• Title, Summary, Keyword: non-traditional college major

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Young Men's Choice of Fashion as a Career Path: "Seekers" and "Settlers"

  • Karpova, Elena;Lee, Juyoung;Garrin, Ashley
    • Fashion, Industry and Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2018
  • This study explored men's choice of fashion as a college major and, subsequently, a non-traditional career path. Such investigation is important to gain a better understanding of the motives and processes of selecting a non-traditional college major and subsequent career path. This research consulted several theoretical frameworks to guide the development of research questions and help interpret the findings of the study. Specifically, our study builds upon Holland's trait theory (1982), Gottfredson's (1981) circumscription theory, Farmer's (1985) model of career motivation, and Simpson's (2005) typology of men's non-traditional career entry. A qualitative method was used to explore men's experiences of selecting fashion as an academic major in college and deciding to pursue a career in the traditionally female-dominated field. Following the analysis of 22 individual interviews with male upperclassmen majoring in fashion, three topical areas emerged and we proposed a model of male students' path to a non-traditional college major. The model explains male students' dynamics of entering a non-traditional college major, the role of personal and social factors in the decision process as well as the role of future career orientation when choosing to study fashion as an academic major.

A Study on the Recognition about Food Preparation and Cooking Ability of College Students majoring in Food & Nutrition and Others (식품영양학전공 및 비전공대학생들의 식품조리에 관한 의식과 조리능력 수준에 대한 조사)

  • 윤계순
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.639-647
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the recognition about food preparation and cooking ability of college students majoring in food & nutrition and others. Data were collected from 729 students residing in Chonbuk area by using a self-administered questionnaire. Food and nutrition major students got significantly higher scores than non-major. ones in the recognition of significance and interest in cooking activity. Both food and nutrition major and non-major female students recognized the necessity of cooking ability than non-major male students. Sixty eight percent of the subjects answered that they have aided often his or her family to cook at home. The students majoring in food and nutrition were interested in various fields such as Korean, western style and fusion food. Most of the respondents teamed how to cook from family at home; however major students have learned cooking not only from family but also from various channels such as culinary school, TV and books. The practical use of knowledge about food science was very low in most respondents. The cooking methods used frequently were sauteing, broiling and deep-fat-frying. This study showed that both food and nutrition major and non-major students recognized the necessity of cooking ability and had interests in cooking activity, but cooking ability of non-major ones was significantly lower than that of major students, and the traditional consciousness that women have to take charge of cooking at home tends to be decreasing.

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A Study of Dietary Attitude on the Product of Food Service Industry in Nutrition Major and Non-Major College Women (식품영양학 전공 여대생과 비전공 여대생의 외식산업식품에 대한 식생활 태도 조사)

  • 강남이;조미숙
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.150-162
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    • 1992
  • This survey was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary attitude on the nutrition knowledge, food habits and the intake of instant food, convenience food and fast food between two groups of college women, a nutrition major group and nutrition non-major one. Questionnaires were completed by 214 nutrition majors and also by 145 non-majors. Nutrition majors showed better average in meal time regularities per week than nutrition non-majors. And nutrition non-majors had a higher frequency rate in taking of instant food and fast food than nutrition majors. In the case of both college women, those who take a meal regularly at each meal times have a higher score in food habits. The women who ate instant foods more frequently got a lower score in food habits, bot the frequency of the intake of instant foods did not affect the score of nutrition knowledge On the other hand, the women who had fast foods more frequently got a higher score in food habits and lower score in nutrition knowledge. When college women have a little of nutrition knowledge, they have a tendency to keep their meal time regularity and right dietary attitude pattern. In the dining-out pattern, the college women liked to eat flour foods and they preferred western foods than Korean foods. The motivation of food selection was for convenience and for time saving which were the reason for satisfaction to the products of food service industry. The products of food service industry were found to be unsatisfactory in nutrition and sanitation. Therefore, we must be mute aware of preventing the disappearance of Korean traditional foods and for developing dietary culture successively, the products of food service industry which are more suitable for Korean should be developed.

