• Title, Summary, Keyword: organizational commitment

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The Effect of Hierarchy Culture on Clan Leadership and Organizational Commitment of Export-Driven SMEs

  • KIM, Hyuk Young
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study examines the mediating effect of clan leadership in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. Most previous research focused on the relationship between organizational culture and organizational performance or organizational culture and job satisfaction. There are few empirical studies that focus on organizational commitment data because it is difficult to collect in many cases of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises. However, this research measures affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment differently than previous research, which is mostly focused on the hierarchy culture, clan leadership, and organizational commitment measurements. Research design, data, methodology: Conceptual research model is based on the studies of Cameron and Quinn (2011), and Gungor and Sahin (2018). The model is designed with three constructs such as hierarchy culture, organizational commitment, and clan leadership. The monitor culture and coordinator culture are as proxy for the hierarchy culture. The affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment are as proxy for the organizational commitment. And also the facilitator leadership and mentor leadership are as proxy for the clan leadership. Based on three hundred cases such as export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), this study verify the hypothesis. Hypothesis was analyzed with the structural equation modeling. Results: In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), clan leadership acts as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) with high organizational commitment, clan leadership acts as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. In case of export-driven small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) with low organizational commitment, clan leadership did not act as a mediator in the relationship between hierarchy culture and organizational commitment. Conclusions: By controlling for the mediating effect of clan culture, this study have improved the academic contributions as well as policy and practical implications through empirical study of clan leadership that affect organizational commitment in the fields of hierarchy culture. In addition, this study means that the mediating effects on the variables of clan leadership were examined.

Effect of Dietitian's Perceived Organizational Culture on Organizational Commitment at Hospital Foodservices (종합병원 영양사의 조직문화 인식이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Moon-Jung;Kim, Choon Young;Ryu, Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.431-452
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect dietitians' perceived organizational culture has on organizational commitment at hospital foodservices. A total of 382 dietitians working at general hospitals with 500 beds or more participated in the survey from January 16 to February 8, 2017. The result of perceived organizational culture showed hierarchical culture, rational culture, development culture, and group culture scored to be 5.29, 5.25, 5.15, and 4.97 out of 7, respectively. Differences in the perception of organizational culture and organizational commitment were observed according to the general demographics of subjects, but no significant differences were shown according to the general characteristics of hospitals. For organizational commitment perception, affective commitment (5.14), normative commitment (4.41), and continuance commitment (4.21) were identified. There were differences according to age, work experience at the present job, position, and education level by type of organizational culture. In terms of organizational commitment, there were significant differences in age, work experience at the present job, employment status, and possession of clinical dietitian certificate, position by type of commitment. A positive correlation between dietitians' perceived organizational culture and organizational commitment such as overall organizational commitment, affective commitment, and normative commitment was observed (P<0.01). Group culture, development culture, and hierarchical culture positively affected overall organizational commitment (P<0.001). Development culture, group culture, and hierarchical culture had positive effects on affective commitment, whereas rational culture had a negative influence. Development culture (P<0.05), group culture (P<0.001), and hierarchical culture (P<0.01) positively influenced normative commitment. Results suggest that it is necessary to develop plans for the improvement of rational culture, group culture, and development culture at hospital foodservice organizations.

The Effects of Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Commitment and Career Commitment of Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 조직후원인식이 조직몰입과 경력몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.458-466
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of perceived organizational support on organizational commitment and career commitment of nurses. Method: The subjects of this study were 336 nurses who were working in the 6 hospitals. The data were collected by structured questionnaire from Oct. 9 to Nov. 7 of 2006. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. Results: The mean score of POS was 2.87, organizational commitment was 3.30 and career commitment was 3.08. The POS was positively correlated with organizational commitment and career commitment. The POS and marital status explained 21.3% of the variance for affective commitment, 12.1% of the variance of continuous commitment. The POS and career explained 14.8% of the variance for career commitment. Conclusion: The findings showed that POS was important factor for enhancing organizational commitment and career commitment of clinical nurses. Therefore, the nurse manager must establish the strategies to improve the POS of the nurses in order to promote the organizational commitment and career commitment.

