• Title, Summary, Keyword: oolong tea

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Physiological and Antioxidant Activities of Green, Oolong and Black Tea Extracts (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 생리활성과 항산화 효과)

  • Kang, Kun-Og
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.243-249
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the physiological and antioxidant activities of green, oolong, and black tea extracts. The crude catechin extract yields of green, oolong, and black tea were 4.9%, 3.4%, and 2.5%, respectively. Total phenol contents of green, oolong, and black tea were 40.9%, 43.0%, and 38.5%, respectively. The order of the electron donating abilities of green, oolong and black tea were green tea>oolong tea>black tea extracts. The SOD-like activities of green, oolong and black tea extracts at 5,000 ppm were 21.2%, 17.5% and 13.9%, respectively. The nitrite-scavenging abilities of green, oolong and black tea extracts were higher than that of ascorbic acid (p<0.05). Antioxidant activities in soybean oil substrates at 500 ppm were in the order of green tea>oolong tea>black tea${\geq}$BHT (200 ppm). Therefore these results showed that the physiological and antioxidant activities of green tea were better than those of oolong and black tea.

Effect of Oolong Tea Extracts on Plasma Glucose Level and Antioxidant System in Diabetic Rats

  • Quan, Zhe-Jiu;Seo, Jung-Sook
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2006
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of oolong tea extract on blood glucose level and antioxidant system in diabetic rats. The Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on AIN-76 based experimental diets containing 1 % oolong tea extract for 6 weeks. They were induced to be diabetic by receiving streptozotocin (45mg/kg BW) intramuscularly. Blood glucose, blood and hepatic concentration of vitamins A and E, and antioxidant enzyme activities were measured. Oolong tea extract feeding decreased the plasma glucose in diabetic rats. Dietary supplementation of oolong tea extract did not affect antioxidative enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase in diabetic rats. The plasma level of retinol was increased in diabetic rats by feeding oolong tea extract. Plasma and hepatic levels of ${\alpha}$-tocopherol were higher in diabetic rats fed oolong tea extract. In conclusion, these results suggest that oolong tea extract consumption might reduce the plasma glucose in diabetic rats and protect the oxidative damage from diabetic stress to some extent.

Antioxidative Effect of Tea Extracts from Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 항산화효과)

  • 김선봉;여생규;안철우;이용우;이태기;박영호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 1995
  • Antioxidative effect of tea extracts from green tea(steamed, roasted), oolong tea and black tea was investigated. Antioxidative activities of the crude catechin fraction were the most effective in oolong tea which contained the highest level of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate(EGCg). The water-soluble fraction obtained from oolong tea exhibited binding with more ferrous than copper ions. It showed a synergistic effect when used with an antioxidant such as BHT(0.5mg) and $\alpha$-tocopherol(2mg). Especially, this synergistic effect was exhibited more with BHT than with $\alpha$-tocopherol. Also steamed green tea, roasted green tea and oolong tea showed remarkable free radical scavenging action. The SC50(the concentration of a water-soluble fraction which is required to scavenge 50% of 100$\mu$M 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl radicals) of steamed and roasted green tea, oolong tea and black tea extracts were 11.3$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 11.4$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 12.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and 14.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, respectively. It is assumed that the antioxidative activity of tea extracts is due to inhibition of peroxidation free radical scavenging and binding action of ferrous ions by mainly tea polyphenol compounds.

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Antioxidant and Synergist Effect of Extract Isolated from Commercial Green, Oolong and Black Tea (시판 녹차, 홍차, 오룡차의 항산화 및 상승효과)

  • 이호선;손종연
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.377-381
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    • 2002
  • The antioxidative effect of tea extracts from green tea, oolong tea and black tea was investigated. The extraction yields of crude catechin were green tea 5.4%, oolong tea 3.5%, and black tea 2.5%. Green tea, oolong tea and black tea of crude catechin showed antioxident activity at concentrations of 200ppm, and the oolong tea showed highest antioxidant effect. The browning intensities(at 420 nm) of green, oolong and black tea were 0.140, 0.582 and 0.915, respectively and green tea showed highest hydrogen donating ability(HDA) and than followed by oolong or black tea. Also, when the crude catechin(100 ppm) was used in combination with ${\alpha}$-tocopherol(50 ppm) and ascorbyl palmitate(50 ppm), the crude cathechin showed very strong synergistic effect, comparable to that of crude catechin(200 ppm).

