• Title, Summary, Keyword: older women

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Kinematic Mechanism of Gait on Different Road Conditions in Older Women (보행 지면 상태에 따른 노인의 운동학적 보행 메카니즘)

  • Hah, Chong Ku;Ki, Jae Sug;Jang, Young Kwan;Lee, Eun Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.163-171
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate kinematic mechanism of gait different road conditions(dry vs. oil) in order women. For this study, twenty older women and ten young women participated in this research. twelve infrared cameras were used to collect data. It appeared that the gait strategies of older women were slower velocity and higher CoM than young women. Depending on road conditions, gait velocities of dominant muscle older women on dry surface were faster than dominant sense older women, but those of them were inverse on oil surface. The slip displacement of dominant muscle older women was less than young women, but the slip displacement of dominant sense older women was greater than young women. In case of blind during stance phase on oil surface, the rotational motion of the ankle and knee joints were increased. In conclusion, older women were subjected to self-organization theory and phase shift in dynamic theory.

Life Satisfaction of Older Women Focused on Household Types and Poverty Levels (여성노인의 가구유형 및 빈곤여부에 따른 삶의 만족도)

  • Kang, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Yun-Jeong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2009
  • This study aimed to identify and compare variables affecting life satisfaction of older women by focusing on household types and poverty levels. The study used data from the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging administered by the Korea Labor Institute in 2006. The data for 1,017 older women ages over 65 including 427 single households and 590 couple households was analyzed. First, interaction effects of household types and poverty levels on life satisfaction were statistically significant. For the non-poverty households of older women, there was no explicit difference between single households and couple households in life satisfaction, but for the poverty households, single households were lower in life satisfaction than couple households. Second, as a result of reviewing four groups of older women (poverty-single household, poverty-couple household, non-poverty-single household, and non-poverty-couple household), besides religion, it was found that there were significant differences in age, education level, number of children, health level, residence area, and status of economic activity. Third, when analyzing variables affecting life satisfaction, common predictors for the four groups were health level and ownership of house. Older women who perceived to be healthier and owned their own homes were higher in life satisfaction. For poverty-single households, older women with over middle school graduation were also higher in life satisfaction, but for poverty-couple households, older women with over middle school graduation and more children were higher.

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The Effects of Marital Status on Health among Older Women: The Moderating Effects of Age and Parent-Adult Child Relationships (노년기 여성의 결혼지위와 건강에 관한 종단 연구: 연령 및 부모-자녀 관계의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Son, Jeong-Yeon;Han, Gyoung-Hae
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.211-238
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    • 2012
  • Using data from Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging (KLoSA), this study examines how continuity and change of marital status is associated with health over time among older women, focusing on the moderating effects of age and parent-child relationships. KLoSA data set has two waves of interviews, and for this study, 2046 women aged 65 and over were selected. To analyze data, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used. The major findings are as follows. First, there was no statistically significant difference in health between continuously married older women and continuously single older women. However, older women who had transition from being married to being single showed lower physical health than continuously married and continuously single older women. Second, there were statistically significant differences in the effect of marital status on mental health according to the age of older women. Older women who had transition from being married to being single showed lower mental health than continuously married elders when older women were younger. Third, contact with children moderated the effect of marital status on physical health. Older women who had transition from being married to being single showed lower physical health than continuously single and continuously married older women when older women had less contact with their children. The findings imply after the loss of marital role, older women's relationship with adult children plays a significant role in promoting health. In conclusion, the findings of this study show the different pathways through which marital status is associated with health for 3 different groups of older women, being continuously single, being continuously married, and making transition from being married to being single.

