• Title, Summary, Keyword: p38 MAP kinase

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HQSAR Study on Imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine Derivatives as p38 MAP Kinase Antagonists

  • Bhujbal, Swapnil P.;Keretsu, Seketoulie;Cho, Seung Joo
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2018
  • p38 MAP kinase belongs to the Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family; a serine/threonine kinase. It plays an important role in intracellular signal transduction pathways. It is associated with the development and progression of various cancer types making it a crucial drug target. Present study involves the HQSAR analysis of recently reported imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivatives as p38 MAP kinase antagonists. The model was generated with Atom (A), bond (B), chirality (Ch), and hydrogen (H) parameters and with different set of atom counts to improve the model. An acceptable HQSAR model ($q^2=0.522$, SDEP=0.479, NOC=5, $r^2=0.703$, SEE=0.378, BHL=97) was developed which exhibits good predictive ability. A contribution map for the most active compound (compound 17) illustrated that hydrogen and nitrogen atoms in the ring A and ring B, as well as nitrogen atom in ring C and the hydrogen atom in the ring D provided positive activity in inhibitory effect while, the least active compound (compound 05) possessed negative contribution to inhibitory effect. Hence, analysis of produced HQSAR model can provide insights in the designing potent and selective p38 MAP kinase antagonists.

Effect of EGCG on Expression of Neurogenin 3 via the MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway in AR42J Cells, a Rat Pancreatic Tumor Cell Line (녹차 카테킨, Epigallocathechin Gallate (EGCG)의 흰쥐췌장종양 선 세포 AR42J의 MAP Kinase 세포 신호전달 기전을 통한 Neurogenin 3 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Ok;Choe, Won-Kyung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2011
  • Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), or epigallocatechin 3-gallate, is the ester of epigallocatechin and gallic acid, and is a type of catechin. EGCG may be therapeutic for many disorders including diabetics and some types of cancer. However it is unknown whether EGCG can induce transdifferentiation of pancreatic cells in pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of EGCG on the expression of pancreatic regenerating related markers in pancreatic AR42J cells, a model of pancreatic progenitor cells. AR42J cells, differentiated with betacellulin and activin A, were cultured with/without EGCG in a time-dependent manner. Cell growth rate, levels of mRNA, and protein expression were examined with the MTT assay, quantitative PCR, and Western blots, respectively. The results showed that AR42J cell growth rates were inhibited by EGCG in a dose-dependent manner. mRNA and protein expression of amylase, insulin and neurogenin 3 (ngn 3) increased in AR42J cells treated with EGCG. Additionally, we demonstrated that the signal transduction pathway of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is active in EGCG-treated AR42J cells. ERK and JNK phosphorylation decreased in cells treated with EGCG but not p38 phosphorylation. Activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway was confirmed by specific MAP kinase pathways inhibitors: U0126 for ERK, SP600126 for JNK, and SB203580 for p38. Activated p38 phosphorylation was inhibited by the specific p38 inhibitor SB203580 but p38 phosphorylation was inhibited with increased EGCG treatment. The ERK and JNK MAP kinase pathways were not affected by EGCG treatment. Although further studies are needed, these results suggest that EGCG affects the induction of pancreatic cell regeneration by increasing the ngn 3 protein and mRNA expression and activating the p38 MAP kinase pathway.

Sphigosine-1-Phosphate-Induced ERK Activation Protects Human Melanocytes from UVB-Induced Apoptosis

  • Kim, Dong-Seok;Kim, Sook-Young;Lee, Jai-Eun;Kwon, Sun-Bang;Joo, Young-Hyun;Youn, Sang-Woong;Park, Kyoung-Chan
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.739-746
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    • 2003
  • Ultraviolet B (UVB) is known to induce apoptosis in human melanocytes. Here we show the cytoprotective effect of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) against UVB-induced apoptosis. We also show that UVB-induced apoptosis of melanocytes is mediated by caspase-3 activation and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage, and that S1P prevents apoptosis by inhibiting this apoptotic pathway. We further investigated three major mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases after UVB irradiation. UVB gradually activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAP kinase, while extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) was inactivated transiently. Blocking of the p38 MAP kinase pathway using SB203580 promoted cell survival and inhibited the activation of caspase-3 and PARP cleavage. These results suggest that p38 MAP kinase activation may play an important role in the UVB-induced apoptosis of human melanocytes. To explain this cytoprotective effect, we next examined whether S1P could inhibit UVB-induced JNK and p38 MAP kinase activation. However, S1P was not found to have any influence on UVB-induced JNK or p38 MAP kinase activation. In contrast, S1P clearly stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK, and the specific inhibition of the ERK pathway using PD98059 abolished the cytoprotective effect of S1P. Based on these results, we conclude that the activation of p38 MAP kinase plays an important role in UVB-induced apoptosis, and that S1P may show its cytoprotective effect through ERK activation in human melanocytes.

