• Title, Summary, Keyword: nisin

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Charaterization of Nisin Production and Resistance of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis $ML_8$ (Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis $ML_8$의 Nisin 생산 및 저항 특성)

  • 김등양;이형주
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.619-623
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    • 1991
  • To investigate nisin production and resistance of Lactococcus lactis ssp. tactis ML (L. lactis $ML_8$, effects of medium, pH of culture broth, and cell growth on the nisin activity, and effect of nisin with or without $Ca^[2+}$ ion on the growth of L. lactzs were analyzed. In the bio-assay of nisin by the agar diffusion method, inhibition-zone diameter of Micrococcus Javus was propotional to the logarithm of nisin concentration ranged 0.5~20 unitlml (12.5~500 ng/mf). Nisin activity of the pasteurized culture filtrates of L. lactis MLs was high at pH 2!3 but was inactivated completely at pH over 6.0. Nisin production of the L. lactis $ML_8$ cultured on LTB broth increased at late logarithmic phase and reached 10.5 unitlml after 16 hr. The cell growth of L. lactis LM 0230, a plasmid free and nisin sensitive strain, was inhibited on agar medium containing 7 unitlrnl of nisin, while L. lactis $ML_8$ showed high survival ability at 20 unitld of nisin. When 40 mM $Ca^[2+}$ ion was added to Elliker broth with 8 unitlml of nisin, the growth pattern of L. lactis $ML_8$ was similiar to that on control medium which did not contain nisin and $Ca^[2+}$ ion, and this suggested that $Ca^[2+}$ increased the nisin resistance of the L. lactis.

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Characteristics of the Plasmid pCS100 Containing Nisin Resistant Gene from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis ATCC7962. (Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis ATCC 7962의 nisin 저항성 유전자를 포함하는 plasmid pCS100의 특성규명)

  • 송종효;이형주;김정환;정대균
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.562-565
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    • 1998
  • Nisin-producing and nisin resistant L. lactis subsp. lactis ATCC7962 harbored six plasmids. To find a plasmid containing a nisin resistant gene, these plasmids were transformed into L lactis LM0230 of plasmid-free and nisin sensitive strain. After screening on nisin selection media containing nisin (150 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$), several nisin resistant transformants were obtained and the level of nisin resistance was very similar to that of wild type L lactis subsp. lactis ATCC7962. A 26.5 kb plasmid, named as pCS100, which confers resistance to nisin, was identified in transformants. The pCS100 was digested with EcoRI and Southern blot hybridization was done with nisI probe to localize the nisin resistant gene. A 4 kb EcoRI fragment showed a strong positive signal, and it was cloned into pBluescript for the potential selection marker.

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Effect of Nisin against Clostridium botulinum During Spore-to-Cell Transformation

  • Chung, Yoon-Kyung;Yousef, Ahmed E.
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 2007
  • It has been proposed that the mode of action of nisin against vegetative cells and spores of Clostridium botulinum is different. However, clear explanation is not available. Therefore, nisin action against vegetative cells and spores of C. botulinum was investigated in this study. Nisin was added at various stages of spore-to-vegetative cell transition and changes to sensitivity to the bacteriocin were observed. Different nisin preparation (Nisaplin or pure nisin) was compared for their activity against different stages of spore transformation of C. botulinum ATCC 25763. Germination was measured by determining loss of heat resistance and observing phase darkening of spores under phase-contrast microscope. Nisin acted bactericidally against vegetative cells, but acted sporostatically against spores of C. botulinum under the same concentration. This bactericidal and sporostatic action of nisin was dependent on the concentration of nisin used. Presence of nisin during spore activation by heat increased subsequent phase darkening and germination rates. However, nisin inhibited the germination and the outgrowth, when it was added after heat activation stage. Findings from this study suggest that the time of addition of nisin is very important for the effective control of spores during the heating process of foods. In addition, it may be possible to apply nisin at the stage of processing that coincides with the most sensitive stage of spore transformation.

Process Kinetics of Nisin Production in Batch and Continuous Culture (회분식 및 연속식 배양시 Nisin의 생산특성)

  • Yoo, Jin-Young;Park, Shin-Yang;Jin, Young-Ok;Koo, Young-Jo;Chung, Kun-Sub
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.504-509
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    • 1989
  • Fermentation condition of Streptococcus lactis IFO 12007 for nisin production was examined. The optimal glucose concentration was 60g/ι. The pH and temperature optimum were 6.5 and 31$^{\circ}C$, respectively. The maximum nisin activity in batch culture was 2000IU/$m\ell$. The fermentation quotients after 7 hours of fermentation in batch culture were; specific glucose uptake rate:0.59g/g/h , specific nisin productivity: 34924IU/g/h, product yield: 5944IU/g, growth yield:0.24, biomass:4.81g/ι. The specific growth rate was affected by pH and temperature and the activation energy for growth was 1.35kcal/mole. pH control was essential for nisin production. Fed-batch culture using 20g/$\ell$ glucose medium produced 1420IU/$m\ell$ after 14 hours. The continuous culture could be operated at below 0.38h$^{-1}$ for nisin production. The steady state nisin concentration and specific nisin productivity were 740IU/$m\ell$ and 45000IU/g/h. The growth yield and maintenance energy were 0.144 and 207mg glucose/g-cell/h.

