• Title, Summary, Keyword: osteoarthritis

Search Result 863, Processing Time 0.067 seconds

A Study on Nutrition and Health Evaluation of Osteoarthritis Elderly in Community (지역사회 골관절염 노인의 영양위험도 및 건강상태 평가)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.186-194
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to evaluate the nutritional risk and health status of osteoarthritis elderly comparing with that of non-osteoarthritis elderly in urban areas. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted. The subjects were 132 osteoarthritis elderly, 154 non-osteoarthritis elderly. Data were collected by using a questionnaire including Nutritional Screening Initiatives, blood test and measurement of weight & height. Collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and $x^2-test$ by using SPSS 12.0. Results: The percentage of high nutritional risk among osteoarthritis elderly were higher than those among non-osteoarthritis elderly(p<0.01). When comparing the main nutritional risk factors such as 'I eat alone most of the time', 'I don't always have enough money to buy', 'I have tooth or mouth Problems that make it hard for me to eat' between osteoarthritis elderly and non-osteoarthritis elderly, significantly differences were found(p<0.05). There were no statistically significant difference in ADL, BMI, Lymphocyte, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, Albumin and total-Cholesterol between osteoarthritis elderly and non-osteoarthritis elderly. Conclusion: On the basis of this study, it is necessary to figure out the main factors of nutritional risk in arthritis elderly through the cohort study for effective prevention & control in nutritional risk.

  • PDF

A Study on Osteoarthritis of the Knee (슬관절(膝關節)의 퇴행성 관절염에 대한 고찰)

  • Jang Jun-Huk;Kim Kyeng-Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.493-509
    • /
    • 1998
  • Osteoarthritis(degenerative joint disease), the most common arthropathy affecting the aged people, is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage with proliferation and remodeling of subchondral bone. Osteoarthritis of the knee, which probably has greater social cost and more associated disability than osteoarthritis of any other joint, prevalence is known to increase with age, and females have higher rates than males; radiographic abnormalities are present in more than 30% of persons more than 65 years old, with approximately 40% of these persons symptomatic. Though the etiology of osteoarthritis is not entirely understood, much information is available regarding risk factors for the development of knee osteoarthritis that permit some reasonable guideline for preventive strategies. Traumatic damage or occupational or recreational overuse of knee joint may result in osteoarthritis, and obesity also is related to osteoarthritis of the knee. A variety of other possible risk factors for the development of knee osteoarthritis have been proposed, including increased bone mass, smoking, diseases such as diabetes or elevated serum uric acid, and some metabolic factors, but the contribustions of these and other factors such as smoking or race and diseases such as diabetes are as yet undetermined. The usual clinical manifestations include pain, stiffnesss, crepitus and loss of function. In oriental medicine, osteoarthritis of the knee is very similar to diseases such as Bijung(痺症), Haksulpung(鶴膝風), Youkjeolpung(歷節風) in symptoms. The diseases such as Bijung(痺症), Haksuipung(鶴膝風), Youkjeolpung(歷節風) is related to the of function liver(肝) and kidney(腎) and risk factors are regarded as Pung(風), Han(寒), sub(濕). The diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee has often been based on radiographic appearance and clinical manifestations. The acupuncture therapy of osteoarthritis of the knee has often been based on Stomach meridian(ST), Spleen meridian(SP), Kidney meridian(KI), Liver meridian(LR).

  • PDF

Influencing Factors on Osteoarthritis in Korean (한국인의 골관절염 위험요인 분석)

  • Kim, Sook-Young;Jeon, Eun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-117
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on osteoarthritis in Korean. Method: Data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANESIV-3, 2009) were obtained, and 1,116 subjects who responded certainly yes or no to the question for osteoarthritis were selected. Data were analyzed ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, and binary logistic regression using the SPSS V18.0. Results: Significant differences in gender, age, menopause, weight, BMI, frequency of walk, days of flexibility exercise, days of strength training, and limitation of activity were found between subjects with osteoarthritis and non-osteoarthritis. Age and BMI were found to be risk factors for osteoarthritis in Korean. Conclusion: This study suggested that nursing intervention should include weight control program for the obesity patient in order to reduce the prevalence of osteoarthritis.

