• Title/Summary/Keyword: nonprofit organizations

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Establishing the Direction of Healthcare R&D through Private Nonprofit Organizations (민간비영리 조직을 통한 보건의료 R&D 방향 설정)

  • Lee, Byeonghui;Ahn, Bekay;Yoo, Ki-Bong;Kim, Tae Hyun;Kim, Bongshin;Park, Hyunchun;Lee, Yejin;Noh, Jin-Won;Lee, Seung Hoon
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.74-87
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    • 2017
  • Purposes: The purpose is to establish the direction of healthcare R&D through private nonprofit organization. Methodology: The data is divided into two groups: 12 physicians and pharmacists, and 16 persons including professors related to university donation, non-profit foundation executives. Each group was subjected to two Delphi surveys. To analyze the validity of the opinion, the content validity ratio and the consensus of experts were verified. Findings: Funding should be invested in 'development research' and 'application research'. The factors that hinder the donation culture are 'donation prevention system such as tax imposition system and rebate double penalty system', 'insufficient motivation of fund raising person', and 'lack of fund specializing specialist'. The fund raising strategy should be centered on a small number of large donors or a balance between large and small donors. The fund raising target should be effective to raise funds for corporate and individual donors. It is necessary to clarify the purpose of the social problem to be solved by the campaign strategy for promoting donation, to announce the validity of the trust and transparency of the institution, and to emphasize the social investment by the private sector. Practical Implications: It is necessary to present directions through private nonprofit organizations for the future development of healthcare R&D. The legal and institutional deficiencies of the domestic nonprofit organization fundraising infrastructure should be improved. In order to create a social investment climate, it is necessary to improve the awareness of donations and develop various donation programs for the private sector.

Entrepreneurship Education in the United States:Strengths and Opportunities for Growth

  • Pena, Vanessa;Riggieri, Alison
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2010
  • This paper explores the role of entrepreneurship education in a modern economy and how the government, academic, and nonprofit sectors in the United States have responded to this growing field. There are several sectors that play important roles in the entrepreneurship education landscape in the United States. Over the past decade, there has been increasing participation of Federal and state governments. This recent trend suggests the field may be increasing in maturity and legitimacy, showing promise for expanding the reach of entrepreneurship education programs. Programs sponsored by nonprofit organizations and private foundations complement government initiatives and display an effective means of leveraging knowledge and resources across the relevant sectors. Thus, new initiatives, whether initiated by government or academia, should learn from the successes of this sector as well as be carefully considered within the context of existent programs and services. Nonetheless, the potentially dynamic environment of the entrepreneurship education field in the United States offers a specific opportunity to leverage the experience in mentorship activities at the post-secondary education to address a possible gap in these activities at the secondary education level.

Methodological Challenges of Empirical Studies on Government-Nonprofit Service Delivery: Toward a Dynamic Approach

  • Cho, Sung-Sook
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.199-218
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    • 2008
  • Empirical studies have shown that government and human service nonprofit organizations have maintained active partnerships to deliver human services for the past several decades. However, the previous researches on resource dependent government-nonprofit service delivery have revealed serious methodological limitations to adequately demonstrate the dynamic relationship between both sectors over time. Since the dynamics underlying the government-nonprofit service delivery is a complex process, in which multiple factors dynamically interact over time, the assumptions of system dynamics can help improve these methodological drawbacks. This study aims to explore methodological issues and weaknesses observed in empirical studies on resource dependent government-nonprofit service delivery in the United States, and further attempts to provide insights on future research toward a dynamic approach, bringing the assumptions of system dynamics to the challenges of the previous researches.

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The Comparative Study on Price and Objective Quality of Apparel Products between Korea and United States - Focused on 1990's - (한국과 미국 패션제품의 가격와 객관적 품질에 관한 비교연구 -1990년대를 중심으로-)

  • 백수경;황선진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.3_4
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    • pp.527-538
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    • 2002
  • Although importance of the price and objective quality relationships, very few studies have investigated the relationship related to apparel products. The purpose of this study were to examine 1990's the relationship between price and objective apparel products quality in the Korea Market and the United States market. Data sources in this study consisted of consumer magazines which were published by nonprofit organizations(1990 ∼1999) : Consumer Times(Korea), and Consumer Reports(U.S.A). The results showed that the correlations between price and objective apparel products quality were very weak positive and highly dependent upon the specific apparel product categories. Therefore, price was not a reliable measure of apparel products quality in the two countries market places. This study will help the consumer understand the relationship between price cues and apparel product objective quality and provide additional information to enhance purchase decision making.

Policymakers and stakeholders' perceptions of science-driven nuclear energy policy

  • Li, Nan;Brossard, Dominique;Scheufele, Dietram A.;Wilson, Paul P.H.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.773-779
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    • 2018
  • This study surveyed 137 policymakers and key stakeholders (e.g., employees of government agencies, academic institutions, nonprofit organizations, industry, and advocacy groups) involved in making decisions on nuclear energy policy, investigating how they differentially perceived the importance of scientific evidence in driving nuclear policy. We also identified the policy areas that each group of decision-makers are mostly concerned about and showed how such concerns might contextualize and ultimately shape their perceptions of science-driven policy.

