• Title, Summary, Keyword: oesophagus

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Descriptions of Four New Species of Actinolaimoidea (Dorylaimida:Nematoda) from Korea (한국산 Actinolaimoidea상과의 (Dorylaimida:Nematoda) 4신종 기재)

  • ;Zakaullah Khan
    • The Korean Journal of Soil Zoology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2000
  • Four new species of predatory nematodes belonging to the Actinolaimoidea, Dorylaimida are described. Neoactinolaimus gosungensis n. sp. is 2.2-2.4 mm long, b = 4.3-4.9; c = 10.7-11.2; species 60-62 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ long and is distinguishable by low lip region, asymmetrical odontostyle and its wider lumen. Egtitus arcuatus n. sp. is 1.5-1.8 mm long, b = 3.6-4.2; c = 14-15 and is characterized by having dorsally arcuate odontostyle and presence of cardiac glands at base of oesophagus. Paractinolaimus tuberculantus n. sp. is 1.9-2.5 mm long, b = 3.3-4.0, c = 7.2-8.8, spicules 66-69 ${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ long and is unique in having coiled body posture and a tubercle at the base of oesophagus. Carcharolaimus koriensis n. sp. is 1.7-1.9 mm long, b = 3.6-4.5, c = 65-76 and is characterized by having very thick body cuticle and larger odontostyle aperture.

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Psychometric Analysis of a Persian Version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer OG25 Quality of Life Questionnaire in Oesophagogastric Cancer Patients

  • Hesari, Ali Esmaeili;Lari, Mohsen Asadi;Shandiz, Fatemeh Homai
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.2739-2745
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    • 2014
  • Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a fundamental outcome in oncology patients and quality of life (QOL) assessment requires clinically relevant questionnaires. The purpose of this study was translation and definition of measurement properties and the clinical validity of Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ)-OG25 module in Persian patients with oesophagus, oesophagogastric junction (OGJ) or gastric cancers. Materials and Methods: The translation procedure followed European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) guidelines. Both EORTC QLQ-OG25 and a core questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) were administered to patients with oesophagus (150), OG junction (93) and gastric (32) cancer undergoing multi-modal treatments. Convergent and discriminant validity, Cronbach's alpha coefficient and known-groups comparisons were used to examine reliability and validity. Results: In all, 275 patients (mean age 62 years) completed both questionnaires. Compliance rate was high and the questionnaire module was well accepted. We found good reliability for multi-item subscales of QLQ-OG25 (Cronbach's alpha coefficients 0.76-0.89). About 73% had TNM staging and scales distinguished between clinically distinct groups of patients. However, patients in palliative group experienced compromised functional status and worse treatment-associated symptoms than those in the potentially curative group. Test-retest scores were consistent. Multi-trait scaling analysis demonstrated good convergent and discriminant validity. Conclusions: Overall, the Persian version of QLQ-OG25 demonstrated psychometric and clinical validity that supports its application as a supplement to the original tool (EORTC QLQ-C30) when assessing HRQL in patients with upper-gastrointestinal (GI) cancer both in curative and palliative phases.

Relationship between EGFR Over-expression and Clinicopathologic Characteristics in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus: A Meta-analysis

  • Wang, Jun;Yu, Jin-Ming;Jing, Shao-Wu;Guo, Yin;Wu, Ya-Jing;Li, Na;Jiao, Wen-Peng;Wang, Li;Zhang, Yan-Jun
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.14
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    • pp.5889-5893
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    • 2014
  • Over-expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been identified as a common feature associated with clinical outcome in many types of cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus (SCCO). However, the clinical importance of EGFR over-expression in SCCO remains unsettled as conflicting results exist. Therefore we carried out the present meta-analysis of published studies for clarification. A total of 13 studies including 1, 150 patients were enrolled. EGFR over-expression was positive in 722 of these cases. With EGFR over-expression, patients had higher depth of invasion, vascular invasion, and poor prognosis. However, expression had no relation with degree of differentiation, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage or lymphatic invasion. EGFR over-expression is probably a valuable predictor for the T stage, vascular invasion and OS, and it could be used as a poor prognosis indicator for the esophageal SCC patients. Targeting therapy to EFGR should be considered to the combined treatment in SCCO.

