• Title, Summary, Keyword: non-elderly

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Comparisons on Motivation for Health Behavior, Health Behaviors Practices, and Activities of Daily Living between Institutionalized and Non-institutionalized Elderly Women (시설 여성 노인과 재가 여성 노인의 건강행위 동기요소, 건강행위 및 일상생활활동 비교)

  • Son, Jung Tae;Suh, Soon Rim
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.379-388
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to compare the motivation for health behavior, health behaviors practices, and ADL of institutionalized elderly women with those of non-institutionalized elderly women. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in convenience samples of 144 aged women(80 institutionalized and 64 non-institutionalized) using structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA were used for data analysis with SPSS program. Results: The institutionalized elderly reported significantly higher motivation than the non-institutionalized elderly. In subcategories of motivation, self-efficacy of the institutionalized elderly was significantly lower than that of the non-institutionalized elderly. The non-institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower perceived benefits and significantly higher perceived barriers than institutionalized elderly. The institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower health behaviors in exercise and nutrition than the non-institutionalized elderly. Among health behaviors of the non-institutionalized elderly women, stress management marked the lowest score. Conclusion: To enhance motivation of institutionalized elderly women, interventions for building self-efficacy are needed. To promote the health behavior of the non-institutionalized elderly, stress management programs are needed. All elderly women need exercise.

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Acceptance of Disability and Related Factors of Hemiplegic Elderly and Non-Elderly (편마비 노인과 편마비 청장년의 장애수용과 관련요인)

  • Kim, Mi-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.547-558
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to study the acceptance of disability and influential factors between hemiplegic elderly and non-elderly after stroke. Methods: Data were collected with questionnaires from 104 elderly and 134 non-elderly with hemiplegia. Data were analyzed by $x^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: Significant predictors of acceptance of disability were family support, activities of daily living, and age, and these factors accounted for 24.2% of variance in acceptance of disability in the hemiplegic elderly. On the other hand, the significant predictors were family support and employment, and these factors accounted for 32.3% of variance in acceptance of disability in the non-elderly. Family support was the most influential variable in both the elderly and the non-elderly. Conclusion: An acceptance of disability program for the hemiplegic elderly should be designed differently from that for the non-elderly.

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Comparison of the Characteristics according to Injury Severity Score between Elderly and Non-elderly with Trauma (노인과 비노인 외상환자의 손상중증도에 따른 특성 비교)

  • Kim, Hyunju;Kim, Younkyoung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.304-318
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study examined the characteristic of the Injury Severity Score (ISS) of Korean geriatric patients with a traumatic injury in a nationally representative sample to determine the optimal cutoff of ISS of mortality according to age. Methods: The subjects were 3,018 non-elderly patients and 1,584 elderly patients with an ISS and Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) in 2016 from the data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. The traumatic characteristics of the elderly and non-elderly were compared by stratifying the ISS. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to find the optimal cutoff of ISS of mortality according to age. Results: The elderly were more prone to severe trauma than the non-elderly were. The distribution of KTAS grades was lower, even though the severity of ISS was as high as that of the non-elderly. The optimal cutoff score of the ISS for mortality in the ROC curve was lower in elderly over 65 years than in the other age group. Conclusion: The elderly are more prone to severe trauma and death than non-elderly, even though their ISS is low. Therefore, a strategy to prevent elderly from experiencing serious trauma and managing their geriatric trauma actively is needed.

Analyzing the Driving Characteristics of Elderly Drivers at Urban Intersections (고령운전자의 도시부 교차로 주행특성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Chong, Sang Min;Choi, Jai sung;Lee, Jong hak;Min, Dong Chan
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSES : Because elderly drivers are more prone to becoming confused when approaching an urban intersection and thus may yield prolong judgment and decision times than non-elderly drivers, to increase the comfort and safety of the intersection environment for elderly drivers, this study applied autonomous driving tests at an urban intersection to examine their driving characteristics. METHODS : To obtain a more comprehensive understanding of driving features, this study collected drive data of non-elderly drivers and elderly drivers via an autonomous experiment using OBD2 and an eye-tracker, in addition to performing a literature review on the measured visibility range of elderly drivers at intersections. This literature review was conducted considering the general knowledge of elderly drivers having relatively reduced visibility. Additionally, as they are commonly more vulnerable, this study analyzes characteristics of elderly drivers as compared to those of non-elderly drivers. CONCLUSIONS : The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1) the peripheral visible distance of elderly drivers is reduced as compared to that of non-elderly drivers; 2) elderly drivers approach and proceed through intersections at slower speeds than non-elderly drivers; and 3) elderly drivers yield increased driving distances when performing a right or left turn as compared to non-elderly drivers as a result of their reduced speed and acceleration and larger turning radii relative to non-elderly drivers.