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Antecedents of Attitude toward Globalization from a Cultural Perspective

  • Lee Kyu-Hye;Choi Jayoung
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2005
  • The Korean and the American consumers's attitude toward globalization were compared in the context of cultural values. This study exclusively investigated the effect of traditional versus non-traditional values and the mediating role of fashion involvement. The study sample consists of American and Korean female college students. It was affirmed that long supported categorization of individualism for Western culture and collectivism for Asian or Eastern culture does not seem to characterize the postmodern generation. No major differences between Korea and the U. S. were found in the empirical study except that Americans showed higher levels of cultural values and Koreans associate fashion involvement with global-mindedness more strongly. The impact of cultural values was similar across cultures but the mediating role of fashion involvement was dissimilar depending on the cultural backgrounds of respondents.

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College Life Adaptation and Loneliness among Non-Traditional Adult Learners Majoring in Nursing (간호학 전공 성인학습자의 대학생활 적응과 외로움)

  • Yang, Eun-Ju;Kim, Kye-Ha
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.461-469
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate college life adaptation and loneliness of non-traditional adult learners with nursing major. A cross-sectional survey was conducted on one hundred and ten participants from selected universities in G city. A structured questionnaire which included general characteristics, a College Life Adaptation Scale and a Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale was a study instrument. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were used for data analysis. The average level of college life adaptation was 44.8, while the score for loneliness was found to be 40.3. There was a significant difference in college life adaptation according to perceived health status. Loneliness showed a significant difference according to grades. A significant positive correlation was observed between college life adaptation and loneliness. In other words, the greater the loneliness, the lower the adaptation to college life. Thus, the results suggest that Korean universities should pay close attention to psychological factors such as loneliness to improve the adaptation of non-traditional adult learners with varied backgrounds to college.

Workforce Entry Preparers' Post-College Housing Expectations and Perception of Housing Cost Burden (예비 사회진출자의 졸업 후 주거에 대한 기대 및 주거비 부담에 대한 인식)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to explore college students' expectations on post-college housing and sources of finance to afford housing costs; and perception of housing cost burden. Between May 28, 2012, and June 17, 2012, a questionnaire survey was conducted to undergraduate students in university-A located in non-capital region and 465 useable responses were collected. Major findings are as follows: (1) About 60% of respondents expected to live apart from their parents or relatives within two years from college graduation; (2) Majority of respondents who expected to live apart from their parents or relatives expected to rent housing units and compact non-traditional housing types such as studio units; (3) Major source of finance the respondents expected to afford post-college housing costs was financial supports from their parents and families; (4) Housing cost burden were perceived to have influence even on job decision and respondents with lower parents' income perceived housing cost burden more influential; and (5) In spite of respondents' low financial independence to afford post-college housing costs, finding housing units in areas with relatively lower housing costs seemed not to be an important consideration when choosing post-college housing.

Low Dose Effect and Non Monotonic Dose Responses(NMDRs) and its Medical Meaning - Focusing on A New Paradigm of Dose-Response Relationship - (Low Dose Effect와 Non Monotonic Dose Responses(NMDRs) 그리고 의학적 의미 - 용량-반응관계의 새로운 패러다임을 중심으로 -)

  • Sung, Angela Dongmin;Shin, Jeeyoun;Lee, Seungeun;Park, Songmi;Oh, Yeonji;Lee, Sundong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.145-159
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim was to investigate the characteristics of low dose effect and non monotonic dose responses(NMDRs) and to predict the influence it might have on the health and medicine, traditional Korean medicine. Methods : By investigating recently published major literatures related to low dose effect and NMDRs, the definition, mechanism, major related fields, and the influence on public health and medicine has been categorized and summarized. Results : Although there are still heated debates about the definition of low dose, it implies the biological responses in environmental exposure level and the NDMDRs means the nonlinear relationship between the dose-response in the slope sign change. Also, it implies the new form of the curve showing a U, reverse U shape, and the slop sign constantly changing showing various forms. This mechanism is because the two acceptor shows opposing effects to toxic materials and the affinity is different along with the numerical value that increase and decrease being different. These characteristics generally appear in endocrine disrupters such as bisphenol A, agricultural pesticides, metal, and radiation. The research field in the public health and medical treatment is obesity, problems in metabolism, growth hormone treatment, climacteric treatment, breast cancer, intake of Korean traditional medicine for pregnancy, menopause and phytoestrogen. Conclusions : As a result of discussing implications, NMDRs is a particular effect in low dose and heated debates surround this response, research is being conducted surrounding the field of obesity, problems in metabolism, growth hormone treatment, climacteric treatment, breast cancer, intake of Korean traditional medicine for pregnancy, menopause, and phytoestrogen. More research and interest in needed as it can have a massive influence in the public health and medicine.

