• Title/Summary/Keyword: nurses

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Factors Related to Organizational Socialization of New Nurses (신규간호사의 조직사회화 관련요인 탐색)

  • Yoo, Cheong Suk;Kim, Ju Hee;Kim, Mi Yeon;Kim, Sung Jae;Kim, Young Soo;Kim, Jeong A;Park, Seung Hyun;Cho, Eun Ju;Choi, Eun Ha;Choi, Hee Kang
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.239-250
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the factors related to new nurses' organizational socialization (OS) process and to find out the strategic information for successful organizational socialization. Methods: The qualitative data were gathered from three focus group discussions with 13 new nurses and 5 experienced nurses. All interviews were recorded and transcribed. The transcript analyzed according to qualitative content analysis processes. Results: The factors related to new nurses' OS derived from new nurses' focus groups were 'burdens related to the characteristics of nursing duties', 'emotional and psychological characteristics' and 'facilitating factors to OS'. Two factors at the forepart were interfering factors to new nurses' OS. The factors related to new nurses' OS derived from experienced nurses' focus group classified to 'facilitating factors to OS', 'interfering factors to OS' and 'supports to facilitate new nurses' OS process'. Conclusion: The findings of the study revealed the facilitating and interfering factors to organizational socialization of new nurses. The main factors to interfere new nurses' OS were individual factors such as professional incompetency and psychological characteristics. On the other hand, Interactional factors within the organization were important to facilitate new nurses' OS. The findings can be applied for developing a special program to help new nurses adjust to the nursing organization successfully.

A Comparative Analysis on the Married Nurses' Role Conflict and Job Satisfaction in Accordance with Shift Work (교대 여부에 따른 기혼간호사의 역할갈등과 직무만족도)

  • Joung, Su Kyong;Jung, Hye Sun
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.118-129
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of shift work on married nurses' role conflict and job satisfaction. Method: Study subjects consisted of married nurses employed at four general hospitals with over 500 beds located in Seoul and Kyunggi area. The data were collected from March 15th to April 7th, 2004 using the survey and the subjects were asked to reply through self-administrative method. Results: Mean value of role conflict of nurses who worked shift work was measured 3.12 out of 5, and that of nurses who did not was measured 2.98. Mean value of job satisfaction of nurses who worked shift work was measured 2.79 out of 5, and that of nurses who did not was measured 2.86. There was a significant reverse correlation between mean level of role conflict and of job satisfaction. Both groups, nurses who worked shift work and nurses who did not, showed significant reverse-correlation in two areas. In the case of nurses who worked shift work, role conflict not showed a significant correlation. Job satisfaction showed a significant correlation with the plan to work as a nurse and remuneration in the case of nurses who worked shift work. Duty of supporting family was the factor affecting role conflict and measured 4.2% in the case of nurses who worked shift work, and the plan to work as a nurse and the academic background in the case of nurses who did not work shift work. Conclusion: To reduce role conflict and to improve the degree of job satisfaction, there should be taken a measure to improve a financial compensating system for working shift work for nurses who worked shift work, and to help nurses not working shift work to design plans for their job as nurses with stability.

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The Influence of Infection-related Characteristics and Patient Safety Culture on Awareness of Blood-borne Infection Prevention in Operating Room Nurses and General Ward Nurses (수술실간호사와 병동간호사의 감염관련특성과 환자안전문화가 혈행성 감염예방 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Hae Ok;An, Gyeong Ju;Lee, Jong Hee;Lee, Kyoung Mi
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the factors influencing infection-related characteristics and patient safety culture on awareness of blood-borne infection prevention between operating room nurses and general ward nurses. Methods: Participants were 198 nurses(operating room nurses 98 and general ward nurses: 100) working at three general hospitals and three university hospitals in three cities. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from September 11 to October 14, 2020. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression with IBM SPSS/WIN 26.0 program. Results: Typically, 39.8% of nurses in the operating room and 24.0% of ward nurses experienced injuries such as needles and sharp instruments used by the patient. The awareness of patient safety culture was identified to be higher for the ward nurses. Factors influencing the awareness of blood-borne infection prevention in operating room nurses were patient safety culture and wearing protective equipment for infection prevention while nursing infected patients. Moreover, the explanatory power of these variables was 19.4%. In general ward nurses, the patient safety culture was identified as a significant predictor, which accounted for 16.5% of awareness of blood-borne infection prevention. Conclusion: To prevent hospital infection, a strategy is needed to improve the level of awareness of blood-borne infection prevention and patient safety culture of operating room nurses. To this end, the difference in infection-related characteristics and influencing factors between the operating room nurses and the general ward nurses should be considered and planned.