A Study on Change in Chemical Composition of Green Tea, White Tea, Yellow Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea with Different Extraction Conditions (녹차, 백차, 황차, 우롱차 및 홍차의 추출조건에 따른 이화학적 성분 조성 변화 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Sang;Jung, Seul-A;Kim, Jung-Hwan;Cho, Kyoung-Sook;Shin, Eul-Ki;Lee, Hee-Young;Ryu, Hye-Kyung;Ahn, Hyun-Ju;Jung, Won-Il;Hong, Sung-Hak
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.766-773
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzes the chemical composition of green tea, white tea, yellow tea, oolong tea and black tea with respect to extraction temperature and time. The optimum extraction conditions for these teas were determined by assessing the chemical composition of tea brewed at different temperature (50, 60, 70, $80^{\circ}C$) and extraction times (1, 3, 5, 10 minute). Catechins contents were the largest at 5 minutes and generally declined by 10 minutes. Green tea catechins contents were highest when brewed at $70^{\circ}C$ and besides other teas a change of the trend variation at 70 and $80^{\circ}C$. These temperatures did not extract theaflavins in green tea. Extract temperature and time did not significantly affect theaflavins content of white tea, yellow tea, and oolong tea. Black tea, however, was noticeably dependent on extract conditions, which were most effective at $70^{\circ}C$, brewed for 5 minutes. Caffeine content of green tea, yellow tea, and oolong tea was highest at 5 minutes, but temperature did not appear to affect the content. White tea and black tea caffeine content was highest when brewed at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes. Theobromine content of green tea, yellow tea, oolong tea, and black tea did not show major differences between the study times or temperature, though the content in white tea increased with higher temperatures when brewed for 5 minutes. The extraction of phenolic compounds increased until 5 minutes, and showed not further increase at 10 minutes. Antioxidant capacity of green tea, white tea, and yellow tea were maximized at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes or $80^{\circ}C$ for 3 minutes, while oolong and black tea were reached maximum antioxidants at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes. In general, to optimize the beneficial chemical content of brewed tea, a water temperature of $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes is recommended.

Antimicrobial Effect of Tea Extracts from Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 항균효과)

  • 김선봉;여생규;안철우;김인수;박영범;박영호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.293-298
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    • 1995
  • Antimicrobial effect of tea extracts from green tea(steamed, roasted), oolong tea and black tea was investigated. Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) of tea extraxcts against 9 well known strains of foodborne pathogenic bacteria such as the Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria was determined at 37$^{\circ}C$. Significant antimicrobial activity was observed in the steamed green tea and the roasted green tea of the water-soluble fraciton, and the steamed green tea of the methanol-soluble fraction, and the steamed green tea, roasted green tea and the oolong tea of the crude catechin fraction. The MIC of these extracts against B. subtillis were 700$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 500$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and 120 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, respectively. The crude catechin fraction possessed greater antimicrobial activity than did the other fractions. Among tea extracts, extracts of steamed green tea, roasted green tea and oolong tea showed higher antimicrobial activity than them of black tea. The MIC of the crude catechin fraction obtained from tea extracts against Gram-positive bacteria such as M. Iuteus, B. subtillis and S. mutans were 30~50$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 120~240$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and 120~180$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, and against Gram-negative bacteri such as e. aerogenes and V. parahaemolyticus were 50~60$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and 60~70$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml in the broth medium, respectively. Especially, the MIC to Streptococcus mutans which has known as a causative bacteria of a decayed tooth were 120$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 140$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml, 180$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml and above 1,000$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml in steamed green tea, roasted green tea, oolong tea and black tea, respectively. Tea extracts had strong growth inhibition activity against foodborne pathogenic and dental bacteria.