The Effects of EEG Power and Coherence on Cognitive Function in Normal Elderly, Non-Demented Elderly With Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Demented Elderly During Working Cognition Task

  • Han, Dong-Wook
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.70-79
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of electroencephalograph (EEG) power and coherence on cognitive function in normal elderly, non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment, and demented elderly during working cognition tasks. Forty elderly women (19 demented elderly, 10 non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment, 11 norma1 elderly) participated in this study, All subjects performed working cognition tasks with Raven's CPM while EEG signal was recorded, EEGs were measured continuously at rest and during the working cognition task. EEG power and coherence was computed over 21 channels: right and left frontal, central, parietal, temporal and occipital region. We found that there were more correct answers among normal elderly women than in other groups Owing the working cognition task, ${\Theta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2 and F8, a wave at Fp2, ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2. F4 and F8 of the frontal region was increased significantly in the demented elderly group. On the other hand. ${\Theta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2 and F7, ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2, F3 and F7 of the frontal region was increased significantly in the group of non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment. In contrast. in the normal elderly group, all of the ${\Theta}$ wave and ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2, F3, F4, F7 and F8 of the frontal region (except ${\beta}$ wave at F3) was increased significantly, These results suggest that the nerves in prefrontal and right hemisphere regions were most active in the demented elderly group during problem solving, and the nerves in the prefrontal and left hemisphere lobe were most active in the group of non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment. In contrast, me majority of nerves in the frontal region were active in the normal elderly group.

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The Effects of Medical Expenditure on Income Inequality in Elderly and Non-Elderly Households by Income Class (소득계층별 노인과 비 노인가구의 의료비 지출이 소득불평등에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to identify the inequalities and characteristics of health care expenditure of the elderly and non-elderly households by income level. As a result, health care expenditure of elderly households was statistically significantly higher than that of non-elderly households. As a result of calculating the concentration index of health care expenditure by income level, inequality was higher in order of non-elderly households, elderly households, and total households. In order to confirm the effect of health expenditure on household income inequality, we calculated the concentration index of income excluding total health care expenditure from total income. As a result, inequality was higher in order of elderly households, whole households, and non-elderly households. There was not much difference in inequality of health care expenditure among elderly households and non-elderly households. And, the health care expenditure of elderly households was much higher than that of non-elderly households. Also, inequality of health care expenditure by income group was serious. There should be no cases where the medical care support policy for elderly households can not use necessary medical services.

The Analysis on Pre-hospital Cases of Cardiac Arrest and Drug Intoxication during Local Emergency Activities - Based on Differences between Elderly Group and Non-Elderly Group - (일개지역 구급활동 중 병원 전 심정지 및 약물중독 환자 분석 - 노인대 비노인의 차이를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jae-Min;Yun, Hyeong-Wan
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine potential differences in pre-hospital cases of cardiac arrest and drug Intoxication between elderly group and non-elderly group on local emergency activity sites of rescue 119 team for those cases, so that it can provide useful reference materials for a system of corresponding emergency medical services. Methods: Patients with cardiac arrest and drug intoxication in the elderly and the non-elderly group were analyzed by analyzing the Ambulance Run Report for 3 years from January 2007 to December 2009. Results: According to analysis on potential differences between elderly and the non-elderly group, it was found that there was no significant difference between elderly cases (evacuated to hospital due to cardiac arrest and drug poisoning) and non-elderly cases in year of onset (p = .247), quarter of onset (p = .813), sex (p = .235), consciousness state (p = .126), place of onset (p = .215) and number of first aid services (applied to emergency cases) respectively, but there were significant differences between elderly cases and non-elderly cases in guardian availability (p = .042), time zone of onset (p = .050), distance from the site of onset (p = .278), type of onset (p = .000), number of first aid services depending on distance of evacuation (p = .008) and effectiveness of emergency care (p = .003) on statistical basis. Conclusion: It is important to establish a system of early emergency case reports for rational emergency case management with lower mortality; shorten distance from the site of onset at each time zone of onset in emergency cases; employ more emergency team members; facilitate firsthand / secondhand medical instructions for emergency teams in specialized emergency care depending on distance of evacuation for each kind of onset (elderly group vs. non-elderly group); and improve rate of resuscitated emergency cases by extending the scope of works for emergency medical technicians into wider applications, so that it will be possible to take timely and appropriate measures for emergency settings of ever-increasing aged population in near future.

