• Title, Summary, Keyword: osteopenia

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Risk Factors of Osteopenia among Korean Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 골감소증 위험요인)

  • Kim, Gwang Suk;Lee, Yoon Ju;You, Mi-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study examined the demographic and lifestyle differences between women with osteopenia and those with normal bone mineral density (BMD) to identify risk factors for osteopenia. Method: Participants comprised 381 women age 40-64 years. Data were collected using surveys, BMD measures, and anthropometric parameters. Results: Prevalence of osteopenia was 29.1%; significant differences in age group, job, age at menarche, age at menopause, and body mass index were found between women with osteopenia and those with normal BMD. Logistic regression analysis indicated that advanced age, unemployment, lower body mass index, and lack of exercise in women were significantly associated with osteopenia. Conclusion: This study suggests the need for strategies to improve bone health and continuous cohort studies to identify risk factors.

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Influencing Factors on Osteopenia and Osteoporosis in Korean Aged 50 Years and Above (우리나라 50세 이상 성인의 골감소증과 골다공증 영향요인)

  • Jeon, Eun Young;Kim, Sook Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.148-155
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on osteopenia and osteoporosis in Korean aged 50 years and above. Methods: Data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-1, 2010) were obtained and 2,773 subjects who got bone density test and were classified "normal, osteopenia or osteoporosis" were selected. Data were analyzed $x^2$ test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test and logistic regression using the SAS 9.4. Results: Gender, age, days of flexibility exercise, vitamin D in blood and weight were found to be influencing factors for osteoporosis in Korean aged 50 years and above. Gender. age and smoking were found to be influencing factors for osteopenia in Korean aged 50 years and above. Conclusion: This study suggested that nursing intervention should include exercise promotion, intake vitamin D, smoking cessation and weight control program in order to reduce the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia.

A Comparative Study of the Iron Nutritional Status of Female College Women according to Bone Mineral Density

  • Sung, Chung-Ja;Jang, Seol
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status of iron and bone minernl density in premenopausal women. In the study, we classified the subjects into osteopenia (-2.5-I, n=29) groups according to their lumbar spine bone mineral density. Anthropometric measurements, dietary intake analysis and blood biochemistry measurements were performed on the subjects. The average ages of those in the osteopenia and normal groups were 22.2 yrs and 23.0 yrs, respectively, with no significant difference. The average body mass index (p<0.05) of those in the osteopenia group (19.6) was significantly lower than that of the normal group (21.3). The mean protein intake of those in the osteopenia group was significantly lower than that (p<0.05) the subjects in the normal group. The osteopenia group consumed a significantly lower amount of iron (p<0.05) and non-heme iron (p<0.05) compared to the normal group. The intakes of total food, vegetables and milk of those in the osteopenia group were significantly lower than those of the subjects in the normal group. The serum ferritin (p<0.001) level of those in the osteopenia group was significantly lower than those of the subjects in the normal group. In conclusion, a balance of iron status may be helpful in the prevention of bone mass loss in premenopausal young women.

Factors related to Osteopenia in Community People (일 지역주민의 골감소증 영향요인)

  • Kim, Sung Hey;Lee, Young Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate bone mineral density (BMD) and risk factors related to osteopenia in community people. Methods: The subjects consisted of 145 community people. The variables of osteoporosis knowledge and preventive health promoting behavior were measured using questionnaires. BMD and BMI (body mass index) were measured. Dietary nutrients intake related to osteoporosis was measured using 24hours recall. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS 18.0 program, using mean, standard deviation, ${\chi}^2-test$, t-test, and logistic regression. Results: Eighty six people (59.3%) had an osteopenia. According to normal group and osteopenia group, there was significant difference in gender (${\chi}^2=6.72$, p=.010) and smoking (${\chi}^2=5.18$, p=.023). Predictors of osteopenia group were male (OR=2.65, CI=1.03-8.98), BMI(OR=0.86, CI=0.72-0.96). Conclusion: Health care providers must consider factors that affect osteopenia such as gender, BMI. These results suggest the need to instruct nursing activities and interventions which are beneficial for prevention of osteoporosis.

Serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D Status is Not Related to Osteopenia/Osteoporosis Risk in Colorectal Cancer Survivors

  • Akinci, Muhammed Bulent;Sendur, Mehmet Ali Nahit;Aksoy, Sercan;Yazici, Ozan;Ozdemir, Nuriye Yildirim;Kos, Tugba;Yaman, Sebnem;Altundag, Kadri;Zengin, Nurullah
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.3377-3381
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    • 2014
  • Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer increases with vitamin D deficiency as shown in recently published studies. In addition, prospective investigations have indicated that low vitamin D levels may be associated with increased mortality of colorectal cancer, especially in stage III and IV cases. However, the exact incidence of vitamin D deficiency and the relation between vitamin D deficiency and osteopenia/osteporosis is still not known. The aim of this study is to identify severity of vitamin D deficiency and absolute risk factors of osteopenia/osteoporosis in colorectal cancer survivors. Materials and Methods: A total of 113 colorectal cancer survivors treated with surgery and/or chemotherapy ${\pm}$ radiotherapy were recruited from medical oncology outpatient clinics during routine follow-up visits in 2012-2013. Bone mineral densitometry (BMD) was performed, and serum 25-OH vitamin D levels were also checked on the same day of the questionnaire. The patients was divided into 2 groups, group A with normal BMD and group B with osteopenia/osteoporosis. Results: The median age of the study population was 58 (40-76). Thirty (30.0%) were female, whereas 79 (70.0%) were male. The median follow-up was 48 months (14-120 months). Vitamin D deficiency was found in 109 (96.5%); mild deficiency (20-30 ng/ml) in 19 (16.8%), moderate deficiency (10-20 ng/ml) in 54 (47.8%) and severe deficiency (<10 ng/ml) in 36 (31.9%). Osteopenia was evident in 58 (51.4%) patients whereas osteoporosis was noted in 17 (15.0%). Normal BMD was observed in 38 (33.6%). No apparent effects of type of surgery, presence of stoma, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and TNM stage were found regarding the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis. Also, the severity of the vitamin D deficiency had no effect in the risk of osteopenia and osteporosis (p=0.93). In female patients, osteopenia/osteoporosis were observed in 79.5% patients as compared to 60.7% of male patients (p=0.04). Conclusions: In our study, vitamin D deficiency and osteopenia/osteoporosis was observed in 96.5% and 66.4% of colorectal cancer survivors, respectively. There is no defined absolute risk factor of osteopenia and osteoporosis in colorectal cancer survivors. To our knowledge, in the literature, our study is the first to evaluateall the risk factors of osteopenia and osteoporosis in colorectal cancer survivors.

Prevalence of Osteopenia/Osteoporosis and Related Risk Factors of Men Aged 50 Years and Older: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010~2011 Data (우리나라 50세 이상 남성의 골감소증·골다공증 유병률과 관련 요인: 2010~2011 국민건강영양조사 자료)

  • Lee, Hye-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.106-117
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    • 2016
  • Osteoporosis is a major health problem that can lead to mortality. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis separately and to assess the risk factors associated with osteopenia/osteoporosis in Korean men aged 50 years and over. A total of 1,136 subjects were analyzed among the participants of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010~2011 by using SPSS statistics complex samples (windows ver. 23.0). The prevalence rates of osteopenia and osteoporosis were 46.3% and 7.3%, respectively, and the mean ages of both osteopenia and osteoporosis risk groups were significantly higher than that of the normal group. The mean values for lifetime tallest height and bone mineral density in whole body, total femur, femoral neck, and lumbar spine were significantly lower in the risk group(osteopenia/osteoporosis) than in the normal group, whereas the mean values for height, body weight, BMI, waist circumference, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglycerides of the two groups showed no significant differences. The intakes of energy and carbohydrates were significantly higher in the risk group than in the normal group. The results of multiple logistic regression showed that being underweight and having hypercholesterolemia were significantly related with the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis, whereas health habits such as smoking and exercise, chronic diseases such as obesity and hypertension, and nutrient intakes were not. These findings suggest the need for further studies to examine osteopenia/osteoporosis risk factors and outcomes specificly focused on Korean men.

Korean Medicine Treatments for the Angular Deformity of Wrist Fracture with Disuse Osteopenia: A Case Report (불용성 골감소증을 동반한 손목골절환자의 각변형에 대한 증례 보고)

  • Oh, Myung Jin
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.234-238
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : This report details on a single case of Korean Medical treatments for the angular deformity of wrist fracture with disuse osteopenia. Methods : A 74-year-old lady with angular deformity of wrist fracture with disuse osteopenia was treated by Korean Medical therapies including manual acupuncture with electroacupuncture, pharmacopuncture, and chuna, twice daily for 41 days. Visual analogue scale for pain and range of motion were evaluated. Results : 1. Wrist pain decreased by Korean medical treatments over 41 days. 2. As a result of evaluation by visual analogue scale, the score marked from 6 to 3. 3. ROM of wrist joint increased from $0^{\circ}$ to $10^{\circ}$. Conclusions : Korean medical treatments helped symptom improvement in a patient with angular deformity of wrist fracture with disuse osteopenia.

