• Title, Summary, Keyword: number of bed hospitals

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Nurse Staffing Level Relating Factors of the General Nursing Units, ICU, ER and OR in Acute General Hospitals (종합병원의 일반병동, 중환자실, 응급실, 수술장간호사 확보수준 관련 요인)

  • Kim, Yun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.404-412
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To analyse hospital nurse staffing level of the general nursing unit, ICU, ER and OR in general hospitals. Method: The study sample was 105 acute general hospitals which had reported the bed size and number of nurses by the nursing units. Number of bed per nurse was analysed by the hospital characteristics and the staffing levels of the doctors and the nursing assistant personnels using t-test or ANOVA and Pearson's correlation. Results: Number of bed per nurse was 3.86 in general nursing units and 0.95 in ICU. Tertiary hospitals employed more nurses in general nursing units and ICU than general hospitals. Hospitals located in Seoul and public hospitals employed more ICU nurses. OR nurse staffing level was higher in academic hospitals. Hospital size was positively correlated with nurse staffing level of the general nursing unit, ICU, ER and OR respectively. Total nurse staffing level of the hospital was positively correlated with doctor and nursing assistant personnels staffing levels. Conclusion : Differentiated nursing fee schedule was needed to implement in ER or OR. Regulation policy should be needed for the hospitals which violated hospital nurse staffing level of the law.

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A Study to define the range of sample size for setting Intensive Care Unit(ICU) facility guidelines - Focused on analysis of guidelines and present of ICUs facilities by general hospitals size (중환자실 시설기준 작성을 위한 기본시설 수준 설정 연구 - 국내·외 시설기준 및 국내 종합병원 병상규모 별 시설 현황분석을 기초로 하여)

  • Yoon, Hyung Jin;Cho, Jun Young
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : This study is a basic research to establish guidelines for healthcare facility in Korean healthcare market. As a first step, it is a main purpose for making beginning point of ICU guideline to set a basic level of ICU facility size and quality by analysis current ICU facilities and existed domestic guidelines : law, criteria of healthcare insurance review and assessment service, credit of Korea institute for healthcare accreditation. Methods : First of all, the all requirements of existed guidelines are put together and summarized. The summary is compared with that of US, UK, and Australia to know its quality difference with international market. In addition, all hospitals in Korean market are classified based on total bed number and ICU bed number to know the most occupied facility size range in the market. Second of all, by comparing 15 ICUs' current setting of the public general hospital, a general condition of ICU facility would be extracted based on function, floor area per bed, services Results : 72.8% of hospitals in Korea are belonging below 500 beds hospital. Among them 200-299 beds hospitals occupied 35.3% and are shown as the most occupied hospital size. As 15 public general hospitals are analyzed, it is clear that the more bed size and services the more ICU area per bed. As a result it is sure that the 300~500 bed may be a clear line as a general ICU condition whose function and bed number relatively consistent in the range. Implications : to keep the qualified medical environment and contemporary hospital trend, the guideline as a minimum requirement keep naturally out from current healthcare settings and should reflect their limit to reconcile with the new trend in the market.

Analysis of the factors that influence on the RN staffing level in the Specified general Hospitals (종합전문병원 간호사 확보수준에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Yun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.147-159
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    • 2000
  • This paper studied the factors that influence on RN staffing level in the 43 Specialized general hospitals. Market structure was analysed using the monopsony model. The degree of competition was estimated by Herfindal Index and market was defined as Great medical zone. As the result of the estimation, in the more competitive hospital market hospitals employed the higher level of RN staffing, so monopsony model was supported. Hospitals with above 1001bed employed more RN than hospitals with below 700bed did. Hospital type, hospital union and the number of medical doctor did not affect the level of RN staffing. There was positive correlation between the level of RN staffing and the number of nurse's aid. The structure of RN market in Specified general hospitals was proved monopsony market, it seems that government regulation will be needed to improve social efficiency and equity.

