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A Study on of the recognition on the problem a token of parents' gratitude (학교교육의 촌지문제에 관한 학부모의 인식)

  • KIM, Dal-Hyo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.247-258
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    • 2009
  • Although the problem about a token of parents' gratitude is restricted by small number of teachers, it must be solved for normal and good schooling. The purpose of this study was to investigate the problem about a token of parents' gratitude, an extent of a token of parents' gratitude, seriousness of a token of parents' gratitude, the experience of a token of parents' gratitude, an amount of money a token of parents' gratitude, the time of a token of parents' gratitude, a compensation of a token of parents' gratitude using a questionnaire to 549 parents. And a Chi-square test was used as a research tool for this study. This study indicates that many parents recognize a token of parents' gratitude as money or gift certificate. And most parents recognize different significantly about a token of parents' gratitude according to teachers' sex, ages, level of school, and type of school. We do not need a vast and experimental revolution in education based on unproved reasoning. If we want to be normal and good schooling, we have to make an effort small changes which solve a problem of a token of parents' gratitude. Our educational policies have to move from vast approaches generated from 'above' with political purpose to more particular approaches based on specific problems and generated by the community.

The Relationship of Stress, Coping and Partnership between Nurses and Parents of Children Hospitalized in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (병원 소아중환자실 환아 부모의 스트레스, 대처 및 부모·간호사와의 파트너십 상관관계)

  • Cho, In Young;Lee, Hye Jung
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.195-207
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to describe the relationship of parents' stress, coping, and partnership between nurse and parents whose children were hospitalized in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit. Methods: A descriptive correlation study design was used. The participants were 81 parents whose children were hospitalized at S-hospital located in Seoul from October 18 to November 27, 2012. This study used the 'Parental Stress Scale: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit,' the coping scale, and 'Pediatric Nurse Parents Partnership Scale, PNPPS'. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA and pearson correlation. Results: The parents of children hospitalized in pediatric intensive care unit were experiencing high level of stress ($3.22{\pm}0.82$). There was a significant positive correlation between parents' coping and nurse parents partnership (p<.001), however there was no relationship between parents' stress and coping, and parents' stress and nurse parents partnership. Conclusion: Nurse-parents partnership had significant relationship with parents' coping In the care of children hospitalized in pediatric intensive care unit. The results of this study provided a foundation to recognize importance of nurse parents partnership and to develop intervention program for nurses and parents to improve their partnership.

Current Status of Parents' Monitoring of and Level of Trust in School Lunch Programs (학부모의 학교급식 모니터링 현황 및 학교급식에 대한 신뢰도)

  • Hur, Boyoung;Choi, Injoo;Kim, Meeyoung;Kwon, Jinwook;Lee, Jiyoung;Yoon, Jihyun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.401-412
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of parents' monitoring of school lunch programs and to examine the relationship of parents' school lunch monitoring with their level of trust in school lunch programs. Methods: During November 2016, a web survey was conducted with 1,283 parents who had participated in monitoring of school lunch programs. A total of 621 parents completed the questionnaires (48.4% response rate) and the responses from 442 parents were analyzed (34.5% analysis rate) for elementary (n=196) and middle/high school parents (n=246), respectively. Results: Both the elementary and middle/high school parents most wanted to participate in monitoring 1~2 times per month, which was less frequent than their current practice. They showed the highest experience rate in 'food sanitation' area in both the prior training and actual practice of school lunch monitoring. They most responded 'increasing trust in school lunch programs' as a merit and 'lack of parents participating in monitoring' as a problem of school lunch monitoring. The average levels of trust did not differ between elementary and middle/high school parents. Multiple regression analyses showed that elementary school parents' level of satisfaction in the monitored school lunch programs was positively associated with the parents' level of trust in general school lunch programs. Monitoring frequency and parents' age, in addition to level of satisfaction in the monitored school lunch program, were associated with level of trust in general school lunch programs among middle/high school parents. Conclusions: There was room for change in parents' school lunch monitoring programs to meet parents' needs better. Well-managed school lunch monitoring programs contributing to parents' satisfaction with school lunch programs could increase parents' level of trust in school lunch programs.

