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Quality Characteristics of Rice Nutritional Bars Containing Different Levels of Chinese Artichoke (Stachys sieboldii Miq.) Powder (초석잠(Stachys sieboldii Miq.) 분말의 첨가량을 달리한 쌀 영양바의 품질특성)

  • Joo, Shin-Youn;Choi, Hae-Yeon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality characteristics of rice nutritional bars prepared by adding Chinese artichoke (CA) powder to the rice powder. Methods: CA rice nutritional bars were prepared with various levels of CA powder (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) and designated as CA0 (without CA powder), CA5, CA10, CA15, and CA20, respectively. The total phenolic content, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, moisture content, pH, baking loss rate, leavening rate, volume, color, texture analysis, and sensory evaluations of rice nutritional bars were performed. Results: The total phenolic content and DPPH free radical scavenging activity exhibited an increase with increase in the substitute amount of CA powder. The results showed that the pH of rice nutritional bars decreased in all sample groups as the content of CA powder increased. The volume of the sample group with CA powder was higher than that of CA0. As the content of CA powder increased, lightness of the rice nutritional bars crumbs decreased while redness and yellowness increased. The texture analysis of rice nutritional bars showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness were the highest in CA0 while springiness and cohesiveness were the lowest in CA0. With respect to characteristic intensity rating, the taste, flavor, and softness of rice nutritional bars increased with increasing amounts of CA powder. In terms of consumer acceptability, CA15 and CA20 received the highest scores with respect to texture. Conclusion: Therefore, the results of this study indicate that replacing 15% of the rice powder with CA led to an efficient enhancement in the antioxidant and nutritional values of rice nutritional bars as well as the sensory quality.

Quality Characteristics of Cabbage Rice Nutritional Bars Made with Varying Ratios of Cabbage Powder (양배추 분말 첨가비율에 따른 양배추 쌀 영양바의 품질특성)

  • Joo, Shin-Youn;Choi, Hae-Yeon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.441-448
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cabbage powder on the quality characteristics of rice nutritional bars. Methods: In order to analyze quality characteristics, total phenolic content, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, baking loss rate, leavening rate, specific volume, moisture content, color, texture analysis, and sensory evaluations were assessed. Results: The total phenolic content and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of rice nutritional bars significantly increased with an increase in the content of cabbage powder (p<0.05). The baking loss rate, leavening rate, specific volume, and moisture content of the rice nutritional bars were significantly reduced as the amount of added cabbage powder increased (p<0.05). As the concentration of cabbage powder increased, the lightness and redness of the bars' crust and crumbs decreased, while yellowness increased (p<0.05). In texture analysis, the control bars showed the highest hardness values. Adhesiveness, springiness, and cohesiveness values slightly decreased with higher cabbage powder content in the groups with added cabbage powder (p<0.05). When consumer acceptability was measured, rice nutritional bars prepared with 15% cabbage powder showed the highest scores in color, whereas the rice nutritional bars prepared with 20% cabbage powder showed the lowest scores in flavor (p<0.05). In characteristic intensity rating, the taste and off-flavor of rice nutritional bars significantly increased with increasing amounts of cabbage powder (p<0.05). Conclusion: Judging from our results, it can be concluded that the addition of cabbage powder to rice nutritional bars during processing can enhance consumer preference for the bars, total phenolic content, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity.

Evaluation of Nutritional Content in Convenience Store Lunchboxes by Meal Type, Price, and Store Brand (편의점 도시락의 식단형태별, 가격대별, 편의점 브랜드별 영양성분 함량 평가)

