• Title, Summary, Keyword: nonlinear static analysis

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Effects of damping ratio on dynamic increase factor in progressive collapse

  • Mashhadi, Javad;Saffari, Hamed
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.677-690
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, the effect of damping ratio on nonlinear dynamic analysis response and dynamic increase factor (DIF) in nonlinear static analysis of structures against column removal are investigated and a modified empirical DIF is presented. To this end, series of low and mid-rise moment frame structures with different span lengths and number of storeys are designed and the effect of damping ratio in DIF is investigated, performing several nonlinear static and dynamic analyses. For each damping ratio, a nonlinear dynamic analysis and a step by step nonlinear static analysis are carried out and the modified empirical DIF formulas are derived. The results of the analysis reveal that DIF is decreased with increasing damping ratio. Finally, an empirical formula is recommended that relates to damping ratio. Therefore, the new modified DIF can be used with nonlinear static analysis instead of nonlinear dynamic analysis to assess the progressive collapse potential of moment frame buildings with different damping ratios.

Nonlinear Dynamic Response Structural Optimization of an Automobile Frontal Structure Using Equivalent Static Loads (등가정하중법을 이용한 차량 전면 구조물의 비선형 동적 반응 구조최적설계)

  • Yoon, Shic;Jeong, Seong-Beom;Park, Gyung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1156-1161
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    • 2008
  • Nonlinear dynamic analysis is generally used in automobile crash analysis and structural optimization considering crashworthiness uses the results of nonlinear dynamic analysis. Automobile crash optimization has high nonlinearity and difficulty in calculating sensitivity. Recently the equivalent static load (ESL) method has been proposed in order to overcome these difficulties. The ESL is the static load set generating the same displacement field as the nonlinear dynamic displacement field at each time step in dynamic analysis. From various researches regarding the ESL method, it has been proved that the ESL method is fairly useful. The ESL method can mathematically optimize a crash optimization problem through nonlinear analysis and well developed static optimization. The ESL is applied to nonlinear dynamic structural optimization of the automobile frontal impact problem. An automobile bumper is optimized. The mass of the structure is minimized while some constraints are satisfied.

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Nonlinear analysis of thin shallow arches subject to snap-through using truss models

  • Xenidis, H.;Morfidis, K.;Papadopoulos, P.G.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.521-542
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    • 2013
  • In this study a truss model is used for the geometrically nonlinear static and dynamic analysis of a thin shallow arch subject to snap-through. Thanks to the very simple geometry of a truss, the equilibrium conditions can be easily written and the global stiffness matrix can be easily updated with respect to the deformed structure, within each step of the analysis. A very coarse discretization is applied; so, in a very simple way, the high frequency modes are suppressed from the beginning and there is no need to develop a complicated reduced-order technique. Two short computer programs have been developed for the geometrically nonlinear static analysis by displacement control of a plane truss model of a structure as well as for its dynamic analysis by the step-by-step time integration algorithm of trapezoidal rule, combined with a predictor-corrector technique. These two short, fully documented computer programs are applied on the geometrically nonlinear static and dynamic analysis of a specific thin shallow arch subject to snap-through.

Assessment of FEMA356 nonlinear static procedure and modal pushover analysis for seismic evaluation of buildings

  • Khoshnoud, Hamid Reza;Marsono, Kadir
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.243-262
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    • 2012
  • Nonlinear static analysis as an essential part of performance based design is now widely used especially at design offices because of its simplicity and ability to predict seismic demands on inelastic response of buildings. Since the accuracy of nonlinear static procedures (NSP) to predict seismic demands of buildings affects directly on the entire performance based design procedure, therefore lots of research has been performed on the area of evaluation of these procedures. In this paper, one of the popular NSP, FEMA356, is evaluated and compared with modal pushover analysis. The ability of these procedures to simulate seismic demands in a set of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings is explored with two level of base acceleration through a comparison with benchmark results determined from a set of nonlinear time history analyses. According to the results of this study, the modal pushover analysis procedure estimates seismic demands of buildings like inter story drifts and hinges plastic rotations more accurate than FEMA356 procedure.

Crash Optimization of an Automobile Frontal Structure Using Equivalent Static Loads (등가정하중을 이용한 차량 전면구조물 충돌최적설계)

  • Lee, Youngmyung;Ahn, Jin-Seok;Park, Gyung-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.583-590
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    • 2015
  • Automobile crash optimization is nonlinear dynamic response structural optimization that uses highly nonlinear crash analysis in the time domain. The equivalent static loads (ESLs) method has been proposed to solve such problems. The ESLs are the static load sets generating the same displacement field as that of nonlinear dynamic analysis. Linear static response structural optimization is employed with the ESLs as multiple loading conditions. Nonlinear dynamic analysis and linear static structural optimization are repeated until the convergence criteria are satisfied. Nonlinear dynamic crash analysis for frontal analysis may not have boundary conditions, but boundary conditions are required in linear static response optimization. This study proposes a method to use the inertia relief method to overcome the mismatch. An optimization problem is formulated for the design of an automobile frontal structure and solved by the proposed method.

