• 제목, 요약, 키워드: particle size

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TEOS/O2 플라즈마 반응기에서 미립자 성장에 대한 실험적 분석 (Experimental Analysis on Particle Growth m TEOS/O2 Plasma Reactor)

  • 김동주;김교선
    • 산업기술연구
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    • v.21 no.B
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2001
  • A study on the particle growth in $TEOS/O_2$ plasma was performed, and particle size and its distribution was measured by the electrical aerosol analyzer (EAA), light scattering particle size analyzer and the particle size was also determined by SEM. The effects of process variables such as total gas flow rate, reactor pressure, supplied power and initial reactant concentration on the particle growth were investigated. From the EAA results, the particle size distribution is divided into three groups of the cluster size and the small and large size particles. The particle size distribution measured by the light scattering particle size analyzer becomes bimodal, because the cluster size particles smaller than 20 nm in diameter cannot be detected by the light scattering particle size analyzer. The size of particles measured by the light scattering particle size analyzer is in good agreements with those by the SEM. Also we could understand that the particle formation is very sensitive to the changes of reactor pressure and reactant concentration. As the total gas flow rate increases, the particle size decreases because of the shorter residence time. As the reactor pressure, or the reactant concentration increases, the particle concentration increases and the particles grow more quickly by the faster coagulation between particles.

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Effects of Particle Size and Gelatinization of Job's Tears Powder on the Instant Properties

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Park, Soo-Jea;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2010
  • The effects of particle sizes (small, medium and large sizes) and gelatinization treatment on the changes of the instant properties of Job's tears powder were investigated. The degree of gelatinization on the different particle size samples of Job's tears powder was the highest in the small particle size, and it also showed an increasing trend regardless of pregelatinizing whether it is or not as the particle size decreased from large particle size to small particle size. The water solubility index of the pregelatinized samples was high compared to that of ungelatinized samples regardless of particle size and temperatures. The water absorption and swelling power increased as particle size and temperature were increased. The dispersibility and sinkability of ungelatinized sample was increased as particle size and temperature were increased and it also showed lower value regardless of particle size and temperature. However, the dispersibility and sinkability of pregelatinized samples were shown to have the opposite result, such that the smallest particle size of pregelatinized sample had the lowest sinkability (11.3%). The turbidity of the pregelatinized small particle size was the highest by a factor of 1.08.

제분방법이 쌀가루의 입자크기에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Different Milling Methods on Distribution of Particle Size of Rice Flours)

  • 금준석;이상효;이현유;김길환;김영인
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.541-545
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    • 1993
  • Sieve shaker와 Elzone particle size analyzer에 의한 두 가지 방법으로 제분방법에 따른 입자크기를 조사하였다. 제분방법별로 제조한 쌀가루의 입도분포를 측정한 결과 입자크기는 제분방법에 따라 영향을 받았으며 표준망체를 이용한 Sieve shaker 방법보다 Elzone particle size analyzer를 사용한 방법이 정확도가 우수하였다. 입도분포를 측정한 결과 Pin mill의 경우 $200{\sim}270$mesh가 30.38%으로 가장 많았고 $60{\sim}500mesh$의 분포도를 가졌다. Colloid mill은 $140{\sim}200mesh$가 가장 많았으며, $40{\sim}500mesh$의 분포도를 가졌다. Micro mill은 500mesh 이상이 41.62%로 가장 많았고 $140{\sim}500mesh$의 분포도를 보여주었다. Jet mill은 500 mesh 이상의 분포도로 입자크기가 가장 미세하였다. 또한 미세한 입자일수록 L간과 a값이 증가하였다. 쌀가루의 집합체를 살펴본 결과 습식제분은 분리된 쌀가루의 집합체형태로 구성되어 있고 건식제분은 분활된 조직체로 구성되었다. 전자주사현미경은 Elzone particle size analyzer 방법과 같은 입자분포도를 나타내었고 제분방법에 따라 구조의 특성을 보여주었다.

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Distributions of Mean Particle Size and Age on the Lunar Surface

  • Jung, Min-Sup;Kim, Sung-Soo S.;Min, Kyoung-Wook
    • 천문학회보
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.103.2-103.2
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    • 2011
  • We measure the degree of polarization of the lunar regolith to map the distributions of the age and the particle size. We use a 12cm refracting telescope with a 2k-square pixel color CCD (R band) and a polarization filter. The angular resolution obtained is 3.02 km/pixel. Our goal is to obtain a map of the lunar particle size distribution on the lunar regolith and then that of the age distribution. Polarization of the light scattered by lunar surface contains information on their mean particle size. The mean particle size of the lunar surface has been decreased by continued micro-meteoroid impact over a long period. One can estimate the age of the lunar surface if the mean particle size is known. Particle sizes can be measured through observations of polarization because the mean particle size is related to the maximum polarization and albedo. The age and the particle size of the lunar regolith can give vital information for the future lunar exploration.

