• Title, Summary, Keyword: oil content

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On-line Prediction Model of Oil Content in Oil Discharge Monitoring Equipment Using Parallel TSK Fuzzy Modeling (병렬구조 TSK 퍼지 모델을 이용한 선박용 기름배출 감시장치의 실시간 기름농도 예측모델)

  • Baek, Gyeong-Dong;Cho, Jae-Woo;Choi, Moon-Ho;Kim, Sung-Shin
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.12-17
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    • 2010
  • The oil tanker ship over 150GRT must equip oil content meter which satisfy requirements of revised MARPOL 73/78. Online measurement of oil content in complex samples is required to have fast response, continuous measurement, and satisfaction of ${\pm}10ppm$ or ${\pm}10%$ error in this field. The research of this paper is to develop oil content measurement system using analysis of light transmission and scattering among turbidity measurement methods. Light transmission and scattering are analytical methods commonly used in instrumentation for online turbidity measurement of oil in water. Gasoline is experimented as a sample and the oil content approximately ranged from 14ppm to 600ppm. TSK Fuzzy Model may be suitable to associate variously derived spectral signals with specific content of oil having various interfering factors. Proposed Parallel TSK Fuzzy Model is reasonably used to classify oil content in comparison with other models. Those measurement methods would be effectively applied and commercialized to oil content meter that is key components of oil discharge monitoring control equipment.

Influence of Moisture Content and Seed Dimensions on Mechanical Oil Expression from African Oil Bean (Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth) Seed

  • Aremu, Ademola K.;Ogunlade, Clement A.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: New low-cost oilseeds are needed to meet an ever-increasing demand for oil for food, pharmaceutical, and industrial applications. African oil bean seed is a tropical crop that is underutilized and has high oil yields, but there have been no studies conducted on its mechanical oil expression up to now. The objective of this work was to investigate the effect of moisture content and seed dimensions on mechanical oil expression from the seeds. Methods: Fresh oil bean seeds were procured, de-hulled, and cleaned. Initial seed moisture content, obtained in accordance with the ASAE standard, was 12% dry basis (db). The seeds were further conditioned by dehydration and rehydration prior to oil expression to obtain four other moisture levels of 8, 10, 14, and 16% db. The major diameter of the seeds was measured using digital vernier calipers, and the seeds were classified into size dimensions (< 40, 41-45, 46-50, 51-55, and > 55 mm). The oil yield and expression efficiency were obtained in accordance with standard evaluation methods. Results: The highest oil yield and expression efficiency (47.74% and 78.96%, respectively) were obtained for a moisture content of 8% db and seed dimensions of < 40 mm, while the lowest oil yield and expression efficiency (41.35% and 68.28%, respectively) were obtained for a moisture content of 14% db and seed dimensions between 51-55 mm. A mathematical model was developed to predict oil yield for known moisture content and seed dimensions, with a coefficient of determination $R^2$ of 95% and the confidence level of the predictive model of 84.17%. The probability of prediction F ratio showed that moisture content influence was more significant than seed dimensions. Conclusions: The higher the moisture content and larger the seed dimensions, the lower the oil yield from African oil bean seeds.

A Study of Transparent Liquid Crystal Gel with High Oil Content from Fatty Acid Soap (지방산 솝을 이용한 고오일 함유 투명젤 생성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-No;Kim, Hyuk-Hwa;Yu, Kang-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.431-437
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    • 2011
  • Transparent liquid crystal gels with high oil content by fatty acid soap were investigated. The solubilization efficiency of the mineral oil was dependent on the process. The process of dropping water part into the solution of oil and surfactant was more efficient than the process of dropping water part into the surfactant solution and after that dropping oil. The fatty acid soap could not solubilize the high oil content, but under the certain range, addition of CDE (Coconut Diethanolamide), Arlacel 165 (Glyceryl Stearate/PEG-100 Stearate) and cetostearyl alcohol helped solubilize the high content oil. Also, the glycerin and water content had influence on the solubilization. Especially, higher oil content gel showed elastic feature.

