• Title, Summary, Keyword: particle size

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Experimental Analysis on Particle Growth m TEOS/O2 Plasma Reactor (TEOS/O2 플라즈마 반응기에서 미립자 성장에 대한 실험적 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Joo;Kim, Kyo-Seon
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.21 no.B
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    • pp.149-153
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    • 2001
  • A study on the particle growth in $TEOS/O_2$ plasma was performed, and particle size and its distribution was measured by the electrical aerosol analyzer (EAA), light scattering particle size analyzer and the particle size was also determined by SEM. The effects of process variables such as total gas flow rate, reactor pressure, supplied power and initial reactant concentration on the particle growth were investigated. From the EAA results, the particle size distribution is divided into three groups of the cluster size and the small and large size particles. The particle size distribution measured by the light scattering particle size analyzer becomes bimodal, because the cluster size particles smaller than 20 nm in diameter cannot be detected by the light scattering particle size analyzer. The size of particles measured by the light scattering particle size analyzer is in good agreements with those by the SEM. Also we could understand that the particle formation is very sensitive to the changes of reactor pressure and reactant concentration. As the total gas flow rate increases, the particle size decreases because of the shorter residence time. As the reactor pressure, or the reactant concentration increases, the particle concentration increases and the particles grow more quickly by the faster coagulation between particles.

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Effects of Particle Size and Gelatinization of Job's Tears Powder on the Instant Properties

  • Han, Sung-Hee;Park, Soo-Jea;Lee, Seog-Won;Rhee, Chul
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2010
  • The effects of particle sizes (small, medium and large sizes) and gelatinization treatment on the changes of the instant properties of Job's tears powder were investigated. The degree of gelatinization on the different particle size samples of Job's tears powder was the highest in the small particle size, and it also showed an increasing trend regardless of pregelatinizing whether it is or not as the particle size decreased from large particle size to small particle size. The water solubility index of the pregelatinized samples was high compared to that of ungelatinized samples regardless of particle size and temperatures. The water absorption and swelling power increased as particle size and temperature were increased. The dispersibility and sinkability of ungelatinized sample was increased as particle size and temperature were increased and it also showed lower value regardless of particle size and temperature. However, the dispersibility and sinkability of pregelatinized samples were shown to have the opposite result, such that the smallest particle size of pregelatinized sample had the lowest sinkability (11.3%). The turbidity of the pregelatinized small particle size was the highest by a factor of 1.08.

Effect of Different Milling Methods on Distribution of Particle Size of Rice Flours (제분방법이 쌀가루의 입자크기에 미치는 영향)

  • Kum, Jun-Seok;Lee, Sang-Hyo;Lee, Hyun-Yu;Kim, Kil-Hwan;Kim, Young-In
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.541-545
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    • 1993
  • Two different methods (Sieve shaker, Elzone particle size analyzer) were used to investigate rice flour particle size obtained by various milling method. Results of Elzone particle size analyzer were more effective than Sieve shaker in determining particle size, and the distribution of particle size of rice flours was affected by the type of the milling methods used. A rice flour, prepared in a Pin mill had a particle size range of $60{\sim}500$ mesh, and 30.38% of the sample was in the particle size range $200{\sim}270$ mesh. A rice flour, prepared in a Colloid mill had a particle size range of $40{\sim}500$ mesh and more of flour particles appeared in the range $140{\sim}200$ mesh than any other particle size. A rice flour, prepared in a Micro mill had a particle size range of $140{\sim}500$ mesh, and 41.62% of the sample was in the particle size range over 500 mesh. A rife flour, prepared in a Jet mill had a finer flour particle size was over the particle size range 500 mesh. The finer rice flour gave the highest L value and the lowest a value. The wet-milled flour particles were observed as a cluster of starch granules and the particles of rice flour (dry-milling) were observed as fragment of rice grains. Scanning Electron Photomicrographs revealed that visual differences in structure between milling methods, and similar results with Elzone particle size analyzer method in particle size.

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Distributions of Mean Particle Size and Age on the Lunar Surface

  • Jung, Min-Sup;Kim, Sung-Soo S.;Min, Kyoung-Wook
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.103.2-103.2
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    • 2011
  • We measure the degree of polarization of the lunar regolith to map the distributions of the age and the particle size. We use a 12cm refracting telescope with a 2k-square pixel color CCD (R band) and a polarization filter. The angular resolution obtained is 3.02 km/pixel. Our goal is to obtain a map of the lunar particle size distribution on the lunar regolith and then that of the age distribution. Polarization of the light scattered by lunar surface contains information on their mean particle size. The mean particle size of the lunar surface has been decreased by continued micro-meteoroid impact over a long period. One can estimate the age of the lunar surface if the mean particle size is known. Particle sizes can be measured through observations of polarization because the mean particle size is related to the maximum polarization and albedo. The age and the particle size of the lunar regolith can give vital information for the future lunar exploration.

