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Study on perception and eating attitude towards vegetables among elementary school children and their parents in Gangwon area (강원지역 초등학생과 학부모의 채소류 섭취에 대한 인식 및 섭취태도 연구)

  • Kim, Mi Kyeong;Oh, Hae Sook;Lee, Myung Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2015
  • Current study aimed to evaluate elementary school children's perception and eating attitude towards vegetables and analyze environmental factors influencing it. Survey was conducted among elementary school students and their parents in Gangwon district, 410 subjects each(Total 742, 391 students, 351 parents). The results are as follows. Both the children(64.3%) and the parents(84.9%) showed high concern over health. 46.6% of children and 52.4% of parents admitted unbalanced eating behavior, and commonly avoided foods were mostly vegetables such as mushroom, carrot, garlic, sweet pepper-green, welsh onion, kimchi, pumpkin, or beans. Unbalanced eating habit was significantly related to health consideration in choosing what to eat(p<0.01) and interest in health(p<0.05). 70.9% of children with unbalanced eating habit showed intention for correction, and those with high interest in health had stronger intention (p<0.01). Regarding children's perception of 20 kinds of vegetables frequently used in school lunch, swiss chard leaf beet, amaranthus magistratus, and curled mallow were rarely heard of or hardly eaten before. Korean chinese cabbage, radish(62.7%), cucumber(62.1%), perilla leaves(60.4%), lettuce(58.1%), and spinach(54.5%) were among the most frequently eaten. Survey result on children's preference for the vegetables shows lettuce, cucumber, Korean chinese cabbage, perilla leaves, spinach, and radish were highly preferred and stem of garlic, crown daisy, sweet pepper-green, pepper, and curled mallow were the least preferred. There was a significant positive correlation(p<0.01, p<0.001) between children's and their parent's preference for each vegetables, implying that children's preference towards vegetables is greatly influenced by their parent's choice. Children showed negative attitude towards vegetables with strong flavor and tended to avoid vegetables that they remember as not tasty. This suggest that strong flavor and negative prior experience is what determines children's attitude in vegetable consumption. Many children said they try to eat vegetables even if they haven't had it before, and this tendency was significantly correlated with the degree of interest in health(p<0.05) and the degree of consideration of health in choosing what to eat(p<0.001).

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Quality Characteristics Influenced by Different Packaging Materials in Washed Potatoes through an Integrated Washing System (통합세척시스템 활용시 포장재 종류별 세척감자의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Su Jeong;Sohn, Hwang Bae;Mekapogu, Manjulata;Kwon, Oh Keun;Hong, Su Young;Nam, Jung Hwan;Jin, Yong Ik;Chang, Dong Chil;Suh, Jong Taek;Jeong, Jin Cheol;Kim, Yul Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of packaging materials on quality characteristics of washed potatoes such as Hunter's a value, chlorophyll and potato glycoalkaloids (PGA) content during their storage for 15 days. Packaging methods were evaluated into five ways: no packaging (NP, positive control), paper bag (PB, negative control), onion net (ON), transparent oriented to polypropylene without hole (TP), opaque oriented polypropylene with 4 holes (OP). Hunter's a values of washed potatoes showed minus in NP and TP after 12 days storage, whereas all plus values were observed in those of PB, ON, and OP. Total chlorophyll content of washed potatoes was the highest in no packaging at 15 days after storage. The PGA content of washed potatoes showed low levels in flesh part (below $5mg/100g{\cdot}FW$) as well as in peel part ($4.5-9.3mg/100mg{\cdot}FW$) in all packagings up to 15 days after storage.

Effect of Miscanthus Biomass Application on Upland Soil Physicochemical Properties and Crops Growth (억새 바이오매스 시용이 밭토양 이화학성과 작물 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yong Ku;Moon, Youn Ho;Kwon, Da Eun;Lee, Ji Eun;Kim, Kwang Soo;Cha, Young Lok
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.65 no.1
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2020
  • In this study, miscanthus with C/N ratio of 224 were applied to the soil and treated with 0 (control), 10 tons and 20 tons·ha-1 to improve the soil and promote crop growth. As a result, soil organic matter content increased from 11.0 g·kg-1 before the test to 16.3 after 3 years. Soil cation exchangeable capacity increased to 15.3 cmolc·kg-1 after 3 years. In the sweet sorghum, stem was the most thickest at 20 tons·ha-1 application of miscanthus and the highest juice amount per plant was 60 ml. The yield index multiplied by the soluble solids content of juice and juice amount was the highest at 1,913 for 10 tons application and 1,851, 1,839 for 20 tons, control respectively. Number of sweetpotato storage root were 2,9 in 20-tons application plot, the same as control, and 10-tons application plot was 3.6, the most. Two-year average yields of 20 tons plot and control were low at 2,579 kg/10a and 2,708 respectively, and 10 tons plot was the highest at 3,289. For onions, the biomass application did not effect the yield. but onion plant and leaf length were longer in 20 tons plot than in control or 10 tons. The yield of garlic was 2,630~2,901 kg/10a and there was no effect of miscanthus application. Plot of 10 tons application were the longest in plant and leaf length, and the number of scale was 8.2-8.3 per in bulb, and 8.9 tons·ha-1 in control. Therefore, it was confirmed the possibility that miscanthus biomass application of about 10 tons·ha-1 could improve the soil condition and promote crops growth and yield.