Effect of Computational Thinking on Problem Solving Process in SW Education for non-CS Major Students (컴퓨터 비전공자 대상 SW 교육에서 컴퓨팅 사고력이 문제 해결 과정에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Jaekyung
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.472-479
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    • 2019
  • Today, computational thinking takes an important role in problem solving in software education. As a result, software education as liberal arts for non-CS major students is rapidly expanding. It is necessary to study the effects of computational thinking on software problem solving ability compared to traditional programming language education. In this paper, we propose an evaluation model for analyzing the effects of computational thinking on the overall software development process, and analyze how the problem solving process is different for learners who take computing thinking classes and programming language courses as liberal arts courses. As a result, students who learned computational thinking showed higher ability in problem analysis and design process.

Physicochemical Characterization of Extrudate Solid Formulation of Angelica gigas Nakai Prepared by Hot Melt Extrusion Process

  • Azad, Md Obyedul Kalam;Cho, Hyun Jong;Koo, Ja Seong;Park, Cheol Ho;Kang, Wie Soo
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.72-72
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    • 2018
  • The root of Angelica gigas Nakai (AGN) is used as a traditional herbal medicine in Korea for the treatment of many diseases. However, a major challenge associated with the usage of the active compounds from AGN is their poor water solubility. Therefore, this work aimed to enhance the solubility of active compounds by a chemical (viz. surfactant) and physical (hot melt extrusion) crosslinking method (CPC). Infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (FT-IR) revealed multiple peaks in extrudate solids representing new functional groups including carboxylic acid, alkynes and benzene derivatives. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis of the extrudate showed lower glass transition temperature (Tg) and lower enthalpy (${\Delta}H$) (Tg: $43^{\circ}C$; ${\Delta}H$: <6 (J/g)) compared to the non-extrudate (Tg $68.5^{\circ}C$; ${\Delta}H$: 123.2) formulations. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed amorphization of crystal materials in extrudate solid. In addition, nanonization, enhanced solubility and higher extraction of phenolic compounds were achieved in the extrudate solid. Among the different extrudates, acetic acid- and Span 80-mediated formulations showed superior extractions. We conclude that the CPC method successfully enhanced the production of amorphous nano dispersions from extrudate solid formulations.

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Reliable and Advanced Predictors for Corporate Financial Choices in Pakistan

  • SHAHZAD, Umeair;FUKAI, Luo;MAHMOOD, Faisal;JING, Liu;AHMAD, Zahoor
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.7
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2020
  • Existing studies disagree over the core predictors of firm-level financial choices in developing countries. The general practice only validates the traditional capital structure model, which leads to inconsistency and a lack of novelty. This study removed overfitting issues among existing factors and presented the most reliable and advanced capital structure model in Pakistani firms. The panel data include 368 Pakistani companies from 19 non-financial sectors over the period 2004 to 2017. We apply Akaike and Bayesian Information Criteria to remove overfitting issues among inconsistent proxies in the capital structure model. The fixed effects regression is used for basic results and the Generalized Method of Moments is applied to control the endogeneity. Besides the conventional proxies, we report that credit rating, distance from bankruptcy, managerial concentration, and institutional quality are the most advanced capital structure determinants in Pakistan. These predictors remain significant across firm size and growth levels. Also, the findings confirm that new predictors are reliable to define capital structure dynamics and improve the speed of adjustment in overall and sub-sample analysis. The major findings suggest that managers and policymakers should consider these advanced predictors to design their financial settings in firms.