  • Park, Jin-Seon;Han, Young-Hee;Hyun, Taisun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.280-290
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: This study investigated the menu and nutritional contents of convenience store lunchboxes, and evaluated the nutritional content by meal type, price, and store brand. Methods: In September 2019, 93 convenience store lunchboxes from the top five franchise stores were purchased. Relevant information on price, food weight, food ingredients, cooking methods, and nutrition labeling were subsequently collected. Nutritional content was evaluated based on the daily value (DV) and Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ), and energy contribution of carbohydrate, protein, fat, saturated fat and sugar was compared with the recommended range. Results: Most lunchboxes included the food groups; grains/starches, meats/fish/eggs/legumes, and vegetables. However, none provided fruits, and only a few lunchboxes provided milk/milk products. Stir-frying, deep-frying, and pan-frying were the most frequent methods of cooking. The average energy content of the lunchboxes was 736.6 kcal, whereas the average contents of protein, fat and saturated fat were higher than 40% of the DV, and sodium content was 66.8% of the DV. The contents of most nutrients in traditional type lunchboxes were higher, as compared to nutrients in onedish type lunchboxes. Considering pricing of lunchboxes, protein and sodium contents were higher in the higher-priced lunchboxes as compared to lower-priced lunchboxes, but there were no differences in the INQs. The contents of energy, protein, fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol significantly differed by brand. Conclusions: Our results indicate that convenience store lunchboxes contain high levels of protein, fat, saturated fat, and sodium. The nutritional contents differed by meal type, price, and store brand, and higher price did not imply higher nutritional quality. We propose the need to educate consumers to check nutrition labels and purchase appropriate lunchboxes. Manufacturers also need to make efforts to reduce the amounts of fat, saturated fat, and sodium, and not provide protein in excess.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Nutritional Bar added with Aronia Byproducts Powder (아로니아 부산물 분말 첨가 쌀 영양바의 품질 특성)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook;Choi, Hae-Yeon;Joo, Shin-Youn
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.947-955
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    • 2015
  • The quality characteristics, total phenolic content, anthocyanin content, and DPPH radical scavenging activity of rice nutritional bar with added powder of aronia byproducts were investigated in this study. The rice nutritional bar was prepared by adding aronia byproducts powder at concentrations of 0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%. The pH of the rice nutritional bar batter was lowered for the control and 2% aronia byproducts powder was added. The moisture content, baking loss rate, leavening rate and specific volume of the rice nutritional bar decreased with as the aronia byproducts powder content increased. In relation to measurements of the colors of the rice nutritional bar crust and crumbs, as the content of aronia byproducts powder increased, the L and b values decreased while the a value increased. From texture analysis, the hardness and chewiness increased according to the level of added aronia byproducts powder, but the springiness and cohesiveness decreased. The total phenolic content, anthocyanin content, and DPPH radical scavenging activity showed the highest values in the rice bar with 6% aronia byproducts powder added. According to a sensory evaluation, overall preference was highest for the rice bar with 4% added aronia byproducts powder, whereas the color and taste was rated higher for the rice bar added with 4% and 6% aronia byproducts powder.

Nutritional Labeling Practices for Processed Foods According to Food Category (식품유형별 시판 가공식품의 영양표시 실태조사)

  • O, Se-In;Kim, Ok-Seon;Jang, Yeong-Ae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the current nutritional labeling practices in the processed foods industry. Package labels provide consumers with reliable nutritional information, which has been considered a useful aid for food selection and a potent educational tool for nutrition in a daily life. To assess the nutritional composition labeling and nutritional claims on the food package labels in the Korean market, 2,691 processed foods were purchased from a wholesale market in August, 2004, under the food categories specified in the 2004 Food Code. Nutritional composition labels were found on 674 out of the 2,691 processed foods items. The study findings were as follows. Milk and dairy products showed the highest percentage(56.6%) of nutritional composition labeling among the food categories, while 86.2% of processed foods carried inappropriate types of nutrition labels. The title of nutritional composition labeling was ordered according to the nutritional composition presented on the top part of the box. The regulations method which it indicates was 77.8%. The expression unit of the nutritional composition labeling was per 100g(32.8%) or per OOg (29.4%). Of total processed foods, 83(3.1%) offered nutritional claims in their labels. These claims were divided into two ways: nutrient content claims and nutrient comparative claims. The most frequently used term in nutrient content claims was "contained"(67.2%). "More" or "Plus" were frequently used term in nutrient comparative claims(11.2%). Calcium was the most popular among nutrients claimed by processed foods(34.3%).

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Effect of paternal folate deficiency on placental folate content and folate receptor ${\alpha}$ expression in rats

  • Kim, Hye-Won;Choi, Yun-Jung;Kim, Ki-Nam;Tamura, Tsunenobu;Chang, Nam-Soo
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.112-116
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    • 2011
  • We investigated the effect of paternal folate status on folate content and expression of the folate transporter folate receptor ${\alpha}$ ($FR{\alpha}$) in rat placental tissues. Rats were mated after males were fed a diet containing 0 mg of folic acid/kg of diet (paternal folate-deficient, PD) or 8 mg folic acid/kg of diet (paternal folate-supplemented, PS) for 4 weeks. At 20 days of gestation, the litter size, placental weight, and fetal weight were measured, and placental folate content (n=8/group) and expression of $FR{\alpha}$ (n=10/group) were analyzed by microbiological assay and Western blot analysis, respectively. Although there was no difference observed in litter size or fetal weight, but significant reduction (10%) in the weight of the placenta was observed in the PD group compared to that in the PS group. In the PD group, placental folate content was significantly lower (by 35%), whereas $FR{\alpha}$ expression was higher (by 130%) compared to the PS group. Our results suggest that paternal folate status plays a critical role in regulating placental folate metabolism and transport.