Nursing Interventions Classification(NIC) Use in Korea : Oriental Medicine Hospitals and General Hospitals (간호중재분류(NIC)에 근거한 간호중재수행분석 II -한방병동과 일반병동 간호사를 중심으로-)

  • 염영희;김성실;김인숙;박원숙;김은주
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.802-816
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    • 1999
  • The purposes of this research were to identify nursing interventions performed by Korean nurses and to compare the interventions performed by nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals and with those performed by nurses working in the general hospitals. The samples consisted of 144 Korean nurses working in three hospitals, 70 nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals and 74 nurses working in the general hospitals. The Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) Use Questionnaire developed by the Iowa Intervention Project team was translated to Korean and verified using the method of back-translation. The questionnaire consists of 433 intervention labels and definition. Thirteen interventions were used at least daily by nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals, while twenty-one interventions were used at least daily by nurses working in the general hospitals. The most frequently used interventions by nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals were Documentation, Shift Report Vital Signs Monitoring, Pressure Ulcer Prevention, Positioning, Fall Prevention, Exercise Promotion, Intravenous (IV) Therapy, Pressure Ulcer care, and Bed Rest Care in that crder. For nurses working in the general hospitals the most frequent intervention was Analgesic Administration, followed by the interventions of Medication Administration : Parenteral and Intravenous Therapy (IV) Therapy, Documentation, Intravenous(IV) Insertion, Shift Report, Fall Prevention, Vital Signs Monitoring, Medication Adnninistraction : and, Fluid Monitoring, and Medication Maragement in that order. The interventions performed least often by nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals were Hemodialysis Therapy and Bleeding Reduction : Antepartum Uterus, while the interventions performed least often by nurses working in the general hospitals were Rape Trauma Treatment and Contact Lens Care. The nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals performed the interventions in the Physiological : Complex domain significantly more often than the nurses working in the general hospitals, while the nurses working in the general hospitals performed the intervention in the Behavior domain significantly more often than the nurses working in the oriental medicine hospitals. This study suggests that further study will be needed to developed and validate more interventions sensitive to Korean culture.

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A Comparative Study on the Commitment of Home Health Care Nurses and Public Health Nurses (가정간호사와 보건간호사의 직업 및 조직헌신도)

  • Yu, Sook-Ja;Choi, So-Eun;Lee, Sang-Hee;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2001
  • In order to confirm the level of professional commitment and organizational commitment of the home health care nurses and the public health nurses, this study was carried out by using the Commitment Inventory developed by Meyer and Allen and modified by Rhee and others. To compare the commitment level between two professionals, data was collected through self-administered questionnaires from the 61 home health care nurses and the 134 public health nurses working in 25 public health centers in Seoul. The results are as follows: 1. Commitment level of' the Home Health Care Nurses ($4.7{\pm}0.7$) was significantly higher than that of the Public Health Nurses($4.4{\pm}0.7$). The level. of the professional commitment of the home health care nurses($5.0{\pm}0.9$) was higher than that of the Public Health Nurses($4.5{\pm}0.8$). The level of the organizational commitment of the of Home Health Care Nurses($4.5{\pm}0.7$) was higher than that of the public health nurses($4.3{\pm}0.6$). 2. The higher of affective professional commitment was shown in the home health care nurses, and the higher level of continuance professional commitment was shown in the public health nurses. The higher levels of normative professional commitment and affective organizational commitment were shown in the Home Health Care Nurses, and the higher level of continuance organizational commitment was shown in the home health care nurses. The higher level of normative organizational commitment was shown in the home health care nurses. 3. The level of professional commitment was statistically different in age and educational level. The level of affective professional commitment of the of home health nurses with higher-educated was higher than that of the lower-educated group. The level of organizational commitment of the Home Health Nurses in higher age was higher than that in lower age.

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Case Development on Nurses' Ethical Dilemmas with Physicians' and Nurses' Decision Making (간호사와 의사 간의 윤리적 딜레마 사례개발과 간호사의 의사결정 양상)

  • Jeong, Jeong-Mee;Park, Jung-Hyun;Jeong, Seok Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.668-678
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop a realistic clinical case and investigate nurses' decision-making about nurses' ethical dilemmas with physicians in the fields of nursing practice. Methods: Case development and a hypothetical case study were used. Participants were 52 nurses. Data were collected in 2012 and 2013 using an open-ended questionnaire and interviews and analyzed using content analysis and descriptive statistics. Results: Various dilemma situations between nurses and physicians, such as violence, deathbed, medication prescription, and physicians' incapacity unfairness, were suggested. A clinical dilemma case about medication prescription was developed based on nurses' experiences. Nurses' responses to the developed case situation and responses were classified into five types. Various reasons were given for making the decisions and about 56% of the nurses decided to notify their supervisor without deleting nursing records. Conclusion: In this study, a realistic clinical dilemma case was developed, and nurses' ethical decision making was identified. These findings can be used in developing effective strategies for nurses to solve ethical dilemmas and to improve ethical decision-making abilities.

