• Title, Summary, Keyword: oral cancer

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Promoting Oral Cancer Awareness and Early Detection using a Mass Media Approach

  • Saleh, Amyza;Yang, Yi-Hsin;Ghani, Wan Maria Nabillah Wan Abd;Abdullah, Norlida;Doss, Jennifer Geraldine;Navonil, Roy;Rahman, Zainal Ariff Abdul;Ismail, Siti Mazlipah;Talib, Norain Abu;Zain, Rosnah Binti;Cheong, Sok Ching
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1217-1224
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    • 2012
  • Background and Aim: Less than 50% of oral cancer cases are diagnosed at early stages of the disease and this is in part due to poor awareness and lack of knowledge on the signs and symptoms of oral cancer. This study sought to measure the baseline awareness of oral cancer in Malaysia and aimed to increase public awareness and knowledge of oral cancer using a mass media campaign. Methods: Baseline awareness and impact of the campaign was measured using self-administered questionnaires sent via email to individuals. The campaign was aired on two national television channels and the reach was monitored through an independent programme monitoring system. Results: 78.2% of respondents had heard of oral cancer, and this increased significantly after the campaign. However, the ability to recognize signs and symptoms remains unchanged. We found that the level of awareness differed between the distinct ethnic subgroups and the reach of the campaign was not uniform across all ethnicities. Conclusion: This substantial study to measure the oral cancer awareness in Malaysia provides important baseline data for the planning of public health policies. Despite encouraging evidence that a mass media campaign could increase the awareness of oral cancer, further research is required to address the acceptability, comprehensiveness and effectiveness. Furthermore, different campaign approaches may be required for specific ethnic groups in a multi-ethnic country such as Malaysia.

Clinical Diagnosis of Oral Cancer (구강암의 임상적 진단)

  • Choi, Sung Weon
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.136-145
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    • 2011
  • Oral cavity cancer accounts for approximately 3-4% of all malignancies and is a significant worldwide health problem. The Korea Central Cancer Registry estimates that there will be approximately 1500 new cases of oral cancer in Korea. Oral cancer occurs most commonly in middle-aged and elderly individuals. The majority of oral malignancies occur as squamous cell carcinomas and despite remarkable advances in treatment modalities, the 5-year survival rate has not significantly improved over the past several decades, hovering at about 50% to 60%. The unfavorable 5-year survival rate may be attributable to several factors. First, oral cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage, with late stage 5-year survival rates as low as 22%. Additionally, the development of secondary primary tumors in patients with early stage disease has a major impact on survival. The early detection of oral cancer and premalignant lesions offers the promise to cure chance of oral cancer. The major diagnostics moddalities for oral cancer include oral cavity examination, supravital staining, oral cytology, and optical detection systems. But the clinical finding of oral mucosa is the most important key to confirm the oral cancer until now. The traditional clinical examination of oral cavity can be performed quickly, is without additional diagnostic expense to patients, and may be performed by health care professionals. Therefore, clinicians must be well-acquainted with clinical characteristics of oral cancer and practice routine screening for oral cancer in dental clinic to decrease the morbidity and mortality of disease.

Oral precancerous lesion and oral cancer prevention (구강 전암병소 및 구강암 예방)

  • Cha, In-Ho
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2011
  • Oral precancerous lesion is a morphologically altered tissue in which oral cancer is more likely to occur than is apparently normal counterpart. As dentists always do oral examination and dental treatment, with fundamental knowledge and attention of this lesion, it is relatively easy to find one. If followed by proper treatment and management, it is possible to minimize its oral cancer progression, or at least delay it. Even if it were to progress to oral cancer, very early detection is possible. However, no specific biomarkers are present at the moment that could reveal oral precnacerous lesion that is high risk of oral cancer progression. Since early detection of oral cancer followed by treatment could show good prognosis with just a simple ablative surgery. Dentists should also instruct people to avoid risk factor related oral cancer progression and take natural compound having anticancer effect. Hereby, As a primary care givers, dentists play an important role in prevention of oral cancer.