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Effects of Oolong Tea Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density and Bone-Related Markers in Ovariectomized Rats (난소 절제 쥐에서 우롱차의 섭취가 골밀도 및 골대사 지표에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Yun-Jung;Choi, Mi-Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.480-488
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    • 2012
  • Polyphenols may be primarily responsible for the health benefits associated with tea consumption. However, the benefits of the tea polyphenols to bone health have not been studied well. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Oolong tea on bone mineral density and bone-related markers in ovariectomized rats. Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to Sham-Control, Sham-Oolongtea, Ovx-Control, and Ovx-Oolongtea groups. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were estimated by using PIXImus (GE Lunar Co, Wisconsin.) in the spine and femur. After 6 weeks of the experimental diets, body weight gain, food intake, and food efficiency ratio (FER) were significantly higher in Ovx groups than in Sham groups regardless of diet. The serum concentration of calcium, phosphorus, ALP, and calcitonin were not significantly different according to Oolong tea supplementation. There were no significant differences in urinary calcium and phosphorus excretion between all groups. The urinary DPD crosslinks value was significantly higher in the Ovx-Control group than in the Sham-Oolongtea group. Spine BMD, femur BMD, and spine BMD per body weight were significantly lower in the Ovx groups than in the Sham groups regardless of diet. In the OVX group, spine BMC per body weight, femur BMD per body weight and femur BMC per body weight were significantly higher in the Oolong tea groups than in Control groups. It was concluded that Oolong tea supplementation positively influenced bone health in ovariectomized rats.

Inhibitin of Xanthine Oxidase by Tea Extracts from Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 Xanthine Oxidase 억제작용)

  • 김선봉;여생규;박영범;김인수;박영호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 1995
  • Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by tea extracts obtained from non-fermented tea(steamed green tea and roasted green tea), semi-fermented tea(oolong tea) and fermented tea(black tea) were investigated. The crude catechin fraciton had a hgher inhibitory effect against xanthine oxidase, and the effect was increased with the addition of tea extracts. Their inhibitory effect were hardly influenced until extracted three times with hot water. According to the investigation of catechins in the crude catechin fraction obtained from tea extracts, (-)-epicatechin-(EC), (-)-epicatechin gallate(ECg). (-)-epigallocatechin(EGC) and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate(EGCg) were 80.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg 113.5$\mu\textrm{g}$ /mg, 186.3$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 367.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in steamed green tea, and 75.6$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 114.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 193.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 381.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in roasted green tea, and 69.4$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 110.0$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 127.1$\mu\textrm{g}$.mg and 464.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in oolong tea, and 78.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 171.8$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 80.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 51.4$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in black tea, respectively. Order of the content of these catechins was (-)-EGCg>(-)-EGC>(-)-ECg>(-)-EC in steamed green tea, roasted green tea and oolong tea, and was (-)-ECg>(-)-EGC>(-)-EC>(-)-EGCg in black tea. Also the concentration of catechins was hardly influeced until extracted three times. The inhibition ratio of xanthine oxidase by autherntic catechins was hardly influenced until extracted three times. The inhibition ratio of xanthine oxidase by authentic catechins was 94.9% and 87.6% by addition of 5.0$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of (-)-EGCg and (-)-ECg, respectively. the inhibitors of xanthine oxidase were supposed to be due to (-)-ECg and (-)-EGCg in tea polyphenol compounds.