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Interpretation of Morphology and Rubber-Phase Particle Size Distribution of High Impact Polystyrene (내충격성 폴리스티렌의 형태구조 및 고무상 입도분포 해석)

  • 정한균;정대원;안경현;이승종;이성재
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.744-753
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    • 2001
  • One of the most important factors which affect the impact strength of high impact polystyrene (HIPS) is the rubber-phase particle size and size distribution. In this study, HIPS was prepared from a batch reactor to observe the influence of reaction conditions such as rubber content, agitation speed and prepolymerization time on the particle size and size distribution. Measurements concerning the particle size distribution were conducted using a particle size analyzer. Due to swelling, the particle suspended in toluene increases in size with lower heat-treatment temperature and shorter heat-treatment time, while the particle in methyl ethyl ketone shows quite reasonable size without any effort of heat-treatment. As rubber content increases, the average particle size increases substantially, but the increase in agitation speed at lower rubber contents does not have much influence on the size. However, the polystyrene-phase particles occluded in rubber-phase become more uniform as agitation speed increases. Longer prepolymerization time produces rubber-phase particles with narrower particle size distribution.

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Effect of Particle Shape and Size of Calcium Carbonate on Physical Properties of Paper (탄성칼슘에 성상이 종이물성에 미치는 영향)

  • 한영림;서영범
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1997
  • This study was intended to investigate the proper shape and size of calcium carbonate for the improvement of paper properties and its end use performance. We loaded calcium carbonate of various shapes and size in the handsheet and measured their physical and optical properties. Results obtained from the study are summarized as follows : 1. Due to different particle shapes and sizes, precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) contributed greater to bulk improvement than ground calcium carbonate (GCC). Scalenohedral form of PCC produced the bulkiest sheet, GCC made the sheet bulkier as average particle size increases. 2. Tensile strength increased as average particle size was increasing. GCC kept tensile strength more effectively than PCC. The effect of particle size on tensile strength was much more pronounced as filler addition level was increasing. 3. Over the average particle size of 6.99$\mu$m, GCC gave much higher burst strength and internal bond than PCC did. In the filler levels of 20% and 30%, GCC by using bigger size fillers showed 50~100% improvement in some cases than PCC at the same filler content. 4. Tear strength increased as average particle size was increasing. At the filler level of 30%, PCC decreased tear greatly. 5. Over the average particle size of 13.56$\mu$m, GCC kept bending stiffness greater than PCC. Due to its shape, Scalenohedral form of PCC showed higher stiffness than others at the same particle size. 6. Cubic and acicular form of PCC improved light scattering coefficient very effectively. Light scattering coefficient of GCC decreased as average particle size increased. 7. Both of particle shape and size of filler were important factor in developing optical properties and bending stiffness. Particle size was the only important factor in developing other strength properties

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Particle Size and Shape Analysis : The Key to Success in Metal Powder Production

  • Pankewitz, Axel;Park, Yong-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.702-703
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    • 2006
  • The particle size distribution and shape are among the important parameters for characterisation of quality of metal powders. Specific material properties such as ability to flow, reactivity as well as compressibility and its hardening potentials hence the most important characteristics of sintered metals - are determined by the size distribution and shape. The correct particle size distribution and particle shape information are the key to best product quality in atomisation processes of aluminium, milling of pure metals and other processes. This paper presents state-of-the-art technology for characterization of particle size distribution and shape.

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Effect of Nozzle Tip Size on the Fabrication of Nano-Sized Nickel Oxide Powder by Spray Pyrolysis Process

  • Kim, Donghee;Yu, Jaekeun
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.489-494
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    • 2013
  • In this study, by using nickel chloride solution as a raw material, a nano-sized nickel oxide powder with an average particle size below 50 nm was produced by spray pyrolysis reaction. A spray pyrolysis system was specially designed and built for this study. The influence of nozzle tip size on the properties of the produced powder was examined. When the nozzle tip size was 1 mm, the particle size distribution was more uniform than when other nozzle tip sizes were used and the average particle size of the powder was about 15 nm. When the nozzle tip size increases to 2 mm, the average particle size increases to roughly 20 nm, and the particle size distribution becomes more uneven. When the tip size increases to 3 mm, particles with an average size of 25 nm and equal to or less than 10 nm coexist and the particle size distribution becomes much more uneven. When the tip size increases to 5 mm, large particles with average size of 50 nm partially exist, mostly consisting of minute particles with average sizes in the range of 15~25 nm. When the tip size increases from 1 mm to 2 mm, the XRD peak intensities greatly increase while the specific surface area decreases. When the tip size increases to 3 mm, the XRD peak intensities decrease while the specific surface area increases. When the tip size increases to 5 mm, the XRD peak intensities increase again while the specific surface area decreases.

Comparison of particle size distribution and particle number concentration measured by APS 3321 and Dust Monitor 1.108 (APS 3321과 Dust Monitor 1.108을 이용한 입자 크기분포 및 수농도 측정결과 비교)

  • Lim, Kyoung-Soo;Park, Hyun-Seol
    • Particle and aerosol research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2009
  • The size distribution and number concentration of atmospheric aerosol were measured and compared using APS 3321 and Dust Monitor 1.108. The particle size distribution and number concentration measured by two devices were also compared at a particle generation system of standard PSL and fly ash. The number concentration of atmospheric aerosol measured by APS was higher than that by Dust Monitor in particle size range of less than $3.0{\mu}m$, but there was good accordance between them in particle size range of over $3.0{\mu}m$. In the particle generation system of PSL and fly ash, different measurement results were shown because the particle concentration was higher than that of atmospheric aerosol. The number concentration measured by Dust Monitor was higher than that by APS in most particle size ranges. However, the peak concentration of PSL particles measured by Dust Monitor was lower than that by APS. The difference of the collection efficiency in a scrubber by APS and Dust Monitor measurement was less than 10%, but in the particle size of $1.5{\mu}m$, it was over 20%.

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