The Response Characteristics of Approximate Nonlinear Methods with RC Dual System (이중골조에 대한 비선형 약산법들의 응답특성)

  • Nam Young-Woo;Kang Pyeong-Doo;Jun Dae-Han;Kim Jae-Ung
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2005
  • In performance-based design methods, it is clear that the evaluation of the nonlinear response is required. The methods available to the design engineer today are nonlinear tim history analyses, or monotonic static nonlinear analyses, or equivalent static analyses with simulated inelastic influences. The nonlinear time analysis is the most accurate method in computing the nonlinear response of structures, but it is time-consuming and necessitate more efforts. Some codes proposed the capacity spectrum method based on the nonlinear static analysis to determine earthquake-induced demand given the structure pushover curve. This procedure is conceptually simple but iterative and time consuming with some errors. The nonlinear direct spectrum method is proposed and studied to evaluate nonlinear response of structures, without iterative computations, given by the structural linear vibration period and yield strength from the pushover analysis. The purpose of this paper is to compare the accuracy and the reliability of approximate nonlinear methods with respect to RC dual system and various earthquakes.

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Evaluation of Progressive Collapse Resisting Capacity of Tall Buildings

  • Kwon, Kwangho;Park, Seromi;Kim, Jinkoo
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2012
  • In this paper the progressive collapse potential of building structures designed for real construction projects were evaluated based on arbitrary column removal scenario using various alternate path methods specified in the GSA guidelines. The analysis model structures are a 22-story reinforced concrete moment frames with core wall building and a 44-story interior concrete core and exterior steel diagrid structure. The progressive collapse resisting capacities of the model structures were evaluated using the linear static, nonlinear static, and nonlinear dynamic analyses. The linear static analysis results showed that progressive collapse occurred in the 22-story model structure when an interior column was removed. However the structure turned out to be safe according to the nonlinear static and dynamic analyses. Similar results were observed in the 44-story diagrid structure. Based on the analysis results, it was concluded that, compared with nonlinear analysis procedures, the linear static method is conservative in the prediction of progressive collapse resisting capacity of building structure based on arbitrary column removal scenario.

Nonlinear Aeroelastic Analysis of a High-Aspect-Ratio Wing with Large Deflection Effects

  • Kim, Kyung-Seok;Lim, In-Gyu;Lee , In;Yoo, Jae-Han
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2006
  • In this study, nonlinear static and dynamic aeroelastic analyses for a high-aspect-ratio wing have been performed. To achieve these aims, the transonic small disturbance (TSD) theory for the aerodynamic analysis and the large deflection beam theory considering a geometrical nonlinearity for the structural analysis are applied, respectively. For the coupling between fluid and structure, the transformation of a displacement from the structural mesh to the aerodynamic grid is performed by a shape function which is used for the finite element and the inverse transformation of force by work equivalent load method. To validate the current method, the present analysis results of a high-aspect-ratio wing are compared with the experimental results. Static deformations in the vertical and torsional directions caused by an angle of attack and gravity loading are compared with experimental results. Also, static and dynamic aeroelastic characteristics are investigated. The comparisons of the flutter speed and frequency between a linear and nonlinear analysis are presented.

Development of Nonlinear Static Design Sensitivity Analysis Based ANSYS (ANSYS 비선형 정적설계민감도해석 외부모듈 개발)

  • Choi, Byung-Nam;Jung, Jae-Jun;Yoo, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Tae-Hee
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.543-547
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    • 2001
  • CAE has been settled down to an indispensable tool for the simulation of a mechanical system according to the development of computer-aided analysis rapidly. Particularly finite element programs have advanced to the one of most valuable things in the filed of CAE due to the remarkable progress in the implementation. But since this analysis tool mostly provides the result of the analysis, it cannot satisfy designers who are seeking for information to improve their designs. Therefore, design sensitivity analysis or optimization module has been incorporated into commercial FEA programs to satisfy the desire of designers since 1990s. Design sensitivity analysis is to compute the rate of change of response with respected to design variable. Design sensitivity analysis is classfied into static design sensitivity analysis, Eigenvalue design sensitivity analysis and dynamic design sensitivity analysis. In this research, it will be presented to nonlinear static design sensitivity analysis formulation and nonlinear static design sensitivity analysis external module based ANSYS have been developed and illustrated an example to verify the developed module.

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Dynamic Increase factor based on residual strength to assess progressive collapse

  • Mashhadi, Javad;Saffari, Hamed
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.617-624
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    • 2017
  • In this study, a new empirical method is presented to obtain Dynamic Increase Factor (DIF) in nonlinear static analysis of structures against sudden removal of a gravity load-bearing element. In this method, DIF is defined as a function of minimum ratio of difference between maximum moment capacity ($M_u$) and moment demand ($M_d$) to plastic moment capacity ($M_p$) under unamplified gravity loads of elements. This function determines the residual strength of a damaged building before amplified gravity loads. For each column removal location, a nonlinear dynamic analysis and a step-by-step nonlinear static analysis are carried out and the modified empirical DIF formulas are derived, which correspond to the ratio min $[(M_u-M_d)/M_p]$ of beams in the bays immediately adjacent to the removed column, and at all floors above it. Therefore, the new DIF can be used with nonlinear static analysis instead of nonlinear dynamic analysis to assess the progressive collapse potential of a moment frame structure. The proposed DIF formulas can estimate the real residual strength of a structure based on critical member.