사의 환자안전문화와 환자안전역량이 안전간호활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin Joo;Jung, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.164-174
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the relationships among patient safety culture, safety competence and safety nursing activity among nurses in anesthetic and recovery rooms, and to identify the factors contributing to safety nursing activity. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Participants were 156 nurses from 13 hospitals. Data were collected from February 11 to March 15th, 2019, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis with SPSS statistics 24.0 Program. Results: Safety nursing activity was significantly different in relation to nurses' level of education, position at work, clinical career, clinical career at anesthetic and recovery rooms, and work experience in patient safety. Safety nursing activity demonstrated a significant positive correlation with patient safety culture and patient safety competence. Factors contributing to safety nursing activity were patient safety knowledge, skill and attitude, clinical career, clinical career at anesthetic and recovery rooms, and the patient safety improvement system which explained 57.0% of total variance of safety nursing activity. Conclusion: To improve safety nursing activities at anesthetic and recovery rooms, it is necessary to develop patient safety programs with enhanced knowledge, skill and attitude to take patient safety as a top priority.

The Study of the External Qigong Therapy(EQT) - Based on the Survey of 100 Inpatients in Oriental Medical Hospital - (한방병원 입원환자 100명을 대상으로 한 외기요법(外氣療法)에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Jung;Yoon, Il-Ji
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.145-173
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to analyze remedial value of External Qigong Therapy(EQT), to investigate the primary factors influencing EQT and the demend of EQT. Methods : This study took the data analysis from the questionnaire to the patients and therapists of EQT in oriental medical hospital attached Dae-Jeon University from April to September in 2009. The therapist, who is in college of oriental medicine, Dae-jeon University, was explained of the operation of EQT, and then operated EQT to the patients. The therapists and patients took the questionnaire twice, before and after EQT. Results and Conclusions : 1. Accoding to the research, the patients consider that their symptoms get better after EQT and that the unexpectable effect of EQT is stability of mind. 2. The primary factors influencing on remedy effect is patient's faith in the therapist & EQT, patient and therapist's positive expectation on EQT, patient's will to treated on EQT and therapist's effort to form the rapport with patient. 3. It is KRW 5463 that the patient group consider as resonable expense of EQT and it is 23 minutes that patient group consider as proper time of EQT.

Factors Influencing Safety Care Activities of Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사의 안전 간호활동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yang, Ya Ki
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.188-196
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among fatigue, patient safety culture and safety care activities of hospital nurses, and to identify and explain factors influencing safety care activities. Methods: The research participants were 187 nurses from a urban general hospital located in Korea. Self-evaluation questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data collection was done from January 10 to 31, 2019. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS 24.0 program. Results: There were significant negative relationships between fatigue and safety care activities (r=-.22, p=.003), and significant positive relationships between patient safety culture and safety care activities (r=.22, p=.003). Factors influencing safety care activities in hospital nurses were identified as type of unit (ICU) (${\beta}=.28$), patient safety culture (${\beta}=.24$) and fatigue (${\beta}=-.19$). The explanation power of this regression model was 16% and it was statistically significant (F=8.29, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest the need to develop further management strategies for enhancement of safety care activities in hospital. To improve the levels of patient safety, education programs on patient safety should be developed and provided to nurses in hospitals.

Factors Affecting Nursing Students' Practice of Patient Safety Management in Clinical Practicum (간호대학생의 임상실습 시 환자안전관리 실천에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Choi, Seung Hye;Lee, Haeyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.184-192
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was done to assess nursing students' practice of patient safety management (PSM), identify factors affecting PSM and provide basic data to develop education programs to strengthen students' competencies for patient safety. Methods: In this descriptive research the practice of PSM by nursing students was examined and predictive factors were identified. Participants were junior and senior nursing students from 7 universities in 7 cities. Self-report questionnaires were used for data collection. Results: Significant positive correlations were found between knowledge of PSM, perception of the importance of PSM and practice of PSM. In multivariate analysis, women students, participation in patient safety education in school, knowledge of PSM, and practice of PSM predicted high perception of the importance of PSM. In multivariate analysis, senior year and participation in patient safety education in school predicted higher knowledge of PSM. In multivariate analysis, perception of the importance of PSM predicted high practice of PSM. Conclusion: In this study, knowledge was not found to directly affect PSM practice, but was found to affect the perception of the importance of PSM, a significant predictive variable. Thus, the importance of PSM should be strongly emphasized during education.

