• Title, Summary, Keyword: parental attitudes and smoking

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Effects of Perceived Parental Attitudes on Children's Views of Smoking

  • Ozturk, Candan;Kahraman, Seniha;Bektas, Murat
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2615-2619
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    • 2013
  • Background: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perceived parental attitudes on children's discernment of cigarettes. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 250 children attending grades 6, 7 and 8. Data were collected via a socio-demographic survey questionnaire, the Parental Attitude Scale (PAS) and the Decisional Balance Scale (DBS). Data analysis covered percentages, medians, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post-hoc tests using a statistical package. Results: There were 250 participants; 117 were male, 133 were female. The mean age was $13.1{\pm}0.98$ for the females and $13.3{\pm}0.88$ for the males. A statistically significant difference was found in the children's mean scores for 'pros' subscale on the Decisional Balance Scale (DBS) according to perceived parental attitudes (F=3.172, p=0.025). There were no statistically significant differences in the DBS 'cons' subscale scores by perceived parental attitudes. Conclusions: It was determined that while perceived parental attitudes affect children's views on advantages of smoking, they have no effect on children's views on its disadvantages.

Individual Differences, Attitudes toward Risk Behaviors, Parents and Peers Correlates of Adolescent Risk Behaviors (청소년의 위험행동에 영향을 미치는 개인적 특성, 위험행동에 대한 태도, 부모 및 또래 변인)

  • Lee Ji-Min;Bell Nancy
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.12
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    • pp.55-67
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between adolescent risk behaviors and correlates of risk behaviors. Questionnaires were completed by 955 high school freshmen in the Daegu${\cdot}$Kyungpook area and included measures of risk behaviors, coping, self-esteem, social competence, attitudes toward risk behaviors, parental attachment, autonomy, parental monitoring, and peers' risk behaviors. The major findings were as follows. (1) Parental attachment, autonomy, and appropriate parental monitoring were positively correlated with adolescent coping, self-esteem, social competence, and peers' desirable behaviors, but were negatively associated with peers' risk behaviors and attitudes toward risk behaviors. (2) Of all the variables, peers' risk behaviors and favorable attitudes toward smoking had the greatest influence on adolescent drinking and smoking, following by favorable attitudes toward drinking, social competence, and gender (3) Similar to adolescent drinking and smoking, of all the variables, peers' risk behaviors had the greatest influence on adolescent delinquency, following by favorable attitudes toward smoking and gender.

A Convergence Study for the Influence of Parental Attitudes on Smoking in Out-of-School Youths (학교 밖 청소년 부모의 양육태도가 흡연에 미치는 영향에 대한 융합적 연구)

  • Yim, So-Youn;Park, Min-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.333-340
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    • 2020
  • This study was a descriptive research to identify the health behavior and mental health and the influence of parental attitudes according to smoking in out-of-school youths. The study subjects were 282 enrolled in youth support center located in Seoul and Chungnam areaa, x2-test, t-test, multiple logistic regression were used for analysis. The results of this study, sex, father's education level, drinking, sexual experience, and parental attitude had a significant effect on smoking in out-of-school youths. And, it is higher possibility to smoke a group with a high score in parental attitudes. Based of this study's findings, it is necessary to develop specific smoking prevention and smoking cessation program for out-of-school youths according to parental attitude.

Parental Awareness of Elementary School Student Smoking (초등학생 학부모의 자녀 흡연에 대한 인식)

  • Kim, Myoung-Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study examined the awareness and attitudes of parents of 5th and 6th graders toward own children smoking. Method: The participants were 766 parents of 5th and 6th graders in 11 elementary schools located in J city. Data were collected through questionnaires, which were constructed to include parents' recognition of harms to their own children cause by smoking, factors which influence their children to smoke, and parental supportive strategies to prevent smoking. Result: The percentage of parents who answered that they did not know if their children were smoking was 94.8%, while the percentage of parents who answered that they knew that their children were smoking was 3.5%. Only 30% of parents had actually spoken with their children about the dangers of smoking. The mean parental recognition of the dangers of smoking was 3.16 points. Parental strategy for preventing and prohibiting smoking with the higher mean scores included forbidding children from entering bars and nightclubs which had the highest scores at 3.55 points; forbidding the sale of cigarettes to children was next at 3.54 points. Conclusion: To prevent children from smoking, the role and attitude of parents is crucial. But the study results show that the role of parental guidance in preventing underage smoking was insufficient and under appreciated. Therefore, more systematic educational programs on preventing underage smoking are essential for parents.