The Historical Trend and New Paradigm of Youth Development Sector in USA (미국 청소년 개발사업의 역사적인 변천 과정 및 새로운 패러다임)

  • Oh, Hae Sub
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2001
  • As the technology, global economy, and social structures and patterns have rapidly been changing since the 20th century, the forward-thinking leaders in the world begin to realize that they must embrace a new paradigm in management and organizational theories. The new idea of management is focused on equality rather than hierarchical structure, and more responsive to the external environment, more flexible, and better prepared to give customers what they want. From this new paradigm revolution, the nonprofit organizations like youth development organization are trying to approach and implement the new theories and models. This study attempted to introduce the historical trend and a new paradigm of youth development organizational structures and programs in the USA that may help Korea to improve youth organizations and programs. The youth development sector should create healthy, thriving organizations and structures that cultivate staff, programs, partnership between youth and adults, and community.

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The Knowledge Management of NPOs and the Critical Success Factors for Interorganizational Knowledge Management among NPOs (비영리조직의 지식경영 현황 및 비영리조직간 지식경영 핵심성공요인)

  • Cho, Dai-yon;Kwon, Hyun-jung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.35-61
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    • 2008
  • The demands for knowledge in the rapid social change and the competitive environment are being increased day by day. As to reflect the demands, much scholarly and practical work has been done on the topics of Knowledge Management (KM). However, the study of KM in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) is insufficient. This study, while discussing the nature of NPOs, which have the different purposes of existence and characteristics from for-profit organizations, has the purpose of finding out the special strategy for KM in NPOs. Through understanding the characteristics and the status of NPOs, this study suggests that that the interorganizational KM is the method to lead successful KM in NPOs. And the critical success factors (CSFs) are presented in the three major factors, such as the systematical, the interorganizational and internal consideration factor for organization. This not only provides the successful KM strategy of NPOs but also enlarges the understandings about interorganizational KM.

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The Adoption of Marketing Strategies for School Libraries (학교도서관의 마케팅 전략)

    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.151-174
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    • 1999
  • Recently, the Ministry of Education is striving to move education and school libraries toward the information age and to create an atmosphere open education. School libraries need to be furnished with lots of useful materials for the curriculum of open education. School libraries need to be furnished with lots of useful materials for the curriculum of open education. Therefore, school libraries should adopt the concepts and techniques of marketing. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. Nonprofit organizations such as school libraries should adopt the concepts and techniques of marketing to solve the problems for the rational management of the system. 2. Marketing techniques can be adopted in the areas such as collection development, service fee, selection of the place of library, advertising, better library user organization etc. 3. School libraries should be total educational information centers to realize educational goal and the curricular. 4. Procedures for marketing strategies for school libraries are embodied in mission statement, environmental analysis, marketing audit, marketing mix, marketing segmentation, evaluation methods etc. 5. The 4 "Ps", product, price, place, promotion make up the marketing mix for school libraries.libraries.

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클라이언트/서버 시스템의 정보시스템 효율성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Myoung-Jong;Park, Ho-Sung;Han, In-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.235-238
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    • 1996
  • In recently, the influence of client-server systems on organizations and how to estimates the efficiency or productivity of organizations and departments has come to be more concerned by many researchers. Especially, information systems(IS) of the financial institutions are greatly used than any other industries. Therefore, the efficiency of IS departments in financial institutions is relatively important. The overall objectives of this research are to estimate the effects of client-server systems and to evaluate whether the client-serve systems really improve the efficiency of information system. The research method used in this research is DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) estimation method which based on linear programming is used for the efficiency of managerial organizations and other nonprofit organizations. The results of this research showed that the efficiency of IS department was promoted after implementation of client-server systems.

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The Effect of Donations Feedback and Donation Awareness to Donation Continuity Intention (기부금 사용 내역 피드백과 기부인식이 기부지속에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, Munshik;Oh, Daeyang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of donation expenditure details and the shift in awareness as a result of disclosure of donation expenditure details in order to promote constant donation by nonprofit organizations in the course of marketing activities. The first experiment was configured through $2{\times}2$ intergroup element design based on 2(feedback on donation expenditure details: available vs. unavailable) ${\times}$ 2(donation awareness: expenditure vs. exchange), and furthermore, MANOVA was performed. The results showed that the satisfaction with donation was higher when the donation expenditure details were disclosed(M=5.125, SD=0.437) and that the relation maintenance intention was higher(p<0.01) when the donation expenditure details were disclosed M=5.328, SD=0.459). In addition, the main effect was validated by using the bootstrapping method. The results of overall model validation showed that satisfaction & trust(=0.843, p<0.01) and satisfaction(=0.267, p<0.01) and trust(=0.691, p<0.01) had a positive(+) relationship. Based on aforesaid results, donors are expected to have greater trust if nonprofit organizations make effort to ensure transparent and detailed disclosure of information on expenditure of donations made by donors. Succeeding studies would need to investigate the effect that might vary depending on the type of feedback methods, etc.