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Marital Decision Process of Older Women and Younger Men Couple: Focusing on 30-40 years old Women (연상녀-연하남 부부의 결혼결정 과정: 30-40대 여성의 경험을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Se Ran;Kim, Hyun Joo
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.54
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    • pp.107-153
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the marriage decision-making process and experience of the 'Older women-Younger men couple' and presenting a substantive theory to explain the decision-making process that married women experience of 'Older women-Younger men couple'. This in-depth interviews were conducted 11 female people among 32-48 years of 'Older women-Younger men couple.' Analysis of the data was applied to the "grounded theory" method of Qualitative research methods suggested by Strauss and Corbin(1998). Research questions of this study is that what is the experience of the marriage decision-making process to 'Older women-Younger men couple?'. After analyzing the data to the grounded theory method 75 concepts and 29 sub-categories, 14 categories were derived. Older women experienced a central phenomenon of 'ambivalence of love and anxiety'.'Older women-Younger men couple's marriage decision-making process of the women had to 'step adjustment', 'acceptable level', 'Step enacted', and 'Older women-Younger men couple's core category of married women in the decision-making process' was 'Intimacy based on the trust each other beyond the prejudices of the differences'. This study is meant by presenting the basic data provided professional counseling intervention measures for 'Older women-Younger men' couple by collectively Understanding the decision-making process of Older women-Younger men couple married.

Ageism, Attitudes Toward Aging, and Body Satisfaction by Subjective Socioeconomic and Health Status Among Older Women (주관적 사회경제적 지위와 건강 인식 수준에 따른 노년 여성의 연령주의, 노화에 대한 태도, 신체만족도 비교 연구)

  • Yu, Haekyung;Lee, Minsun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.586-596
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    • 2019
  • Ageism, attitudes toward aging, and body satisfaction play significant roles in determining older women's perceptions of successful aging. In addition, subjective socioeconomic and health status can act as major identifiers in determining the overall level of physical and social well-being in old age. Research for this exploratory study includes: 1) exploring the overall levels of ageism perception, attitudes toward aging, and body satisfaction among older women and 2) identifying the differences in ageism, attitudes toward aging, and body satisfaction between high and low subjective socioeconomic and health status of older women. Data for this study were collected through an online questionnaire of 221 older women. The results revealed that older women's perceptions of ageism, aging attitudes, and body satisfaction were significantly different based on subjective socioeconomic and health status. In general, older women with higher levels of subjective socioeconomic and health status reported more positive perceptions and attitudes toward aging along with higher levels of body satisfaction. The results implied that subjective health status was a more powerful indicator differentiating the aging-related perceptions of older women than the subjective socioeconomic status. This study supports the need for a conscious effort to reduce ageism that ultimately improves the overall well-being of all members in society.

The Lived Experiences of Older Women with Parkinson's Disease (파킨슨병을 앓고 있는 여성노인의 체험)

  • Kim, Jeonghyun;Lee, Jiyeon;Lee, Im Sun
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.72-80
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was done to explore the lived experiences in older Korean women with early stage of Parkinson's disease. The research question was "What is the meaning and nature of the older women's experiences who were diagnosed with Parkinson's disease?" Methods: In this study, we adopted van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological approach to find the lived experiences of older women diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Six older women diagnosed with Parkinson's disease within five years participated, and data were collected through in-depth interviews. Results: Five fundamental lifeworld themes and seven subthemes emerged from the data. The first theme of corporeality had three subthemes: 'being shocked by an unexpected diagnosis', 'fewer things can be done due to the illness' and 'lost my prettiness'. The second theme representing relationality was 'hiding the illness because of others' whispering'. The temporality theme was 'fear of symptom aggravation'. The spatiality theme was 'being placed in a blind spot of information'. The last existential theme of material had 'obsession with drugs'. Conclusion: The results of this study provide an in-depth understanding of older womens experiences of living with Parkinson's disease. The findings can help develop interventions specific to these group of women to provide sufficient emotional support and accurate information.

Nutritional Risk, Stress, and Health related Quality of Life among Older Women with a Foreign Daughter-in-Law (외국인 며느리를 둔 여성노인의 영양위험, 스트레스 및 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • Park, Mikyung;Sung, Kiwol
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.312-324
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study addressed the relationship among nutritional risk, stress, and health related quality of life for older women with a foreign daughter-in-law. Methods: A descriptive research design was used for this study. The subjects of this study were 112 older women with a foreign daughter-in-law all of whom were over 65 years and living in D city. Personal interview was used for data collection. Nutritional risk, stress, and health related quality of life were measured using Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI), Family Inventor of Life Events and Changes (FILE), and Medical Outcome Study (MOS) Short-form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36), respectively. Results: Older women with a foreign daughter-in-law showed negative correlation between quality of life related health and nutritional risk, stress and age, and positive correlation between Activities of Daily Living (ADL); 46% of variance in health related quality of life of older women with a foreign daughter-in-law was explained by nutritional risk, ADL, stress and occupation. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, we suggested that specialized programs should be established to help in development of social relationship networks for older women who have a foreign daughter-in-law.