Analysis of Factors Affecting on Satisfaction of Pharmacy Service (약국서비스 만족에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석 - 환자체감시간과 실 조제시간 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Seong-Hi;Suh, Jun-Kyu;Yoon, Hye-Seol;Hong, Jin-Young;Park, Gun-Je
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.202-215
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    • 1998
  • Purpose : To shorten processing time for variety of medical affairs of the patient at the outpatient clinic of a big hospital is very important to qualify medical care of the patient. Therefore, patient's waiting time for drug delivery after doctor's prescription is often utilized as a strong tool to evaluate patient satisfaction with a medical care provided. We performed this study to investigate factors influencing patient satisfaction related with waiting time for drug delivery. Methods : The data were collected from July 21 to August 12, 1998. A total 535 patients or their families who visited outpatient clinics of Inha University Hospital were subjected to evaluate the drug delivery time and the level of their satisfaction related, which were compared with those objectively evaluated by Quality Improvement Team. The reliability of the scale was tested with Cronbach's alpha, and the data were analyzed using frequency, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and multiple regression. Results : The mean drug delivery time subjectively evaluated by the patient (16.1 13.0 min) was longer than that objectively evaluated (10.9 7.6 min) by 5.2 min. Drug delivery time objectively evaluated was influenced by the prescription contents, total amount or type of drug dispensed, etc, as expected. The time discrepancy between two evaluations was influenced by several causative factors. One of those proved to be a patient's late response to the information from the pharmacy which the drug is ready to deliver. Interestingly, this discrepancy was found to be more prominent especially when waiting place for drug delivery was not less crowded. Other factors, pharmaceutical counseling at the pharmacy, emotional status or behavior of a patient while he waits for the medicine, were also found to influence the time subjectively evaluated. Regarding the degree of patient satisfaction with the drug delivery, majority of patients accepted drug delivery time with less than 10 min. It was also found to be influenced by emotional status of the patient as well as kindness or activity of pharmaceutical counselor. Conclusion : The results show that, besides prescription contents, behavior pattern or emotional status of a patient, environment of the waiting place, and quality of pharmaceutical counseling at the pharmacy, may influence the patient's subjective evaluation of waiting time for drug delivery and his satisfaction related with the service in the big hospital. In order to improve patient satisfaction related with waiting time for drug delivery, it will be cost effective to qualify pharmaceutical counseling and information system at the drug delivery site or waiting place rather than to shorten the real processing time within the pharmacy.

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Factors Influencing Confidence in Patient Safety Management in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 환자안전관리 수행자신감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jeong, Hyun-Sook;Kong, Jeong-Hyeon;Jeon, Mi-Yang
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2017
  • The purposed of this study was to identify the factors that affect Confidence in Performance Patient Safety Management targeted nursing students. The study subjects were 228 nursing students. The nursing students experienced patientl safety accidents in the fall (50.0%), needle puncture (18.5%), Patient identification error (12.0%), injection medication error (7.5%) and oral medication errors (4.3%). In the logistic regression analysis, Attitude of Patient Safety Management(t=6.09, p<.001), Clinical Decision Making(t=3.97, p<.001) and gender(t=2.56, p=.011) were significant factors related to Confidence of Performance Patient Safety Management. Based on the results of this study, we propose to develop a convergence education program that considers patient safety management attitude, clinical decision making ability, and gender in order to improve confidence of performance patient safety management of nursing students.