The role of p38 MAP kinase on RANKL regulation in mouse periodontal ligament fibroblasts (마우스 치주인대 섬유모세포에서 RANKL 조절에 대한 p38 MAP kinase의 역할)

  • Kim, Jae-Cheol;Cui, De-Zhe;Kim, Young-Joon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.37 no.sup2
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    • pp.311-323
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    • 2007
  • Receptor activation of nuclear factor ${\kappa}$ B ligand (RANKL)은 파골세포의 분화와 기능에 중요한 역할을 하는 단백질로 이들 물질의 조절에는 p38 MAP kinase가 관여한다. 그러나 치주인대 섬유모세포에서 RANKL 발현 시 p38 MAP kinase의 역할은 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 이에 이번 연구는 마우스 치주인대 섬유모세포의 $IL-1{\beta}-induced$ RANKL 발현과정에서 p38의 역할을 규명하고자 하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 마우스 치주인대 섬유모세포에 $IL-1{\beta}$ (1ng/ml)의 자극은 수용성 RANKL의 합성을 증가시켰다. 수용성 RANKL의 합성은 p38 MAP kinase 억제제인 SB203580에 의해 농도 의존적으로 억제되었으나 다른 MAP kinase 억제제인 SP600125, JNK 억제제와 PD98059, ERK 억제제에 의해서는 수용성 RANKL의 합성이 조절되지 않았다. NF-kB 억제제에 의해서도 수용성 RANKL의 합성이 억제되지 않았다. RANKL 유전자의 발현은 $IL-1{\beta}$로 자극 시에는 대조군에 비해 약 5배의 발현 증가를 보였으나 SB203580으로 전처치 시 $IL-1{\beta}$ (1ng/ml)로 자극시보다 약 1.5배의 감소를 보였다. 그러나 SP600125, PD98059, 및 NF-kB 억제제로 전처치한 경우에는 $IL-1{\beta}$로 자극한 경우와 비슷한 수준을 보였다. $IL-1{\beta}$로 자극 시 RANKL 유전자의 반감기가 90분 이었으나 SB203580로 전처치 후 $IL-1{\beta}$로 자극 시 RANKL 유전자의 반감기는 60분으로 감소하였다. Cycloheximide 전처리 시 SB203580에 의한 RANKL 유전자 발현 억제가 관찰되지 않았다. 단백질 분석결과 p38 MAP kinase의 인산화 활성은 30분까지 증가하였으나 그 이후 감소하여 2시간째에는 그 발현이 미약하였다. SB203580로 전처치 후 $IL-1{\beta}$로 자극 시 p38 MAP kinase의 인산화 활성이 감소하였다. 이상의 결과는 p38 MAP kinase가 RANKL 유전자 조절에 중요한 역할을 담당하고 있음을 시사한다.

Molecular Mechanism of NO-induced Cell Death of PC12 Cells by $IFN{\gamma}\;and\;TNF{\alpha}$

  • Yi, Seh-Yoon;Han, Seon-Kyu;Lee, Jee-Yeon;Yoo, Young-Sook
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2005
  • Nitric oxide (NO) is a small, diffusible, and highly reactive molecule, which plays dichotomous regulatory roles under physiological and pathological conditions. NO promotes apoptosis in some cells, and inhibits apoptosis in other cells. In the present study, we attempted to characterize the NO signaling pathway and cellular response in PC12 cells treated with cytokines. $IFN{\gamma}\;and\;TNF{\alpha}$ treatment resulted in a synergistic increase of nitrite accumulation, with the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the PC12 cells. Moreover, as nitrite concentration increased, cell viability decreased. In order to explore MAP kinase involvement in nitric oxide production resultant from $IFN{\gamma}\;and\;TNF{\alpha}$ stimulation, we measured the activation of MAP kinase using specific MAP kinase inhibitors. PC12 cells pretreated with SB203580, a p38 MAP kinase-specific inhibitor, resulted in the inhibition of iNOS expression and NO production. However, PD98059, an ERK/MAP kinase-specific inhibitor, was not observed to exert such an effect. In addition, Stat1 activated by $IFN{\gamma}\;and\;TNF{\alpha}$ was interacted with p38 MAPK. These data suggest that p38 MAP kinase mediates cytokine-mediated iNOS expression in the PC12 cells, and Jak/Stat pathway interferes with p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