Foundation and management of oral cancer research center in korean association of oral and maxillofacial surgeons (대한구강악안면외과학회의 구강암 연구소 설립 및 운용)

  • Kim, Kyung-Wook
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.507-512
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    • 2010
  • Today, one in four Koreans dies of cancer. Cancer is fast becoming one of the most serious diseases faced by not only Koreans, but for human kind, and this trend is forecasted to continue in the future. Korean association of oral and maxillofacial surgeons(KAOMS) have founded oral cancer research center since 1995. Now, KAOMS oral cancer research center is playing essential role as headquaters for conquering oral cancer. KAOMS oral cancer research center currently functions in the following areas: 1. performing basic and clinical research on oral cancer 2. promoting oral cancer prevention act 3. offering education and training about cancer treatment for oral and maxillofacial surgeons

Diagnostic aids for the detection of oral cancer (구강암의 간편 진단 기법)

  • Bang, Kang-Mi;Kim, Soung-Min;Myoung, Hoon;Kim, Myung-Jin;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.146-152
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    • 2011
  • Historically, the screening of patients for signs of oral cancer and precancerous lesions has relied upon the conventional oral examination. A variety of commercial diagnostic aids and adjunctive techniques are developed to potentially assist in the screening of healthy patients for evidence of occult cancerous change. This paper is reviewing the literature associated with current oral cancer screening aids such as spectroscopy, chemoiluminescence, exfoliative cytopathology, vital staining and saliva as a diagnostic tool. Despite the increased public awareness of oral cancer, no technique or technology to date has provided definitive evidence to suggest that it improves the sensitivity or specificity of oral cancer screening beyond clinical oral examination alone.

Dentists' Perception of the Role they Play in Early Detection of Oral Cancer

  • Saleh, Amyza;Kong, Yink Heay;Vengu, Nedunchelian;Badrudeen, Haja;Zain, Rosnah Binti;Cheong, Sok Ching
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.229-237
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    • 2014
  • Background: Dentists are typically the first professionals who are approached to treat ailments within the oral cavity. Therefore they should be well-equipped in detecting suspicious lesions during routine clinical practice. This study determined the levels of knowledge on early signs and risk factors associated with oral cancer and identified which factors influenced dentist participation in prevention and early detection of oral cancer. Materials and Methods: A survey on dentists' knowledge and their practices in prevention and early detection of oral cancer was conducted using a 26-item self-administered questionnaire. Results and Conclusions: A response rate of 41.7% was achieved. The level of knowledge on early signs and risk habits associated with oral cancer was high and the majority reported to have conducted opportunistic screening and advised patients on risk habit cessation. Factors that influenced the dentist in practising prevention and early detection of oral cancer were continuous education on oral cancer, age, nature of practice and recent graduation. Notably, dentists were receptive to further training in the area of oral cancer detection and cessation of risk habits. Taken together, the study demonstrated that the dental clinic is a good avenue to conduct programs on opportunistic screening, and continuous education in these areas is necessary to adequately equip dentists in running these programs. Further, this study also highlighted knowledge deficits and practice shortcomings which will help in planning and developing programs that further encourage better participation of dentists in prevention and early detection of oral cancer.

Gene Therapy for Oral Cancer

  • Chung, In-Jae
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2007
  • New treatment approaches are needed to improve the effectiveness of oral cancer treatment, since surgical resection of the tumor in oral region causes various oral dysfunctions. The molecular biology of oral cancer has been progressively delineated. Concurrently, gene therapy techniques have been developed that allow targeting or replacement of dysfunctional genes in cancer cells, offering the potential to treat a wide range of cancer. Oral carcinoma is attractive target for gene therapy because of its accessibility. In this article, we review the current status of gene therapy as applied to oral carcinoma.