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Effects of Nurses' Self-leadership and Team Trust on Organizational Commitment (병원간호사의 셀프리더십과 팀 신뢰성이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Se Young;Kim, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Byungsoo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.353-361
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between self-leadership, team trust, organizational commitment and identify the influencing factors on organizational commitment. Methods: The subjects in the study were 296 conveniently selected general nurses at 2 general hospitals in Chungbuk Province. The measurements included the self-leadership, organizational trust inventory (OTI), and organizational commitment. Results: The mean score for self-leadership was 3.40, the mean score for OTI was 3.61, and the mean score for organizational commitment was 3.07. There were significant correlations among self-leadership, team trust and organizational commitment. Self-leadership had significant correlation with team trust (r=.25, p<.001). Also, self-leadership (r=.34, p<.001) and team trust (r=.31, p<.001) showed significant correlation with organizational commitment. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, age, self-leadership and team trust were included in the factors affecting organizational commitment of clinical nurses. These variables explained 20% of organizational commitment. Conclusion: The results confirmed that nurses' self-leadership and team trust affects significant influences on organizational commitment. Accordingly, in order to enhance nurses' organizational commitment, it is necessary to build effective strategies to enhance self-leadership and team trust for nurses. Such strategies will be able to improve the goal achievement of nursing unit.

공정성 지각이 레스토랑종업원의 조직몰입, 조직시민행동간의 영향관계

  • 안형기
    • Proceedings of the Korea Hospitality Industry Research Society Conference
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    • pp.31-46
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    • 2002
  • To investigate effect of organization justice on organizational commitment, I surveyed the concept of organization justice, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior and then I reviewed what formative factors of organization justice increased organizational commitment or what formative factors of organization justice and organizational commitment increased organizational citizenship behavior. The result of this study proved that organization justice and organizational commitment influenced organizational citizenship behavior a lot and the purpose of this study was carried out like following; The formative factors of organization justice, that is, procedure fairness and distribution fairness come out by theoretical study influenced organization commitment and the formative factors of organization commitment, commitment about company and turnover influenced organizational citizenship behavior. In addition, the hypothesis that the higher the organization justice is, the higher the organizational commitment was positive. Therefore, in position control of restaurant employees, giving employees the motive of organization commitment as procedure fairness and distribution fairness control strictly enable employees to have citizenship about organization and enable employers to control employees effectively.

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공정성 지각이 레스토랑종업원의 조직몰입, 조직시민행동간의 영향관계

  • 안형기
    • Journal of Applied Tourism Food and Beverage Management and Research
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.71-89
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    • 2002
  • To investigate effect of organization justice on organizational commitment, I surveyed the concept of organization justice, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior and then I reviewed what formative factors of organization justice increased organizational commitment or what formative factors of organization justice and organizational commitment increased organizational citizenship behavior. The result of this study proved that organization justice and organizational commitment influenced organizational citizenship behavior a lot and the purpose of this study was carried out like following ; The formative factors of organization justice, that is, procedure fairness and distribution fairness come out by theoretical study influenced organization commitment and the formative factors of organization commitment, commitment about company and turnover influenced organizational citizenship behavior. In addition, the hypothesis that the higher the organization justice is, the higher the organizational commitment was positive. Therefore, in position control of restaurant employees, giving employees the motive of organization commitment as procedure fairness and distribution fairness control strictly enable employees to have citizenship about organization and enable employers to control employees effectively.

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Relationship between Perception for Appraisal of Perioperative Nurses and Performance and Organizational Commitment (수술실 간호사의 성과 평가에 대한 인식이 조직몰입 및 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kyoung-Hee;Park, Sung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was an analysis of the relationship between perception for appraisal of staff nurses in operating rooms and performance and organizational commitment. Method: The survey was conducted with 176 staff nurses in operating rooms in 2 hospitals in Seoul. Data were analyzed using frequency, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression. Result: 1. Perception for appraisal including accuracy and justice was significantly related to organizational commitment (r=.496, P=.000). Perception for appraisal including accuracy and justice was slightly related to performance (r=.220, P=.003). 2. In order to determine the percentage of the variance of performance and organizational commitment that could be predicted by perception for appraisal, perception for appraisal was entered in the regression equation. Accuracy accounted for 25% of the variance in the organizational commitment. To determine the percentage of the variance of performance that could be predicted by perception for appraisal and organizational commitment, the perception for appraisal and organizational commitment were entered in the regression equation. Organizational commitment accounted for 21% of the variance in the performance. Consequently accuracy predicted organizational commitment. Organizational commitment predicted performance. Conclusions: Findings indicate the need to increase accuracy of performance appraisal to promote organizational commitment and performance in perioperative nurses.