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내충격성 폴리스티렌의 형태구조 및 고무상 입도분포 해석 (Interpretation of Morphology and Rubber-Phase Particle Size Distribution of High Impact Polystyrene)

  • 정한균;정대원;안경현;이승종;이성재
    • 폴리머
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.744-753
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    • 2001
  • 내충격성 폴리스티렌 (HIPS)의 내충격성에 영향을 주는 중요한 요소 중의 하나는 분산된 고무상 입자의 크기 및 입도분포이다. 본 연구에서는 반응조건이 HIPS의 고무상 입자 크기 및 입도분포에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여 HIPS를 중합 제조한 다음 고무함량, 교반속도 및 전중합 시간에 따른 고무상 입도분포 및 형태구조를 고찰하였다. 입도분석기로 분석한 결과, 톨루엔을 분산용매로 사용한 경우 열처리 온도가 낮을수록, 열처리 시간이 짧을수록 팽윤의 영향으로 고무상의 평균 입자경이 커졌지만, MEK의 경우에는 열처리 과정이 없어도 보다 합당한 입도분포를 얻을 수 있었다. 고무함량이 증가함에 따라 고무상의 평균 입자경은 뚜렷하게 커졌지만 고무함량이 적은 경우에는 교반속도가 증가하여도 평균 입자경은 그다지 큰 변화를 나타내지 않았다. 하지만 교반속도가 커짐에 따라 고무상 내의 폴리스티렌 포획입자는 크기가 균일해짐을 확인하였다. 또한 전중합시간에 따른 입도분포의 변화를 고찰한 결과 전중합 시간이 길어질수록 보다 작은 입도분포를 얻을수 있었다.

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탄성칼슘에 성상이 종이물성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Particle Shape and Size of Calcium Carbonate on Physical Properties of Paper)

  • 한영림;서영범
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1997
  • This study was intended to investigate the proper shape and size of calcium carbonate for the improvement of paper properties and its end use performance. We loaded calcium carbonate of various shapes and size in the handsheet and measured their physical and optical properties. Results obtained from the study are summarized as follows : 1. Due to different particle shapes and sizes, precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) contributed greater to bulk improvement than ground calcium carbonate (GCC). Scalenohedral form of PCC produced the bulkiest sheet, GCC made the sheet bulkier as average particle size increases. 2. Tensile strength increased as average particle size was increasing. GCC kept tensile strength more effectively than PCC. The effect of particle size on tensile strength was much more pronounced as filler addition level was increasing. 3. Over the average particle size of 6.99$\mu$m, GCC gave much higher burst strength and internal bond than PCC did. In the filler levels of 20% and 30%, GCC by using bigger size fillers showed 50~100% improvement in some cases than PCC at the same filler content. 4. Tear strength increased as average particle size was increasing. At the filler level of 30%, PCC decreased tear greatly. 5. Over the average particle size of 13.56$\mu$m, GCC kept bending stiffness greater than PCC. Due to its shape, Scalenohedral form of PCC showed higher stiffness than others at the same particle size. 6. Cubic and acicular form of PCC improved light scattering coefficient very effectively. Light scattering coefficient of GCC decreased as average particle size increased. 7. Both of particle shape and size of filler were important factor in developing optical properties and bending stiffness. Particle size was the only important factor in developing other strength properties

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Particle Size and Shape Analysis : The Key to Success in Metal Powder Production

  • Pankewitz, Axel;Park, Yong-Jae
    • 한국분말야금학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.702-703
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    • 2006
  • The particle size distribution and shape are among the important parameters for characterisation of quality of metal powders. Specific material properties such as ability to flow, reactivity as well as compressibility and its hardening potentials hence the most important characteristics of sintered metals - are determined by the size distribution and shape. The correct particle size distribution and particle shape information are the key to best product quality in atomisation processes of aluminium, milling of pure metals and other processes. This paper presents state-of-the-art technology for characterization of particle size distribution and shape.

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Effect of Nozzle Tip Size on the Fabrication of Nano-Sized Nickel Oxide Powder by Spray Pyrolysis Process

  • Kim, Donghee;Yu, Jaekeun
    • 한국재료학회지
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.489-494
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    • 2013
  • In this study, by using nickel chloride solution as a raw material, a nano-sized nickel oxide powder with an average particle size below 50 nm was produced by spray pyrolysis reaction. A spray pyrolysis system was specially designed and built for this study. The influence of nozzle tip size on the properties of the produced powder was examined. When the nozzle tip size was 1 mm, the particle size distribution was more uniform than when other nozzle tip sizes were used and the average particle size of the powder was about 15 nm. When the nozzle tip size increases to 2 mm, the average particle size increases to roughly 20 nm, and the particle size distribution becomes more uneven. When the tip size increases to 3 mm, particles with an average size of 25 nm and equal to or less than 10 nm coexist and the particle size distribution becomes much more uneven. When the tip size increases to 5 mm, large particles with average size of 50 nm partially exist, mostly consisting of minute particles with average sizes in the range of 15~25 nm. When the tip size increases from 1 mm to 2 mm, the XRD peak intensities greatly increase while the specific surface area decreases. When the tip size increases to 3 mm, the XRD peak intensities decrease while the specific surface area increases. When the tip size increases to 5 mm, the XRD peak intensities increase again while the specific surface area decreases.

APS 3321과 Dust Monitor 1.108을 이용한 입자 크기분포 및 수농도 측정결과 비교 (Comparison of particle size distribution and particle number concentration measured by APS 3321 and Dust Monitor 1.108)

  • 임경수;박현설
    • 한국입자에어로졸학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2009
  • The size distribution and number concentration of atmospheric aerosol were measured and compared using APS 3321 and Dust Monitor 1.108. The particle size distribution and number concentration measured by two devices were also compared at a particle generation system of standard PSL and fly ash. The number concentration of atmospheric aerosol measured by APS was higher than that by Dust Monitor in particle size range of less than $3.0{\mu}m$, but there was good accordance between them in particle size range of over $3.0{\mu}m$. In the particle generation system of PSL and fly ash, different measurement results were shown because the particle concentration was higher than that of atmospheric aerosol. The number concentration measured by Dust Monitor was higher than that by APS in most particle size ranges. However, the peak concentration of PSL particles measured by Dust Monitor was lower than that by APS. The difference of the collection efficiency in a scrubber by APS and Dust Monitor measurement was less than 10%, but in the particle size of $1.5{\mu}m$, it was over 20%.

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