• Title, Summary, Keyword: nutrient intake

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Contribution of Specific Foods to Absolute Intake and between-Person Variation of Nutrient Consumption in Korean Adults Living in Rural Area (24시간 회상법으로 조사한 한국 농촌성인의 섭취영양별 주요 급원식품 및 변이식품)

  • 이심열;백희영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.882-889
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to examine contribution of specific foods to absolute intake and between-person variation in nutrients consumed by 2037 adults living in Korean rural area using one day 24-hour recall method. To measure contribution of food to absolute nutrient intake, all foods consumed were ranked by percentages calculated as the sum of the nutrient intake contributed by a given food divided by the total nutrient intake from al categories. To assess between-person variability in nutrient intake, stepwise multiple regression analysis was used with total nutrient intake from al foods as the dependent variable and the nutrient amount from each of all foods as independent variables. The kind and the number of foods necessary to account for the variation in nutrient intake among persons varied significantly depending on the nutrient. The nutrients contributing more than 80% of total intake with a few number of food items were ${\beta}$-carotene(ll), vitamin C(15) and vitamin A(16). Foods sometimes overlooked as important sources were found in some instances to be quantitatively important to population intake. Even though rice and Korean cabbage kimchi do not contain much nutrients in quantity, they made a major contribution to most nutrient intake of subjects because of large serving size and high frequency of intake. The food items and contributing order for between person variance was different from those of absolute intake. A large fraction of the variability of nutrient intake in this population was explained by a small number of foods. Fewer foods were required to explain a given proportion of the between-person variance in intake than to account for the same proportion of the popylation\`s total intake. These data may be useful in the development of dietary assessment instrument and in nutrition education. (Korean J Nutrition 33(8) : 882-889, 2000)

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Nutrient Intake Patterns of Koreans by the Economic Status Using 1998 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (1998년도 국민건강영양조사자료를 이용한 한국인의 경제수준별 영양 섭취 현황)

  • 문현경;김유진
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.1061-1070
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in the diet with the amount and the qualitative assessment of nutrient intakes by the economic level. Data from the 1998 Korean Health and Nutrition Survey were used. Using the poverty line based on the 1998 Korean minimum cost of living, Subjects (n = 10400) were classified into high class (36.1%), middle class (40.7%) and low class (23.1%). Chi-square-test and Analysis of Variance following Duncan's multiple range test were used to test the difference in nutrient intake pattern among three groups ($\alpha$ = 0.05). The amount of nutrient intake and nutrient intake adequacy were statistically different by the economic level (p<0.01). The ratio of energy intake from carbohydrate is higher than the criteria of WHO recommendation in all economic levels. Especially people in the low class depended much on the carbohydrate for the energy intake. The ratio of energy from the protein and fat are lower in the middle and low class than that of the high class. The Intake level of calcium and vitamin B$_2$ were lower than those of the Recommended Dietary intake level, regardless of economic status. It also showed differences in major food sources of nutrients by the economic level Consequently, it seems that the nutrition policy and program should be prepared according to their economic status. Also, there should more detailed studies to find out the nutrient intake pattern, their determinant, and health consequences.

Comparative Study of Nutrient Intakes Estimated by Difference of Nutrient Database (식품성분표 차이에 따른 섭취 영양소 추정 비교 연구)

  • 이심열;백희영
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.245-251
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of different nutrient databases in estimating nutrient intake. A nutrient survey with Food Frequency Questionnaire containing 65 food items was conducted with 2,426 subjects over 30 years of age living in Yeonchon-gun, Kyungki province. The nutrient intakes were first estimated by using one (A) nutrient database which was based on the Korean Food Composition Table, 4th edition. With the other (B) nutrient database which was based on the Korean RDA(Recommended Dietary Allowances) 6th edition, it was reestimated and two resu1ts were compared. For most nutrients except carbohydrate, calcium, vitamin C and $eta$-carotene, mean nutrient intake level estimated from database B was significantly higher than that from database A(p<0.05). Mean intake level of most nutrients from two databases were significantly correlated by Pearson's correlation coefficients(p<0.001). Results from the ranking of nutrient intake levels of the subjects by two databases were highly correlated ( P >0.9, p<0.001). Weighted kappa values representing measures of agreement ranged from 0.55 databases ranged from 45% for vitamin C to 96% for carbohydrate. This result implies that different nutrient database may produce substantial differences in estimating the absolute nutrient intake but may not be crucial in ranking or classifying individuals with regard to specific nutrient intake.

