• Title, Summary, Keyword: numerical modelling

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A Study on the Bending Performance of Structural Size Lumbers Using the ANSYS (ANSYS를 이용한 실대재의 휨특성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Gwang-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.323-329
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    • 2011
  • In our country, domestic species can not be used as a structural member because we have not yet grading system. So, to utilize as a basic data of grading system, bending test and numerical modelling on structural member were conducted in this study. 35 of Douglas-fir, 2" ${\times}$ 6", span 2.4 m were tested for the bending properties, and Ansys software was used to analyze the numerical modelling on the structural members. The data of knots were inspected and applied in numerical modelling. To obtain the accuracy of analysis, nonlinear numerical analysis was carried out instead of linear numerical analysis. Ultimate load had a wide range from 4883N to 11,738 N, and maximum deformation also had a range from 26 mm to 68 mm. Average of ultimate load was 8,616 N, and that of maximum deformation was 48 mm. The distinctive features of failure types were simple tension type and cross-grain tension type. Ulitmate load and maximum deformation from numerical modelling were 7,504 N and 37 mm. The numerical modelling drawn by this study is available to all species, and reasonable prediction on the bending performance is possible with only some material properties.

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Numerical modelling of soil-foundation interaction by a new non-linear macro-element

  • Khebizi, Mourad;Guenfoud, Hamza;Guenfoud, Mohamed
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.377-386
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    • 2018
  • This paper focuses on the development of a new non-linear macro-element for the modelling of soil-foundation interaction. Material and geometrical nonlinearities (soil yielding and foundation uplift respectively) are taken into account in the present macro-element to examine the response of shallow foundations under monotonic and cyclic loads. Several applications of soil-foundation systems are studied. The results obtained from these applications are in very favourable agreement with those obtained through other numerical models in the literature.

Modelling aspects of the seismic response of steel concentric braced frames

  • D'Aniello, M.;La Manna Ambrosino, G.;Portioli, F.;Landolfo, R.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.539-566
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    • 2013
  • This paper summarises the results of a numerical study on the non linear response of steel concentric braced frames under monotonic and cyclic loads, using force-based finite elements with section fibre discretisation. The first part of the study is addressed to analyse the single brace response. A parametric analysis was carried out and discussed to evaluate the accuracy of the model, examining the influence of the initial camber, the material modelling, the type of force-based element, the number of integration points and the number of fibers. The second part of the paper is concerned with the modelling issues of whole braced structures. The effectiveness of the modelling approach is verified against the nonlinear static and dynamic behaviour of different type of bracing configurations. The model sensitivity to brace-to-brace interaction and the capability of the model to mimic the response of complex bracing systems is analyzed. The influence of different approaches for modelling the inertia, the equivalent viscous damping and the brace hysteretic response on the overall structural response are also investigated. Finally, on the basis of the performed numerical study general modelling recommendations are proposed.

STATUS AND PERSPECTIVE OF TWO-PHASE FLOW MODELLING IN THE NEPTUNE MULTISCALE THERMAL-HYDRAULIC PLATFORM FOR NUCLEAR REACTOR SIMULATION

  • BESTION DOMINIQUE;GUELFI ANTOINE;DEN/EER/SSTH CEA-GRENOBLE,
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.511-524
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    • 2005
  • Thermalhydraulic reactor simulation of tomorrow will require a new generation of codes combining at least three scales, the CFD scale in open medium, the component scale and the system scale. DNS will be used as a support for modelling more macroscopic models. NEPTUNE is such a new generation multi-scale platform developed jointly by CEA-DEN and EDF-R&D and also supported by IRSN and FRAMATOME-ANP. The major steps towards the next generation lie in new physical models and improved numerical methods. This paper presents the advances obtained so far in physical modelling for each scale. Macroscopic models of system and component scales include multi-field modelling, transport of interfacial area, and turbulence modelling. Two-phase CFD or CMFD was first applied to boiling bubbly flow for departure from nucleate boiling investigations and to stratified flow for pressurised thermal shock investigations. The main challenges of the project are presented, some selected results are shown for each scale, and the perspectives for future are also drawn. Direct Numerical Simulation tools with Interface Tracking Techniques are also developed for even smaller scale investigations leading to a better understanding of basic physical processes and allowing the development of closure relations for macroscopic and CFD models.

Numerical Prediction of NOx in the Nonpremixed Hydrogen-Air Flame using the Quasi-Laminar Reaction Modelling (준충류 근사를 이용한 수소-공기 비예혼합화염의 질소산화물 생성예측)

  • Kim, Seong-Lyong;Jeung, In-Seuck;Yoon, Young-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 1999
  • A Numerical Analysis of NOx production in Hydrogen-Air flame is performed using the quasi-laminar reaction modelling. As results, in low global strain rate region, $U_F/D_F\;{\leq}\;50,000$, the quasi-laminar reaction modelling reproduces the experimentally observed EINOx half power scaling that the ratio of EINOx and flame residence time, $L_f^3(D_F^2U_F)$, is proportional to the square root of global strain rate. Thus, it suggests that turbulence-chemistry interaction has a minor impact on the trend of NOx production in low global strain rate region. However, the quasi-laminar reaction modelling predicts the higher temperature and NOx than experimentally observed. This overprediction may be due to the lack of radiation and quasi-laminar reaction modelling.