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A Study on Nutrition and Health Evaluation of Osteoarthritis Elderly in Community (지역사회 골관절염 노인의 영양위험도 및 건강상태 평가)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to evaluate the nutritional risk and health status of osteoarthritis elderly comparing with that of non-osteoarthritis elderly in urban areas. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted. The subjects were 132 osteoarthritis elderly, 154 non-osteoarthritis elderly. Data were collected by using a questionnaire including Nutritional Screening Initiatives, blood test and measurement of weight & height. Collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and $x^2-test$ by using SPSS 12.0. Results: The percentage of high nutritional risk among osteoarthritis elderly were higher than those among non-osteoarthritis elderly(p<0.01). When comparing the main nutritional risk factors such as 'I eat alone most of the time', 'I don't always have enough money to buy', 'I have tooth or mouth Problems that make it hard for me to eat' between osteoarthritis elderly and non-osteoarthritis elderly, significantly differences were found(p<0.05). There were no statistically significant difference in ADL, BMI, Lymphocyte, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, Albumin and total-Cholesterol between osteoarthritis elderly and non-osteoarthritis elderly. Conclusion: On the basis of this study, it is necessary to figure out the main factors of nutritional risk in arthritis elderly through the cohort study for effective prevention & control in nutritional risk.

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Effects of Working Environment and Socioeconomic Status on Health Status in Elderly Workers: A Comparison with Non-Elderly Workers (고령근로자의 작업환경, 사회경제적 상태가 건강수준에 미치는 영향: 비고령 근로자와의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Bokim
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.472-481
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study were to compare working condition, socioeconomic status, and health status between elderly and non-elderly workers and to examine the influencing factors of health status according to age groups. Methods: This study is a secondary analysis of data extracted from the 2014 Korean Working Conditions Survey. For the present analysis, 15,980 elderly workers over the age of 55 and 32,037 non-elderly workers under the age of 55 were selected. Results: The prevalence of subjective unhealthy status and poor mental health were significantly higher among the elderly workers than the non-elderly workers. The elderly workers were more likely to have lower level of education and income than the non-elderly workers. They also reported less support from colleagues and managers, however, have more decision authority. Among the elderly workers, long working hours, awkward posture, physical environmental risks, quantitative demand, decision authority, social support, age discrimination, education level, and income level were significant predictors of subjective health status or mental health. Conclusion: For keeping elderly workers healthy and productive, work environment needs to become more age-friendly. An age-friendly workplace may include: accommodative support, workers' participation, minimization of environment risk, etc.

A Study on the Heterogeneity of Leisure Travel Time between Elderly and Non Elderly People - Focusing on urban and rural areas in south Chungcheong province - (고령자와 비고령자의 여가통행시간 이질성 연구 - 충남 도시권과 농어촌권을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Wonchul
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2013
  • This study tried to explore the quantitative travel heterogeneity between elderly and non elderly people, focusing on urban and rural areas in south Chungcheong province. For the analysis, a PLS(Partial least square) model is applied with economic and traffic environment characteristics of the urban and rural areas. The characteristics of elderly and non elderly people in the urban and rural areas are derived from the 2011 person trip survey. As a result, the study found out that the key factors affect on elderly people in the urban and rural areas are bus operation interval, number of bus operation routes, number of household member, and a monthly average income of household. In case of non elderly people, areas economic factors such as GRDP, the rate of economic activity, and employment status as well as those of elderly people. Meanwhile, female elderly people in rural area have more sensitivity compared to male elderly people and the gender heterogeneity is not revealed in non elderly people.