Effects of Nurse's Organizational Conflict on Organizational Commitment and Labor Union Commitment in University Hospitals (대학병원 간호사의 조직갈등이 조직몰입과 노조몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Soon;Kim, Hye Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.374-382
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the effects of university hospital nurses' organizational conflict between organizational commitment and labor union commitment, so as to provide data on prevention of conflict with the hospital and to improve work achievement with commitment of two different groups: hospital and labor union commitment. Methods: Data collection was conducted from May 15 to 31, 2011 for nurses registered in the labor union of a university hospital. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test and multiple regression. Results: Organizational commitment of the nurses showed significant differences according to age, position and work experience, and degree of labor union commitment according to academic achievement. The factors affecting labor union commitment were organizational conflict and recognition of need for labor union, which accounted for 19% of the variance. Factors affecting organizational commitment were organizational conflict, recognition of need for labor union, participation in organizational events, and renewal of membership in the union, which accounted for 33% of the variance. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is a need to improve work achievement by minimizing conflict and preventing labor disputes for better organizational commitment and labor union commitment of nurses.

The Effects of Police Organizational Culture & Organizational Commitment on Social Loafing (경찰공무원의 조직문화인식과 조직몰입이 사회적 태만에 미치는 영향)

  • Joo, Jae-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.438-444
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    • 2016
  • Previous findings on Social Loafing indicated that Social Loafing explained the organizational commitment, that the lower level of Social Loafing they had, the higher performance they would have, and that it is a useful index for effectiveness of the organization. This study explored the Police Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment on Social Loafing. The Police officers' Police Officer's Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment and Social Loafing has been measured, and then how Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment affects Police Officer's Social Loafing has been examined. The study results may be used as a theoretical basis to assert the need of Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment to decrease the Police Officer's Social Loafing. Independent variable is Police Officer's Social Loafing and Dependent variable is comprises 2 categories; Police Organizational culture(The group culture, The hierarchical culture, The developmental culture, The rational culture), & the Organizational Commitment(Affective Commitment, Continuance Commitment, Normative Commitment). The result of analysis showed that The group culture & Normative Commitment influenced in Social Loafing(positive), and The Rational culture, Affective Commitment, & Continuance Commitment in Social Loafing(negative).

The Influence of Organizational Justice on Job Involvement and Organizational Commitment Perceived by Nurses (간호사가 지각한 조직공정성이 직무몰입과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Bae;Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of organizational justice(distributive justice and procedural justice) on job involvement and organizational commitment in nurses. Method: The subjects were 336 nurses who were working at the 7 hospitals with over 500 beds. The data were collected using structured questionnaire from Mar. 15 to April 16 of 2004. For data analysis, the SPSS/PC program was used. Results: The mean score of distributive justice was 2.77, procedural justice was 2.74, job involvement was 3.26, and organizational commitment was 3.30. The distributive justice were positively correlated with job involvement (r=.188, p<.01) and organizational commitment(r=.264, p<.01), the procedural justice were positively correlated with job involvement(r=.231, p<.01) and organizational commitment(r=.296, p<.01) in nurses. The organizational justice explained 37.5% of the job involvement and 40.4% of the organizational commitment. The procedural justice was shown to expert even more significant effect on both job involvement(${\beta}=.188$, p=.003) and organizational commitment(${\beta}=.219$, p=.001) rather than distributive justice. Conclusion: The procedural justice was ascertained to influence on job involvement and organizational commitment rather than distributive justice in nurses. Therefore, the nursing manager must develop to promote the procedural justice perception of the nurses in order to enhance the job involvement and organizational commitment.

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