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Antimutagenic Effects of Water Extracts of Persimmon Leaf Tea, Green Tea and Oolong Tea on Reversion and Survival of Selected Salmonella Tester Strains (Salmonella typhimurium Strain TA98, 100에서 감잎차, 녹차, 우롱차 추출물의 돌연변이 억제 효과)

  • 강명희;송현순;이현걸
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.599-606
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    • 1999
  • Water extracts of persimmon leaf tea(PLTE), green tea(GTE) and oolong tea(OTE), at the con centration used for human consumption, were examined for inhibitory effects on the mutagenicity of major classes of dietary and environmental mutagens including indirect acting mutagens, B[ ]P (benzo[ ]pyrene), IQ(2 amino 3 methylimidazo[4,5 f]quinoline), 2 AA(2 aminoanthracene) in the presence of S9 mix and direct acting mutagen, 4 NQO(4 nitroquinoline 1 oxide) without S9 mix, using the modified Ames Salmonella/microsome assay. PLTE, GTE and OTE showed very potent and concentration dependent antimutagenic effects against indirect acting mutagens B[ ]P and IQ. At the maximum concentration(16,200 g/plate) of each tea extract, number of colonies decreased in a dose dependent manner up to 82~100%. Similar inhibition of PLTE, GTE and OTE were seen at higher concentration in the mutagenicity of the 2 AA following an initial increase in the activity at lower concentration. However, the mutagenicity of the direct acting mutagen 4 NQO were not suppressed at lower concentration of the three tea extracts, and higher concentration of the tea extracts enhanced mutagenic activity of the mutagen. There were no differences in the mode of antimutagenesis between PLTE, GTE, and OTE, in both Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 strains against the same mutagen. In conclusion, the water extracts of persimmon leaf tea, green tea and oolong tea possess marked antimutagenic potential against a variety of important dietary and environmental indirect acting mutagens, but the activity was not observed against the direct acting mutagens. These results suggest that the mode of inhibitory action may not have resulted from direct interaction between tea extracts and the mutagens, but rather from indirect metabolic inactivation of mutagens by tea extracts.

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A Study on the Content of General Compounds, Amino Acid, Vitamins, Catechins, Alkaloids in Green, Oolong and Black Tea (녹차, 우롱차 및 홍차의 일반성분, 아미노산, 비타민류, 카테킨류 및 알카로이드류의 성분분석에 관한 연구)

  • 이영자;안명수;홍기형
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.377-382
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to measure the contents of moisture, crude ash, crude fat, total amino acid, with amino acid composition, vitamin C, ${\beta}-carotene$, vitamin E, total catechins, EGCG, EGC, ECG, EC, GA, caffeine, theobromine and theophylline of the green tea I, II, III, oolong, and black tea. The content of crude fat of green tea I, II, III, oolong, and black teas was 1.1, 2.5, 4.9, 0.8 and 1.2% respectively, total amino acid content was 0.87, 0.78, 0.60, 0.63 and 1.05% respectively, and theanine content was 0.52, 0.48, 0.31, 0.41 and 0.61%, respectively. Total amino acid content of green tea increased in the order of green tea I> green tea II> green tea III, and among the teas, the content of theanine was the highest in the amino acids present. The content of vitamin C of green teal, II, III, oolong, and black tea was 101.6, 87.5, 95.9, 99.1 and 108.0 mg%, respectively, ${\beta}-carotene$ content was 270, 268, 481, 80 and 181 ppm, respectively. Among the ${\alpha}-,\;{\beta}-,\;{\gamma}-\;and\;{\delta}-tocopherol$, the content of ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ was the highest in vitamin E present, and ${\beta}-\;and\;{\delta}-tocopherol$ were not detected in the samples of green teal, II, III, oolong, and black teas. The total catechins of green teal, II, III, oolong, and black teas was 10.5, 10.4, 7.2, 8.4 and 1.8% respectively, and among them, EGCG content was the highest. The content of EGC increased in the order of green tea I > green tea III > green tea II > oolong tea> black tea. The contents EGCG and ECG increased in the order of oolong tea> green tea I > green tea II> green tea III> black tea, and the highest contents of EGCG and ECG were observed in the samples of oolong tea. The content of GA was 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, 0.13 and 0.31%, respectively, and the highest contents of GA, caffeine and theobromine were observed in the sample of black tea. The highest content of theophylline, however, was observed in the sample of green tea I.

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