• Title, Summary, Keyword: participation interest

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The Effect of Safety Culture on the Safety Awareness and Safety Behavior of Manufacturing Workers (안전문화가 제조업 종사자의 안전의식과 안전행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Ki-Seok;Ahn, Byung-Joon;Rhim, Jong-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of safety culture on the safety awareness and safety behaviors of manufacturing workers, and to suggest ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve safety awareness and safety behavior. In order to verify this, data were collected from 282 research subjects for 1 month from August 1 to 31, 2018, using the manufacturing workers in the Seoul and Gyeonggi area as a population. The results of the study are as follows. First, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and participation inducement) of the manufacturing workers. Second, the safety culture (safety climate, safety procedures) has a positive effect on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Third, safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) has a positive influence on the safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. Fourth, the safety awareness (recognition of importance, interest and inducement of participation) appears to have a partial mediating effect in relation to safety culture (safety climate, safety procedure) and safety behavior (safety planning, safety check) of manufacturing workers. The implication of this study is that although the industrial accidents have occurred in the manufacturing industry in recent years, the studies on the workers in the manufacturing industry are insufficient. However, this study is meaningful that it has suggested ways for manufacturing workers to understand the safety culture and improve the safety awareness and safety behavior by analyzing the effects of safety culture on safety awareness and safety behavior of manufacturing workers.

Application of Motion Analysis to User Participation Behavior Model: Focused on Interactive Space

  • Kwon, Jieun;Nah, Ken
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.175-189
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    • 2014
  • Objective: The goal of this research is to develop new user behavior model using user motion analysis with microscopic perspective for attracting user's participation in interactive space. Background: The interactive space is 'human's place', which is made up of complex elements of digital virtual space and traditional analog and physical environment based on human-computer interaction system. Human behavior has changed in it at the same time. If the user couldn't make participation in interaction, the purpose of the system is not met, which reduces its effect. Therefore, we need to focus on interactive space that is potential future direction from a new point of view. Method: For this research, we would discuss and study fields of interactive space; (1) finding definition of interactive space and studying background of theory about it. (2) providing base of user behavior model with study of user's context that is to be user information and motion. (3) examining user motion, classify basic motion type and making user participation behavior model in phases. Results: Through this process, user's basic twenty motions which are systematized are taken as a standard for analysis of interaction process and participation in interactive space. Then, 'NK-$I^5$ (I Five)' model is developed for user participation types in interactive space. There are five phases of user participation behavior: Imperception, Interest, Involvement, Immersion, and Influence. In this analysis, three indicators which are time, motion types, and user relationship are found to be related to participation. Conclusion: The capabilities and limitation of this research is discussed to attract user participation. This paper focuses especially on contribution of design to lead user's participation in interactive system and expectation to help adapt to user centered design of various interactive space with new aspect of user behavior research. Application: The results of the 'NK-$I^5$ (I Five)' model might help to realize successful interactive space based on user centered design.

The Effects of Usage Motivation of Hashtag of Fashion Brands’ Image Based SNS on Customer Social Participation and Brand Equity : Focusing on Moderating Effect of SNS Involvement (패션브랜드의 이미지 기반 SNS에서 해시태그의 이용동기가 고객소셜참여와 브랜드 자산에 미치는 영향 : SNS 참여도의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Chae, Heeju;Shin, Jiye;Ko, Eunju
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.942-955
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    • 2015
  • Hashtag has emerged and become one of cultural trend. Given that more and more firms in the fashion industry are using hashtag on images based on SNS to provide information of their products and to communicate with their customers. Especially, hashtags through voluntary participation of users provides the perspective of how customers consume their products. Therefore, this study focused on the using motives of hashtag in image based SNS with customer social participation as mediator towards brand equity. The purpose of this study is (1) to investigate the usage motivation of hashtag of image contents based SNS, (2) to expose how each usage motive affects customer social participation and (3) to find out how customer social participation has an effect on brand equity. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, first we conducted an in-depth interview on 8 image based SNS heavy users to understand the using motives of hashtags. Furthermore, we conducted online surveys amongst people aged between 20s and 30s of image contents based SNS users. As a result of this study, followings were figured out. First, four of usage motivation of hashtag were examined through in-depth interview and previous studies; interest sharing, social interaction, ease of use and enjoyment. Second, usage motivation of hashtag has a significant effect on customer social participation. Third, customer-media participation and customer-customer participation impact positively on brand equity. Lastly, level of customer social participation has the moderating effect on the relationship between motivation of hashtag and customer social participation.