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An Investigation of Factors Affecting Management Efficiency in Korean General Hospitals Using DEA Model (DEA모형을 이용한 종합병원의 효율성 측정과 영향요인)

  • Ahn, In-Whan;Yang, Dong-Hyun
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.71-92
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency in management of general hospitals and investigate the major factors on efficiency. Specifically, the management of each general hospital is evaluated by using Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) technique which is a nonparametric statistical method for measurement of efficiency. Then, the influencing factors are investigated through analyses of Decision-Tree Model and Tobit Regression. The target hospitals were general hospitals in which bed sizes are between 200 and 500 among a total of 276 general hospitals. The main data of financial indicators were collected from 48 hospitals, and it was analyzed by using two statistical models. For Model I, three input and two output variables were used for efficiency evaluation. In particular, three input variables were the number of medical doctors, the number of paramedical personnel, and the bed size. And, two output variables were the numbers of inpatients and outpatients per year, adjusted by bed-size. The results of DEA analysis showed that only seven out of 48 hospitals(15%) turned out to be efficient. The decision-tree analysis also showed that there were six significant influencing factors for Model I. Six factors for Model I were Bed Occupancy Rate, Cost per Adjusted Inpatient, New Visit Ratio of Outpatients, Retired Ratio, Net Profit to Gross Revenues, Net Profit to Total Assets. In addition, the management efficiency of hospital is proved to increase as profit and patient-induced indicators increase and cost-related indicators decrease, by the Tobit regression model of independent variables derived from the decision-tree analysis. This study may be contributable to the development of analytic methodology regarding the efficiency of hospital management in that it suggests the synthetic measures by utilizing DEA model instead of suggesting simple ratio-analyzing results.

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The determinants of the Profitability of University Hospitals in Korea (대학병원 수익성에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Yang, Jong-Hyun;Chang, Dong-Min;Suh, Chang-Jin
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.43-62
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    • 2010
  • This study provides an evidence on the determinants of the profitability of university hospital by analyzing university hospital-level data set of hospital performance during the year 2007 (32 university hospitals in total). For the study, a multiple regression model is employed in which profitability index obtained from the DEA computations, operating margin to total asset and gross revenue are used as the dependent variables, and a number of hospital operating characteristics are chosen as the independent variables such as ownership type, location, bed size, period of establishment, bed occupancy rate, admission ratio of outpatients, patients per medical specialist, personnel cost per patient, liabilities to total assets, current ratio, fixed ratio, total asset turnover, medical assistance rate and public indicator. First, the results indicate that the bed occupancy rate and liabilities to total assets are positively and significantly associated with operating margin to total asset. Second, number of beds, the bed occupancy rate and number of patients per medical specialist are positively and significantly associated with operating margin to gross revenue. Third, the bed occupancy rate, number of patients per medical specialist, liabilities to total assets, total asset turnover are positively and significantly associated with profitability index revealed from DEA.

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A Study on the Economic Feasibility of 4-bed Rooms in Public Hospitals (공공병원의 4인병실 도입에 따른 경제적 타당성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soonjung;Chai, Choul Gyun;Choi, Kwangseok
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: At the moment, a lot of Public Hospitals in Korea have adopted 5 or 6 bedrooms as a standard multi-bedroom type. However 5-6 bedrooms have many problems related to inpatient satisfaction and nosocomial diseases. Therefore 4 bedroom is under considering for standard multi-bed room in Public Hospitals in Korea. This paper tries to prove that adoption of 4 bedroom in Public Hospitals has nothing to do with economic loss which is now an obstacle in adopting 4 bedrooms. Methods: 3 Methods have been used in this paper. 1) Comparative analysis between medical insurance fee and service cost for hospitalization has been conducted through literature survey. 2) Scenario analysis has been used for the estimation of inpatient number when 4 bedrooms are adopted in Public Hospitals. 3) Relation analysis between profit and proportion of 4 bedroom in Public Hospitals. Results: Adoption of 4 bedroom as a standard multi-bedroom in Public Hospitals has been proved to have nothing to do with the economic loss of hospitals. Implications: It is necessary to introduce and expand 4 bedrooms instead of 5-6 bedrooms in hospitals for the upgrade of hospital environment and easy control of cross infection in inpatient bedrooms.