Effects of Family Conflict & Self Control on School Maladjustments of Early Adolescents (가족갈등과 자기통제가 초기 청소년의 학교부적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Mi-Yeong;Kim, Yeong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.123-135
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family conflict and self-control on school maladjustments of early adolescents. Subjects of this study consisted 662 middle school students drawn from 4 middle schools in Cheong-ju city. The results of this study were as follows: First, younger students' maladjustment to teachers was influenced by variables such as school year, economic levels, conflict strength between parents, conflict settlement between parents, reliability between parents and children, communication between parents and children and self-control, etc. In other words, students' maladjustment to teachers was high at the students in the 2nd year rather than in the 1st year, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents that younger students perceived, low conflict settlement between parents, low reliability between parents and children, high hostility between parents and children and low self-control. Second, younger students' maladjustment to the class was influenced by variables such as gender, school year, economic levels, conflict strength between parents, reliability between parents and children, communication between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, young students' maladjustment to the class was high at the 2nd year students rather than at the 1st year students, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents, low reliability between parents and children, poor communication between parents and children, and low self-control. Third, younger students' maladjustment to rules was influenced by variables such as school year, economic level, conflict level between parents, hostility between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, younger students' maladjustment to rules was high at the 1st year students rather than the 2nd year students of middle school, low economic level, high conflict strength between parents, high hospitality between parents and children and low self-control, etc. Fourth, younger students' maladjustment to friends was influenced by variables such as conflict strength between parents, conflict settlement between parents, hospitality between parents and children, and self-control, etc. In other words, younger students' maladjustment to friends was high at high conflict strength between parents, low conflict settlement between parents, high hospitality between parents and children and low self-control, etc. In the study, self-control was found to be the most important variable at younger students' maladjustment to teachers, class and rules, etc, and conflict settlement between parents was found to be the most significant variable at younger students' maladjustment to friends.

Infant and Preschoolers Parents' Stress due to Parent-Child Relations (영유아기 부모-자녀관계에서의 스트레스)

  • Lee, Ja-Hyung
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.3-16
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the stress of parents while they were rearing their children. Method: This study reviewed the preceding research related to parents' stress and breeding stress with consideration of modem society, family system and parents' role. Results: In the parent-child relationship, parents feel stressed when they found it difficult to come up with an expectation to the parents' role of rearing child. Therefore, considering the health of parents and children, it is important to mediate parents who are under stress. Moreover, since parents cannot handle this problem all alone, it should be discussed and solved not only by individual but also by family, and further by social context. The parent-child relationship in early infancy is a core element to the development of an individual. Parents have influence on a child's development the most and play a big role. In particular, many parents these days believe that parent-child relationship is changing in a democratic way and a couple breeds their child together. However, in reality, the relationship has not been changed and is even regarded as more difficult situation than it was in the traditional society. Parents are oppressed with not being adapted to social changes and advance, and child also feels the same. Conclusion: Parents need education and support for child rearing without having any stresses. Health care provider consider this issues and to build a healthy parent-child relationship by helping parents.

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Influence of parents' parenting values and beliefs on preschoolers' problem behaviors (부모의 양육가치와 양육신념이 유아의 행동문제에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Ju;Min, Ha-Yeoung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.541-549
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify that parents' values and beliefs in bringing up their children deeply relate to their children's problem behaviors, The subjects are 267 preschoolers attending kindergarten in Daegue area, Statistical techniques are Two Way ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's Correlation and Regression, The results of this study are as follows: (1) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' values, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of values have a lower level of problem behaviors. (2) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' beliefs, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of beliefs have a higher level of problem behaviors. (3) The Multiple Regression analysis shows that parents' parenting values and beliefs are crucially predictive of preschoolers' problem behaviors. Especially, parents' parenting beliefs is more relevant to preschoolers' problem behaviors than parents' parenting values is.

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Comparison of Child-rearing Attitudes of Parents and Problem Behavior of Children as Perceived by Parents and Children (부모의 양육태도와 자녀의 문제행동에 대한 부모와 자녀의 지각 비교)

  • Kwon, Mi-Kyung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: In this study a comparison was done of child-rearing attitudes of parents and problem behavior of children as perceived by parents and children. Methods: The participants were 205 fifth and sixth graders living in the city of Gangneung and their parents. The child-rearing attitudes and the problem behavior were assessed using a self-reported questionnaire. Results: The perception scores of the parents and children for total parents child-rearing attitudes were significantly different. There were also significant difference in the subcategories, affectionate-hostile, autonomous-controlling, rational-irrational. The scores for total behaviors problem as well as the sub-categories were all significantly different for the parents and children. Conclusion: As there were differences in perception of child-rearing attitudes of parents and problem behavior of children between parents and their children, nurses should help parents to communicate with their children with affection and respect, and to observe their environment to identify problem behavior.