A Study of People's Consciousness for Efficient Management of Nonpoint Pollution Source (비점오염원의 효율적 관리를 위한 국민의식연구)

  • Oh, Hyung Eun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.803-813
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    • 2015
  • This study was intended to investigate recognition of the general public on water pollution and nonpoint pollution, and to promote participation of the common people in prevention and management of nonpoint pollution by investigating the necessity and participation in the education for reducing the nonpoint pollution. To this end, this study conducted questionnaire on 1,000 male and female adults over 20 years of age nationwide who are registered in Onpanel. The questionnaire was comprised of recognition on water pollution, preventive activity for nonpoint pollution, countermeasures for preventing nonpoint pollution, necessity of national education for reducing the nonpoint pollution, recognition of promotion and campaign participation, and revitalization of organization for reducing the nonpoint pollution. As a result of the questionnaire investigation, interest in water pollution of respondents was high, and specially, interest in the nonpoint pollution was higher when age, academic level, and income were higher that effectiveness of promotion and education on the source of nonpoint pollution is expected to be increased. Respondents recognized the effect of education on reducing the nonpoint pollution positively when they had higher interest, information, education and experience related to the reduction activity of nonpoint pollution. Therefore, formation of sympathy of the public is positively necessary for the nonpoint pollution management, and provision of civil activity program that increases information on the nonpoint pollution, education, and participation in reduction activity and easy promotion with high information communicability should be conducted continuously.

A Research on the Necessity of Online Chapel Courses in Korea

  • Nam, Sang-Zo
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to determine the status of current chapel courses and analyze the necessity of online chapel courses. Students' interest, failure experience, perceived problems, and advantages of current chapel courses were examined. Students' preference, intention of sincerity, and perceived effectiveness of online chapel courses were also determined. Finally, hypothesis tests for the differences of students' interest, failure experience, perceived problems and advantages of current chapel courses, preference, intention of sincerity, and perceived effectiveness of online chapel courses according to gender, school year grade, major of study, and religion were performed. Students' low interest in chapel courses was verified. Even Christian students' interest was below 3 points out of 5-point Likert scale. However, students whose religion was not Christianity felt more coercion and had less interest in chapel courses. They wanted virtualization of chapel courses more. They had more willingness to faithful participation in online chapel courses. This research suggests that virtualization of chapel courses as a solution to chapel resistance is dependent on student's characteristics such as religion, major field of study, and mindset.

A Causal Analysis on Internal Engagement in Science Fair (과학경연에서 학생의 내적 참여도 인과요인 분석)

  • Shim, Shim Jae-Gyu;Pak, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.222-231
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study were to survey internal engagement in science fair and explore the causal relationship between internal engagement and motivation for participation. A written questionnaire on queries into motivation for participation and internal engagement were developed and tested. The subjects were 1066 students from 4th to 9th grade who had participated in the Youth Science Contest under the auspices of the Korea Science Foundation. Interest and commitment were selected as constructing factors of internal engagement. Through exploratory factor analysis, preference, reward, and social motivation were determined to be the factors affecting the motivation to participate. Boys showed higher internal engagement than girls, and interest and commitment were found to be higher in elementary school students(p<0.01). There was no difference in interest among elementary school students; however, fourth grade students showed lower commitment than other students(p<0.01). Ninth grade students showed the lowest interest and commitment among junior high school students(p<0.01). To explore the causal relationship between internal engagement and factors influence internal engagement, path analysis was used. The selected model illustrated how reward motivation affected commitment directly, and how preference motivation affected interest directly but only commitment indirectly through interest. Reward motivation affected commitment with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.17. Preference motivation affected interest with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.75 and commitment with a standardized total effect coefficient of 0.63(direct effect; 0.27 and indirect effect; 0.36). In addition, interest affected commitment with a standardized direct effect coefficient of 0.49. Social motivation did not affect interest and commitment and reward motivation did not affect interest.