Dilemmas of Oral Cancer Screening: An Update

  • Kujan, Omar;Sloan, Philip
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3369-3373
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    • 2013
  • Oral cancer is a global health burden with high mortality and morbidity. Advances in treatment have failed to improve the relatively poor survival rate due to late-stage diagnosis. Early detection and screening have been shown to be effective in reducing mortality and morbidity of most common cancers. Several studies have evaluated the effectiveness of oral cancer screening programs but clear results were not obtained. This narrative commentary aimed to give a critical insight into the dilemma of oral cancer screening and to suggest recommendations for future trends. Conventional oral examination still constitutes the gold standard screening tool for potentially malignant oral lesions and cancer. Interestingly, the findings of the most lasting (15-year) randomized controlled trial on oral cancer screening using visual examination (Kerala) supported the introduction of a screening program in high-risk individuals. Several screening adjuncts exist but are still not at the introduction stage. Further research to find an appropriate adjunct reliable tool for oral cancer screening is needed. In conclusion, oral cancer fulfills most of the essential principles of cancer screening but still many points need to be clarified. Therefore, there is a striking need to establish a global consortium on oral cancer screening that will oversee research and provide recommendations for health authorities at regular intervals.

ABO Blood Groups in Oral Cancer: A First Case-Control Study in a Defined Group of Iranian Patients

  • Mortazavi, Hamed;Hajian, Shima;Fadavi, Elnaz;Sabour, Siamak;Baharvand, Maryam;Bakhtiari, Sedigheh
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1415-1418
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    • 2014
  • The ABO blood group has been recently proposed to influence development of oral cancer. The aim ofthis study was to evaluate the association between the type of ABO blood group and oral cancer. In a case-control study, 104 patients with oral cancer were compared with 90 blood donors without cancer as controls. Data regarding the patient demographics, blood groups, Rh status, cancer characteristics and oral habits were also compared between two subgroups of squamous and non-squamous oral cancers. For statistical analysis, Chi-square test, t-student Test and Logistic Regression were used to analyze the relationship between ABO blood groups and oral cancer. The frequency of blood group B was significantly higher in oral cancer patients than controls (32% vs 13%) (p value=0.01), but Rh factor did not show significant difference between cases and controls. According to Logistic Regression, people with blood group B and those older than 50 had 3.5 and 19.4 times elevated risk of developing oral cancer, respectively. The frequency of squamous cell cancer was also significantly higher in men and people older than 50. On the other hand, females, people under 50, and those with blood group B were at 5.6, 2.9 and 4.3 times higher risk of developing non-squamous cell oral cancer,respectively. People with blood group B are at a greater risk of developing oral cancer, and female patients under 50 years of age with blood group B have the highest risk to develop non-squamous cell oral cancer.

Knowledge and Opinions Regarding Oral Cancer among Yemeni Dental Students

  • Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali;Abbas, Alkasem;Tarakji, Bassel;Al-Jamaei, Aisha Saleh;Alaizari, Nader Ahmed;Al-Shamiri, Hashem M
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1765-1770
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    • 2015
  • Background: Oral cancer presents with high mortality rates, and the likelihood of survival is remarkably superior when detected early. Health care providers, particularly dentists, play a critical role in early detection of oral cancers and should be knowledgeable and skillful in oral cancer diagnosis. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the current knowledge of future Yemeni dentists and their opinions on oral cancer. Materials and Methods: A pretested self-administered questionnaire was distributed to fourth and fifth year dental students. Questions relating to knowledge of oral cancer, risk factors, and opinions on oral cancer prevention and practices were posed. Results: The response rate was 80%. The vast majority of students identified smoking and smokeless tobacco as the major risk factors for oral cancer. Most of the students (92.6%) knew that squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form of oral cancer, and 85.3% were aware that tongue and floor of the mouth are the most likely sites. While the majority showed willingness to advise their patients on risk factors, only 40% felt adequately trained to provide such advice. More than 85% of students admitted that they need further information regarding oral cancer. As expected, students of the final year appeared slightly more knowledgeable regarding risk factors and clinical features of the disease. Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest that here is a need to reinforce the undergraduate dental curriculum with regards to oral cancer education, particularly in its prevention and early detection.