Detection Characteristics of PSL and TL Methods in Spices Irradiated with Different Radiation Sources (조사선원에 따른 향신료의 PSL과 TL 검지 특성)

  • Kim, Kyu-Heon;Kwak, Ji-Young;Kim, Jung-Ki;Hwang, Cho-Rong;Lee, Jae-Hwang;Park, Yong-Chjun;Kim, Jae-I;Jo, Tae-Yong;Lee, Hwa-Jung;Lee, Sang-Jae;Han, Sang-Bae
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2013
  • The detection characteristics of irradiated spices were investigated depending on radiation sources and doses by photostimulated luminescence (PSL) and Thermoluminescence (TL). 6 kinds of spices (turmeric, onion powder, red pepper, basil, parsley, black pepper) were irradiated at 0 to 10 kGy under ambient conditions by both a $^{60}Co$ gamma irradiator and an electron beam (EB) accelerator, respectively. The PSL analysis showed negative results for non-irradiated spices, while irradiated spices gave intermediate and positive value, which presented the limited potential of PSL technique. In TL measurement, TL glow curves on non-irradiated samples appeared at about $300^{\circ}C$ with low intensity. All irradiated samples were easily distinguishable through radiation-specific strong TL glow curves with maximum peak in range of $150{\sim}200^{\circ}C$. TL ratio ($TL_1/TL_2$) obtained by a re-irradiation step could verify the detection result of $TL_1$ glow curves, showing ratios lower than 0.1 in the non-irradiated sample and higher than 0.1 in irradiated ones. Therefore, in PSL measurement, the identification of irradiated spices showed more clear results in electron beam irradiated samples. TL analysis showed obvious difference between non-irradiated and irradiated samples in gamma ray and electron beam irradiated samples.

Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues on Stalk and Stem Vegetables Marketed in Incheon Metropolitan Area (인천광역시 유통 엽경채류 농산물의 잔류농약 실태조사 및 위해성 평가)

  • Park, Byung-Kyu;Jung, Seung-Hye;Kwon, Sung-Hee;Ye, Eun-Young;Lee, Han-Jung;Seo, Soon-Jae;Joo, Kwang-Sig;Heo, Myung-Je
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.365-374
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to monitor the residual pesticides on a total of 320 stalk and stem vegetables from January 2019 to December 2019 in the Incheon metropolitan area. Pesticide residues in samples were analyzed by the multi-residue method for 373 pesticides using GC-MS/MS, LC-MS/MS, GC-ECD, GC-NPD and HPLC-UVD. Risk assessment was also carried out based on the amount of stalk and stem vegetables consumed. The linearity correlation coefficient for the calibration curve was 0.9951 to 1.0000, LOD 0.002 to 0.022 mg/kg, LOQ 0.005 to 0.066 mg/kg and recovery was 82.0 to 108.0%. According to the monitoring of pesticides, 36 (11.3%) of 320 were detected with pesticide residues and 3 (0.9%) samples exceeded the maximum residual limit. The detection frequency for Chinese chives and Welsh onion was higher than that for other stalk and stem vegetables. The frequently detected pesticides were etofenprox, procymidone, fludioxonil, and pendimethalin. As a tool of risk assessment through the consumption of pesticide detectable agricultural products, the ratio of estimated daily intake (EDI) to acceptable daily intake (ADI) was calculated in the range of 0.0062-24.1423%. These results indicate that there is no particular health risk through consumption of commercial stalk and stem vegetables detected with pesticide residues.

