• Title, Summary, Keyword: non-Hodgkin lymphoma

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Lymphoma - clinical questions

  • Kim, Hyo-Cheol
    • 대한핵의학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.32-36
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    • 2002
  • Lymphoma is a group of neoplastic disease of lymphoid tissues, which can be classified into categories of Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL). Prognosis of lymphoma depends on the extent of disease(staging) especially in Hodgkin's disease, but also depends on the histologic make up in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Although non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a neoplastic transformation of lymphoid cell it is a collection of disease with merphologically and immunologically diverse make up. Consequently the classification of NHL has changed frequently and evolved according to the progress of immunologic and molecular knowledge added to the original morphologic classification. Lymphoma is a disorder sensitive to chemotherapy which often leads to cure of the disease even in advanced stage, while many other patients die from the progression of disease. Therefore, better understanding in newer classification and sensitive imaging technique, such as PET, in lymphoma will likely lead to the improvement of survival rate.

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Incidence of Head and Neck Lymphoma in Guilan Province, Iran

  • Basirat, Maryam;Rabiei, Maryam;Bashardoust, Nazanin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup3
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this research was to describe the incidence and histopathological subtypes of head and neck lymphoma in Guilan province, Iran. In this retrospective study, all cases of head and neck cancers registered in Iranian Cancer Registry Program in Guilan province of Iran from 2004 to 2009 were obtained and included in the analysis. Out of 1,510 cases, 169 (11.2%) were reported as lymphomas (87 cases of non-Hodgkin, 67 cases of Hodgkin, and 13 cases of unknown type). The mean ages of males and females diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma were 30.4 and 28.7 years, respectively. For non-Hodgkin's lymphoma the respective figures were 50.5 and 49.3 years old. Among various histological subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the diffuse large B-cell type (74.2%) was the most frequent while immunoblastic lymphoma (1.1%) was the least frequent. Nodular sclerosis (58.2%) and mixed cellularity (18.0%) types were most frequent among Hodgkin's lymphomas.

Oral Extranodal Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Series of Forty Two Cases in Malaysia

  • Ramanathan, Anand;Mahmoud, Hagir Abd Rahman;Hui, Lew Pit;Mei, Ng Yan;Valliappan, Valliammai;Zain, Rosnah Binti
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1633-1637
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    • 2014
  • Background: Lymphoma is a malignant neoplasm of lymphoid tissue classified into Hodgkin's and non- Hodgkin's types. It mostly affects lymph nodes although a considerable proportion of Non-Hodgkin's cases occur in extranodal sites. Materials and Methods: Selected cases diagnosed as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) during the period of 1980 to 2012 were retrieved from the archives of the Oral Pathology Diagnostic Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya. The sections from the formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue blocks were stained with H&E as well as with LCA, CD20, and CD3. Results: The mean age was 41.6 years with a male: female ratio of 1.3:1. Out of the forty two cases, nineteen were Malays, eighteen were Chinese, followed by Indians (3) and Indonesians (2). The most common site of involvement was the mandible (22.2%), followed by the maxilla and palate (19.4% each). Most of the lesions presented as a painless progressive swelling. Only thirty six cases were further subdivided into B or T cell types. The majority were B-cell type (26 cases), of these 6 cases were Burkitt's lymphomas. Only ten cases were T-cell lymphoma, with three cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma. Conclusions: In this series of 42 patients diagnosed as extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, the lesions appeared as painless swellings, mostly in men with the mandible as the most frequent site of involvement. Majority were B-cell lymphomas with Malays and Chinese being equally affected whereas lymphomas were rare in the Indian ethnicity. T-cell lymphomas were found to be common in the Chinese ethnic group.

Clinical Practice Guidelines of Korean Medicine for Malignant Lymphoma (악성 림프종 치료에 대한 한의 임상진료지침)

  • Jung, Hyun-sik;Lee, Sang-hun;Yoo, Hwa-seung;Kim, Kyung-suk
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.453-466
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to present the clinical practice guideline of Korean medicine for malignant lymphoma.Background: Malignant lymphoma is the tenth most common cancer in Korea. The two main types of lymphoma are Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas are more common, comprising nearly 95 percent of all lymphomas. In China, the traditional Chinese medicine clinical guidelines for malignant lymphoma were published in 2014. Therefore, there is growing need for a clinical practice guideline in Korea, which has not thus far existed. This clinical practice guideline was created by reviewing the Chinese clinical practice guideline and Korean clinical reports. This study will be helpful in understanding malignant lymphoma and in understanding its treatment in Korean medicine.Conclusion: Further clinical research on malignant lymphoma is needed to develop a more advanced clinical guideline.

A Case of Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma of Parotid Gland (이하선에 발생한 비호지킨스 림프종 1예)

  • Hwang, Jun-Yeon;Kim, Heui-Jong;Mun, Seog-Kyun;Lee, Sei-Young
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.170-173
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    • 2007
  • About 20% of non-Hodgkin' lymphoma occur in the extra-nodal region in the head and neck area and more than half of extra-nodal lymphoma in the head and neck area involves the Waldeyer' ring. Malignant lymphoma arising in the parotid glands are relatively rare, although 90% of all salivary gland lymphomas, appear in parotid gland and are classified as extranodal non Hodgkin' lymphoma. We experienced one rare case of non-Hodgkin' lymphoma in the right parotid gland, with a painless swelling of the cheek region as the chief complaint. We treated with CHOP(cyclophosphamide, $750mg/m^2$ i.v. day1 ; doxorubicin, $50mg/m^2$ i.v. day 1 ; vincristine, $1.4mg/m^2$ i.v. day 1;prednisone, $50mg/m^2$ orally days 1 to 5. repeat every 21 days) and Rituximab combination therapy. We aimed to report here one case of non-Hodgkin' lymphoma in the right parotid gland with review of literature.