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Prevalence of Refractive Error and Nutrient Intake Status in a Community Study (지역사회 주민의 시력장애 이환율 및 영양소 섭취수준)

  • 최혜정;진가헌;김영옥
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.425-433
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of ametropias such as myopia and hyperopia from the community based population study. Another purpose of this study was to determine the association between ametropia and nutrient intake. The study subjects was 492 residents over 20 years of age residing in Kuri City. Ametropia was tested based on re(rector error using auto referactor. Nutrient intake was estimated from the dietary survey using 24 hour recall method. As a result of data analysis, the prevalence of myopia was 57% and that of hyperopia was 11%. Such a high rate of ametropia prevalence may suggest the increasing risk of eye health in a Korean society. Nutrient intake of myopia group was 5∼15% higher than that of normal group in most of the nutrients. Whereas intake of most nutrient except calcium, retinal, fiber for the hyperopia group was lower than that of normal group. The result may suggest that inbalance of nutrient intake has been related with ametropia.

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Association between Nutrients Intake and Nutritional Status in Young Men

  • Kim, Bo-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2000
  • The association between nutrient intake and nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric measurements, body composition and blood biochemical indices in 56 healthy young men fed balanced diet for two years. Compared with Korean recommended dietary allowances (Korean RDA), all nutrient intakes were adequate. Height and body weight were significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) positively correlated to the intakes of energy, protein, sodium, potassium vitamin A and vitamin $B_1$. The lean weight was significantly (p < .001 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, protein, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B$_1$. niacin and vitamin C. The skinfold thickness of triceps and suprailiac was significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, sodium, potassium, but that of thigh was not correlated. The significant correlations neither between nutrient intake and blood biochemical indices nor between nutrient intake and blood pressure were shown. These results suggest that nutritional status as anthropometric indices and body composition is associated with nutrient intake in young healthy adults on balanced diet, however, the nutritional status as blood biochemical indices of active people is neither endangered nor improved in comparison with less active ones.

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Development of a Simple Food Frequency Questionnaire Using the Contribution of Specific Foods to Absolute Intake and Between-Person Variation of Nutrient Consumption for the Korean Elderly (한국노인을 대상으로 한 영양소 섭취의 주요급원식품과 주요변이식품들을 이용한 간이식품섭취빈도조사지의 개발)

  • 오세영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.429-437
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    • 2000
  • Contributions of specific foods to absolute intake and between-person variance in 13 nutrients were examined to develop a short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for the Korean elderly using dietary data collected by a semiquantitative FFQ with 96 food items. The contributions of specific foods to 90% absolute nutrient intake were measured by assessing their percentage to the total consumption of a nutrient by our samples(n=98). To assess the contribution of the foods to the between-person variance in intake of each specific nutrient, stepwise multiple regression was performed. Cumulative R2 served as the measure of contribution to variation in intake. The most important food source of absolute intake was rice for energy and protein. Important foods of between person variance contribution include bread for energy and pork for protein. Important foods of absolute and variance contribution of nutrient intake were similar for fat(noodles including jajangmyun and kalguksu), calcium(anchovy and milk) and vitamin A (carrot). The number of foods necessary to account for the variation in nutrient intake among older people in Korea differ considerably by nutrient: 18 - 43 and 8-26 foods were accounted for the respective 90 and 80% of absolute intake depending on nutrients. Carbohydrates and vitamin A and C had relatively a few major sources, thus may be assessed well by a small number of foods. Conversely, iron, potassium and B vitamins appear to need longer lists of foods. Fewer numbeer (6 - 12 and 4 - 9) of foods were required for the corresponding percentages of between-person variation for all nutrients. Depending on nutrients, 0.980-0.995 and 0.924-0.987 were respective correlation coefficients of nutrient intakes measured by 96 food items with those by lists of foods for 90% and 80% of absolute intake contribution. These findings suggest that an incomplete food list on the basis of its contribution to absolute and between person variation intakes may still be effective in discriminating among individuals. The results of this study may be useful in the design and use of dietary questionnaire.

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An Effect of Children's Food Alttitude on Nutritional Status and Personality (어린이의 식생활태도가 영양 상태 및 성격에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 문수재
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.258-271
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    • 1987
  • This survey of 527 children, aged 4 to 6 years, focused on family and dietary environment, nutritional status and personality. It was conducted from June to October, 1986. The results showed that 68.0%(breakfast)and 55.4% (evening meal ) of the subjects indicated they had meals with the family everyday. Analysis of the nutritional status children showed all nutrient intake except protein an diron was insufficient compared with RDA. Carbohydrate provided 58.3% of total calorie intake ; protein accounted for 15.7% . fat provided 26.0%. There was a positive relation between income and nutrient intake. Children with employed mothers showed lower nutrient intake than children with unemployed mothers. Food attitude was positively related to nutrient intake, nutrient intake of children with good eating behavior was higher than that of children had poor eating behavior . Activity level had a significant correlation with intake of calories, fat, vitamin A, vitamin B$_1$, and Vitamin B$_2$. Mood was correlated with intake of protein, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B$_2$ and vitamin C.