Identification and prevalence of trematode(Gen Azygia) and nematode(Gen Pingus) in Ophicephalus argus (가물치의 위장내 기생하는 흡충(Azygia속) 및 선충(Pingus속)의 동정과 감염상황)

  • Moon, Moo-hong;Lee, Eun-woo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.147-159
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    • 1998
  • A survey of the internal parasites in 115 fishes of Ophicephalus argus was carried out in Kyungpook province during the period from January 1995 to November 1997. A species of trematode from the stomach and a species of nematode from the caeca of the fishes was discovered respectively. The trematode was identified as Azygia hwangtsinyi (Tsin, 1993) and the nematode as Pingus sinensis ($Hs\ddot{u}$, 1993). The fluke was pressed at thick of 0.1mm~0.2mm between slide glasses and fixed in 70% ethyl alcohol solution. The fluke was washed with tap water after fixation and stained with hematoxylin-carmin and mounted in balsam through routine methods. The nematode was fixed in 5% formalin solution and mounted with lactophnol or glycerine jelly. Morphology : Arygia hwantsinyi ; The fluke is elongate body with approximately parallel margins and rounded extremities in pressed preparations(Fig 1). The cuticle is unarmed. The oral sucker is ventro-subterminal in position. The ventral sucker is slightly smaller than oral sucker and positioned at 14.2% of body length from the oral sucker. The cirrus sac and genital pore is in mid-ventral line, slightly anterior to the ventral sucker. The oral sucker is succeeded by a well developed muscular pharynx. It is succeeded by a short inverted Y-shaped oesophagus. The inner wall of oesophagus is consisted of many fine folded membrane. The fine tubes of esophagus pass into the intestinal heads which are distended and presented a marked borderline between the fine tube and intestinal heads. The Intestinal heads start at level of pharynx and pass caudad in a zigzag course to end quite near caudal margin. The uterine coils occupy the intercecal area between the level of the cephalic margin of the ovary and about the level of the ventral sucker. The uterus is filled with many eggs. The testes are round or oval and placed one behind the other generally a little diagonally. The posterior testis is placed at level of 75.1% of body length. The ovary is oval, placed ahead the anterior testis. The shell gland not discernible outline is contacted with ovary ahead it. The vitelline glands are consisted of small oval vesicles. The vesicles occupy extracecal regions and between a little posterior of the ventral sucker and near caudal margin. Pingus sinensis : Female ; The cuticle is smooth and the cervical alae are well developed. The mouth opening is small, triangular, and without lips. The anterior end bears four sub-medial papillae. The oesophagus is divided into a muscular and glandular portion. The nerve ring is situated just at the junction of the muscular and glandular portions of the oesophagus. The vulva which has a prominent flap, is placed behind the middle of the body about one-third of the length of the worm from the posterior extremity. The vagina is strongly muscularised and after running anteriorly about $68{\mu}$, divides itself into two broad uterine tubes with an anterior and a posterior one. There are a few eggs in the uterine tubes. The tail is slender, straight and pointed. The ovary extends almost to the posterior extremity. Male : Male is smaller than female. The tail is pointed, curved and carrying well-developed caudal alae. A prominent muscular precloacal sucker is characteristic. The spicules are equal and short. There are four pairs of pedunculated pre-anal papillae, of which the most anterior pair are situated just at the level anterior to the muscular sucker. Two pairs of pedunculated papillae are present before the anus. There are five pairs of post-anal papillae of which the most anterior pair and the second counted from the posterior end are ventral and more marked than the ones which are situated laterally.

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Ultrastructure of the digestive tract of Korean Leech (Erpobdella lineata) (한국산 거머리 (Erpobdella lineate) 소화관의 미세구조)

  • Chang, N.S.
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.34-45
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    • 1994
  • This investigation has been carried out to examine the structure of digestive tract from Korean Leech, Erpobdella lineata, using light and electron microscope. The digestive tract is composed of mouth, pharynx, Oesophagus, six-chambered stomach, three-chambered intestine, rectum and anus. Stomach and intestine have not gastric or intestine ceca and consist of only straight tube. All digestive tracts from pharynx to rectum are covered with simple columnar epithelial cells. While the surfaces of endothelial cell of pharynx and rectum are covered with cuticular layer of about $0.3{\mu}m$ in thickness, stomach and intestine are covered with estimated $0.2-0.3{\mu}m$ and $0.5{\mu}m$ microvilli respectively. Circular folds were found only in first and second chambers of stomach, intestine and rectum, but not in pharynx and the other chambers (third to sixth) of stomach. The granules of $0.3-0.8{\mu}m$ and $0.5-1.0{\mu}m$ in diameter were observed in the cytoplasm of stomach endothelial cell. These granules were demonstrated to contain protein which showed a positive reaction to ninhydrin. It was also found that there are well-developed microvilli in the apical portion of intestine endothelial cell in which endocytosis occurs actively.

