• Title, Summary, Keyword: parental factors

Search Result 451, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

A meta-analysis of parental factors on psychological & social maladjustment of school-aged children (부모요인이 학령기 아동의 심리·사회적 부적응에 미치는 영향에 대한 메타분석)

  • Kim, Dae-Kwang;Kim, Yeong-Hee
    • 한국가족관계학회지
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-85
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta analysis of the previous studies on parental factors related to psychological and social maladjustment of school children and to examine the moderate effects of publication year using the meta-regression analysis. Method: Subjects of studies was academic journals and thesis published on 1996-Feb. 2016. Final result of selection was 353(122 journal articles, 231 master's thesis & dissertations) and total number of sampling was 126,776 school children. Results: Parental factors had medium effect sizes on psychological and social maladjustment of school children. Parental risk factors had bigger effect size than protective factors on children's maladjustment. There were a tendency that effect size of some parental factors were increased as publish year went by. Conclusions: Attachment, positive communication, and positive marital relationship were major protective factors which had reduced maladjustment of children. Psychological control and negative marital relationship were the strongest risk factors. The impact on parental factors on maladjustment of children were getting stronger recently.

Parental Attitudes and mediation of Children's Video Viewing (유아의 비디오 시청에 있어 부모의 태도 및 관여에 대한 연구)

  • 문혁준
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.11-23
    • /
    • 2001
  • Parental attitudes and mediation of children's television viewing has focused primarily on broadcast television, although recent developments in technology have greatly expanded the availability of VCRs in home environment. To build a more comprehensive model of parental mediation of TV Viewing in the new video environment, this article analyzed parental attitudes toward children's video viewing and factors associated with parental mediation of children's video viewing using questionnaire responses from 659 mothers of four to six-year-old children. Both restrictive and evaluative parental mediation were associated with not only parental factors but also contextual factors. Descriptive data on parental attitudes and mediation of children's video viewing were also presented.

  • PDF

Relationships among Behavior Problem, Peer Interaction, and Parental Factors in Young Boys and Girls with Atopic Dermatitis (유아의 성별 문제행동과 또래상호작용 및 부모 요인과의 관계: 아토피피부염 유아를 중심으로)

  • Chun, Hui Young
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
    • /
    • v.12 no.6
    • /
    • pp.19-39
    • /
    • 2016
  • The present study examined differences in children's behavior problems and peer interaction, and parental factors including self-esteem, depression and childrearing stress between atopic dermatitis(AD) and normal(non-AD) children in each gender, and analyzed the effects of the parental factors on the two variables of AD children. 165 AD and 1176 non-AD children of age 5 were selected from the 6th year data of the Panel Study on Korean Children. The results from t-test and multiple regression are as follows. First, only AD boys showed a higher level of behavior problems than non-AD boys, but peer interaction showed no difference between AD and non-AD groups. Compared with non-AD children's parents, mothers of AD children showed a higher stress level and mothers of AD boys had a higher depression level. But there were no differences in maternal self-esteem and paternal factors between the groups. Second, AD boys' behavior problems were related to maternal factors and paternal stress, and some characteristics of AD girls' behavior problems were related with some parental variables. But peer interaction of AD children had no relation with parental factors. Third, behavior problems were influenced by maternal stress in AD boys and influenced by maternal depression and parental self-esteem in AD girls.

The Influence of Self-Related & Parental Factors on the Depression of Adolescents from a Low Social Economic Status Background (저소득층 가정 아동.청소년의 우울에 영향을 미치는 자아관련 변수와 부모관련 변수의 분석)

  • Moon, Ji-Hye;Yoon, Hye-Kyung;Park, Hye-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.49 no.6
    • /
    • pp.57-66
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study investigated the self-related and parental factors that influence depression in 204 adolescents from a low social economic status background. The self-related factors were self-trust and emotional regulation, and the parental factors were parental concern and domestic violence. The results showed that girls were more likely to be depressive, but had better emotional regulations and a closer relationship with their parents than boys. There was no significant difference between age groups with respect to parental concern, self-trust and emotion regulation. It was also found by regression analyses that girls' depression was predicted by both emotional regulation and parental concern while boys' depression was predicted only by self-trust. The finding suggested that intervention for boys' depression has to focus more on intrapersonal factors, but should emphasize interpersonal factors for girls.

Effects of Protective and Risk Factors on Juvenile Delinquency and Aggression (청소년의 보호 요인과 위험 요인이 비행과 공격성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yoon Joo
    • Family and Environment Research
    • /
    • v.52 no.5
    • /
    • pp.495-507
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the general tendencies of major variables and sex differences and to analyze the variables that affect delinquency and aggression. The protective factors considered in this study included parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment, and the risk factors were academic stress and delinquency experiences of peers. The main results of this study are as follows: firstly, academic stress and parental education participation was slightly low, but parental supervision was high. Further, peer attachment showed a very high score. Delinquency experiences of peers, delinquency, and aggression of adolescents were extremely low. Secondly, the correlation of parental education participation, parental supervision, and peer attachment was negatively related to adolescent delinquency, but the delinquency experiences of peers were positively related to adolescent delinquency. The same results were obtained in the case of adolescent aggression. Further, academic stress was negatively related to adolescent aggression. Finally, hierarchical regression revealed that the variables explaining the juvenile delinquency were parental education participation, peer attachment, and delinquency experiences of peers. Adolescent aggression was explained by sex, academic stress, parental education participation, and the delinquency experiences of peers. In particular, more attention is needed for girls. Various interventions should be provided to prevent problem behaviors.