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Contribution of foods to absolute nutrient intake and between-person variations of nutrient intake in Korean preschoolers

  • Kang, Minji;Shim, Jae Eun;Kwon, Kyungmin;Song, SuJin
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.323-332
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze specific foods influencing absolute nutrient intake and between-person variations of nutrient intake among Korean preschoolers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 2,766 participants aged 1-5 years in the 2009-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Dietary data were obtained from a 24-h dietary recall method. Major food sources of absolute nutrient intake were evaluated based on percent contribution of each food. To assess the contribution of specific foods to between-person variations in nutrient intake, stepwise multiple regressions were performed and cumulative $R^2$ was used. RESULTS: White rice and milk were main food sources of energy, protein, carbohydrate, phosphorus, iron, potassium, thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin. The percentage of fat contributed by milk was 21.3% which was the highest, followed by pork, soybean oil, and egg. White rice accounted for 25% and 40% of total variability in total energy and carbohydrate intakes, respectively. About 39% of variation in calcium intake was explained by milk while 40% of variation in phosphorous intake was explained by cheese. The top 10 foods contributing to between-person variations in nutrient intakes were similar with food items that mainly contributed to absolute nutrient intakes. The number of foods explaining 90% of absolute amounts of nutrient intakes varied from 28 for vitamin A to 80 for iron. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified specific foods that contributed to absolute nutrient intakes and between-person variations in nutrient intakes among Korean preschoolers. Our findings can be used to develop dietary assessment tools and establish food-based dietary guidelines for young children.

Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment of Dietary Intake in Metabolic Syndrome Patients (대사증후군 환자의 양적 및 질적 식사섭취상태 평가)

  • Kang, Myung-Hwa;Choi, Mi-Kyeong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.456-464
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the quantitative and qualitative assessment of dietary intake between patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and healthy subjects and to investigate dietary factors related to MetS. Anthropometric measurements, blood analysis, and dietary intake as assessed by 24-hour recall were conducted in MetS patients (n=15) and healthy subjects (n=25). In order to assess the quantity and quality of dietary intake, daily nutrient intake, nutrient density, nutrient intake to dietary reference intake (DRI), nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR), food intake, dietary diversity score (DDS), and dietary variety score (DVS) were analyzed. The statistical differences between MetS patients and controls were analyzed using the SAS software program. Daily energy intake and food intake were not significantly different between the two groups (2,154.3 kcal vs. 1,872.9 kcal; 1,280.0 g vs. 1,261.6 g). There were also no significant differences in daily nutrient intake, nutrient intake ratio to DRI, NAR, or DVS between the MetS group and the control group. However, daily intake of eggs and milk in MetS patients was significantly lower than in the control group (9.0 g/day vs. 30.3 g/day, p<0.05; 0 g/day vs. 49.7 g/day, p<0.05). These results indicate that low intake of eggs and dairy products may be related to the development of MetS.

Relationship between Red Pepper Intake, Capsaicin Threshold, Nutrient Intake, and Anthropometric Measurements in Young Korean Women (젊은 한국여성에서 붉은고추의 섭취량, 캡사이신 역치, 영양소 섭취량 및 신체계측치간의 관련성)

  • Kim Seok-Young;Park Gyeong-Min
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.76-81
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    • 2005
  • The effects of the amount of red pepper intake per a day on the capsaicin threshold, nutrient intake, and anthropo-metric measurements were investigated in 100 female students of university. Three 24-hour recalls were performed to estimate usual nutrient and red pepper intake of free-living participants. The solutions containing capsaicin at concentration of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5ppm used for the evaluation of hot-taste detection threshold. Subjects were asked to recognize the burning sensation after tasting l0ml of each test solution in ascending order of capsaicin concentrations. Mean intake of red pepper was 4.6 g/d and the capsaicin threshold was 0.27 ppm. The detection threshold for capsaicin was correlated with the amount of pepper intake per a day. Red pepper intake was correlated with energy, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, Iron, vitamin A, vitamin B$_2$ niacin, and vitamin E intakes. However, it was not correlated with intake of calcium, vitamin B$_1$ or vitamin C. The red pepper intake was negatively correlated with fat mass and waist girth and the capsaicin threshold was also negatively correlated with pulse. In conclusion, red pepper intake was associated with nutrient intake and capsaicin threshold whereas it was negatively correlated with fat mass and waist girth.