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Factors Associated with Positive Attitudes of Smoking and Drug Use among Non-smoking Middle School Students (비흡연 중학생들의 흡연 및 약물사용 태도에 영향을 미치는 개인 및 사회적 강화요인)

  • Moon, In-Ok;Park, Kyong-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.125-139
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: More than half of youth smokers start to use cigarettes in their middle-school ages. Thus, middle school students should be the primary target population for smoking prevention education although the technical smoking rate is higher in high school students than in middle school students. Based on this significance, this study examined personal and social factors reinforcing non-smoking middle school students to acquire positive attitudes on smoking cigarettes. Methods: A total of 1,081 students of the 3 middle schools in Seoul participated in the self-administered survey. The designated schools were conveniently selected and all the 2nd-grade students of the schools participated in the survey. The questionnaire asked reinforcing social factors of smoking such as, family and parental history of drug use, close-people's smoking and drug use, personal experience of drug use, perceived smoking and drug use knowledge and attitudes, perceived smoking intention in future, and other delinquent behaviors. Results: Personal experience of drug and delinquent behaviors, perceived smoking intention in future, perceived knowledge of smoking, educational experience, and close-people's smoking and drug use were significantly related to students' attitudes on smoking. The significant factors affecting the positive attitudes of smoking were living with broken family and few education experience of smoking in school as social factors and strong smoking intention in future, high score of delinquent behavior, and low score of drug use knowledge as personal factors. Conclusions: Adolescents' strong smoking intention and little smoking education experience would primary personal and social factors reinforcing positive attitudes on smoking. Thus, school-based educational programs preventing smoking intention need to be developed and to be delivered to middle school students to minimize the future smoking population in a long-term perspective.

Cigarette Smoking and Its Attitudinal Factors Among the 6 Grade Students in Korea (초등학생의 흡연 실태와 흡연 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Park, Woo-Yean;Park, Youn-Su
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.7
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    • pp.33-49
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    • 2006
  • Background & Objectives: This study was designed to examine relationships between smoking behavior and smoking attitudes among 6th-grade students in Korea in order to provide knowledge on school-based programs for preventing adolescent smoking behaviors. Methods: Questionnaires were administered to 464 students attending three public elementary schools in O city from June 13 to June 16, 2006. The total sample size is 458 (response rate = 98.7%). Data were statistically analyzed by frequency analysis, cross tabulation, and multiple regression. Results: First, smoking behavior was significantly influenced by the factors of gender, self-concept, family structure, sibling smoking, school achievement, relationship with teachers, satisfaction with school life, and smoking friends. Theprevalence of ever-smoking was 12.7% among 6th grade students in this study. Students were most likely to initiate smoking in the 5thgrade with curiosity and smoke at their own home. Second, students showed negative attitude toward smoking overall. From the detailed section, students respondednegatively about smoking in public places while they thought that adult smoking with moderate level was okay. Student who showed positive attitudes toward smoking in the present study were significantly related to the factors of self-concept, family environment, parental and sibling smoking status, school achievement, satisfaction with school life, and smoking friends. Third, Students who had tried cigarette smoking were likely to report less negative attitudes toward tobacco than non-smoking students. Fourth, this study found that smoking friends were the most significant predictor of positives smoking attitudes. Other factors significantlyassociated with smoking attitudes were gender, relationship with friends, self-concept, relationship with teachers, paternal smoking status. Conclusions: The study results suggest that smoking prevention programs focus on resisting peer influence and need to be community-incorporated and/or comprehensive from elementary to high school.

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Survey on Adolescents' Knowledge and Attitudes as related to Temptation toward Cigarette Smoking (청소년의 흡연 유혹에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Hye-Young;Lee, Joo-Hyun
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.367-374
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of knowledge and attitude to temptation toward cigarette smoking in adolescents. Methods: A survey was conducted using a 52-item questionnaire in 2 high school settings. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, post hoc analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients were used with SPSS WIN version 14.0 to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in attitude toward smoking and smoking temptation depending on gender, academic performance, religion, current smoking status, parental responses toward smoking, initiation of smoking, and the number of friends who smoke (p<.001). The level of smoking knowledge was not related to any of general characteristics as well as attitude toward smoking and smoking temptation. However, negative attitude toward smoking was moderately correlated with reduced smoking temptation (r=-.608, p<.001). Conclusion: Adolescents' attitude toward smoking and coping ability against smoking temptation were influenced by various factors related to smoking behavior and social situations, rather than by the level of smoking knowledge. In order to develop an effective smoking prevention and cessation program for adolescents, various strategies to change attitudes toward smoking should be included.