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Processed Meat Consumption and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oesophagus in a Large Case-Control Study in Uruguay

  • Stefani, Eduardo De;Boffetta, Paolo;Ronco, Alvaro Luis;Deneo-Pellegrini, Hugo;Correa, Pelayo;Acosta, Gisele;Mendilaharsu, Maria
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.14
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    • pp.5829-5833
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    • 2014
  • Background: The role of processed meat in the aetiology of squamous cell oesophageal cancer has been explored in detail. Methods: In the time period 1990-2005, a case-control study was conducted in Montevideo, Uruguay including 2,368 participants (876 cases of oesophageal cancer and 1,492 controls). Relative risks, approximated by the odds ratios, were estimated by multiple unconditional logistic regression. Results: Processed meat was positively associated with oesophageal cancer (upper quartile vs lower quartile OR 2.30, 95%CI 1.72-3.07), whereas salted meat intake was positively associated with squamous cell oesophageal cancer (OR 3.82, 95%CI 2.74-5.33). Finally other cured meats were positively associated with oesophageal cancer (OR 1.65, 95%CI 1.22-2.22). Conclusions: It could be concluded that processed meat consumption could be an important risk factor for the aetiology of squamous cell oesophageal cancer in Uruguay.

First record Acrobeles ciliatus (Rhabditida) and Plectus parietinus (Plectida) from South Korea

  • Eun, Geun;Ha, Jihye;Kang, Heonil;Kim, Yongchul;Choi, Insoo;Kim, Donggeun
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.318-323
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    • 2016
  • Acrobeles ciliatus (von Linstow, 1877) and Plectus parietinus (Bastian, 1865) are newly collected from Korea. Acrobeles is similar to those nematode belongs to Rhabditidae and Panagrolaimidae by having terminal bulb without medium bulb but different by having complex, vines shaped labial attachment. A. ciliatus differed from other Acrobeles species by lateral fields with two incisures, primary axils U-shaped, and secondary axils V-shaped. Head region set off with the neck, three high labial probolae present, each having 5 tines at inner margins and 5-7 at outer margins, and two elongate apical tines. Also, it differs from the longer female body. Plectus parietinus is distinguished from all other species of Plectus by the prominent hypodermal glands, the relatively small amphid, the distinct and well set-off lips and by the subdorsal distal caudal seta on the left side of the tail. Stoma without stylet. Oesophagus about 1/4 of total body length with terminal bulb. Anus ca. $100{\mu}m$ from posterior extremity. Vulva is at middle of body. Have spinneret on tail tip.

Survey for Internal Parasites of Swine in Korea (돼지 내부기생충(內部寄生蟲)의 현황(現況)과 돼지 배분(排糞)의 검사성적(檢査成績))

