• Title, Summary, Keyword: parental knowledge

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Parental Knowledge and Monitoring of the Daily Activities of Adolescents : Difference by Grade in School (청소년 자녀의 일상생활에 대한 부모의 파악 정도와 관리 노력 : 학년에 따른 변화)

  • Rah, Yumee;Lim, Yonjin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 2002
  • Associations between parents' knowledge of their adolescent child's daily activities, 3 sources of parental knowledge, children's feelings of being controlled, and the child-reported parent-child relationship were explored among 161 seventh grade, 158 eighth, 145 tenth, and 142 eleventh grade boys. Children's spontaneous disclosure explained more parental knowledge of their daily activities than parental solicitation or parental control. For 10th grade children, the association between parental control and children's feelings of being controlled was moderated by the mother-child relationship. Tenth and eleventh grade children's disclosure were more strongly associated with parent-child relationship than with parental control and children's feelings of being controlled.

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The Determinants of Smartphone Addiction among Mothers of Infants, Focusing on Their Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Parental Stress, and Parental Knowledge (영아기 자녀를 둔 어머니의 스마트폰 중독 결정요인 : 사회 인구학적 특성, 양육스트레스, 양육지식을 중심으로)

  • Seo, Hye Seong;Kim, Yeon Ha
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2014
  • This study explored the determinants of smartphone addiction among mothers of infants, focusing on their socio-demographic characteristics, parental stress, and parental knowledge. A total 220 mothers of infants were surveyed and the collected data were analyzed by binary logistic regression. A considerable percentage (16%) of mothers of infants were observed to be at a risk of smartphone addiction, which was significantly higher than the percentage (8%) of adult population at risk of smartphone addiction reported by the Korean government. Parental stress from dysfunctional parent-child relationships was a risk factor and parental knowledge about infant development was observed to be a protective factor when it came to the smartphone addiction of mothers' with infants. However, socio-demographic characteristics (number of children, age, education, family income, and job) did not have statistically significant associations with their smartphone addiction.

Health Knowledge, Health-Guidance Execution and Health-Education Needs of Parents of Preschoolers (학령전기 아동 부모의 아동 건강지식 정도, 건강습관 지도이행도 수준 및 건강교육 요구도 조사)

  • Seo, Hyun-Mi;Jeon, Mi-Yang;Choi, Na-Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.207-218
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: In an attempt to develop a parental health improvement education program for day care children, survey questions were devised to measured the extent of parental health knowledge, health-guidance execution and needs. Method: Participants were 727 parents whose children attended daycare centers in J province informed consent was provided prior to participation. Result: Respondents were overwhelmingly (91.6%) mothers. Questions with high percentage of incorrect answers were "What should I do if my child swallows harmful drugs, bleach or detergents?" (98.1%) and "What should I do if insects or other bugs enter my child's ear?" (96.6%). In most cases, parental health-guidance execution exceeded 90% except in response to the survey question "Does your child have a dental check-up every 6 months" (51%). Taken together, parental education is necessary concerning growth and development (12.8%), nutrition (12.1%), healthy life styles (10.3%) and general health issues (10.0%). Conclusions: Parental health knowledge about preschooler's health varies with degree of income, education and type of employment. Consideration of these variables is important in a parental health education program.

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Parental Knowledge and Attitudes about Human Papilloma Virus in Iran

  • Ghojazadeh, Morteza;Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad;Azar, Zahra Fardi;Saleh, Parviz;Ghorashi, Sona;Pouri, Ali-Asghar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6169-6173
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    • 2012
  • Infection by human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of common sexually transmitted diseases leading to cervical cancer. Evaluation of parental knowledge and attitudes toward HPV were aims of present study to provide an appropriate method to decrease burden of this infection on society. During this study, 358 parents were assessed for knowledge about HPV and its related disorders. Some 76% of parents had no information about HPV infection and among the informed parents 36% had obtained their information via internet and others from studying medical resources. The average score of mothers information about HPV infection was higher than that of fathers, and also educational level and age had significant impact on knowledge of parents about HPV. Parent knowledge about the hazards of HPV was higher than their knowledge about modes of transmission. Lack of awareness about HPV infection was high in this study, underlining the urgency of education among all adult people in our society.

A Study on the Development and the Effectiveness of Parental Education Program of University Students (남녀대학생의 부모기 준비 교육프로그램 개발 및 참여효과)

  • Lee, Kyoung Hee;Yoon, Mi Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.183-203
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a parental education program developed to 295 single university students based on pre-test and the post test on the program. The data is interpreted using statistical methods such as the Percentage, T -Test, Anova test, and the Turkey test. The major results were as follows : First, significant difference regarding the knowledge on parenthood existed among students before and after the tests, with the post-test students showing more knowledge on the matter. Among the six sub-categories of parenthood education program, the effects of the post-testing were most visible in pregnancy, delivering, pre-natal and infant development, parents attitude, and sex education for their children in the form of increased awareness and knowledge. However, no significant effects were detected in pre-natal education. In terms of socio-demographic variable, effects were more visible in female students than in male students. Second, the program also resulted in positive effects in both male and female students.