Current Status of Vegetable Grafted Seedling Shipping Export to Japan and Analysis of Transportation Environment (채소 접목묘 일본 선박 수출 현황 및 수송 환경 분석)

  • An, Sewoong;Kim, Sung Kyeom;Lee, Jin Su;Seo, Tae Cheol;Chun, Hee;Nam, Chun Woo;Kwack, Yurina
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of International Agriculture
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.313-319
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the basis for the vegetable seedlings export research and policy establishment by analyzing vegetable seedlings export status from the agricultural quarantine statistics in Korea and the changes of temperature and relative humidity during the vegetable seedlings shipping export transportation to Japan. From 2007 to 2016, various vegetable seedlings such as cabbage, tomatoes, cucumber, onion and etc., have been exported to more than 20 countries around the world. The main exporting country of vegetable seedlings for commercial purposes is Japan, and the major exported seedlings to Japan in 2016 were fruit vegetable grafted seedlings such as eggplant, tomato, cucumber, watermelon and pepper. Total export amount of the fruit vegetable seedlings to Japan in 2016 were 2,575,446 seedlings and it is approximately 0.7 to 1.6 million dollars. The grafted seedlings exported to Japan were consumed for urban agriculture and farm use. Shipping transportation took about 24 hours in the process of receiving the package ${\rightarrow}$ shipment ${\rightarrow}$ quarantine (Busan port) ${\rightarrow}$ Quarantine (Japan Shimonoseki Port). The growing demand for vegetable seedlings due to the development of urban agriculture in Japan and the growing interest and demand for vegetable grafting seedlings in neighboring countries such as Russia will be an opportunity to expand the export size of Korean vegetable grafting seedlings. In order to expand the export of vegetable seedlings in Korea, it is necessary to ensure further active government policy and research on the production of export seedlings, seedlings storage and transportation technology and analysis of exporting countries' market information.

'Chamol', an Early Maturing, High Yield, and Large-seed Soybean Cultivar for Double Cropping (이모작 적응 조숙 대립 다수성 콩 품종 '참올')

  • Ko, Jong Min;Kim, Hyun Tae;Han, Won Young;Baek, In Youl;Yun, Hong Tae;Lee, Young Hoon;Lee, Byong Won;Jeong, Chan Sik;Ha, Tae Joung;Shin, Sang Ouk;Park, Chang Hwan;Kim, Hong Sik;Seo, Jeong Hyun;Kang, Beom Kyu;Seo, Min Jeong;Choi, Kyu Hwan;Shin, Jeong Ho;Kwak, Do Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.478-484
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    • 2018
  • A soybean cultivar "Chamol" for double cropping for use as soy-paste and tofu was developed using a pedigree method in 2011 as a cross between "Shinpaldal2" and "Keunol." A promising line, SS99502-2B-89-1-3-4-1-1, was selected and designated as "Milyang210". It was promising and showed good results from regional yield trials (RYTs) for 3 years from 2009 to 2011 and released with the name "Chamol." It has a determinate growth habit, white flowers, gray pubescence, yellow seed coat, yellow hilum, spherical seed shape, and large seeds (27.7 g per 100 seeds). The maturity date of "Chamol" was September 18 (100 day growing period) in RYT and it is suitable for double cropping with winter crops such as onion. "Chamol" was resistant to bacterial pustule and soybean mosaic virus and tolerant to lodging in fields. Furthermore, the average yield of "Chamol" was 2.51 ton/ha in the regional yield trials conducted for 3 years from 2009 to 2011.

Batch Scale Storage of Sprouting Foods by Irradiation Combined with Natural Low Temperature - III. Storage of Onions - (방사선조사(放射線照射)와 자연저온(自然低溫)에 의한 발아식품(發芽食品)의 Batch Scale 저장(貯藏)에 관한 연구(硏究) - 제3보(第三報) 양파의 저장(貯藏) -)

  • Cho, Han-Ok;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Byun, Myung-Woo;Yang, Ho-Sook
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 1983
  • In order to develop a commercial storage method of onions by irradiation combined with natural low temperature, two local varieties of onions, precocious species and late ripening, were stored at natural low temperature storage room ($450{\times}650{\times}250cmH.$; year-round temperature change, $2{\sim}17^{\circ}C$; R.H., $80{\sim}85%$) on batch scale following irradiation with optimum dose level. Precocious and late varieties were all sprouted after five to seven months storage, whereas $10{\sim}15$ Krad irradiated precocious variety was $2{\sim}4%$ sprouted after nine months storage, but sprouting was completly inhibited at the same dose for late variety. The extent of loss due to rot attack after ten months storage were $23{\sim}49%$ in both control and irradiated group of precocious variety but those of late variety were only $4{\sim}10%$. The weight loss of irradiated precocious variety after ten months storage was $13{\sim}16$, while that of late variety was $5.3{\sim}5.9%$ after nine months storage. The moisture content, during whole storage period, of two varieties were $90{\sim}93$ with negligible changes. The total sugar content differed little with varieties and doses immediatly after irradiation, but decreased by the elapse of storage period. 33.6% of its content was decreased in control and 12.5% in irradiated group but $20{\sim}26$ decreased in both control and irradiated group of late variety after nine months storage. No appreciable change was observed immediately after irradiation irrespective of variety and dose, but decreased slightly with storage. Ascorbic acid content of precocious variety was increased slightly with dose immediately after irradiation, but those of late variety decreased slightly. Ascorbic acid content were generally decreased during whole storage period. An economical preservation method of onions appliable to late variety, would be to irradiate onion bulbs at dost range of $10{\sim}15$ Krad followed by storage at natural low temperature storage room.