Development of Oil Content Meter for Oily Water Separator in Ship (선박 유수분리기용 유분검출기의 개발)

  • 황정웅;정병건;김창화
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.338-344
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    • 2001
  • According to the MARPOL 73/78 of Convention, all ships should have oil filtering equipment and 15 ppm bilge which satisfy Requirements of MARPOL 73/78. This study is concerned with designing and manufacturing a prototype Oil content Meter(OCM) used in machinery area of ship. The prototype OCM is composed of two parts which are oil content sensing module and data processing unit. The oil content sensing module consists of infra-red light source, photo-diode light receivers, and a glass tube for bilge water sample. The data processing unit has a micro-processor as hard core and peripheral devices. The experimental results of prototype OCM and analysis of collected data reveal linear property between transmitted light and scattered light as long as the bilge water has low level content of oil. And this linear property leads to a oil content detecting method which is programmed and loaded into the data processing unit. The performance of the prototype OCM is compared with that of the commercial OCM in the market.

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Identification of the quantitative trait loci (QTL) for seed protein and oil content in soybean.

  • Jeong, Namhee;Park, Soo-Kwon;Ok, Hyun-Choong;Kim, Dool-Yi;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Choi, Man-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.148-148
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    • 2017
  • Soybean is an important economical resource of protein and oil for human and animals. The genetic basis of seed protein and oil content has been separately characterized in soybean. However, the genetic relationship between seed protein and oil content remains to be elucidated. In this study, we used a combined analysis of phenotypic correlation and linkage mapping to dissect the relationship between seed protein and oil content. A $F_{10:11}$ RIL population containing 222 lines, derived from the cross between two Korean soybean cultivars Seadanbaek as female and Neulchan as male parent, were used in this experiment. Soybean seed analyzed were harvested in three different experimental environments. A genetic linkage map was constructed with 180K SoyaSNP Chip and QTLs of both traits were analyzed using the software QTL IciMapping. QTL analyses for seed protein and oil content were conducted by composite interval mapping across a genome wide genetic map. This study detected four major QTL for oil content located in chromosome 10, 13, 15 and 16 that explained 13.2-19.8% of the phenotypic variation. In addition, 3 major QTL for protein content were detected in chromosome 10, 11 and 16 that explained 40.8~53.2% of the phenotypic variation. A major QTLs was found to be associated with both seed protein and oil content. A major QTL were mapped to soybean chromosomes 16, which were designated qHPO16. These loci have not been previously reported. Our results reveal a signi cant genetic relationship between seed protein and oil fi content traits. The markers linked closely to these major QTLs may be used for selection of soybean varieties with improved seed protein and oil content.

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Optical Characteristic Analysis of Bilge Water for Developing an Oil Content Meter (유분검출기 개발을 위한 빌지 배출수의 광특성 분석)

  • 최상화;황정웅;정병건
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.311-320
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    • 2001
  • Since 1998 for protection of marine pollution, all ships must have oil filtering equipment and 15ppm bilge alarms which satisfy Requirements of MARPOL 73/78. Oily-water separator used in machinery area of ships usually consists of two parts; one is filtering equipment and the other is oil content meter(OCM). This study presents optical characteristics of bilge were acquired form oil content sensing module. The oil content sensing module consists of IR-LED light source, photo-diode light receivers, and a glass tube for bilge water sample. The experiment with the bilge water demonstrates various valuable optical properties. These optical properties suggest notes and guides to make the low-cost, easy operation and good performance commercial type OCM that satisfy the requirements of MARPOL 73/78.