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Nutrition Knowledge of Elementary School children in Seoul and Kangnung Area (서울과 강릉지역 국민학생의 영양지식에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.880-892
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to determine the level of nutrition knowledge of 3,390 elementary school children in Seoul and Kangnung, and to examine the relationship of demographic characteristics of children to nutrition knowledge. Nutrition knowledge was measured by modified NATs (Nutrition Achievement Tests developed by National Dairy Council and Iowa State University). Higher nutrition knowledge, correlated with increasing parental educational level, lower parental age, and higher socioeconomic status. However, there was no difference in total test scores between children in Seoul and Kangnung. Item scores indicated children had more knowledge about 'physiological facts' and 'food handling', and limited knowledge about 'nutrients' and 'nutrition and society'. Children, both in Seoul and Kangnung, lacked an undestanding of many basic principles of nutrition. These results suggest several areas to emphasize when developing nutrition education materials. Modified NATs in this study may be used to assess nutrition education needs of children, to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education program, and to compare nutrition achievement of different groups.

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Influencing Factors of Marital Intimacy and Sexual Knowledge on Parental Efficacy of Mothers with Preschoolers on Child Sexual Education (학령전기 아동을 둔 어머니의 자녀 성교육에 대한 부모효능감 영향 요인)

  • Jo, Myoung-Ju;Lim, Kyoun-Joo;Choi, Eun Joung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.181-193
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This paper reports the results of a descriptive study that aims to identify the factors that affect the parental efficacy of mothers with preschoolers on child sexual education. Methods: Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected from 189 mothers who had preschoolers in four kindergartens in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province from June to August, 2015. Results: The factors that had an effect on the parental efficacy of mothers with preschoolers on child sexual education were marital intimacy (${\beta}=.32$, p<.001), the degree of perceived sexual knowledge (${\beta}=.29$, p<.001), sexual education experience from one's parents (${\beta}=.21$, p=.001), and educational level (${\beta}=.14$, p=.021); the explanatory power was 28.9%. Conclusion: The factors affecting the parental efficacy of mothers with preschoolers on child sexual education were marital intimacy, subjective sexual knowledge, sexual education experience from one's parents, and the educational level. In developing a sex education program for mothers with preschoolers, it is necessary to reflect the contents that can enhance marital intimacy. In addition, it is necessary to develop a differentiated mother sex education program considering her demographic characteristics and career in sexual health.

The Relationship of Parental Monitoring to Deviant Behaviors and Self-Esteem in Adolescents (자녀의 일상생활에 대한 부모의 관리와 청소년의 일탈행동, 자아존중감 간의 관계)

  • Rah, Yumee;Lim, Yonjin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.87-98
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    • 2003
  • This study examined links between parental monitoring of child's daily activities, 3 sources of parents' knowledge, and children's deviant behaviors and self-esteem. Participants were 276 tenth grade boys. Children completed questionnaires about parental monitoring and their own internal adjustments and deviant behaviors. High parental control was linked to less deviant behavior in children regardless of children's feelings of being controlled. The association between parental control and children's feelings of being controlled was moderated by children's depression. Parental control was not related to children's depression and self-esteem, and further, children's feelings of being controlled were not related to self-esteem after controlling for depression. The findings suggest that parental control efforts are an effective way to prevent children's deviant behaviors.

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A Study of Parental Knowledge and Confidence in Newborn Care (신생아 부모의 양육지식과 양육자신감에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Hwa-Ja;Lee Seung-Ah;Kim Myung-Hee;Kim Young-Hae;Park Nam-Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.262-271
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To explore the level of and relationship between parental knowledge and confidence in newborn care. Method: The sample of this study was consisted of 113 newborn's parents. Data was collected by researcher from Oct. 28th to Dec. 18th, 2002. Data were analyzed SPSS WIN(10.0) Program. Result: Total score of parents knowledge: Father's mean was 13.59(SD=5.32) and Mother's mean was 17.55(SD=3.72). There was meaningful difference in knowledge about newborn care between father and mother. The mother's knowledge was significant higher than the father's(t=6.45, p=.000). Total score of parents of newborn confidence: Father's mean was 40.66(SD=7.34) and Mother's mean was 41.88(SD=7.23). There was no difference in confidence in newborn care between father and mother(t=1.26, p=.209). There was significant correlation between knowledge and confidence about newborn care of fathers(r=.331, p<.001) and mothers(r=.317, p<.01). Conclusion: There is a need to educate fathers to enhance their knowledge about newborn care. More research is needed to study the relationship between parental knowledge and accuracy of behavior regarding newborn care.

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Perception on the importance of Parental Role by Mothers with Infants (영아 어머니의 부모역할 중요도에 대한 인식)

  • Kwon, Mi-Kyung;Bang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Sun;Ahn, Hye-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.170-179
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purposes of this descriptive survey study were to describe the perception on the importance of parental role by mothers with infants, and to analyze the differences of those perception depending on the mothers' and infants' characteristics. Method: Data were collected from 240 mothers of infants visited at one public health center in Gangreung city. The instrument used for this study was a self-report questionnaire to identify the parental role. Results: The mean score for perception on the importance of parental role was 139.89, and item mean for caring performance ability domain 4.43, environmental organization for development domain 4.38, acceptance domain 4.26, responsibility domain 4.21점, knowledge for caring domain 4.19, sensitivity 4.16, provision of stimulus and involvement 4.01. There were significant differences in the perception of parental role according to spouse relationship, father's participation in child rearing, experience of parental role education, and infant's temperament. Conclusion: The experience of childhood is highly affected by the quality of the parental role. It is important to identify parents' perception of parental role. Therefore, the parental role education program are necessary.

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