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Numerical simulation of masonry shear panels with distinct element approach

  • Zhuge, Y.;Hunt, S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.477-493
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    • 2003
  • Masonry is not a simple material, the influence of mortar joints as a plane of weakness is a significant feature and this makes the numerical modelling of masonry very difficult especially when dynamic (seismic) analysis is involved. In order to develop a simple numerical model for masonry under earthquake load, an analytical model based on Distinct Element Method (DEM) is being developed. At the first stage, the model is applied to simulate the in-plane shear behaviour of an unreinforced masonry wall with and without opening where the testing results are available for comparison. In DEM, a solid is represented as an assembly of discrete blocks. Joints are modelled as interface between distinct bodies. It is a dynamic process and specially designed to model the behaviour of discontinuities. The numerical solutions obtained from the distinct element analysis are validated by comparing the results with those obtained from existing experiments and finite element modelling.

Numerical simulation of an adobe wall under in-plane loading

  • Nicola, Tarque;Guido, Camata;Humberto, Varum;Enrico, Spacone;Marcial, Blondet
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.627-646
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    • 2014
  • Adobe is one of the oldest construction materials that is still used in many seismic countries, and different construction techniques are found around the world. The adobe material is characterized as a brittle material; it has acceptable compression strength but it has poor performance under tensile and shear loading conditions. Numerical modelling is an alternative approach for studying the nonlinear behaviour of masonry structures such as adobe. The lack of a comprehensive experimental database on the adobe material properties motivated the study developed here. A set of a reference material parameters for the adobe were obtained from a calibration of numerical models based on a quasi-static cyclic in-plane test on full-scale adobe wall representative of the typical Peruvian adobe constructions. The numerical modelling, within the micro and macro modelling approach, lead to a good prediction of the in-plane seismic capacity and of the damage evolution in the adobe wall considered.

FEM-based modelling of stabilized fibrous peat by end-bearing cement deep mixing columns

  • Dehghanbanadaki, Ali;Motamedi, Shervin;Ahmad, Kamarudin
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to simulate the stabilization process of fibrous peat samples using end-bearing Cement Deep Mixing (CDM) columns by three area improvement ratios of 13.1% (TS-2), 19.6% (TS-3) and 26.2% (TS-3). It also focuses on the determination of approximate stress distribution between CDM columns and untreated fibrous peat soil. First, fibrous peat samples were mechanically stabilized using CDM columns of different area improvement ratio. Further, the ultimate bearing capacity of a rectangular foundation rested on the stabilized peat was calculated in stress-controlled condition. Then, this process was simulated via a FEM-based model using Plaxis 3-D foundation and the numerical modelling results were compared with experimental findings. In the numerical modelling stage, the behaviour of fibrous peat was simulated based on hardening soil (HS) model and Mohr-Coulomb (MC) model, while embedded pile element was utilized for CDM columns. The results indicated that in case of untreated peat HS model could predict the behaviour of fibrous peat better than MC model. The comparison between experimental and numerical investigations showed that the stress distribution between soil (S) and CDM columns (C) were 81%C-19%S (TS-2), 83%C-17%S (TS-3) and 89%C-11%S (TS-4), respectively. This implies that when the area improvement ratio is increased, the share of the CDM columns from final load was increased. Finally, the calculated bearing capacity factors were compared with results on the account of empirical design methods.

Employing a fiber-based finite-length plastic hinge model for representing the cyclic and seismic behaviour of hollow steel columns

  • Farahi, Mojtaba;Erfani, Saeed
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.501-516
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    • 2017
  • Numerical simulations are prevalently used to evaluate the seismic behaviour of structures. The accuracy of the simulation results depends directly on the accuracy of the modelling techniques employed to simulate the behaviour of individual structural members. An empirical modelling technique is employed in this paper to simulate the behaviour of column members under cyclic and seismic loading. Despite the common modelling techniques, this technique is capable of simulating two important aspects of the cyclic and seismic behaviour of columns simultaneously. The proposed fiber-based modelling technique captures explicitly the interaction between the bending moment and the axial force in columns, and the cyclic deterioration of the hysteretic behaviour of these members is implicitly taken into account. The fiber-based model is calibrated based on the cyclic behaviour of square hollow steel sections. The behaviour of several column archetypes is investigated under a dual cyclic loading protocol to develop a benchmark database before the calibration procedure. The dual loading protocol used in this study consists of both axial and lateral loading cycles with varying amplitudes. After the calibration procedure, a regression analysis is conducted to derive an equation for predicting a varying calibrated modelling parameter. Finally, several nonlinear time-history analyses are conducted on a 6-story steel special moment frame in order to investigate how the results of numerical simulations can be affected by employing the intended modelling technique for columns instead of other common modelling techniques.

Performance analysis of a detailed FE modelling strategy to simulate the behaviour of masonry-infilled RC frames under cyclic loading

  • Mohamed, Hossameldeen M.;Romao, Xavier
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.551-565
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    • 2018
  • Experimental testing is considered the most realistic approach to obtain a detailed representation of the nonlinear behaviour of masonry-infilled reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Among other applications, these tests can be used to calibrate the properties of numerical models such as simplified macro-models (e.g., strut-type models) representing the masonry infill behaviour. Since the significant cost of experimental tests limits their widespread use, alternative approaches need to be established to obtain adequate data to validate the referred simplified models. The proposed paper introduces a detailed finite element modelling strategy that can be used as an alternative to experimental tests to represent the behaviour of masonry-infilled RC frames under earthquake loading. Several examples of RC infilled frames with different infill configurations and properties subjected to cyclic loading are analysed using the proposed modelling approach. The comparison between numerical and experimental results shows that the numerical models capture the overall nonlinear behaviour of the physical specimens with adequate accuracy, predicting their monotonic stiffness, strength and several failure mechanisms.