• Title/Summary/Keyword: nonprofit organizations

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Financial Supports of Government for Nonprofit Social Service Organizations in the United States (비영리 조직에 대한 정부재정지원에 영향을 미치는 요인 : 미국의 사례를 중심으로)

  • Rho, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.49
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    • pp.129-161
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    • 2002
  • This study explores whether there are differences in financial structure and governmental support between social service organizations and other nonprofit organizations. In addition, it analyzes what factors are related to governmental supports for both types of nonprofit organizations. Guided by the argument that specific areas where nonprofits primarily operate can explain a difference of relations between nonprofit organizations and funders, this study compares revenue sources and expenditures of social service organizations and other nonprofit organizations in the United States. Also, based on resource dependence theory and taking some important indexes from financial ratio analysis, this study also identifies factors that affect governmental supports for nonprofit organizations. The study sample consists of 10,690 organizations that reported tax form 990 in 1996. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted for the study. The results show that social service organizations obtained more revenue from government than other nonprofit organizations. Also, logistic regression analysis suggests that revenue diversification and financial characteristics were significantly associated with governmental supports for nonprofit organizations in the United States.

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Development of the Evaluation Framework for the Risk Management of Information Systems Outsourcing : Focusing on Nonprofit Organizations (정보시스템 아웃소싱 위험요인 평가 프레임?의 개발: 비영리 조직을 중심으로)

  • Kim Chang-Su;Baek Myeung-Kee
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.39-57
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    • 2004
  • As a result of the fast development of Information communication technology, the competitive advantage of companies and the service quality of nonprofit organizations has been largely changed. Corresponding to this kind of change, companies have tried to make production improvement, competitive strengthening, and organizational innovation. Meanwhile, the nonprofit organizations directed by the government are pursuing the service innovation from general administration area to the public service for civilians. In relation to this, risk management of the company's information systems outsourcing has largely been studied until now. However, the study of risk management for nonprofit organization information systems outsourcing has rarely been made. In this paper, to provide the theoretical base for further research, we have attempted to develop the evaluation framework for risk management of information systems outsourcing considering the characteristics of nonprofit organizations.

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Financial Sustainability of Nonprofit Organizations: Determinants of Fundraising Campaigns on Donation Intention

  • PARK, Hayoung;CHO, Yooncheong
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: As nonprofit organizations have made strides in international development, ensuring financial resources has become pivotal to determine what nonprofits strive for and how they perform with the budget generated without efforts for profit-making. The purpose of this research aims to investigate the determinants of donation intention that are affected by television fundraising campaigns in order to improve financial sustainability. This study applied the effects of emotional sympathy, economic value, accountability, relevance, and sustainability on donation intention. Research design, data, and methodology: This study collected data via an online survey by classifying respondents based on donation experiences and applied statistical analyses such as factor analysis, regression, and ANOVA. This study selected television fundraising campaigns aligned with criteria of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Results: The results of this study showed that emotional sympathy was a dominant variable regardless of previous donation experiences, while economic value was significant for inexperienced donors. Conclusions: The results provide implications to nonprofit organizations for fundraising as to what aspects need to be addressed in order to draw donors' motivation for giving behavior. Given efforts for successful implementation of development agenda, it is fundamental to establish financial sustainability of nonprofit organizations and build up public awareness.

Knowledge and Technology Resources for Knowledge Management Practices of Nonprofit Organizations in Thailand

  • Le, Quang Ngoc;Tuamsuk, Kulthida
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.42-55
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    • 2021
  • Knowledge and technology resources are the most crucial sources for the achievement of sustainable development in competitive advantage. Meanwhile, few empirical studies have clarified the types of knowledge and technology resources that nonprofit organizations (NPOs) use and develop. This study aims to categorize knowledge and technology resources in NPOs that both researchers and practitioners can use to develop the nonprofit sector further. A qualitative research method was used for the study. Data were collected from 31 interviews with senior and founding members of NPOs in Thailand. Analysis of qualitative data identified five critical categories of knowledge resources: human resources, organizational practices, partnership or stakeholder involvement, operational practices, and other resources. This study also illustrates both internal and external technology resources, which are used in sample organizations. The study's findings contribute to developing a body of knowledge management literature related to the knowledge and technology resources of NPOs.

The Impact of Social Entrepreneurship of the Members of Nonprofit Organizations on Cooperative Behavior -Focusing on the mediating effects of value congruence- (비영리조직 구성원의 사회적기업가정신이 가치일치를 매개로 협조적행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Dae-Yong;Kim, Tai-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.4303-4312
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    • 2013
  • Study explores the effect of the member's social enterpreneurship at nonprofit organizations on cooperative behavior and proved the mediator effect of value congruency among individuals at those organizations. Examined on a nationwide scale with members at nonprofit organizations, this study indicated followings: 1. Innovativeness, Risk Management, and Social Mission. are valid 2. Innovativeness and Social Mission are related to cooperative behavior, 3. Value congruency with each other at an institution exerts positive effect on cooperative behavior, 4. Value congruency over social enterpreneurship and cooperative behavior partially, yet still positively, mediate social enterpreneurship to cooperative behavior. In other words, the higher the social enterpreneurship in each indivisual is, the higher the degree of value congruency among individuals is, leading to more frequent cooperative behavior. This study also suggests that enhancement of social enterpreureship in each individual at work through education should be considered.

