• Title, Summary, Keyword: optimism

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The Effects of Mothers' Optimism, Parenting Behaviors and Their Child's Optimism and The Effects on a Child Subjective Well-being (어머니의 낙관성 및 양육행동과 아동의 낙관성이 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Joo, Ji Yeong;Park, Seong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.21-38
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the path model of mothers' optimism, parenting behaviors and a child's optimism and the effects on their child's subjective well-being. The subjects of this study consisted of 331 pairs of mothers and their children from 5th and 6th elementary school students in Seoul. Data were gathered via four questionnaires on mothers' optimism reported by mothers and their parenting behaviors, child optimism, and child subjective well-being as reported by the children. Data were analysed by Structural Equation Model using AMOS 19.0. The results indicated the following, the hypothesized model yielded an acceptable model fit and most of the hypothesized path coefficients were found to be significant. Specifically, mothers' optimism and parenting behaviors influence their children's subjective well-being indirectly through children's optimism. It is concluded that the more optimistic the mothers, the more likely the children themselves will share that optimism and in turn, they will also have higher levels of subjective well-being.

Stress and Well-Being in Mothers of Children with Diabetes Mellitus : The Mediating or Moderating Effect of Optimism (당뇨아동 어머니의 스트레스와 안녕감의 관계에 미치는 낙관성의 매개 및 조절효과)

  • Kim, Dong Won;Ju, Hyeon Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.160-168
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: Optimism is an important psychological variable that functions positively in stress adaptation process. The purpose of this study was to identify either a mediating or moderating effect of optimism in the relationship between stress and well-being among mothers of children with diabetes mellitus. Methods: A sample of 109 mothers of children with diabetes mellitus was recruited in a tertiary hospital in B city and they completed self-reported questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis models were used to test the mediating and moderating effects of optimism in the relationship between stress and well-being. Results: The results of the multiple and hierarchical regression analysis showed that the role of optimism was examined a partial mediator of the relation between stress and well-being, not a moderator. Increased stress was associated with decreasing optimism and well-being, and increased optimism predicted increased well-being among mothers of children with diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Optimism is more likely to play a role as mediator, rather than as a moderator. This finding suggests the importance of optimism in improving the well-being of mothers of children with diabetes mellitus.

Genetic and Environmental Influences on Dispositional Optimism and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescence

  • Yuh, Jong-Il;Neiderhiser, Jenae M.;Reiss, David
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2010
  • This study explored genetic and environmental contributions to optimism, depressive symptoms, and the association between the two using a genetically informative sample from the Nonshared Environment and Adolescent Development project (NEAD: D. Reiss; J. M. Neiderhiser; E. M. Hetherington; & R. Plomin, 2000. At Time 1 of the longitudinal NEAD study, the sample consisted of 720 samesex twins and sibling pairs from two parent families. The study used parent, adolescent, and observer ratings of depressive symptoms as well as adolescent ratings of optimism. The results revealed that genetic influences explained approximately half of the variability in optimism and depressive symptoms. Nonshared environmental influences also substantially contributed to optimism and depressive symptoms. Bivariate genetic analyses (which partitioned the covariance between optimism and depressive symptoms into genetic and environmental components) indicated that genetic influences accounted for a moderate percentage of the association.

The Relationship between Parents' and Adolescents' Optimism : The Mediating Effects of Parents' Achievement Parenting behavior (부모의 낙관성과 청소년의 낙관성 간의 관계에 대한 부모의 성취적 양육행동의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sun Hwa;Kim, Hee Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.51-68
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of achievement parenting behavior on the relationship between parents' and adolescents' optimism. The subjects of the study were 514 adolescents who were selected from the first and second grades of middle schools in Busan as well as their parents. The results indicated that parents' achievement parenting behavior had mediating effects on the relationship between parents' and adolescents' optimism. In boy adolescents, parents' achievement parenting behavior had partially mediating effects on the relationship between parents' and boy adolescents' optimism. In girl adolescents, fathers' achievement behavior had complete mediating effects on the relationship between fathers' and girl adolescents' optimism. Moreover, it was observed that mothers' achievement parenting behavior had partially mediating effects on the relationship between mothers' and girl adolescents' optimism.

A study of optimism level in the sifted (영재들의 낙관성 수준에 관한 연구)

  • 윤현석;김언주
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.77-96
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to inverstigate the optimism level of the gifted; to verify the differences in optimism level according to the types of the gifted; and to compare the optimism level of the gofted with that of mainstream students. 332 high school students participated in this study. They consisted of 45 science of gifted, 50 athletics gifted, 60 music gifted, 60 art gifted, 57 academic gifted, and 60 mainstreams students. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the optimism level of gifted was somewhat pessimistic. Second, the optimism levels of academic gifted and sciencd gifted was higher than that of athletic gifted and artistic gifted. Third, nonsignificant difference was found in the optimism level between gifted students and mainstream students.

The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Optimism on Conflict-Coping Styles (부모-자녀간 의사소통과 남녀 청소년의 낙관성이 갈등대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Haein;Shin, Nana
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.65-82
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The main purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of parent-adolescent communication (through adolescent optimism) on adolescent conflict-coping styles. Methods: A total of 337 high school students participated in this study. They completed questionnaires about communications with their parents and their own optimism and conflict-coping styles. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlations, and SEM. Results: Neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on adolescent conflict-coping styles. However, mother-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on conflict-coping styles, mediated by adolescent optimism. Adolescents who had open communication with mothers displayed higher levels of optimism, which led to more positive conflict-coping styles. In addition, multigroup analyses revealed that there were significant gender differences in direct and indirect effects. For boys, mother-adolescent communication directly influenced adolescent conflict-coping styles; however, father-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent conflict-coping styles. For girls, neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on conflict-coping styles; only optimism had a significant effect on conflict-coping styles. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that communication with mothers and fathers have different effects on adolescents' conflict-coping styles. These findings have implications for future research and practice by emphasizing the importance of parent-adolescent communication and optimism in designing conflict-coping programs for adolescents.