An Investigation of Science-related Activities Perceived by Elementary School Students (초등학생들이 인식하는 과학 관련 활동에 대한 조사)

  • Yang, Chanho;Bae, Yujin;Kim, Chan-Jong;Choe, Seung-Urn;Kim, Heui-Baik;Yoo, Junehee;Yi, Kyung-Woo;Kye, Young Hee;Noh, Teahee
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.515-526
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we investigated science-related activities in everyday life perceived by elementary school students, and their preference and participation in the activities. We also analyzed the differences by student's gender and interest in science. We developed a questionnaire of what activities elementary school students participated in daily experiences and how they perceived the connections of the activities with science. The questionnaire that was asked to rate the degrees of science-relatedness, preference, and participation of 35 activities was administered to fifth graders. The analysis of the results revealed that they perceived various everyday activities in their home and community as well as school were related to science. They generally preferred and participated in the activities. Boys perceived some activities, such as building things with magnets, Legos, or other toy and tools, more closely related to science, and the degrees of their preference and participation in these activities were higher than those of girls. It was also found that the students who were more interested in science not only perceived more activities related to science but also preferred and participated in the activities more. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.

State and Subject of the 'Recreating Cultural and Traditional Village' by the Inhabitants Participation - Focused on the Chungju Mokge Village - (주민참여에 의한 문화·역사 마을가꾸기의 현황과 과제 -충주 목계 문화·역사마을을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Seung-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2008
  • This research is arranged that process and progress facts of 'recreating cultural and traditional village' by the inhabitants participation that in the process during devised a planning of Chungju Mokge village the beginning in 2007. Also it is an investigation that process 'recreating cultural and traditional village' by the themselves through consideration and volition of inhabitants since the beginning stage to devised planning. The result of study are following; First, the inhabitants training inspired knowledge for this project and opened the eyes that themselves can sea it. According to it be foundation that inhabitants to bring their interest and participation of project in progress process. Second, The project were able to maintain transparency of public finance that by common and open of all cooperation process of inhabitants, administration supporter and specialist. And this is an important role about bring positive participation of inhabitants. Finally, the project 'recreating cultural and traditional village' promotion with support of 'Ministry of Culture, Sports and tourism' however this project existing the limits of the budget supporting. The limits are bigger than other rural projects.

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Exploring Key Facts of Residents' Participation for Local Capacity Building (지역역량 강화에 영향을 미치는 주민참여 요소 분석)

  • Lee, Young-A
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.261-272
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    • 2009
  • This paper explores the key facts of residents' participation in local development projects and activities. Analysing in what ways indifferent residents pay attention to local issues and participate in local activities, this paper aims to suggest the effective ways of residents' participation for local capacity building. By in-depth interviews with active participants in local projects, this paper elucidates three key facts for boosting residents' participation: first, the approval of community about what they have done in community: second, social networking which contains full of trust and solidarity: third, the effort to coincide their personal interest with their local issues.

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An analysis of determinants of non-farming income activities of female farmers: Focused on female farmers of Chungnam area (여성농업인의 농외소득활동 참여 결정요인 분석: 충남 지역 여성농업인을 대상으로)

  • Ahn, Soo Young;Kwon, Yong Dae
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 2015
  • This study aims at analyzing determinants of non-farming income activities of female farmers, and presenting how to support their participation in non-farming activities. The result of logistic regressive analysis whose subjects are female farmers in the Chungnam area indicates that human and economic capital variables that can predict non-farming income activity participation statistically significantly are persons at the age of 40s to 50s and female farmers who returned to the rural areas. Farming characteristic variables are households that receive subsidiary and participate in two different types of farming whose main farming is rice. The female farmers who spend longer hours doing household chores participate in non-farming income activities more actively. In terms of policy and on-site response variables, the interest in farming and farming businesses shows positive relation, and that of farming and community organization participation presents negative relation. These analysis results indicate that the local government must present the policy that can select non-farming income activity participation groups strategically. This study suggest that it is necessary to expand community centered-non-farming income activities, and to expand or make laws to support female farmer's participation in non-farming activities.