A Study on the Dietary Life and Nutritional Status of the Buddhist Priests (우리나라 스님들의 식생활과 영양실태 조사.연구)

  • 유영상;이윤희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.425-434
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate of the dietary life and nutritional status of the Buddhist priests. Dietary life, the state of prepare a meal and menu are carried out through the questionnaire and the nutritional status is carried out through the analysis of the constituents of the blood. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. The traditional temple's foods undergo a change with the variety and westernization of dietary life. 2. Buddhist priests take a carbohydrate centered meal and the intake of protein and lipid is tendency to lack, but the intake of vitamin and mineral is sufficient with various vegetables. 3. The content of the lipid compoents and glucose of blood are low and they are free from the danger of geriatric diseases but the content of triglyceride is very higher than the healthy general adults. Therefore it is necessary to improve the nutritional status of the buddhist priests with decrease the intake of rice and increase the various side dish and to develop the standard menu for the Buddhist priests.

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Taste-Active and Nutritional Components of Thai Native Chicken Meat: A Perspective of Consumer Satisfaction

  • Lengkidworraphiphat, Phatthawin;Wongpoomchai, Rawiwan;Bunmee, Thanaporn;Chariyakornkul, Arpamas;Chaiwang, Niraporn;Jaturasitha, Sanchai
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2021
  • The taste-active and nutritional components of Thai native, broilers, black-boned, and spent hen chickens were analyzed. The amounts of tasty amino acids especially glutamic acid were the highest in Thai native chicken. The black-boned chicken had the highest arginine content, related to the least amount of consumer satisfaction. Concerning nutritional quality, choline, and taurine were deemed important for brain function. The black-boned chicken showed the highest choline and taurine contents, unlike that of the spent hens. In contrast, broilers presented the highest betaine content, which might be attributed to their lipid metabolism. L-carnitine content was abundant in black-boned and Thai native chickens. Moreover, the amounts of essential amino acids were high in Thai native chicken. In conclusion, black-boned chicken proved to be an excellent nutritional source for health-conscience consumers, whereas the Thai native chickens were flavourful and delicious.

Nutritional value and antioxidant potential of lemon seed and sprout

  • Park, Yong-Sung;Dhungana, Sanjeev Kumar;Kim, Il-Doo;Shin, Dong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.627-631
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    • 2020
  • High amounts of lemon seeds are discarded as by-products of processing industries. It is important to find some measures, whereby they could be used in value-added ways. Although few studies have been conducted on lemon seed oils, no study has been conducted on the nutrient content of lemon seed sprouts. The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional value and antioxidant potential of lemon seeds and sprouts. The 1,1-diphenly-2-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging potential, total polyphenol, and total free amino acid content were higher in the sprouts than in the seeds. Similarly, the content of such mineral elements as Fe, Na, and Zn, increased with germination. However, salicylic acid and total mineral content were lower in the sprouts than in the seeds. The results indicate that lemon seeds and sprouts could be regarded as high-value materials in food and cosmetic industries.

Consumer Preferred Formats of Nutrition Labels - Housewives of Daejon City - (소비자가 선호하는 영양표시 형태 - 대전 지역 주부를 중심으로 -)

  • 최지현;정영지
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.220-230
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate consumer preferred formats of nutrition labels: the type of nutritional information provided on the labels. A survey was conducted on 222 housewives between the age of 20 and 65 in Daejeon city in 1998, using an interview questionnaire showing illustrated nutritional label formats. Among twelve nutrients and caloric values listed on the nutrition labels, the housewives ranked their interest in the items in the following order of calorie (58.56%), calcium (56.76%), cholesterol (54.05%), protein (39.19%) and vitamin C (36.04%). The majority of the subjects (69.37%) checked labels when they bought milk or dairy products, whereas only 8.11% looked at labels when they bought Ramyon or noodles. Most of the subjects (90.99%) preferred products with labels with nutritional information as compared with products without labels. this was especially so true of the younger individuals and of pc-ople who checked food labels more frequently. The subjects preferred labeling which described the nutrient content per Package (55.41%), sewing size (32.88%) and food weight of 1009 (11.71%) as a standard nit. Generally, they prefer-red a simplified list to a detailed list of the number of nutrients, a figure graph to bar graph in nutrition claim, vertical bar graph to horizontal bar graph showing the nutritional content of foods and a web-type graphic format to a radiation-format when describing the item's percentage of the Korean RDA's nutrient content. The subjects who checked labels frequently especially preferred detailed list, while housewives with job or with unhealthy family members preferred a simplified list and graphic, rather than a numerical display. From this result, it is suggested that providing consumers with more nutrients information in a more easily understood graphic format would encourage the consumers to check nutritional labels. Therefore this should be considered when developing the regulations far nutrition labeling or when educating the Public about nutrition. (Korean J Community Nutrition 8(2) : 220∼230, 2003)