A Study on Introducing and Selecting Online Databases of International Non-Profit Organizations (해외 비영리기관 소장 학술 데이터베이스 현황 조사 및 분석 연구)

  • Hong, Hyun-Jin;Chung, Hye-Kyung;Noh, Young-Hee;Lee Mi-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.87-104
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to delve into the academic databases of overseas nonprofit organizations, to assess their qualify and to discuss whether or not it's possible to introduce them in the nation and in which way that could be done. And it's also attempted to provide information on the academic databases of nonprofit organizations in nonEnglish-speaking countries in a bid to prepare a wide variety of academic materials about broader fields that would be distinguished from those offered by existing academic databases, since it's not currently possible to take advantage of academic materials possessed by such nations. The efforts by this study was expected to gather international information at a lower cost and in a more efficient way and eventually to contribute to improving the productivity of academic research.

A Study of Influences of Fairness Perception on Perceived Organizational Support, Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (구성원의 공정성 지각이 영리조직과 비영리조직의 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Min, Nam-Sik;Lim, Jung-Sook
    • Korean Business Review
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.45-75
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    • 2009
  • Previous researches of organizational citizenship behavior have been focused mainly on organizations, and there have been only a few studies on the organizational citizenship behavior of nonprofit organizations. In particular, few empirical studies have been made on the relations among variables affecting the organizational citizenship behavior of profit and nonprofit organizations. Thus, this study attempted comparative analysis. According to the result of the analysis, in profit organizations, the fairness of procedure, emotional commitment and continuous commitment had a significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior, as well as the fairness of distribution and perception of organizational support. In nonprofit organizations, on the contrary, the fairness of distribution, the fairness of procedure, and perception of organizational support were insignificant, and only emotional commitment and continuous commitment had a significant effect on organizational citizenship behavior. This study is meaningful in that it comparatively analyzed the effects of organization members' perception of fairness on organizational citizenship behavior in profit and nonprofit organizations, and its outcome may be utilized as a reference in future researches but it has a problem in external validity that poses a limitation in its generalization.

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Who Leads Nonprofit Advocacy through Social Media? Some Evidence from the Australian Marine Conservation Society's Twitter Networks

  • Jung, Kyujin;No, Won;Kim, Ji Won
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.69-81
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    • 2014
  • While much in the field of public management has emphasized the importance of nonprofit advocacy activities in policy and decision-making procedures, few have considered the relevance and impact of leading actors on structuring diverse patterns of information sharing and communication through social media. Building nonprofit advocacy is a complicated process for a single organization to undertake, but social media applications such as Facebook and Twitter have facilitated nonprofit organizations and stakeholders to effectively share information and communicate with each other for identifying their mission as it relates to environmental issues. By analyzing the Australian Marine Conservation Society's (AMCS) Twitter network data from the period 1 April to 20 April, 2013, this research discovered diverse patterns in nonprofit advocacy by leading actors in building advocacy. Based on the webometrics approach, analysis results show that nonprofit advocacy through social media is structured by dynamic information flows and intercommunications among participants and followers of the AMCS. Also, the findings indicate that the news media and international and domestic nonprofit organizations have a leading role in building nonprofit advocacy by clustering with their followers.

Does Organizational Capacity Explain Fundraising Effectiveness in Nonprofit Social Service Organizations? (비영리 사회복지조직의 재정자원동원 효과성과 조직의 관리능력)

  • Rho, Yeon-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.3
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    • pp.5-26
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    • 2006
  • This study intended to analyze what factors affect fundraising effectiveness in nonprofit social service organizations. Focusing on organizational characteristics only, current studies did not address the importance of organizational capacity leading to organizational effectiveness. Based on the assumption of the relation between organizational capacity and effectiveness of nonprofit organizations, this study added factors indicating organizational capacity to the current model. After collecting data from 147 staffs involving in fundraising activities of nonprofit social service organizations, this study used a hierarchical regression analysis. The results showed that organizational capacity had a significant impact on the variance of fundraising effectiveness. Despite the limitations of the purposive sampling method, this study has implications to provide practical guideline for nonprofit managers and to develop a theoretical framework with a new perspective on organizational capacity.

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A Performance Measurement Model for Nonprofit Organizations: Conceptual Framework (공공기관의 성과측정모형: 개념적 틀)

  • Min, Jae-Hyeong;Lee, Jeong-Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.998-1004
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    • 2005
  • 최근 신공공관리론(New Public Management)의 대두로 인해 여러 공공기관에서 새로운 성과측정시스템을 도입하고 있는 것이 세계적인 추세이다. 본 연구에서는 세계적으로 공공기관의 성과측정에 가장 활발히 적용되어온 BSC(Balanced Scorecard)와 EFQM의 Business Excellence Model의 특징을 비교하고, 이 두 모형을 결합한 성과측정모형의 개념적 틀을 제안하고자 한다.

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