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A Study on Knowlege and Practices about Osteoporosis in Adults (성인의 골다공증에 대한 지식과 실천에 관한 조사연구)

  • Yoon, Eun-Joo
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 1998
  • Osteoporosis is a major health problem in countries with aging populations, resulting in excess morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to investigate knowledge and practices about osteoporosis in adults and to identify some factors which were influenced to that. 56-item questionnaire was developed including five domains(general characteristics, osteoporosis-related characteristics, knowledge of risk factors, knowledge of prevetion and practices). Subjects of this study were 368 adult ranged from 30 to 59. Data were collected during the period from June 15 to July 10, 1998 by means of a structured questionnare. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Post Hoc, Pearson Correlation by SPSSWIN program. The results were as follows: 1. The mean knowledge score of risk factors for osteoporosis was 7.46(full score=15) and that of prevention of osteoporosis was 8,79(full score=12). 2. The mean practice score of osteoporosis was slightly higher than median value. 3. Women had better knowledge about osteoporosis risk factors and practiced more osteoporosis-prevention measures than men. Although the data demonstrated fairly good general knowledge about osteoporosis in the subjects, the older group(age 50-59), those at the highest risk of developing the disease, knew less about osteoporosis than the younger group(age 30-39) did. 4. The persons who had heard about osteoporosis and bone mineral density though mass media medical pratitioners and who didn't take any medicine for osteoporosis had better knowledge about osteoporosis and preventive measures. The practice score was significantly higer in the postmenopausal women and persons who were already diagnosed as osteoporosis patients, or who underwent bone mineral density measurements. 5. The relation between knowledge and practice was significant. In conclusion, there was a modest degree of general knowledge about osteoporosis and its consequences in adults. Further randomized studies are needed to evaluate the relationship between osteoporosis and risk factors. However, these results support the importance of education to prevent osteoporosis.

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A Study on the Relationships between Knowledge about Osteoporosis and Cognitive Factors in Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 골다공증에 대한 지식과 인지요인과의 관계)

  • Kim, Myoung-Hee;Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to examine the relationships between knowledge about osteoporosis and cognitive factors in middle-aged women. Method: The subjects were 293 middle-aged women. Data collection was performed by using a questionnaire that included an Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale and Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale developed by Kim, Horan & Gendler(1991). Data was analyzed using the SPSS Win 10.0 program for descriptive statistics, and the Pearson correlation coefficient. Result: The mean osteoporosis knowledge was 14.0. The subscale means of osteoporosis health belief variables were: susceptibility 15.9, seriousness 17.2, benefits of exercise 22.9, benefits of calcium 21.4, barriers to exercise 20.9, barriers to calcium 22.5, and health motivation 18.6. The mean osteoporosis self-efficacy was 39.3 with a moderate score. There were significantly positive correlations among knowledge about osteoporosis, health belief, and self-efficacy about osteoporosis. Conclusion: Osteoporosis knowledge, health belief, and osteoporosis self-efficacy are related. Therefore, knowledge through education is an important factor in behavioral changes and it contributes to increase the health belief and self-efficacy of osteoporosis.

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Perioperative Medical Complications after Posterior Approach Spinal Instrumentation Surgery for Osteoporotic Vertebral Collapse: A Comparative Study in Patients with Primary Osteoporosis and Those with Secondary Osteoporosis

  • Miyakoshi, Naohisa;Kobayashi, Takashi;Suzuki, Tetsuya;Kikuchi, Kazuma;Kasukawa, Yuji;Shimada, Yoichi
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.756-762
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    • 2017
  • Study Design: A retrospective comparative study. Purpose: To compare perioperative medical complications after posterior approach spinal instrumentation surgery for osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC) between patients with primary osteoporosis and those with secondary osteoporosis. Overview of Literature: With increased aging of society, the demand for instrumentation surgery for an osteoporotic spine has been increasing. However, no studies have compared the rates or severities of perioperative complications after spinal instrumentation surgery between patients with primary osteoporosis and those with secondary osteoporosis. Methods: Ninety-one patients with OVC aged ${\geq}50years$ (23 males and 68 females) who underwent posterior approach vertebral replacement with cages or posterior spinal fusion combined with vertebroplasty were divided into primary (n=56) and secondary (n=35) osteoporosis groups. Bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporosis treatment prior to OVC, operative invasiveness, and perioperative medical complications were compared. Results: Diabetes mellitus (51.4%) was the most common cause of secondary osteoporosis, followed by glucocorticoid use (22.9%). No significant differences were seen in terms of age, gender, BMD, osteoporosis treatment, or operative invasiveness, including the number of levels fused, estimated blood loss, and number of patients requiring transfusion. No significant difference in the incidence of perioperative complications were observed between the primary and secondary osteoporosis groups (16.1% vs. 22.9%). However, surgical site infection (SSI) was significantly more frequently seen in the secondary osteoporosis group (11.4%) than in the primary osteoporosis group (1.8%; p<0.05). One patient in the secondary osteoporosis group developed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection that ultimately required instrument removal. Conclusions: The overall incidence of perioperative medical complications after posterior approach spinal instrumentation surgery for OVC was comparable between the primary and secondary osteoporosis groups under conditions of similar background characteristics and operative invasiveness. However, SSI (particularly more severe cases) occurred more frequently in patients with secondary osteoporosis.

Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Effectiveness of Screening Test Using Ultrasound Bone Densitometry and Education in a Community-Dwelling Population

  • Kwon, Yu-Jun;Park, Ki Soo;Choi, Bong Hoi;Kim, Byung-Sung;Ha, Yong-Chan
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.352-356
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    • 2017
  • This prospective intervention study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and treatment rate of osteoporosis following osteoporosis screening tests in the same cohort. From November 1, 2014 to August 31, 2015, participants received screening tests for osteoporosis using ultrasound bone densitometry and education concerning osteoporosis and related conditions. The participants were interviewed using a questionnaire on the diagnosis and initiation of osteoporosis treatment during the follow-up period. Of 960 potential participants, 595 people (68.8%; 150 men and 445 women) were given bone densitometry measurements and completed the questionnaire. The mean age of the participants was 74.0 years. Of the 595 participants, 393 people (66.1%; 67 men and 326 woman) were diagnosed with osteoporosis (T score < -2.5). The prevalence of osteoporosis showed an increasing trend, from 48.1% in 2004 to 66.1% in 2015. Of the 393 participants diagnosed with osteoporosis, 65 participants received additional bone densitometry measurements while hospitalized and osteoporosis management was reinitiated in 44 patients. The osteoporosis management rate in the study cohort increased from 21.6% to 32.8%, with osteoporosis diagnosed in 66.2% of participants at the latest follow-up. This prospective intervention study demonstrated that a screening test and an educational brochure increased the treatment rate from 21.6% to 32.8%.

Health-Related Characteristics that Affect the Prevalence of Osteoporosis in Elderly Women

  • Yim, Eun-Sil;Lee, Kwang-Ok;Kim, Kyung-Ha
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.172-178
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: We examined the relationship between the health-related issues of elderly women and bone density and identified specific factors that affect the prevalence of osteoporosis to provide basic data for developing a health care program on osteoporosis prevention. Methods: This study is a secondary data analysis of 118,903 66-yr-old women who received a health examination conducted by the National Health Insurance Corporation in 2008. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors affecting the prevalence of osteoporosis. Results: The prevalence of osteoporosis was 46.8%, whereas the prevalence of osteopenia was 38.4% among elderly women in this study. Statistically significant differences were observed between the osteoporosis and non-osteoporosis group in terms of smoking (p<.001), exercise (p<.001), obesity (p<.001), waist circumference (p<.001), depression (p<.001), falling experience (p<.05), and the cognitive function risk (p<.05). Based on the multiple logistic regression results, the risk for osteoporosis was high in those who were under-weight, smoked, or were depressed. In contrast, moderate or high level obesity showed a negative relationship with osteoporosis. Conclusion: The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis was 85.2%. Therefore, there is a need to develop health care programs pertaining to osteoporosis intervention and prevention for elderly women. Because smoking, non-exercise, and obesity are main osteoporosis risk factors, it is highly recommended that some sound practical life programs and psychological support programs be considered for this population.

Effect of an Osteoporosis Prevention Health Education for Women in an Urban Area (골다공증 예방건강교육 효과에 관한 연구 - 대도시 일부 지역사회 여성을 대상으로 -)

  • Yang, Seung-Ae
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.154-164
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of an osteoporosis prevention health education on know ledge, health beliefs, self-efficacy and preventive health behaviors of women in an urban area. Methods: A one- group pre-test-post-test design was conducted to identify the effects of an osteoporosis prevention health education. The study was conducted between April and November 2008, and recruited 98 women in Seoul. All participants completed the pretest and posttest measures with self-administered questionaire: Osteoporosis Knowledge Test, Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, Osteoporosis Self-Efficacy Scale and Osteoporosis Preventive Health Behaviors Survey. Results: The result of the paired t-test revealed statistically significant difference in the perceived susceptibility and perceived benefits of osteoporosis and osteoporosis preventive behaviors between pretest and posttest measures. However, the difference in knowledge and self-efficacy between the pretest and posttest measures was not statistically significant. Conclusions: These finding indicate the need for further health education to increase osteoporosis knowledge, health beliefs, self-efficacy and osteoporosis preventive health behaviors and provide guidance for developing effective osteoporosis prevention health education strategies.

