• Title/Summary/Keyword: nitrite depletion

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Nitrite depletion and Antimicrobial activity of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Kimchi. (김치에서 분리된 유산균의 Nitrite 소거능과 항균성)

  • 이신호;박나영
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to develop a new starter culture for the fermented meat products. Nine strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from kimchi inhibited the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Among these nine strains, three strains showing antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coil, Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio paraphaemolyticus were selected for further study. Growth of the strains was inhibited in MRS broth containing 5% of NaCl at $21^{\circ}C$, but not at $32^{\circ}C$. Nitrite depletion ratio of the strains was above 70% after 48h incubation at $21^{\circ}C$, and above 90% after 48h at $32^{\circ}C$ in MRS broth containing $200\mu$g/ml of nitrite, Nitrite concentration of cured meats and ground meats was depleted from 87.6% to 92.3% and from 45.5 to 640.6% by addition of the selected strains for 24h at $32^{\circ}C$, respectively. Three strains were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum(N4) and Lactobacillus lactis ssp. lactis(N-7, an-8).

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Depletion of Nitrite by Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Commercial Kimchi (시판 김치 분리 젖산균에 의한 아질산염 소거)

  • Ko, Jung-Lim;Oh, Chang-Kyung;Oh, Myung-Cheol;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.892-901
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    • 2009
  • This study confirmed depletion efficiency of nitrite when incubate lactic acid bacteria was isolated from commercial Chinese cabbage pickles (Baechu kimchi), pickled ponytail radishes (Chongkak kimchi), radish cube kimchi (Kaktugi) and pickled Wakegi (Pa kimchi) at temperatures of $15^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$. At $15^{\circ}C$, lactic acid bacteria isolated from commercial kimchi depleted nitrite actively except Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides and Leuconostoc paramesenteroides. In particular, Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. dextrinicum and Leuconostoc lactis depleted nitrite by very actively without period adaptation in nitrite. Lactobacillus sake, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum, and Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens depleted nitrite very actively after 1 day. L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides depleted nitrite relatively actively after 2 days pass. In contrast, L. paramesenteroides displayed very low nitrite depletion ratio compared to other species. At $25^{\circ}C$, all lactic acid bacteria isolated from commercial kimchi did not need adapting period in nitrite, and depleted nitrite very actively except L. paramesenteroides. Also, all lactic acid bacteria except L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides and L. paramesenteroides nitrite of more than 90% after 1 day, and L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides depleted nitrite of more than 90% after 2 days. However, because L. paramesenteroides was not active even at $25^{\circ}C$, nitrite depletion efficiency was very low compared to other species. On the other hand, the same species of Lactobacilli and Leuconostocs except L. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides and L. paramesenteroides of other kimchi origin at $15^{\circ}C$ as well as $25^{\circ}C$ by vitality depleted nitrite very actively without statistically significant difference (p<0.05).