A Study on the Effects of Smoking Warning Statement for Smoking Attitudes of College Students (흡연경고문이 대학생의 흡연태도에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Yeom, Seulgi;Chang, Taeyang;Park, Kwangju;Chang, Younghyun
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of smoking warning phrases on cigarette packages on students' attitudes toward smoking. Two research hypotheses were established to verify the effectiveness of the cigarette warning phrase. In order to verify the hypothesis, 129 students of Chung - Ang University were used. In order to investigate the difference of attitude toward smoking according to the presence or absence of smoking warnings, two types of questionnaires were prepared. Statistical program SPSS 18.0 was used and frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis were performed. The presence or absence of witnessing the smoking warnings were found to have a statistically significant effect on the smoking attitude score. Sex and parental smoking did not have any significant effect.

A Descriptive Study Of School Children's Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices Regarding Smoking (중학생들의 흡연에 대한 지식, 태도, 그리고 행동에 관한 기술적 연구)

  • Park, In-Hyae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.420-436
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    • 1996
  • The goal of this study is to explore different risk factors for smoking and look at the relationships between knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intentions regarding smoking among schoolchildren, in order to reduce teenage smoking. To achieve this goal a self-administered questionaire regarding smoking was provided to schoolchildren in the 7th and 8th grades in one junior high school in Jerusalem. The schoolchildren were exposed to 10-12 hours of a smoking prevention intervention program. The questionaire focused primarily on the personal characteristics, social environment, knowledge, attitudes, practices, and behavioral intentions of the children. Crosstabs were performed on each variable to determine if significant associations exist among the different variables. The statistical computer, package, SPSS PC, was used to manipulate the data along with Chi-square test. The findings were as follows : About 11% of the children aged 12-14 have ever smoked or are smoking currently, and about 24.0% of those who ever smoked started smoking at the age of 10. Boys smoke more(p<.01), poorer students(by self-perception of school performance) smoke more, and those who had peers who were smokers were more likely to smoke(p<.05). The percentage of the children who reported that either father or mother smoked was about 30%, but no statistical association was found between parental smoking and children's smoking, although trends were noted in the expected direction, i.e. more smokers among children of smokers. Only 1.1% of the children intended to smoke in the future, and 98.0% of the children indicated that they can or they might be able to withstand social pressure. Seventy percent of the children demonstrated medium to high knowledge about smoking, Males, 8th graders, better students, and those without friends who smoke had higher social pressure showed more negative attitudes(p<.01). Those with non-smoking siblings showed more negative behavioral intentions regarding smoking(p<.01), and better students showed more negative behavioral intentions. Those who had higher knowledge scores showed more negative attitudes towards smoking, but not significantly so. Those who had very negative behavioral intentions showed highly significant negative attitudes towards smoking(p<.01).

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A Study of Nutritional Knowledge, Dietary Attitudes and Dietary Behaviors of Adult Women by Acne Status

  • Jinkyung Kwack;Kim, Kyungwon
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate nutritional knowledge, dietary attitudes, and dietary behaviors of adult women, and to examine if these characteristics were different by acne status. Subjects were 106 adult women residing in Seoul recruited from clients and employers at skin care centers, and housewives from apartment complexes. Surrey instrument was adapted or modified based on literature review and dietary intakes were assessed using 24-hour recalls for two days and CAN-pro. All data was statistically analyzed using x$^2$test and ANOVA. When examined by acne status, 41.5% of subjects were categorized into acne group, 20.8% were as ex-acne group, and 37.7% as no-acne group. Parental experience of acne was significantly related to acne status(p〈 0.01). Education, employmental status, and smoking or drinking status were not related to acne status. Subjects had a moderate level of nutritional knowledge(72.7 point) and the nutritional knowledge store was not significantly different by acne status. When examined by individual items, the groups showed significant difference on the items regarding vitamin C and necessity of carbohydrates(p 〈 0.05). Subjects showed favorable dietary attitudes. Although the acne group showed more favorable attitudes on the importance of nutrition on acne, the overall dietary attitudes of the acne group were not significantly different from the ex-acne group or no-acne group. Similarly only small differences were noticed in dietary behaviors or nutrient intakes by acne status. Cholesterol consumption was hitgher in the no-acne group than in the acne group or ex-acne group(p 〈 0.01). The intakes of energy, iron, and calcium was much below the RDA in three groups. Although there were not many significant differences in nutritional knowledge, dietary attitudes, and dietary behaviors by acne status, this study provided some baseline information regarding study variables by acne status.

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