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Effects of the Knowledge, Health Belief, and Self-Efficacy about Osteoporosis on Calcium Intake Behavior for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Patients (폐경기 골다공증 환자의 골다공증 지식, 건강신념, 자기효능감이 칼슘섭취행위 빈도에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Hye Ran;So, Hee Young
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.80-91
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    • 2007
  • Purposes: To identify the predictors of calcium intake behavior and examine the relationships among bone mineral density, osteoporosis knowledge, osteoporosis health belief, osteoporosis self efficacy and calcium intake behavior of postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. Methods: The subjects consisted of 94 patients. The measurement tools were osteoporosis knowledge test, osteoporosis health belief scale, osteoporosis self-efficacy and calcium intake frequency questionnaire. The data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 11.0 program. Results: The bone mineral density of the lumbar were $0.75g/cm^2$, T-score -2.67 and the femur neck were $0.67g/cm^2$, T-score -2.30. There was statistically a significant correlation between calcium intake behavior and health motivation (r=0.449, p=0.000) among the osteoporosis health belief. In hierarchial multiple regression analysis, current spouse(12.8%) and health motivation(19.9%) of the osteoporosis health belief explained the 32.7% of variance in calcium intake behavior. Conclusion: Nursing intervention should be developed for increasing the calcium intake behavior through promoting health motivation for the postmenopausal osteoporosis women having no spouse currently.

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A Study on the Level of Awareness and Self-Efficacy of Osteoporosis in Young Women (미혼 여성의 골다공증 인지정도와 자기효능감에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Euy-Soon;Lee, Ju-Young
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.204-214
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to determine the level of awareness and self-efficacy and their relationships to osteoporosis among young women. Methods: The participants were 309 young women living in Seoul. The data were collected using questionnaires from July to September 2009. The Osteoporosis Awareness Scale consists of five areas with a total of 31 questions and the Self-efficacy Scale consists of 18 questions. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The average level for osteoporosis awareness was 2.22, of a possible 4.00 and significant difference were related to participants' previous encounter with any information about osteoporosis, behavior to prevent osteoporosis, experience of weight control, and frequency of vegetable and calcium-rich foods intake. The average level of self-efficacy for osteoporosis was 2.81, of a possible 4.00 and significant difference related to participants' educational level, occupation, behavior to prevent osteoporosis, smoking, method of weight control, regular exercise, and frequency of vegetable and calcium-rich foods intake. There were significant positive correlations among awareness and self-efficacy about osteoporosis. Conclusion: This study suggests that health care professionals need to provide effective interventions for young women to enhance their osteoporosis awareness and self-efficacy for preventing osteoporosis.

The Effects of a Group Educational Intervention on the Prevention of Osteoporosis in Breast Cancer Patients

  • Ma, Bong Hae;Park, Chai-Soon;Baek, Hee Chong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.398-404
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of osteoporosis prevention education on Korean breast cancer patients' knowledge and health promoting behavior. Methods: The participants in this study included breast cancer patients who were registered at a self-help group organized by the Breast Cancer Center of a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The intervention group received 60 minutes' didactic instruction followed by 30 minutes' interactive session, and reinforcement education with leaflets was given three weeks after the group intervention. In order to measure the effects of the intervention, this study used valid and reliable scales on the knowledge of osteoporosis and health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis. A post-test was conducted 12 weeks after the intervention. Results: The results showed significant improvement in three of the five factors of osteoporosis knowledge including bone physiology, the characteristics of osteoporosis, and preventive behaviors in the intervention group. Overall health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis had significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group. Conclusion: Osteoporosis preventive education improved breast cancer patients' knowledge of osteoporosis and health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis by inducing their voluntary participation in self-care activities.

Prevalence, Pathophysiology, Screening and Management of Osteoporosis in Gastric Cancer Patients

  • Lim, Jung-Sub;Lee, Jong-Inn
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-15
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    • 2011
  • Osteoporosis in gastric cancer patients is often overlooked or even neglected despite its high prevalence in these patients. Considering that old age, malnutrition, chronic disease, chemotherapy, decreased body mass index and gastrectomy are independent risk factors for osteoporosis, it is reasonable that the prevalence of osteoporosis in gastric cancer patients would be high. Many surviving patients suffer from back pain and pathological fractures, which are related to osteoporosis. Fractures have obvious associated morbidities, negative impact on quality of life, and impose both direct and indirect costs. In the era of a >55.6% 5-year survival rate of gastric cancer and increased longevity in gastric cancer patients, it is very important to eliminate common sequelae such as osteoporosis. Fortunately, the diagnosis of osteoporosis is well established and many therapeutic agents have been shown to be effective and safe not only in postmenopausal females but also in elderly males. Recently, effective treatments of gastric cancer patients with osteoporosis using bisphosphonates, which are commonly used in postmenopausal woman, were reported.