A Study on the Recent Changes in the Number of School Nurses in Korea (한국 양호교사의 최근 추세에 관한 일 연구)

  • 주채복
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1979
  • The purpose of the study was undertaken to present transition of school nurses to analyze some factors related to them. 1. Overage increase rate of school nurses the year of 8 years (1970 - 1978) was 4.61% for the primary school, 2.14% for the middle school, and 15.26% for the high school which was the highest. The total number of school nurses was 1289. 2. The percentage of school working school nurses to the total schools was 14.6% for the primary school, 7.1% for the middle school, and 15.2% for the high school in 1918. In Seoul was largest of 66.7% while that of kyongsangnamdo showed the lowest of 1.5%. 3, In 1978, the increase of school nurses was 17.9% for the private school which was highest while that of the nation and public school showed the lowest of 12.4%. 4. Studies for the Primary, middle and high school per school nurses in 1979 were 5,981.14,923.7,655 respectively. 5. Considering the age distribution of the total school nurses for the primary, middle and high schools was the most of 54.1% in 20s. Regarding the, career of school nurses, those who had worked for less than 5 years were 46.4% in 1970, while 51.8% in 1978. And the school nurses who had worked for less than 10 years reduced 71.3% from 82.7%. 6, There were close relationship between the number of school nurses and that of school, and a regression formular made as follow: SNi = -24.497+0.675 Si+ 0,196 Ni (School) (Nurses).

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Nurses' Safety in the Hospital Environment: Evolutionary Concept Analysis

  • Park, Jin Hee;Lee, Eun Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.406-414
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the concept of nurses' safety within the context of the hospital environment. Methods: We used Rodgers' method of evolutionary concept analysis and reviewed the relevant literature and noted and categorized characteristics that appeared frequently. Results: Nurses' safety was defined as safe status and safe activity among nurses. Three key defining attributes were identified as: (a) the minimization of actual or perceived risk, (b) personal duties and rights, and (c) ensuring within a safe working environment. Antecedents of nurses' safety were categorized into three dimensions: (a) individual, including vigilance and knowledge gained through education and training; (b) institutional, including safety provision in the organizations; and (c) national, including legislation. The outcomes of nurses' safety included the following: (a) continued competence in nurses' work; (b) enhancement of the quality of patient care; and (c) reductions in nurses' turnover rates. Conclusion: Nurses' safety ensures that qualified nurses are able to continue to perform their duties and provide good patient care. The findings of this study could contribute to future research examining nurses' safety. In addition, appropriate tools must be developed to measure the concept.

Patterns and Influential Factors of Inter-Regional Migration of New and Experienced Nurses in 2011~2015 (2011~2015년 신규간호사와 경력간호사의 이동 경향과 지역 간 이동의 영향 요인)

  • Park, Bohyun;Kim, Se Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.676-688
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the migration patterns of new nurses and experienced nurses and to identify the factors influencing inter-regional migration for solving regional imbalances of clinical nurses in South Korea. Methods: This study involved a secondary analysis of data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: New nurses tended to migrate from Kyunggi to Seoul. However, experienced nurses tended to migrate from Seoul and Chungchung to Kyunggi. Significant predictors of inter-regional migration among new nurses were location and nurse staffing grade of hospitals. Significant predictors of inter-regional migration among experienced nurses were location, hospital type, nurse staffing grade, ownership of hospitals and age of nurses. Conclusion: Inter-regional migration occupied a small portion of total hospital movement among clinical nurses. The regional imbalances of nurses were not caused by the migration from non-metropolitan areas to Seoul. Nurse shortage problems in the small and medium hospitals of the non-metropolitan area can be solved only through improvement of work environment.

The Portrayal of Nurses and Physicians in Hospital Administration Journals (병원원보에 나타난 간호사와 의사의 이미지 비교)

  • Park, Sun Ah;Kwon, Hye Jin;Kim, Hye Jin
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The current study was done to describe how nurses are portrayed in hospital administration journals as compared with physicians. Methods: A content analysis of the pictures was conducted using the framework of Goffman. The data were collected from all issues of four hospital administration journals published in 2005, 2006, and 2007 (n=465). Results: Overall, the analysis indicates that nurses were portrayed from the perspective of femininity and mothering. In group scenes, nurses were pictured as peripheral, compared with physicians. Sometimes the photos did not focus on nurses at all. Nurses were also placed standing in the periphery not like physicians at the center of the scene. In terms of professional portrayal, the photos in general present positive image of nurses similar to that of physicians. However, the number of photos including nurses was relatively small. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that nurses appear less frequently in mass media and when they do it is at the periphery of the scene. It is, then, necessary to make greater effort to call upon mass media to cover more nurses showing a positive images of the profession. All stake holders such as individual nurses, hospitals and related associations should make a combined effort toward that end.