The Relationship between Adult Interpersonal Traumatic Experience and Posttraumatic Growth : The Multiple Mediating Effect of Optimism and Quality of Relationship (성인의 대인외상경험과 외상 후 성장의 관계 : 낙관성과 관계의 질의 다중매개효과)

  • Park, Euna
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.1
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    • pp.263-288
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    • 2015
  • This study is to research the mediating effects of optimism and quality of relationship which interpersonal traumatic experience influences posttraumatic growth. It focuss on verifying the impact of interpersonal traumatic experience to optimism and quality of relationship and the influence of optimism and quality of relationship to posttraumatic growth. And also it is to verify dual mediating effect between optimism and quality of relationship. Data for this study were collected through the use of a survey instrument completed by 405 interpersonal traumatic experience, 30-60 age group. Collected data were analysed by AMOS program, Structure Equation Model(SEM) was implemented to verify the mediating effect between optimism and quality of relationship. Finally, Phantom Variable was utilized for verification of indirect influence of a multi mediating effects. The findings of this study were as follows, First, the result shows that the higher level interpersonal traumatic experience, the higher posttraumatic growth they have. Second, it shows that optimism and quality of relationship have partial mediating effect between interpersonal traumatic experience and posttraumatic growth. Third, it was analyzed that optimism and quality of relationship had double mediating effect. Based on these findings, the research discussion reinforced the importance of intervene with its optimism and quality of relationship in the site of those who experience interpersonal trauma. Theological, political and practical implications of this study are as follows. First, it has a series of significance in terms of that this study confirmed its influence considering the quality of relationship from interpersonal experience among relevant factors of traumatic accident, optimism among individual factors, quality of relationship among environmental factors based on 'the crisis of life and the theory of individual growth'. econd, even though optimism and quality of relationship were proved as major predictors for posttraumatic growth of those who experience interpersonal traumatic, psychological support center for traumatic experience is not operated systematically in Korea. Third, this study implies that it should intervene mainly with its optimism and quality of relationship in the site of those who experience interpersonal trauma such as any abuses including sexual abuse, bullying, and divorce.

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A Study on Promoting Optimism Utilizing a Communication Board Game - With a focus on college students (커뮤니케이션 보드 게임을 활용한 낙관성 증진에 관한 연구 대학생 집단을 중심으로)

  • Gim, Hye-Yeong;Ryu, Seol-Ri;Ryu, Seoung-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2017
  • This study verified the effects of promoting optimism by utilizing communication board games with university students. Since optimism is closely related to grade, self-efficacy, a sense of achievement, the importance of enhancing optimism was emphasized. This study seeks to investigate practical measures that can promote optimism utilizing games in a more casual environment based on the research of Seligman(1990), which claimed that the optimism can be learned regardless of temperaments. In Study1, the level of optimism increased from M=-4.7(t1) to M=12.8 in t2(p<.001). In Study2, a control group(n=22) was added with the experiment group(n=21). The level of optimism increased from M=-2.4(t1) to M=11.5(t2) in the experiment group(p<.001), whereas there was no difference in the control group.

The Relationship among Savoring, Happiness and Optimism of Elementary School Children (초등학생의 향유하기와 행복감 및 낙관성의 관계)

  • Park, Soo-Ryun;Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.465-484
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among savoring, happiness and optimism of elementary school students. This study is also expected to provide basic informations for the promotion of the happiness and optimism of elementary school students. The subjects were 495 fifth and sixth graders from 10 primary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The measurement were the savoring test, the happiness test and the optimism test. The collected data was analyzed using the i-STATistics program(Kim & Baker, 2012). The study results were as followings: First, female students had higher scores than male students in the savoring test, the happiness test and the optimism test. And there were significant gender differences in savoring, happiness and optimism. Second, there was a significantly positive correlation between savoring and happiness(home environment, self-attributes, abilities, and interpersonal relationships) at the level of p<0.001. And the regression analysis result showed that savoring contains explanatory power of 60.70% for happiness. Third, there was a significantly positive correlation between savoring and optimism(expectations for the future) at the level of p<0.001. And the regression analysis result showed that savoring contains explanatory power of 66.51% for optimism. The result of this study shows that savoring has a high correlation to happiness and optimism. Happiness and optimism of children can be enhanced by increasing savoring. Therefore, the development and verification of savoring program for children is required.

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The Mediating Effect of Optimism on the Relationship Between Stress and Happiness at School Perceived by Middle School Students (중학생이 지각한 스트레스와 학교 행복감의 관계에서 낙관성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.413-421
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the mediating effect of optimism on the relationship of middle school students' stress and happiness at school. 264 middle school students in Seoul were surveyed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that: (1) The question means of stress and optimism were in the 'average' and 'slightly high'. The question mean of happiness at school was in the 'not happy' and 'slightly happy'. Females experienced higher level of stress than males. Males showed higher levels of happiness at school and optimism than females. (2) The stress, happiness at school and optimism were correlated. (3) The effect of stress on happiness at school was fully mediated by optimism. This study demonstrated that enhancing optimism is an effective strategy for improving the happiness at school. Finally, the findings were discussed from the convergence perspective.