• Title, Summary, Keyword: patient factors

Search Result 3,370, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

The Factors Affecting The Nurse-Patient Interaction (환자와 간호사의 상호작용에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim In-Ja;Son Haeng-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-42
    • /
    • 1997
  • The factors that affect the nurse-patient interaction were identified. Sixty-six nurses participated in the cross-sectional survey. Based upon the literature, the factors were classified into 4 categories : the patient, the nurse, the family caregiver, and the situational factors. The data were collected with the open-and closed-ended questionnaire developed by researchers. In the closed-ended questionnaire, the significant factors differentiating the best-liked from the least-liked caring situation were found in all factors except the nurse factors. None of the nurse factors was found to be significant. In patient factors, the physically attractive stereotype was found to affect patient-nurse interaction. As expected, family caregiver factors were found to affect the nurse-patient interaction. The content analysis was done to identify the specific factors affecting nurse-patient interaction. In both of the best-liked and the least-liked caring situations, the patient factors were the most contributing causes as likely as 68.51% and 66.45%, respectively. Some factors that nurses perceived as causes for the best-liked and the least-liked to care were presented. In conclusion, these results show that nurses are influenced by stereotypes in caring patients. So, some programs to increase awareness of the biases of nurses are included in in-service education. Also the incentives to encourage nurses are needed.

  • PDF

A Study on Environment, Care Process, and Patient-related Factors Associated with Patient Falls - A Retrospective Study of Inpatient Falls in the Unit of General Medicine in the United States (환자낙상에 영향을 주는 환경, 의료과정, 그리고 환자 관련 요소에 관한 연구 - 미국의 일반내과병동 환자낙상 데이터 분석을 통한 후향성 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Seon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-40
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: The main objective of this paper is, to assess environment, care process, and patient-related factors associated with patient falls. The study also aims at identifying various factors that would affect inpatient falls and, therefore, helping both caregivers and designers contribute to better prevent inpatient falls in their own areas of expertise. Methods: A retrospective analysis of inpatient falls that occurred in the unit of General Medicine in the United States has been conducted and environment, care process, patient-related factors associated with those falls have been analyzed at the same time. Results: The study identified several factors associated with inpatient falls. They range from environmental factors to care process- and patient-related factors. Patient visibility and patient accessibility can matter to patient falls and where those falls occur, along with patient days per room, the percentage of patient days with high fall risk patients per room, the percentage of high fall risk patients per room. Implications: The findings of the study can provide design implications that can be incorporated into design process and design decisions to promote fall prevention in inpatient care units. Inpatient falls can be effectively reduced when caregivers and designers work together to understand the complex nature of inpatient falls and the importance of multidisplinary efforts among various experts in the areas of healthcare.

Factors associated with Patient Activation for Self-management among Community Residents with Osteoarthritis in Korea

  • Ahn, Yang Heui;Kim, Bong Jeong;Ham, Ok Kyung;Kim, Seong Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.303-311
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to survey patient activation for self-management and to identify factors associated with patient activation for self-management among community residents with osteoarthritis in Korea. Methods: Cross-sectional study design was used. Survey data were collected from 270 community residents with osteoarthritis through direct interviews. Studied factors included patient activation, joint pain, physical function, depression, and general characteristics. Data were analyzed using chi-squared test, t-test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: The participants' mean score of patient activation was $56.0{\pm}16.61$. The mean score of each factor was $10.6{\pm}5.89$ for joint pain, $5.5{\pm}3.56$ for physical function, and $19.3{\pm}10.01$ for depression. The patient activation level was significantly associated with depression and general characteristics such as education, religion, comorbid hypertension, and use of medical clinics (p<.05). Conclusion: The findings suggest that depression, education, religion, comorbid hypertension, and use of medical clinics may be important factors to be considered when developing programs of patient activation for self-management. This is the first study that measured patient activation, and further studies are suggested to find factors associated with patient activation for self-management among community residents with other chronic diseases.

Factors Influencing the Patient Safety Management Activity of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 환자안전관리활동에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jang, Keong Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.358-366
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This purpose of this study was to identify the level of knowledge and attitude of patient safety and patient safety management activity (PSMA) and identify influencing factors of PSMA in nursing students. Methods: The participants were 210 fourth-year nursing students in C and G city. Data were collected with structured questionnaires from October 10 to November 10, 2017. Descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression with SPSS 21.0 were used. Results: As a result, the level of knowledge of patient safety was 9.05, attitude of patient safety was 4.07, and PSMA was 4.22. The factors influencing PSMA were knowledge and attitude of patient safety. The regression model explained 77% of PSMA. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it is suggested that a systematic education program considering factors influencing the patient safety management activities of nursing students be developed.

Effect of Hospital Nurses' Perceptions of Organizational Health and Patient Safety Culture on Patient Safety Nursing Activities (병원간호사가 지각하는 조직건강과 환자안전문화가 환자안전간호활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Mi-Young;Jung, Myun-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-138
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of organizational health and patient safety culture on nursing activities for patient safety as perceived by hospital nurses. Methods: A self-report survey was administered to staff nurses of one advanced general hospital and two general hospitals in South Korea. Of the questionnaires, 188 were analyzed. Results: Organizational health had a significantly positive correlation with patient safety culture (r=.52, p<.001) and patient safety nursing activities (r=.31, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings in this study indicate that among the factors influencing patient safety nursing activities, organizational factors were more important than individual factors, and organizational health had a big effect on patient safety nursing activities.