The Effects of Employed and Unemployed Mother's Parenting Efficacy and Parental Role Satisfaction on Life-Satisfaction (취업모와 비취업모의 양육효능감, 부모역할만족도가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Gi-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.49 no.5
    • /
    • pp.49-57
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study explored the effects of parenting efficacy and parental role satisfaction on the life-satisfaction of employed and unemployed mothers. The 527 mothers(234 employed, and 277 unemployed), with a child under 7 years old, were selected for this study. The results were as follows. First, employment had significant correlations with several factors, including the number of children, family income, educational level of parents, parent-child relations, preparedness for parental role conflict, and life-satisfaction. Second, for employed mothers, life-satisfaction had positive relationships with various factors, including family income, fathers' educational level, parenting efficacy, and parental role satisfaction; whereas, that of unemployed mothers had positive relationships with parenting efficacy, and parental role satisfaction. Third, for employed mothers, life-satisfaction was affected by several factors, such as family income, parental role satisfaction, parent-child relations, and preparedness for parental role conflict; however, unemployed mothers were affected by the number of children, the fathers' educational level, and self-confidence relating to the parental role, general satisfaction, and preparedness for parental role conflict.

Factors Affecting Parental Practices of In-home Injury Prevention for Young Children in Low-Income Families (저소득층 가정 부모의 아동안전사고 예방행위 실천에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Hwang, Ra Il;Im, Yeo Jin
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.254-266
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study examined the characteristics of in-home injuries of children in low-income families and sought to identify the factors affecting parental in-home injury prevention practices. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was applied, using questionnaires on in-home injury characteristics in children, parental in-home injury prevention practices, parental perceptions and knowledge on childhood injuries, and the Parental Stress Index. We queried 169 parents of children less than 5years of age who were enrolled in Nutrition Plus Projects at community health centers. Results: Overall, 92.7% of children had experienced in-home injuries, with sliding crashes and bumping injuries as the most frequent type of injury. The recovery rate with a scar after injury was 26.3%. Parental practices for in-home injury prevention were higher according parental age, educational status, and previous learning experiences regarding in-home safety and injury prevention. The two most significant factors affecting parental in-home injury prevention practices were age and parental perception of childhood injuries as being controllable and preventable. Conclusions: Considering the high risk of in-home childhood injuries in low-income families, safety education and the promotion of injury prevention practices for parents are recommended. The strategy to enhance the parental perception on preventing childhood injuries needs to be addressed.

The Effects of Parental Child-rearing Behavior upon Adolescents with Personality Traits and Runaway Behavior (부모의 양육행동에 따른 청소년의 성격 특성이 가출행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Young-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.45
    • /
    • pp.156-184
    • /
    • 2001
  • This study was designed to look at the relationships between parental child-rearing behavior and personality traits and run-away behavior of youths. For the purpose, this study compared 156 youth from the juvenile correctional systems, and 146 youths from high-schools. The additional focus was to find personality differences between runway youths and non-runway youths, and the effects of parental child-rearing behavior. The findings were as follows; First, high caring and low overprotection, among parental child-rearing behavior, was found to have effects upon adolescents with positive personality factors, whereas parental low caring and high overprotection effected upon negative personality factors among youths. Second, in relationship between runaway behavior and personality factors, it was found that youths with positive meaning in personality factors turned out to be less likely to run away from home, whereas those with negative meaning in 16PF were more likely to run away. Lastly, adolescents in high caring and low overprotection state with parents, proved to have high scores in personality factors, and low probability in runaway behavior.

  • PDF

Self-regulation According to Preschoolers' Gender and Parenting Attitude (성별 및 부모의 양육태도에 따른 유아의 자기조절력)

  • Kim, Jin Kyung;Kang, Eun Hee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.81-96
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to present a detailed view of the self-regulation of 5-year-old children based on parental attitudes and consistency. Methods: The research was conducted among 144 pairs of parents (288 people) of 5-year-old children residing in Seoul. Results: The resultsare as follows. First, with regards to self-regulation based on a child'sgenderand mother's parental attitudes, sub-factors such as parental attitudes and parental interaction were found to have significant effects on self-determination. Also,parental attitudes and parental interaction were found to have significant effects on the sub-factors of self-monitoring, such as self-evaluation and self-determination and the sub-factors of self-regulation, such as behavioral inhibition and emotionality. Second, the percentage of parents whose parental attitude was consistent at 58.3%, which is higher than the percentage of parents whose parenting attitude was inconsistent at 41.7%. The results of self-regulation were significantly higher when parental attitudes were consistent than when they were inconsistent. Conclusion/Implications: This research is significant in that it offered a concrete view of parental attitudes and consistency status that affect child's self-regulation.

Factors Influencing Parental Satisfaction of Mothers with Preschool Children (미취학 자녀를 둔 어머니의 부모역할만족도 영향요인)

  • Jeong, Hye Min;Kim, Hye Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.117-127
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify degrees of parenting stress, parenting efficacy, parenting behavior and parental satisfaction, and to identify factors influencing parenting satisfaction of mothers who had preschool children. Methods: The research participants were 176 mothers. All of mothers had preschool children, aged 2 to 6 years old, and attended one of 3 day care centers or 2 Kindergartens located in J city. Data were collected by convenience sampling using self-report questionnaires which contained items on general characteristics, parenting stress, parenting efficacy, parenting behavior, and parenting satisfaction. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression. Results: The average level of parenting satisfaction of mothers with preschool children was $5.38{\pm}0.79$. Positive parenting behavior and affective parenting efficacy were verified factors influencing parental satisfaction. These factors accounted for 41.4% of parental satisfaction. Conclusion: The results indicate that positive parenting behavior and affective parenting efficacy have the biggest impact on parental satisfaction. The results of this study provide the basic data for the development of parental education program aimed at improving parental satisfaction of mothers who have preschool children.