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Effects of Intergenerational Support Exchange with their Adult Children on the Happiness of the Middle-aged Parents (성인자녀와의 지원교환이 중년부모의 행복에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee;Kwak, In-Suk
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.69-91
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to examine the patterns of middle-aged parents' intergenerational support exchange with their adult children and its effects on the happiness of the parents. The sample consisted of 765 middle-aged parents selected from the National Survey of Korean Families by the Ministry of Equality and Family in 2010. The results were as follows. First, intergenerational support exchange between parents and their adult children was categorized into four groups depending on the provider of support: parents who exchanged no support with their children, parents who only received support from their children, parents who only provided support to their children, and parents who exchanged support with their children. Second, parents who exchanged no support with their children were high in instrumental support and those who both provided and received support were high in emotional support. Third, consciousness of their children significantly affected the satisfaction level of their relationship with their children. The more the parents emphasize on the growth of their children, the more they were satisfied. Parents in the support exchange group were more satisfied when they received economic support from their children. With regard to instrumental and emotional support, parents were more satisfied when they provided support to or mutually exchanged support with their children. Forth, subjective health conditions, consciousness of their children, and household's income more significantly affected the happiness of middle-aged parents than the patterns of intergenerational support exchange. With regard to economic support, parents who only received support from their children were less happy than the other groups. With regard to instrumental support, parents who exchanged no support with their children were happier than the other groups. With regard to emotional support, parents who provided support to their children were happier than the other groups.

Perception of Free School Foodservice in Middle School Students' Parents in Chungnam (충남 일부지역 중학교 학부모의 무상급식에 대한 인식)

  • Kim, Yu-Rin;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.247-256
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    • 2014
  • This study compared the perception, necessity, and satisfaction of free school foodservice among parents of students with and without access to free school foodservice. The sample included parents of students with access to free school foodservice (FSF group, 250 parents) or paid school foodservice (PSF group, 250 parents) in Taean, Chungnam. With regard to perception of school foodservice, 30% of PSF parents responded that it is a necessary part of school education, whereas 52% of FSF parents considered it as a part of national welfare service; this difference was significant (P<0.001). In terms of positive remarks, most parents in the PSF group highlighted convenience whereas the FSF group answered that their children were penalized; this difference was significant (P<0.001). In addition, 94% of PSF parents and 96.8% of FSF parents indicated that school foodservice is necessary. In terms of the perception of the free school foodservice, more FSF parents (96.4%) than PSF parents (84.4%) answered that they knew free school foodservice well; this difference was significant (P<0.001). With regard to target recipients of the free school foodservice, most parents in the PSF group said that needy students should be selected, whereas the FSF group said that all students should be eligible; this difference was significant (P<0.001). Acceptance of free school foodservice in the FSF group (34.4%) was significantly higher than that in the PSF group (23.2%). Satisfaction with free school foodservice was 3.5 points in the FSF group, which was significantly higher than the 2.9 points in the PSF group (P<0.001). In summary, parents of students with access to free school foodservice showed more positive perception and higher satisfaction than parents of students with paid school foodservice. This study recommends that parents' suggestions be considered and further perception and responses on free school foodservice be investigated.

A Phenomenological Study on Orphans′ Lived Experience of Their Parents (육아시설 청소년의 부모 체험 연구)

  • 이양숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.452-462
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    • 2000
  • There are currently 214 orphanages in Korea which house approximately 13,873 orphans aged between 3 and 18; this accounts for about 0.12% of all children in the same age range. Some have lost their parents, but most have come after their parents divorced or broke up. This means majority of the children in Child Care Centers have parents. Traditional virtue of obedience to parents (Hyo) was regarded as one of the highest value in Korea. Also the interaction between parents and their children was regarded as basic human nature that parents look after, both physically and spiritually, their children until they become one of the matured social member. Raised without having a chance to realize their filial duty and not having been cared for by their parents, most orphans feel that they lack something in their lives when compared with friends. In the end, they live their lives longing for their parents and go through mental discord about their parents. This paper is focused on understanding orphans' experience and views on parents. I approached the issue by applying van Manen's Hermeneutic Phenomenological Approach. The interviews, along with other reference material were phenomenologically reflected to draw essential themes as follows; 1. Orphans of pre-school age hazily long for parents without having any practical image of their parents. 2. They occasionally dream meeting their parents with image that can only last in their dreams, and this continues up through middle school. 3. At the age of elementary school, they crave the image of parents as they see their friends with their parents. 4. They start to despise their parents for having abandoned them when they reach puberty. 5. Meanwhile, as their vague image of parents fade away, they attempt to give up their thoughts toward their parents. 6. Highteens start to think in terms of fate. 7. They don't long for their parents anymore as they used to, but still wishes to meet them at least once. However, they don't want to start any kind of a relationship with them. 8. They fear that they will also fail in raising families of their own, and making their children orphans too, just like their parents have. They simply don't want to follow their footsteps. 9. Thinking that they were abandoned by their parents, they are reluctant to believe other people.

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