Frequently Consumed Dishes and Development of Recipes to Improve Bone Mineral densities in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients with Osteopenia (골감소증을 동반한 지속성 복막투석환자의 다빈도섭취 음식조사 및 골밀도 개선을 위한 레시피 개발)

  • Park, Jin-Gyeong;Son, Suk-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.411-431
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the frequently consumed dish consumption frequencies of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) patients with osteopenia and develop recipes to improve bone mineral density of CAPD. The subjects were 96 CAPD patients with osteopenia(male 39, female 57) (osteopenia group) and 45 CAPD patients with normal BMD(male 24, female 21), matched with key variables(normal group). Fifty dishes(foods) that most frequently consumed were determined and food consumption frequency for each dish(food) for two groups were compared. Osteopenia group showed lower consumption frequency for ice-cream but higher frequency in apple. Of the 50 most frequently consumed dishes(foods), 20 dishes assessed as safe and recommendable for CAPD patients with osteopenia based on the contents of protein and mineral were selected : white boiled rice, white gruel, beef soup, steamed cabbage, roasted dried laver, fried egg, roasted bean-curd, cooked and seasoned bean sprouts, corn-starch jelly, cheese, ice-cream, orange juice, apple, grape, peach, peanut, raw lettuce, raw cucumber, and injulmi rice cake. wenty eight new dishes with modified recipes were developed for CAPD patients. Protein and mineral contents were analyzed for frequently consumed 17 dishes, assessed as modification of recipes are needed. The recipes were modified to decrease P, Na and K contents and to increase protein and Ca contents. Twenty dishes(foods) selected as having reasonable protein and mineral contents ratio or 28 newly developed dishes modified with protein and mineral contents or ratio would be helpful for nutrition education or counseling for CAPD patients with osteopenia. Dishes(foods) suggested in this study would also be useful for all CAPD patients for preventing osteoporosis.

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Usefulness of Manual Analysis of Bone Mineral Density Using Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (이중에너지엑스선흡수기(Dual energy X-ray Absorptiometry: DXA)를 이용한 골밀도검사 결과분석에서 수동분석법의 유용성 평가)

  • Kim, Eun Hye;Kwak, Jong Gil;Kim, Ho Sung
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2018
  • The results of bone mineral density analysis using DXA were compared between automatic and manual methods. The purpose of this paper is to verify the range of errors of each analysis method in the same patient and select a proper method to minimize errors. Comparisons between automatic and manual analysis methods were made using BMD, BMC and AREA. Basal and follow up examinations were performed with the patients of normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis. In the basal examinations, the precision errors between automatic and manual method showed 1.9% in normal, 3.1% in osteopenia and 3.8% in osteoporosis. In case of follow up studies, the precision errors between automatic and manual method showed 2.3% in normal, 3.2% in osteopenia and 3.5% in osteoporosis. BMC and AREA also showed a tendency to increase precision errors on osteopenia and osteoporosis. Therefore, a manual method would be a better option to minimize errors in patients with osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Difference of Bone Density and Risk Factors Related to Osteopenia of Young Women in Their Twenties (20대 여성의 골밀도와 골감소증의 위험요인 비교)

  • Byeon, Young Soon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.790-797
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate bone density and risk factors related to osteopenia to unmarried young adult women. Methods: The subjects consisted of 125 female college students. SPSS 12.0 program was used for the data analysis with t-test, ${\chi}^2-test$. The BMD of the calcaneus and body mass index (BMI) were measured with peripheral dual energy X-ray absorptionmetry. Other physical characteristics were measured with a scale and questionnaires. Results: The general characteristics of these people showed that the average age was 22.1 years old and that the average BMI was 20.8. The mean of BMD was normal, but 24.8% were osteopenia, 75.2% were normal. In the normal and osteopenia groups, there were significant differences in the status of the BMD according to age, height, weight, BMI, regular exercise, house chores, and the experiences of being on a diet. Conclusion: Women in their twenties had some osteoporosis risk, but they can change their BMD by doing regular exercise and by eating food to peak bone mass. For building peak bone mass, they need take exercise programs and education programs to prevent osteoporosis and follow-up care.

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