A Study of the Factor on Behavioral Change of the Psychiatric in-patient (정신과 입원환자의 행동변화에 영향을 주는 요소에 관한 연구)

  • 이소우;김태경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 1984
  • This article examined relationships between selected variables, such as demographic background, care, treatment variables, environmental characteristics, and patient's daily behavior and mood change. Relationship were determined between independent variabltherapeutic-rapeutie approach, demographic data, environmental management approach-,and dependent variable-patient's daily behavioral and mood change. 35 patients selected within some criteria in a psychiatric ward, were obserbed during 5 weeks by use of Wyatt's Behavior & Mood Rating Scale ac-cording to the object of the study. At the same time, the frequence of the care and treatment were collected. Criteria for sample selection and independent variables as an influential factor to the patient behavioral change, based on a literature revienw and clinical experiences. Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to determine the influfntial factors to the patient behavioral change. Systematic reading (r=.8324), Psychiatrist's individual interview (r=.5764), tranquilizer (r=.3441) and hospitalization processing date (r=.4143) were related with patient's behavioral change. That is these 4 variables can be said to influence to the patient's behavior and mood. A stepwise multiple regression analysis of the effect of the independent varibles of systematic reading, psychintrists individual interview, tranquilizer and hospitalization processing date on the dependent variable, patient's behavioral change was carried out. Systematic reading with on R²of. 69 revealed to be the main influential factor to the patient's behavior and mood change, as the next factor psychiatrist individual interview. A total inclusion of these factors revealed a 73% prediction for the patient's behavior and mood change. But the most influential factor was the interaction of the systematic reading and psychiatrist's individual interview.

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A Survey of Patient Satisfaction With Physical Therapy Services (물리치료 서비스에 대한 환자의 만족도 조사)

  • Jung, Hyun-Sik;Park, Hyeoung-Sik;Park, Tae-Sub;Park, Jin-Hyeoung;Kim, Young-Rok
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.97-110
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    • 2002
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the patient satisfaction with physical therapy services and find the related factors to patient satisfaction. In this study, three hospitals were selected at large, middle, small city. Ninety subjects (53 males, 37 females) who had received physical therapy service were participated in this survey. Survey data were collected by a written questionnaire. The patient satisfaction scale had a good reliability (Cronbachs alpha=.9134). The collected data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis. The scores of patient satisfaction with physical therapy services at large, middle, and small city were 79.67, 76.23, and 86.33 respectively. The score of patient satisfaction at small city was significantly higher than middle and large city (p<.01). There was no significant difference in patient satisfaction with physical therapy services according to gender, age, education years, occupation, marital status, religion and average monthly income. Further studies are needed to identify which specific factors are related to patient satisfaction with physical services. This information will be useful in improving the patient satisfaction.

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Falls in the General Hospital Inpatients: Incidence, Associated Factors (일개 종합병원 입원환자의 낙상 실태 및 관련 요인)

  • Yang, Hwa-Mi;Chun, Byung-Chul
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.107-120
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    • 2009
  • Background : To estimate fall incidence rate and associated factors in inpatients from a general hospital. Method : The data were collected from 104 fall incident reports developed by the patient safety committee in a general hospital in Seoul from 01 January 2007 to 31 December 2008. Information included general characteristics of patients, factors related to fall, types, places, circumstances and outcomes of fall. Result : The incidence rate of fall, which was 4.4 per 1,000 total discharged patients and 0.5 per 1,000 patient-days, was much lower than that of several hospitals in the United States. The difference may reflect the different incidence reporting system of each hospital. Fall-prone patients were, in general, $$\geq_-$$65 years of age, had an alert mental status, were ambulatory with some assistance, and were dependent on and ambulatory device. High incidence of falls was associated with patients with circulatory disease. The majority of fall events usually occurred in bed or at the bedside in the patient's room, and occurred more often during the night than during the day or evening. Risk factors of fall were use of drugs (antihypertensive or neuropsychiatric drugs) and environmental factors (e.g., overly high bed height, surrounding objects, inadequate fitness shoes and slippery floor). Physical injury occurred in 43.3% of fall events, which typically required diagnosis of injury and treatment such as suturing. Risk factors for repeated falls were use of a neuropsychiatric drug (odds ratio=13.9) and gait disturbance (odds ratio=91.2). Risk factors for fall-related injury were alert mental status (odds ratio=3.3 times more likely to fall than those who were drowsy or in a stupor) and general weakness(odds ratio=3.3 times more likely to fall than those who were not generally weak). Conclusion : Medical and nursing staff should be aware of the fall risk factors of hospitalized patients and should intensively pursue preventative strategies. Development of fall prevention education based on these results is recommended.

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