The Influence of Clinical Symptoms and Self-Efficacy on Function in Women With Osteoarthritis (골관절염 여성의 임상적 특성 및 자기효능감이 기능수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Kyong-Ah;Lee, Wan-Hee
    • Physical Therapy Korea
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.55-63
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was designed to examine the relationship between clinical symptoms, self-efficacy, and performance of women with osteoarthritis. It is a survey study of 60 women who were diagnosed as osteoarthritis and given medical treatments from September, 2005 to October, 2005 in hospital 'H' located in Yongin-si. For clinical symptoms, radiographs of the subjects' knees were taken and evaluated the pathology grade by the Kellgren-Lawrence grade. Pain and stiffness was measured by the measure of WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index), and functional reach test was measured in order to examine balancing abilities. Self-efficacy was measured by a tool which has revised the ASES (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale), and performance was measured by recording the difficulty of the WOMAC measurements themselves, and the time taken for 20 m walking, going up and down 9 stairs, and 5 sit-down and stand-up repetitions. The resulting differences in the other variables according to performance and the relationship between performance with variables are the following. First, an increase in pain in women with osteoarthritis led to decreased functional ability. Second, an increase in stiffness in women with osteoarthritis led to a decrease in functional ability. Third, a decrease in balance in women with osteoarthritis led to a decrease in functional ability. Fourth, a decrease in self-efficacy in women with osteoarthritis led to a decrease in functional ability. Fifth, the variables for estimating the performance by self-report were pain and self-efficacy. The variables for estimating the performance by recording the time taken was balance and self-efficacy. As a result factors such as pain, balance and self-efficacy in women with osteoarthritis were closely related to performance. Based on the results, it seems that physical therapy programs to decrease pain and to increase the balance in women with osteoarthritis, and psychological approaches to increasing self-efficacy are needed. I hope that the results of this study will be useful data for clinical management and intervention for women with osteoarthritis.

  • PDF

Natural Products as Sources of Novel Drug Candidates for the Pharmacological Management of Osteoarthritis: A Narrative Review

  • Kang, Young-Hoon;Lee, Hyun Jae;Lee, Choong Jae;Park, Jin-Sung
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.503-513
    • /
    • 2019
  • Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative articular disorder. Formation of bone spurs, synovial inflammation, loss of cartilage, and underlying bone restructuring have been reported to be the main pathologic characteristics of osteoarthritis symptoms. The onset and progression of osteoarthritis are attributed to various inflammatory cytokines in joint tissues and fluids that are produced by chondrocytes and/or interact with chondrocytes, as well as to low-grade inflammation in intra-articular tissues. Disruption of the equilibrium between the synthesis and degradation of the cartilage of the joint is the major cause of osteoarthritis. Hence, developing a promising pharmacological tool to restore the equilibrium between the synthesis and degradation of osteoarthritic joint cartilage can be a useful strategy for effectively managing osteoarthritis. In this review, we provide an overview of the research results pertaining to the search for a novel candidate agent for osteoarthritis management via restoration of the equilibrium between cartilage synthesis and degradation. We especially focused on investigations of medicinal plants and natural products derived from them to shed light on the potential pharmacotherapy of osteoarthritis.

Prevalence of Osteoarthritis and Related Risk Factors in the Elderly: Data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V), 2010~2012 (우리나라 65세 이상 노인의 골관절염 유병률과 관련요인: 제5기 국민건강영양조사자료 분석, 2010~2012)

  • Lee, Hye-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.99-109
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of osteoarthritis as well as assess the risk factors associated with osteoarthritis in Koreans over 65 years using data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V), 2010~2012. Of the participants from KNHANES V, a total of 3,479 subjects were analyzed using SPSS statistics complex samples (Windows ver. 21.0). Osteoarthritis was more frequently found in female (32.5%) or rural (26.8%) groups than male (9.3%) or urban (20.3%) groups. Mean age of the osteoarthritis group was significantly higher than that of the normal group. Mean values of BMI and waist circumference were significantly higher in the osteoarthritis group than in the normal group, whereas height, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels were not. Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) was significantly higher in the normal group than in the osteoarthritis group. The results of multiple logistic regression showed that obesity and vitamin A/riboflavin intakes were significantly related to the prevalence of osteoarthritis, whereas smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, anemia, and diabetes were not. This study suggests that obesity and nutrient intakes were associated with osteoarthritis, whereas chronic diseases such as hyper-lipidemia, anemia, and diabetes as well as health habits were not. Prospective research of long-term control is needed to establish the effects of those factors on the osteoarthritis.

Prevalence and Related Factors of Knee Osteoarthritis in Rural Woman (농촌지역 여성들의 무릎 골관절염 유병률 및 관련요인)