Analysis of Risk Factors for Patient Safety Management (환자안전 관리를 위한 위험요인 분석)

  • Ahn, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.373-384
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: This is a pilot study to identify patient safety risk factors and strategies for patient safety management perceived by nurses. Methods: Data were collected and analyzed with an open questionnaire from April to May 2005, targeted on 100 nurses working in two hospitals. The issues were 'what are risk factors for patients, nurses, and other medical practitioners? How do they prevent with the aftermath of risk factors, causes of incidents?' For data analysis, types and frequency of risk factors were worked out, using the Australian Incident Monitoring System Taxonomy. Results: The types of patient safety risk factor perceived by nurses were as follows ; therapeutic devices or equipment, infrastructure and services (29.5%), nosocomial infections (16.3%), clinical processes or procedures (15.4%), behavior, human performance, violence, aggression, security and safety (12.2%), therapeutic agents (9.7%), injuries and pressure ulcers (8.7%), logistics, organization, documentation, and infrastructure technology (5.6%). Strategies for patient safety included training of prevention of infection, education about safety management for patients and medical professionals, establishment of reporting system, culture of care, pre-elimination of risk factors, cooperative system among employees, and sharing information. Conclusion: These results will be used to provide evidences for patient safety management and educational program.

  • PDF

Perception of the Patient Safety Risk Factors and Safety Management by Nurses in Emergency Service, Hospitals (응급실 간호사의 환자안전 위험요인에 대한 위험성 인식과 안전 간호활동)

  • Yun, Jung MI;Park, Hyoung Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.380-391
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This was a descriptive research study to examine the patient safety risk factors and the level of safety management of nurses in emergency service, hospitals and to analyze the relationship between the two factors. Method: Data for analysis were collected from 232 nurses in emergency service, hospitals in Busan and Gyeongnam from July 30 to September 7, 2013. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: Therapeutic agents showed the highest risk level. The prevention of transfusion errors showed the highest performance. As the nurses were working in regional emergency medical centers and received education more than 7 sessions on patient safety, they readily recognized the riskiness of the safety risk factors. In addition, as the nurses were older than 40, married, having more education about safety and understood the incident report registration system well, they performed safety management better. There were significant correlations between perception of the patient safety risk factors and performance for safety management. Conclusion: Nurses in emergency service, hospitals should try to improve safety management to reduce the risk factors shown to be higher based on the results and ensure the patient safety.

An Explanatory Model for Patient Adherence of Rehabilitation in patients with Spinal Cord Injury (척수손상 환자의 재활 치료 지속이행 설명모형)

  • Kim, Aee-Lee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.90-102
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identity factors affecting patient adherence and to develop an explanatory model for patient adherence in patients with spinal cord injury. 8 Variables that were based on the previous research and a review of literature were used to construct hypothetical model. Social support, economic status, perceived barrier, patient provider relationship and rehabilitation related knowledge were the exogenous variables, depression, self-efficacy and patient adherence were the endogenous variables. Methods: Data form 117 patients with SCI were analysed to test the hypothetical model, using SAS and LISREL 8.53 program. Results: The overall fitness of the model was good (GFI=.991, AGFI=.915, NNFI=1.299, NFI=.953, p=.632) Depression, powerlessness, economic status were the strong factors influencing patient adherence. Powerlessness was significant factors for self-efficacy. Conclusion: To improve of patient adherence should focus on nursing intervention for depression, powerlessness and economic status.

Factors Influencing Patient Privacy Protection Behavior among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 환자 프라이버시 보호행동 영향요인)

  • Lee, Eun Joo;Shin, Hyun Sook;Ha, Eun Chae
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.225-234
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing patient privacy protection behavior among nursing students and examine the relationships between these factors. Methods: Participants in this study were 144 nursing students who have experienced clinical practice. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with IBM SPSS Win 23.0 program. Results: Professional self-concept and ethical values were factors influencing patient privacy protection behavior among nursing students. These variables explained 21.9% of the variance for patient privacy protection behavior. A higher level of patient privacy protection behavior was associated with higher levels of professional self-concept and ethical values. Conclusion: The findings demonstrate that strategies for enhancing patient privacy protection behaviors of nursing students should include methods for forming images of positive nurses and firming ethical values.

Predictors of Violent Behavior by Patient or Caregiver of Patient in the Emergency Department (응급실 환자 및 보호자의 폭력행위 예측요인)

  • Park, Eun Young;Lee, Eun-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.500-511
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of violent behavior by patient or caregiver of patient in the emergency department. Methods: Subjects of the study were 447 residents who have visited the emergency department in community P Metropolitan City during the past year. The data collecting period was from June 1, 2012 to August 31, 2012. Data was collected using self-reported questionnaires. Results: Predictors of violent behavior in the emergency department were divided into personal and institutional factors. Personal factors included relationship with patients, presence of alcohol, reports of discontent during and past treatment and responses to deterioration in patient's conditions, institution factors included perceived attitudes toward medical workers' explanations and proficiency of medical workers, and delay in medical treatment hours. Conclusion: Knowledge of personal and institutional factors may permit emergency staff to minimize or prevent potential violence in the emergency department.