Role of MAP kinase on MMP-13 expression in rat periodontal ligament cells (백서 치주인대세포에서의 MMP-13 mRNA에 대한 MAP kinase의 역할)

  • Chung, Chan-Gil;Cui, De-Zhe;Chung, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Young-Joon
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2006
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)는 치주조직내에 존재하는 세포외기질의 유지와 분해에 중요한 역할을 담당하고 있으며 이중 MMP-13은 치주질환의 진행과 깊은 관계가 있다고 알려져 있다. 이번 연구는 치주질환의 진행에 있어서 MMP-13의 활성에 대한 mitogen activated protein(MAP) Kinase의 역할을 구명하기 위해 시행되었다. 백서 치주인대세포에서의 MMP-13 mRNA의 발현은 RT-PCR에 의하여, 그리고 MAP Kinase의 발현은 Western blot에 의하여 측정하였다. $Interleukin-1{\beta}$(IL $-1{\beta}$), Tumor necrosis $factora(TNF-{\alpha})$와 parathyroid hormon(PTH)는 MMP- 13 mRNA 발현을 각각 320%, 180%, 380% 증가시켰으나 bone morphogenetic protein-7(BMP-7)은 MMP-13 mRNA의 발현을 증가시키지 않았다. p38 MAP Kinase 억제제인 SB203580은 IL $-1{\beta}$ 유도 MMP-13의 발현을 약 40% 정도 억제시켰으나, PTH-유도 MMP-13 mRNA의 발현은 억제하지 못했다. IL $-1{\beta}$는 MMP- 13 mRNA의 반감기를 약 2시간 정도로 증가시켰으나, p38 MAP Kinase 억제제로 전처치한 경우에는 반감기가 60분으로 줄어들었다. $IL-1{\beta}$는 p38 MAP kinase와 JNK의 인산화 활성을 증가시켰으나 PTH, $TNF-{\alpha}$와 BMP-7은 p38, JNK, ERK의 활성을 증가시키지 못했다. 이상의 연구결과는 p38 MAP Kinase가 백서 치주인대세포에서의 MMP-13 mRNA 발현을 조절하는데 중요한 역할을 담당함을 시사하였다.

Differential regulation of phospho-p38 and phospho-ERK by TCDD

  • Kim, Ho-jun;Cho, Sung-whan;Son, Hwa-young;Yoon, Won-kee;Jeong, Kyung-shik;Ryu, Si-yun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Veterinary Pathology Conference
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    • pp.42-42
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    • 2003
  • The contamination of the environment with pollutants is one of the main problems of modern life, and the levels pollution in industrialized regions are giving raise to increased public concern. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) are playa pivotal role in the regulation of important cellular functions by activation of specific signal transduction pathways from cell the surface to the nuclei. Three major subgroups of MAP kinases have been identified, and these comprise the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), the c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK), and the p38 MAP kinases [1-3]. Herein, we investigated the effect of regulation of phospho-JNK (p-JNK), phospho-p38 (p-p38) and phospho-ERK (p-ERK) by TCDD. (omitted)

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Esophagitis and IL-1$\beta$-induced alteration of MAP kinase activity in esophageal smooth muscle

  • Lee, Tai-Sang;Min, Young-Sil;Choi, Tae-Sik;Sim, Sang-Soo;Shin, Yong-Kyoo;Lee, Moo-Yeol;Sohn, Uy-Dong
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.117.1-117
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    • 2003
  • We investigated whether experimental esophagitis and IL-1$\beta$ could induce the activation of MAP kinases in esophageal smooth muscle. With two models of experimental esophagitis, we assessed the activity of p38 MAP kinase, p44/42 MAP kinase and JNK. In feline acute experimental esophagitis, immunoblotting of normal and esophagitis-induced smooth muscle with each types of MAP kinase antibodies revealed the slight increase of phosphorylated form of p38 MAP kinase, especially in membrane fraction. (omitted)