  • Jang, Du Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 1975
  • In survey for internal parasites of 395 heads of swine by fecal examination at ict, incidences of each parasite were obtained as follows: Giardia lamblia 1.0% Entamoehaspp. 55.4 Eimeria& Isospora spp. 22.5 Balantidium coli 66.6 Metastrongylus elongatus 17.6 Ascaris suum 25.6 Oesophagostomun dentatum 29.1 Hyostrongylus ryubidus 14.6 Trichuris suis 4.2 Strongyloides ransomi 7.2 Mecistocirrus digitatus 1.0 Check-list for the internal parasites of swine made by all the materials repor years from 1920 to 1975 in Korea is as follows: No. Parasites Habitat References 1. Ascaris lumbricoides small intestine Kawamura(1923) 2. Oesophagostomum dentatum large intestine Kawamura(1923) 3. Echinococcus veterinorum lung & liver Kawamura(1923) 4. Cysticercus cellulosae muscle Yunoba(1923) 5. Sarcooystis sp. muscle Arahayase(1927) 6. Entamoeba polecki intestine Kuwabara(1931) 7. Balantidium coli large intestine Huruyama(1931) 8. Metastrongylus elongatus lung Lee(1956) 9. Gongylonema pulckrum oesophagus Isshiki(1960) 10. Ascarops strongylina stomach Isshiki(1960) 11. Cysticercus tenuicollis peritoneum Isshiki(1960) 12. Cysticercus bovis? diaphragm Isshiki(1960) 13. Toxoplasma gondii interna organs Mun(1960) 14. Trichuris suis large intestine Lee et al.(1963) 15. Stephamirus dentatus feces Lee et al.(1963) 16. Spirometra mansonides fat layer of muscle Jang(1964) 17. Hyostrongylus rubidus stomach Kim et al.(1969) 18. Strongyloides ransomi feces Kim et al.(1969) 19. Eimeria perminuta feces Jang(1972) 20. E. debrieki feces Jang(1972) 21. E. polita feces Jang(1972) 22. E. scabra feces Jang(1972) 23. E. scrofae feces Jang(1972) 24. Isospora suis feces Jang(1972) 25. Entamoeba coli feces Jang(1975) 26. Mecistocirrus digitatus feces Jang(1975) 27. Giardia lamblia feces Jang(1975).

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Behaviour Studies of Red Till Fish, Branchiostegus Japonicus to a Longline Gear for Hook Design (연승어구에 대한 옥돔의 행동과 낚시형상 설계)

  • Lee, Chun-Woo;Park, Seong-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.240-246
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    • 1995
  • The responses of red tile fish, Branchiostegus Japonicus to a longline gear were examined in an experimental tank using two video cameras, in order to know hooking mechanism and improve longline hook. In attraction stage, the fish swim to upstream direction slowly just above the bottom toward the baited hook. The majority of the fish then biting the bait incompletely, after the biting, the fish made a backward swimming with low intense, and the bait was usually spitting out when snood was stretched. In most case, hooking took place at the moment the fish made jerk or rush after the bait wallowed. The behaviour sequence closely related to hooking are chewing and jerking or chewing and rushing. According to the field experiments, the tested hooks of long shank show very low catching efficiency compared to the traditional hook with short shank, and the hooked position of the traditional hooks were oesophagus or stomach but the tested hooks were mouth in the most cases. For catching efficiency, desirable hook shape were inferenced inner-curved point and short shank because its ease to swallow. The shape and demensions of a porposed hook were determined in consideration of mechanized gear handling and hooking performance.

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Quality Assessment of Longissimus and Semitendinosus Muscles from Beef Cattle Subjected to Non-penetrative and Penetrative Percussive Stunning Methods

  • Sazili, A.Q.;Norbaiyah, B.;Zulkifli, I.;Goh, Y.M.;Lotfi, M.;Small, A.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.723-731
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    • 2013
  • This study provides a comparative analysis of the effects of pre-slaughter penetrative and non-penetrative stunning and post-slaughter stunning on meat quality attributes in longissimus lumborum (LL) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles in heifers. Ten animals were assigned to each of four treatment groups: i) animals were subjected to conventional Halal slaughter (a clean incision through the structures at the front of the upper neck - the trachea, oesophagus, carotid arteries and jugular veins) and post-cut penetrating mechanical stun within 10 to 20 s of the neck cut (Unstunned; US); ii) high power non-penetrating mechanical stunning followed by the neck cut (HPNP); iii) low power non-penetrating mechanical stunning followed by the neck cut (LPNP); and iv) penetrative stunning using a captive bolt pistol followed by the neck cut (P). For each carcass, muscle samples were removed within 45 min of slaughter, portioned and analysed for pH, cooking loss, water holding capacity (WHC), tenderness (WBS), lipid oxidation (TBARS) and color, over a two week storage period. Stunning did not affect pH and cooking loss. Significant differences in water holding capacity, tenderness, lipid oxidation and color were present at different storage time points. HPNP stunning resulted in lower WHC and color values, particularly lightness ($L^*$), higher TBARS values and peak force values compared with those stunned using LPNP, P and US. These adverse effects on quality were mostly encountered in the ST muscle. In conclusion, the meat quality achieved using P, LPNP and US treatments was comparable, and no treatment stood out as considerably better than another.