  • Kang, Pock-Soo;Kim, Seok-Beom;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Yun, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.331-336
    • /
    • 2001
  • Objectives : To assess the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis through proper diagnosis in a rural community and to elucidate the relevant factors of this health problem in order to develop educational methods for the prevention of female knee osteoarthritis as well to provide basic data for prospective research. Methods : Over a period of three months starting from August, 2000, 432 women over the age of 40 and living in a rural area were selected by a multistage cluster sampling method in order to investigate the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and the related factors. The study utilized interviews and radiological examination. The criteria of knee osteoarthritis used was the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for osteoarthritis of the knee(1995). Results : The adjusted prevalence of knee osteoarthritis among the subjects was 55.0%, and multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the odds ratio(OR) of knee osteoarthritis among subjects 50-59 years of age and subjects older than 60 years of age as compared to subjects 40-49 years of age were 2.43(95% CI: 1.30-4.70) and 4.40(95% CI: 2.47-7.83), respectively. The OR of knee osteoarthritis among factory workers or farmers as compared to others was 1.79(95% CI: 1.03-3.12). The OR of knee osteoarthritis among subjects who had a family history and subjects who had knee injury or surgical history against those subjects had neither were 2.56(95% CI: 1.42-4.03) and 4.70(95% CI:1.45-15.19), respectively. The OR of knee osteoarthritis among smokers against non smokers was 0.47(95% CI: 0.22-0.97). Conclusions : Related factors of knee osteoarthritis included age, occupation, family history, smoking, knee injury and history of surgery In order to prevent knee osteoarthritis in high risked rural woman, education concerning self-care methods and safety guideline must be provided at the work place by the public and private health sectors. Additionally, these women should be continually encouraged to exercise, including jogging and swimming regularly.

  • PDF

Comparison of Prevalence for Osteoarthritis and Its Risk Factors between Age 60-74 and 75 and Over (한국 전기노인과 후기노인의 골관절염 위험요인 비교)

  • Kim, Hye-Ryoung
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.219-229
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of osteoarthritis and its risk factors among a community dwelling population age 60-74 and 75 and over (young-old vs. old-old) in Korea. Methods: A total of 1,389 of age 60-74 and 397 of age 75 and over from the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were selected. The data analysis was performed using the complex sampling function of SPSS version 19.0. Results: The prevalence of osteoarthritis was greater for old-old people (35.50%) compared to young-old people (18.20%). Univariate logistic regression analysis shows that the difference of risk factors for osteoarthritis between young-old and old-old elderly people. The prevalence of osteoarthritis in young-old people was associated with lower education levels; performance of moderate intensity physical activity; higher waist circumference, whereas old-old people was most affected in females; depression and experience. Conclusion: The finding of differences in the prevalence of osteoarthritis and its' risk factors between young-old and old-old people is expected to promote the screening strategy for the aged at risk of osteoarthritis in the Korean community.

Factors Influencing Utilization of Medical Care Among Osteoarthritis Patients in Korea: Using 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (우리나라 골관절염 환자의 의료이용과 관련된 요인: 2005년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Park, Jong-Ku;Koh, Sang-Baek;Kim, Chun-Bae
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.43 no.6
    • /
    • pp.513-522
    • /
    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to define the association between the medical utilization of osteoarthritis patient and its related factors. Methods: We used the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey data and we enrolled 2833 participants who were forty or older and who were diagnosed as having osteoarthritis by a doctor within 1 year and who had suffered from osteoarthritis for more than 3 months. The Andersen behavioral model was used as the analytic framework, and the variables were categorized into predisposing, enabling, and need factors. To determine the influence of each variable on the medical utilization of osteoarthritis patient, we applied hierarchical logistic regression analysis with two stages: the first stage included the predisposing and enabling factors and the second stage included the need factors. Results: On the hierarchical logistic analysis, the variables of personal income, the type of medical security, the duration of arthritis related symptoms within 1 month, the subjective health status and the duration of osteoarthritis showed a statistically significant association with medical utilization in men. And the variables of age, limitation activity due to osteoarthritis, arthritis related symptoms within 1 month, and the subjective health status had a statistically significant association with medical utilization in women. Conclusions: The patients who tend to receive less care are those who suffer less from symptoms of osteoarthritis, those who are within the initial phase, or those with a low-level severity of osteoarthritis. It is necessary to encourage patients to receive the treatment in the initial phase.

Health behaviors of the elderly with osteoarthritis across gender groups (남성노인과 여성노인의 골관절염 관련 건강행태 비교)

  • Jeon, Eunyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1453-1463
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to identify health behaviors of elderly with osteoarthritis across gender groups. Total of 1,654 age 65 over from the fifth Korean National health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were selected. The data analysis was performed using the complex sampling function of SPSS version 20. Logistic regression analysis shows the difference of risk factors of osteoarthritis between men and women elderly people. Prevalence of osteoarthritis in men elderly was associated with drinking, education for osteoarthritis, and treatment of osteoarthritis whereas the factors in woman elderly were depression and muscle strengthen exercise. Most of the subjects had not the opportunity of education of the management of the osteoarthritis. These findings from the study are expected to promote the screening strategy for the aged at risk of osteoarthritis in the Korean community and enhance the effect of the nursing intervention for the elderly with osteoarthritis.