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Regulatory Effects of Exercise and Dietary Intervention in Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Signaling Pathways in Rats

  • Lee, Jong-Sam;Kwon, Young-Woo;Lee, Jang-Kyu;Park, Jeong-Bae;Kim, Chang-Hwan;Kim, Hyo-Sik;Kim, Chang-Keun
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2004
  • As a central component of a novel protein kinase cascade, the activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade has attracted considerable attention. We sought to determine the effect of exercise and diet on the activation of the extracellular-signal regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 and the p38 MAP kinase pathways in rat soleus muscle. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of two dietary conditions: high-carbohydrate (CHO) or high-fat (FAT). Animals having each dietary condition were further divided into one of three subgroups: a sedentary control group that did not exercise (NT), a group that performed 8 weeks of treadmill running and was sacrificed 48 h after their final treadmill run (CE), and a group that was sacrificed immediately after their final routine exercise training (AE). A high-fat diet did not have any significant effect on phosphorylated and total forms of ERK 1/2 or p38 MAP kinase. In chronically trained muscle that was taken 48 h after the last training, phosphorylated ERK 1/2 significantly increased only in the FAT but not in the CHO groups. In the case of total ERK 1/2, it increased significantly for both groups. In contrast, both phosphorylated and total forms of p38 MAP kinase decreased markedly compared to sedentary muscle. In muscle that was taken immediately after a last bout of exercise, phosphorylated ERK 1/2 increased in both groups but statistical significance was seen only in the CHO group. Total ERK 1/2 in acutely stimulated muscle increased only in the CHO-AE group even though the degree was much lower than the phosphorylated status. Muscle that was taken immediately after the routine training increased in phosphorylation status of p38 MAP kinase for both dietary conditions. However, statistical significance was seen only in the CHO group owing to a large variation with FAT. In conclusion, a high-fat diet per se did not have any notable effect versus a high-carbohydrate diet on MAP kinase pathways. However, when diet (either CHO or FAT) was combined with exercise and/or training, there was differentiated protein expression in MAP kinase pathways. This indicates MAP kinase pathways have diverse control mechanisms in slow-twitch fibers.

A study on the regulatory effect of p-38 MAP kinase on nitric oxide and interleukin-6 in osteoblasts (조골세포에시 p-38 MAP kinase의 nitric oxide 및 interleukin-6 생성조절에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Won;Lee, Doe-Hoon;Kang, Kyung-Hwa;Kim, Sang-Cheol
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.199-210
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    • 2003
  • Tooth movement is the result of bone metabolism in the periodontium, where various cytokines take important roles. Interleukin-6(II-6) and nitrous oxide (NO) were reported to be secreted from osteoblasts in the process of bone resorption. The mechanism of the process has not been clearly understood, but the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was known to be an important process in the release of the inflammatory cytotines in macrophages. In this regard, to prove the role of MAPK in the release of IL-6 and NO in MC3T3E-1 osteoblasts, Northern blot analysis, Western blot analysis and immune complex kinase assay were used. As a result, the treatment of MC3T3E-1 osteoblast cultures with combined $interferon-\gamma(IFN-\gamma)$, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and tumor necrosis $factor-\alpha(TNF-\alpha)$ induces expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and IL-6, resulting in sustained releases of large amounts of NO and IL-6. However, $IFN-\gamma,\;LPS,\;and\;TNF-\alpha$ individually induce a non-detectable or small amount of NO and IL-6 in MC3T3E-1 osteoblasts. The role of MAPK activation in the early intracellular signal transduction involved in iNOS and IL-6 transcription in the combined agents-stimulated osteoblasts has been investigated. The p38 MAPK pathway is specifically involved in the combined agents-induced NO and IL-6 release, since NO and IL-6 release in the presence of a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-metylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-metylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)imidazole) (SB203580), were significantly diminished. In contrast, PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MEK1, had no effect on NO and IL-6 release. Northern blot analysis showed that the p3a MAPK pathway controlled the iNOS and IL-6 transcription level. These data suggest that p38 MAPK play an important role in the secretion of NO and IL-6 in $LPS/IFN{\gamma}-or\;TNF-\gamma-treated\;MC3T3E-1$ osteoblasts.