• Title, Summary, Keyword: oil discharge monitoring equipment

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On-line Prediction Model of Oil Content in Oil Discharge Monitoring Equipment Using Parallel TSK Fuzzy Modeling (병렬구조 TSK 퍼지 모델을 이용한 선박용 기름배출 감시장치의 실시간 기름농도 예측모델)

  • Baek, Gyeong-Dong;Cho, Jae-Woo;Choi, Moon-Ho;Kim, Sung-Shin
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2010
  • The oil tanker ship over 150GRT must equip oil content meter which satisfy requirements of revised MARPOL 73/78. Online measurement of oil content in complex samples is required to have fast response, continuous measurement, and satisfaction of ${\pm}10ppm$ or ${\pm}10%$ error in this field. The research of this paper is to develop oil content measurement system using analysis of light transmission and scattering among turbidity measurement methods. Light transmission and scattering are analytical methods commonly used in instrumentation for online turbidity measurement of oil in water. Gasoline is experimented as a sample and the oil content approximately ranged from 14ppm to 600ppm. TSK Fuzzy Model may be suitable to associate variously derived spectral signals with specific content of oil having various interfering factors. Proposed Parallel TSK Fuzzy Model is reasonably used to classify oil content in comparison with other models. Those measurement methods would be effectively applied and commercialized to oil content meter that is key components of oil discharge monitoring control equipment.

A Design of Oil Content Meter Using Scattered Light Turbidity Method for Oil Discharge Monitoring Equipment (선박용 유배출 감시 장치를 위한 광산란 탁도 방식의 유분 농도계 개발)

  • 이승희;양구주;장용석;김재형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.583-587
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    • 1998
  • 본 논문에서는 대형 탱커선의 의무 장비인 유배출 감시 장비 (Oil Discharge Monitoring Equipment)를 위한 유분 농도계의 설계에 대하여 연구하였다. ODME는 국제해사기구 (IMO)에서 일정 ton 이상의 대형 선박에 의무적으로 설치하도록 규정하고 있으며 이는 날로 심각해지는 해양 오염을 방지하는데 목적이 있다. ODME의 구성 요소는 중앙 제어 장치, 유분 농도계, 유량계, 선속계, Sampling System, 배출 제어 장치로 이루어져 있으며 이중 가장 중요한 것은 유분 농도계이다. 이는 선박에서 배출되는 물에 포함된 유 성분을 ppm 단위로 계측하는 것이다. 이를 위한 탁도 측정 방법에는 여러 가지가 있지만, 본 연구에서는 선박에서 사용이 용이한 광산란 방식과 방폭성을 가지는 광섬유를 이용하여 탁도를 측정하는 유분 농도계를 설계하였으며 아울러 이에 대한 탁도 계산 알고리즘에 대하여 고찰하였다. 측정의 정밀도는 0-999ppm 범위에서 $\pm$5%의 오차 이내로 측정이 가능함을 보였다. 이는 IMO의 규격 ($\pm$10%의 오차)에 만족하는 수치이다.

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Developement of Gas Detector Dissolved In Transfomer Oil (변압기 절연유중 수소 가스의 검지 시스템 설계)

  • Hwang, Kyu-Hyun;Seo, Ho-Joon;Rhie, Dong-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.207-210
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    • 2004
  • In oil-filled equipment such as transformers, partial discharge or local overheating will make insulating material(oil, kraft paper, proclain and wood) be stressed and generate many sort of gases($CO,\;CO_2,\;H_2,\;C_2H_4$) which are dissolved in transformer oil. The ratio of this gas can make diagnostic tecchniques of the lifetime of transfomer so, it is important to monitoring $H_2$ gas continuously. This paper developes a system of detecting about $H_2$ gas by using $H_2$ gas sensor, and we describe operation and performance of this system

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Developement of Gas Detector Dissolved In Transfomer Oil (변압기 절연유중 수소 가스의 검지 시스템 설계)

  • Hwang, Kyu-Hyun;Seo, Ho-Joon;Rhie, Dong-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1842-1844
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    • 2004
  • In oil-filled equipment such as transformers, partial discharge or local overheating will make insulating material(oil, kraft paper, proclain and wood) be stressed and generate many sort of gases(CO, $CO_2,\;H_2,\;C_2H_4$) which are dissolved in transformer oil. The ratio of this gas can make diagnostic tecchniques of the lifetime of transfomer so, it is important to monitoring $H_2$ gas continuously. This paper developes a system of detecting about $H_2$ gas by using $H_2$ gas sensor, and we describe operation and performance of this system.