A Study on the Elderly Women's Voluntary Activities for Child Nursing Facilities -Centering around workers of child nursing facilities- (보육시설 내 여성노인 자원봉사활동 도입을 위한 탐색적 연구 -보육시설 종사자를 대상으로-)

  • Sim, Mi-Young;Jung, Jung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a program that allows older women to provide voluntary services for child nursing facilities, making those women have more social participation, effectively their spare time and ultimately improve the quality of their life. Results of the study can be described as follows. First, social requests about the use of older women as volunteers for child nursing services were analyzed to show that most people working at child nursing facilities perceived lack in the number of child nursing teachers. Those people recognized the need of using older women as service volunteers for the facilities. They were very positive about such use. Second, it is recommendable that volunteers of child nursing service should be not too much older women, or below 65. Voluntary activities that those women participate include taking care of younger children, reading interesting stories for children, helping works of child homes, teaching manners and living attitudes, instructing dietary etiquettes and cooking. Voluntary service activities should be made 1 to 3 times a week, 1 to 2 hours a time, considering psychological and physical states of older people. Third, such older volunteers should be educated about 6 areas, 'the operation and management of child homes, 'practices', 'child health and safety', 'the quality of child nursing', 'child development and counseling' and 'voluntary service training'. Out of these six areas, 'child health and safety' and 'voluntary service training' are more required to be instructed. such training needs to focus on activities in which older women can actually engage as volunteers. Fourth, it is advisable that the recruitment and management of such volunteers are led by the city and that the development of training programs for voluntary service activities and education of the volunteers are referred to universities.

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The Effects of Resistance and Aerobic Exercise on Gait Ability, Physical Fitness, and Body Composition in Older Women (저항운동과 유산소운동이 여성노인의 보행능력, 체력 및 신체구성에 미치는 효과)

  • Byun, Jaechul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.103-112
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to determined the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on gait ability, physical fitness and body compositions in older women. Method : The subjects were 24 older women who were randomly divided into two groups (resistance exercise, n=12, and aerobic exercise, n=12). They 65~80 years old. The subjects done the Gym-ball, Togu, and senior dance exercise three times per week-for 70 minutes each time for 16 weeks. Body compositions, physical fitness, and gait ability were measured in this study. Result : There were significantly improved the walk performance after exercise training for 16 weeks. In particular, it was more effective on resistance exercise training in older women. There were significant differences in muscle endurance, flexibility, balance, body weight, percent of body fat, and body mass index (BMI) after the exercise program. Conclusion : It was more effective improved on muscle endurance, flexibility, and balance performance after resistance exercise program than an aerobic exercise program in older women.

The Financial Burden of Catastrophic Health Expenditure Among Older Women Living Alone (여성독거노인가구의 과부담 의료비 지출에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Serah
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.17-34
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    • 2019
  • Older women who live alone are among society's most vulnerable people, since they experience increased risk of multiple chronic diseases and have limited financial protection. This can lead older women living alone to catastrophic health expenditure(CHE), which is defined as a healthcare expenditure that exceeds a certain portion of a household's ability to pay. Using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA), this study investigated the incidence of CHE among older women living alone and identified the factors related to this incidence. Applying health expenditure thresholds of 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% of ability to pay, the proportions of those with CHE were 41.3%, 22.9%, 14.6%, and 9.4%, respectively. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors related to CHE incidence, which include demographics, income, the number of chronic diseases, perceived health status, and health insurance type. The results show that the health care safety net in South Korea is insufficient for older women living alone. The findings can guide policymakers in improving healthcare and welfare policies to protect people from catastrophic payments. Particularly, welfare policies should be established for poor non-recipients who are not included within the benefits scope of the National Basic Livelihood Security System due to the unrealistic criteria of income recognition and family support obligation.

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