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RAPD Loci for Seed Protein and Oil Content in Soybean (Glycine max)

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    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.247-249
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    • 1997
  • Seed protein and oil content is important trait in the soybean. Both seed protein and oil content in this plant species is inherited quantitatively. A 68-plant $F_2$ segregation population derived from a mating between Mercury and PI 467.468 was evaluated with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers to identify QTL related to seed protein and oil content. Marker OPB12 was found to be associated with differences in seed protein content. Four markers, OPA09b, OPM07b, OPC14, and OPN11b had highly significant effects on seed oil content. By interval mapping, the interval between marker OPK3c and OPQ1b on linkage group 13 contained a QTL that explained 25.7% variation for seed oil content.

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Oil Contents and Fatty Acid Composition of Korean Perilla (Perilla ocimoides L.) Collections

  • Hong, Seong-Taek;Son, Suk-Yeong;Jong, Seung-keun;Rho, Chang-Woo;Yun, Jong-Sun
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.215-220
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to obtain informations on the variations of oil content and fatty acid composition among 90 Korean perilla collections. Average oil content of 90 perilla collections was 44.2% with a range from 29.7% to 61.9%. Perilla collections with late-maturing, super-large seed and gray seed coat showed higher oil content than other types in general. Average saturated fatty acid content in perilla oil was 9.0% with a range from 8.2% to 10.7%, while average unsaturated fatty acid content varied from 89.3% to 91.8% with a mean of 91.0%. Contents of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were not related to maturity. There were no differences in the contents of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids according to maturity. Linoleic acid and linolenic acid contents were the highest in the super large-sized group(15.5%) and in the large-sized seed group(61.4%), respectively, while contents of fatty acids among the perilla collections were variable with different seed coat colors. Most of the traits studied were not significantly correlated with oil content, but linoleic acid($\omega$-6) content was negatively correlated (r=-0.217*) with linolenic acid($\omega$-3) content.

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An Experimental Study on the Measurement of Water Content in an Lubricating Oil by Implementing a Dew-point Condensation Sensor (이슬점 응축 현상을 이용한 오일 내 수분함량 측정에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kong Hosung;Yoon Eui-Sung;Han Hung-Gu;Kim Hak Yeul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2004
  • Presence of water in the lubricating oils could be one of the first indicators of potentially expensive and possibly catastrophic failure of the machine as it may cause displace the oil films to prevent the lubrication function of the oil or chemically react with many oil additives resulting in the oil degradation. In order to detect water content quantitatively in lubricating oils many methods and sensors has been developed. Among these, capacitive sensors including sensitive layer, whose dielectric factor changes according to the water content absorbed in the layer, are proposed mainly in the market. But these sensors are not sensitive to a high water content. Besides, the absorbing layer soils in time. In this work, an evaporation of water moisture from oil into air volume above lubricant surface and condensation of water vapor at a cooling surface was used to measure water content quantitatively in an lubricating oil. Laboratory test results of a prototype sensor were presented. Test results showed that the proposed method could be avaliable to measure a low levels of oil moisture.

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The Effect of Base Oil Composition on Electronic Insulating Oil's Performances (윤활기유의 조성이 전기절연유의 성능 및 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 문우식;전정식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.181-189
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the effect of base oil composition on the electronic insulating oil's performances, an experimental study has been conducted using different oils. Owing to their properties, like lower pour point and gas absorbing, naphthenic base oils are used more often than paraffmic base oils for the electronic insulating oil application. Naphthenic and paraffinic base oils are significantly different in their aromatic hydrocarbon content. In this paper, PXE(para xylyl ethane), LAB(linear alkylbenzene), C13 aromatic hydrocarbon mixture and C17 aromatic hydrocarbon mixture are investigated regarding their influence on insulating oil's performances. According to present study, breakdown voltage decreased with increasing aromatic lydrocarbon content in a deep dewaxed paraffmic base oil. However, any changing in the dissipation factor was not recognizable at small treated level. Furthermore, the volume resistance was not influenced by aromatic hydrocarbon content. The gassing tendency was found as a highly sensible property, changing with treating aromatic hydrocarbons. The higher benzene ring content in the hydrocarbon, the better gassing tendency.

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