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A Study on the Self Monitoring System of Marine Pollution from ship (선박의 해양오염 자율점검제도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hwan;Ko, Seong-Duk;Choi, Hyun-Kue;Lim, Byung-Man
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.101-104
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    • 2008
  • Inspection of Ship for the Prevention of Marine Pollution, that is After checking system of Marine Pollution according to the 115th of the Law of the Marine Environmental Management, that has been Marine Environmental Surveillant working on the Korea Coast Guard, aboard a ship, inspect to the normal operating q the Marine pollution Prevention Equipment and to Keep, Recording and Management well of All Recording Book of Marine Pollution Materials and to Check the treat results that dust oil and waste mater and discharge from ship during 30years, from 1978 to 2007 year. We offered the new inspection system that the Self Monitoring System that is the ship owner and Captain Voluntary Management the Marine Pollution Equipment for the prevent the marine pollution for the Unburden the Economical Activities and Unbiased of Ship's Crew.

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A Study on the Reliability of Failure Diagnosis Methods of Oil Filled Transformer using Actual Dissolved Gas Concentration (유중가스농도를 이용한 유입식 변압기 고장진단 기법의 신뢰성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Yeub;Chin, Soo-Hwan;Park, In-Kyoo
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.114-119
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    • 2011
  • Large Power transformer is a complex and critical component of power plant and consists of cellulosic paper, insulation oil, core, coil etc. Insulation materials of transformer and related equipment break down to liberate dissolved gas due to corona, partial discharge, pyrolysis or thermal decomposition. The dissolved gas kinds can be related to the type of electrical faults, and the rate of gas generation can indicate the severity of the fault. The identities of gases being generated are using very useful to decide the condition of transformation status. Therefore dissolved gas analysis is one of the best condition monitoring methods for power transformer. Also, on-line multi-gas analyzer has been developed and installed to monitor the condition of critical transformers. Rogers method, IEC method, key gas method and Duval Triangle method are used to failure diagnosis typically, and those methods are using the ratio or kinds of dissolved gas to evaluate the condition of transformer. This paper analyzes the reliability of transformer diagnostic methods considering actual dissolved gas concentration. Fault diagnosis is performed based on the dissolved gas of five transformers which experienced various fault respectively in the field, and the diagnosis result is compared with the actual off-line fault analysis. In this comparison result, Diagnostic methods using dissolved gas ratio like Rogers method, IEC method are sometimes fall outside the ratio code and no diagnosis but Duval triangle method and Key gas method is correct comparatively.

Conceptual Design of Mechanical System for Recovery of Seabed-Deposited Hazardous and Noxious Substances Based on Performance Requirements (해저침적 HNS 회수용 기계장치의 성능요건 기반 개념설계)

  • Hwang, Ho-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.689-697
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    • 2020
  • Hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) may cause maritime incidents during marine transportation, which are liable to lead to a large amount of spillage or discharge into the sea. The damage to the marine environment caused by the HNS spill or discharge is known to be much greater than the damage caused by oil spill. Particularly dangerous is HNS, which is deposited or buried in the seabed, as it can damage the organisms that live on, in, and near the bottom of the sea, the so-called "benthos," forming the benthic ecosystem. Therefore, it is vital that the HNS deposited on the seabed be recovered. In order to do so, procedures and equipment are required for accurate detection, stabilization treatment, and recovery of HNS in subsea sediment. Thus, when developing a mechanical recovery system, the performance requirements should be selected using performance indices, and the conceptual design of the mechanical recovery system should be based on performance requirements decided upon and selected in advance. Therefore, this study was conducted to arrive at a conceptual design for a mechanical recovery system for the recovery of HNS deposited on the seabed. In the design of the system, based on the fundamental scenario, the method of suction foundation with the function of self enclosing was adopted for recovering the HNS sediment in the subsea sediment. The mechanical recovery system comprises the suction foundation, pollution prevention, a pump system, control system, monitoring device, location information device, transfer device, and tanks. This conceptual design is expected to be reflected and used in the basic design of the components and shapes of the mechanical recovery system.