A Case Report of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma of Bilateral Parotid Glands (양측 이하선 비호지킨스 림프종 1예)

  • Joo, Young-Hoon;Choi, Jin;Kim, Min-Sik;Sun, Dong-Il
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.73-75
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    • 2008
  • Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the salivary gland is an uncommon tumor that most often occurs in the parotid gland. In the parotid gland, malignant lymphomas are often clinically unsuspected, manifesting as nonspecific mass indistinguishable from other more common epithelial tumors. This case report describes a bilateral parotid glands mass as a first symptom of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The final diagnosis was established after an excisional biopsy and immunohistochemical staining. The patient underwent surgical excision and chemotherapy.

The CCND1 G870A Gene Polymorphism and Leukemia or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Risk: a Meta-analysis

  • Qin, Ling-Yan;Zhao, Li-Gang;Chen, Xu;Yang, Zheng;Mo, Wu-Ning
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6923-6928
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    • 2014
  • In recent years, mounting evidence has indicated that the CCND1 G870A gene polymorphism, which impacts the mitotic cell cycle, may influence leukemia or non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk. Unfortunately, the previous results were inconsistent. Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to obtain a more precise estimation of any association. We conducted a search in PubMed, Embase and CNKI covering all published papers up to March, 2014. A total of 9 publications including 10 case-control studies met the inclusion criteria. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were applied to assess association. The pooled ORs showed significant association in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (comparison A vs G: OR= 1.114, 95%CI=1.053-1.179, p=0.000; homozygote comparison AA vs GG: OR=1.245, 95%CI=1.110-1.396, p=0.000; heterozygote comparison AG vs GG: OR=1.095, 95%CI=1.000-1.199, p=0.05; dominant model AA/GA vs GG: OR=1.137, 95%CI=1.043-1.239, p=0.003; and recessive model AA vs GA/GG: OR=1.177, 95%CI=1.066-1.301, p=0.001). However, there was no association between the CCND1 G870A polymorphism and leukemia risk. In conclusion, the CCND1 G870A polymorphism may increase risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but not leukemia. However, more primary large scale and well-designed studies are still required to evaluate the interaction of CCND1 G870A polymorphism with leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk.

Clinicopathologic and Survival Characteristics of Childhood and Adolescent Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Yazd, Iran

  • Binesh, Fariba;Akhavan, Ali;Behniafard, Nasim;Atefi, Aref
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.1585-1588
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    • 2014
  • Background: Data regarding childhood and adolescent non Hodgkin lymphomas in Iran are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological and histomorphological features and survival of affected patients in our center. Materials and Methods: The clinicopathologic features and outcome of 44 children and adolescents with non Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed during 2004-2012, were investigated retrospectively. The influence of potential prognostic parameters in overall survival was investigated by log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. Results: The mean age at presentation was $13.8{\pm}6.16$ years with a male predilection (M: F=3:1). Malignant lymphoma, not otherwise specified, diffuse large cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma were the three most common histological types observed. The tumors were 36.4% intermediate grade, 27.3% high grade and 34.1% belonged to the malignant lymphoma not otherwise specified group. Immunohistochemistry findings were available in 39 cases. Out of these cases 33 (84.6%) had B cell lineage, 4 (10.25%) T cell lineage and 2 (5.12%) of the cases belonged to miscellaneous group. 3 year and 5 year survivals were 48% and 30% respectively and median survival was 36 months (95%CI=21.7-50.3 months). Overall survival in patients with high grade tumors was 19.5 months, in the intermediate group,79 months, and for malignant lymphomas not otherwise specified it was 33.6 months (p value=0.000). Conclusions: The survival rate for children and adolescents with non Hodgkin lymphomas at our center during 2004-2012 was at a low level.

Malignant lymphoma [non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma] at left posterior chest wall (흉벽에 발생한 악성 임파종 [Non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma] 수술 치험 1예)

  • 김송명
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 1983
  • Malignant lymphoma in chest wall is a rare form of extranodal variety as occasionally localized tumor. The primary site is suggested from rib or soft tissue, but the incidence in rib is higher than soft tissue. The patient, a male, aged 32, noted a swelling and pain over the left lower posterior chest from 3 months prior to admission. Roentgenograms revealed bony destruction in left 9, & 19th ribs posteriorly and associated chest wall mass which was ill defined uncleared margination. Under diagnosis of malignant tumor, the operation was performed and the tumor mass resected widely with en bloc technique than the fascia lata was grafted at chest wall defect. The histology of specimen was disclosed as malignant lymphoma, non-Hodgkin`s diffuse lymphocytic poorly differentiated form. The radio-and chemotherapy were combined post-operatively and the complete remission is acquired.

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Imaging characteristics of diffuse large cell extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the palate and maxillary sinus: a case report

  • Nadendla, Lakshmi Kavitha;Meduri, Venkateswarlu;Paramkusam, Geetha
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.111-114
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    • 2012
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are a group of highly diverse malignancies and have a strong tendency to affect organs and tissues that do not ordinarily contain lymphoid cells. Primary extra nodal lymphoma of the hard palate is rare. Here, we present a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 60-year-old male patient that manifested as slightly painful ulcerated growth on the edentulous right maxillary alveolar ridge extending onto the palate, closely resembling carcinoma of the alveolar ridge. Computed tomography images showed the involvement of the maxillary sinus and right nasal cavity, along with destruction of hard palate, superiorly extending into the orbit. This case report highlights the importance of imaging to evaluate the exact extent of such large malignant lesions, which is essential for treatment planning.