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Analysis of Korean Dietary Patterns using Food Intake Data - Focusing on Kimchi and Alcoholic Beverages (식품섭취량을 활용한 우리나라 식이 패턴 분석 - 김치류 및 주류 중심으로)

  • Kim, Soo-Hwaun;Choi, Jang-Duck;Kim, Sheen-Hee;Lee, Joon-Goo;Kwon, Yu-Jihn;Shin, Choonshik;Shin, Min-Su;Chun, So-Young;Kang, Gil-Jin
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.251-262
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we analyzed Korean dietary habits with food intake data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) and the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and we proposed a set of management guidelines for future Korean dietary habits. A total of 839 food items (1,419 foods) were analyzed according to the food catagories in "Food Code", which is the representative food classification system in Korea. The average total daily food intake was 1,585.77 g/day, with raw and processed foods accounting for 858.96 g/day and 726.81 g/day, respectively. Cereal grains contributed to the highest proportion of the food intake. Over 90% of subjects consumed cereal grains (99.09%) and root and tuber vegetables (95.80%) among the top 15 consumed food groups. According to the analysis by item, rice, Korean cabbage kimchi, apple, radish, egg, chili pepper, onion, wheat, soybean curds, potato, cucumber and pork were major (at least 1% of the average daily intake, 158.6 g/day) and frequently (eaten by more than 25% of subjects, 5,168 persons) consumed food items, and Korean spices were at the top of this list. In the case of kimchi, the proportion of intake of Korean cabbage kimchi (64.89 g/day) was the highest. In the case of alcoholic beverages, intake was highest by order of beer (63.53 g/day), soju (39.11 g/day) and makgeolli (19.70 g/day), and intake frequency was high in order of soju (11.3%), beer (7.2%), and sake (6.6%). Analysis results by seasonal intake trends showed that cereal grains have steadily decreased and beverages have slightly risen. In the case of alcoholic beverage consumption frequency, some kinds of makgeolli, wine, sake, and black raspberry wine have decreased gradually year by year. The consumption trend for kimchi has been gradually decreasing as well.

Comparative Evaluation of Dietary Intakes of Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, and Zinc in Rural, Coastal, and Urban District (농촌, 어촌, 도시 지역별 칼슘, 인, 철, 아연의 섭취상태 비교평가)

  • Choi, Mi-Kyeong;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Lee, Won-Young;Lee, Hyomin;Ze, Keum-Ryon;Park, Jung-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.659-666
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the intake status of calcium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc of Korean adults residing in different regions. Subjects were recruited and divided into three groups according to the districts where they lived, which included rural (n=137), coastal (n=100), and urban district (n=117). Subjects were interviewed using a general questionnaire and 24-hour recall method for dietary intake. The average age of the subjects were 58.1 years for rural district, 57.7 years for coastal district, and 48.6 years for urban district. There was no significance in total food intake by regions. The food intakes from cereals, mushrooms, vegetables of rural district, that from fishes of coastal district, and those from sugars, milks, oils of urban area were the highest among three districts. The calcium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc intakes were $60.1\%,\;123.9\%,\;95.2\%,\;and\;73.1\%$ of RDAs, respectively. The calcium intakes as percentage of RDA in rural and coastal district were significantly (p<0.01) lower than that in urban district. A larger number of subjects from coastal or urban district ate under $75\%$ of zinc RDA compared to those from rural village. Major sources of dietary calcium in total subjects were anchovy, kimchi, milk, soybean curd, rice, ice cream, sea mustard, yogurt, loach, and welsh onion. Rice supplied $15.5\%$ for phosphorus, $22.1\%$ for iron, and $35.9\%$ for zinc of total intake. Except for rice, major sources of dietary zinc were pork, beef, small red bean, dog meat, chicken, jacopever, soybean curd, glutinous millet, and kimchi. In conclusion, the food and mineral intakes of adults differed according to the regions in which they resided. The food and nutrient intakes of coastal district were not satisfactory, and calcium and zinc intakes of three regions did not meet RDAs. Therefore, it is required unique and discriminatory nutritional education with each region for increasing intakes of calcium and zinc.