The Fitness and Organizational performance Analysis of Hospital Specialization Strategy Types (병원전문화 전략유형의 적합성과 조직성과 분석)

  • Kim, Han-Sung;Kim, Young-Hoon;Woo, Jung-Sik;Lee, Hae-Jong;Yoon, Byoung-Jun;Han, Whiejong;Choi, Young-Jin
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.87-115
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    • 2012
  • This research classified hospital specialization strategy types through cluster analysis, analyzed fitness of hospital specialization strategy types for external environment or organizational structure, and examined relation between hospital specialization strategy types and organizational performance. This research surveyed 1,437 hospitals which have more than 30 patient's bed and practice national health service in Korea. Specifically, this research divided into two part : external fit - analysis of relation between external environment and specialization strategy, internal fit-analysis of relation between organizational structure factors and specialization strategy. also, as the organizational performance for achieving specialization strategic purpose, not only the productivity, efficiency, profit but also the medical quality was considered. In case of external fit, many hospitals chose integration type if there are a lot of competitive hospitals and regional population. Particularly, if there are many competitive hospitals, concentration type is chosen. In contrast, if there are many doctors in the region, differentiation type is chosen. In case of internal fit, according to organization type and patient's bed number, hospitals chose different types. If it is a general hospital and has a few bed number, generalization or concentration type is chosen. Tertiary hospital or the hospital with many patient's bed chose differentiation type. According to the number of specialists, if there are a few specialists, generalization or concentration type is chosen. If there are many specialists, differentiation type has high fitness for the hospital. In relation to strategy types and organizational performance, differentiation type has best result. Differentiation type has a good result in 7 items out of 11.

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Analysis on the Relating Factors of Managerial Performance of Local Government Hospitals (지방의료원의 경영성과 관련요인 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the internal factors that influence the performance of local government hospitals in Korea. There are 34 hospitals in korea as of 2008. Among these hospitals 5 are profit-making and the other loss-making in terms of profitability. Data was collected by Institute of local government hospital union. The major findings of this study was as follows : Firstly, 7 hospitals are high level, over than 100% of fixed ratio. But that result was better than the other study 5 years ago. Secondly, 29 hospitals are bellow 85% of bed occupancy rate. There are a number of hospitals didn't use the facilities and the personnel cost in total costs are high. And lastly, as a result of multiple regression analysis, the factors had on significant effect on normal profit to total assets are personnel cost(-), liability to total assets(-), average length of stay(-), outpatient visits to inpatient days(-). In conclusion, to improve the profitability of hospitals, the efforts to reduce personnel cost and to increase bed occupancy rate.

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Analysis of Medical Resources according to number of beds in Korean General Hospitals (국내 종합병원의 병상규모에 따른 의료자원 분석)

  • Cho, Junyoung;Yang, Naewon
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the status of general hospitals as an expanded concept of medical resources including medical staff and equipment. The purpose of this study is to provide a basic for the feasibility study of the scale and establishment of facility guidelines at the planning stage of general hospitals. Methods: The subjects of this study were limited to general hospitals. The status of medical resources was based on the data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. The number of beds, doctors, nursing grades and major medical equipment were surveyed in 335 general hospitals. Results: 1) The characteristic of general hospitals varies depending on the number of inpatient beds. To be concrete, there were differences in the number of medical staffs and equipments in general hospitals based on 300 500 800 1,000 beds. 2) As the number of hospital beds increases, the number of medical staff increases more than medical equipment and facilities. Medical equipment and facilities remain constant, even when the number of beds increases. On the other hand, the number of medical staff increased about 1.5 times in each level. Implications: Architectural plans for medical staff should be considered differently depending on the number of beds. In particular, architectural planning and facility guidelines should be applied differently based on 300 and 500 beds.

A Study on the Location and Area Composition of the Operation Department in Regional Public Hospitals - Focused on Net Floor Area (지방의료원 수술부 배치 및 규모에 관한 연구 - 순면적을 중심으로)

  • Yun, Woo Yong;Chai, Choul Gyun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.93-104
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To establish the building guidelines and to analyze the function of Regional Public Hospitals, the survey was conducted primarily on the current status focusing on the location and relationship of the department, area composition ratio, area per bed, and area per operating room. Methods: The research methods of this paper are as follows. 1) A literature survey on the function of the operating and related departments, 2) A drawing analysis for spatial composition and net area calculation. Results: The area of the Operation Department in the Regional Public Hospitals with 200 to 300 beds are as follows. Area ratio: 3.35%, area per Bed: 2.53㎡/bed, the number of beds per operating room: 64.37bed, area per operating room: 146.46㎡/n, area per operating room by plan type: integration corridor 133.84㎡/n, separation corridor 184.82㎡/n. Implications: This paper analyzed data on the current state of Operation Departments for setting up the function and role for the Regional Public Hospital. In the future, it is also required to provide size that takes into account user behavior and the user's psychological aspect in order to suggest appropriate area.