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Characteristics of the Nisin-Resistant Transformants of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis LM0230

  • Kang, Hyeong-Joon;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Chung, Dae-Kyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 1993
  • To investigate the nature and location of the nisin-resistance determinant of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis 7962 (L. lactis 7962), a total plasmid DNA prepared from L. lactis 7962, a nisin producer, was used to transform L. lactis subsp. lactis LM0230, a plasmid-free and nisin-sensitive strain, by protoplast mediated transformation procedures. All of the nisin-resistant transformants acquired the ability to utilize sucrose at the same time, confirming the close linkage between these two determinants in L. lactis 7962. The plasmid DNA profiles of a few selected nisin-resistant transformants were examined by agarose gel electrophoresis. No common plasmid was found among the transformants and some small plasmids previously not present in L. lactis 7962 were detected. These transformants were named as L. lactis KL1, KL2, KL3, KL4, or KL5, respectively based on their plasmid profiles. Growth curves of all transformants were similar to that of L. lactis LM0230, but different from that of L. lactis 7962. L. lactis KL5 showed the highest level of resistance to nisin, growing up to 1, 200 IU nisin/ml after 40 hr incubation. Some nisin-sensitive derivatives of KL1 or KL2 were obtained by plasmid curing experiments. The plasmid DNA profiles of the nisin-sensitive KL1 derivatives were apparently the same as that of the KL1. All of the nisin-sensitive KL2 derivatives were plasmid-free, but a nisin-resistant strain with no apparent plasmid was also obtained. These results indicate that the nisin-resistance of the $Nis^r$ transformants is presumably mediated by the chromosomally located gene(s) rather than plasmid-encoded gene(s).

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Inhibition of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Kimchi Fermentation by Nisin

  • CHOI, MIN HO;YUN HEE PARK
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.547-551
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    • 1998
  • Sixty isolates of lactic acid bacteria found in kimchi, a traditional Korean dish of fermented vegetables, were tested for nisin sensitivity. Of the sixty isolates, all belonging to the genera Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus, fifty isolates were sensitive to nisin at a concentration of 100 IU/$m\ell$, and four isolates appeared to be resistant to nisin. This demonstrated that the nisin sensitivity of lactic acid bacteria found in kimchi varied considerably among isolates. In MRS broth containing nisin at concentrations of 100 to 300 IV/$m\ell$, the growth of sensitive isolates of Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum was inhibited for two to three days at 2$0^{\circ}C$. When nisin was added to kimchi preparations at a concentration of 100 IU/$m\ell$, the growth of lactic acid bacteria was delayed and reached a maximum two days later than that in kimchi without nisin. These results suggest the possible use of nisin in kimchi preparation, at recommended levels, to control the lactic acid fermentation. Scanning electron micrographs of a sensitive isolate L. plantarum revealed the formation of pores on cell surfaces followed by rapid cell wall destruction 1 h after the addition of nisin.

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Release Profile and Antimicrobial Activity of Nisin Control-released from Agar Gel Foods

  • Zong, Yicheng;Han, Jung Hoon;Oh, Yeong Ji;Min, Sea C.
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2017
  • The release profiles of nisin from nisin-incorporating gel foods and the antimicrobial activities of the gels on the growth of Brochothrix thermosphacta in an aqueous system containing the gels have been investigated. A linear regression model was applied to determine the diffusion coefficient (D) for the diffusion of nisin in the gel. The antimicrobial activities of nisin released from 1, 2 and 3% (w/v) agar gels on the growth of B. thermosphacta in a broth medium with and without nisin were investigated. The D decreased from $1.2{\times}10^{-2}$ to $8.2{\times}10^{-3}$ and $6.4{\times}10^{-3}cm^2/s$ as the agar concentration in the gel increased from 1 to 2 and 3% (w/v), demonstrating the diffusion rate in the gels can be controlled by the agar concentration in gel. The agar gel incorporating nisin inhibited the B. thermosphacta growth in the broth medium by prolonging the lag phase. The growth inhibition was enhanced by the addition of nisin in the medium. The results of this study exhibited that the gel food is a feasible nisin delivery system with a controlled release achieved by the adjustment of agar concentration in the system, demonstrating the potential of nisin-incorporating gel for preserving particulate-containing drinks.

Inhibitory Effect of Nisin upon Kimchi Fermentation (김치발효에 대한 Nisin의 저해효과)

  • 최신양;이인선;정건섭;구영조;유진영
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.620-623
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    • 1990
  • To examine the inhibitory effect of nisin on Kimchi, comparison of the fermentation pattern was studied between the Kimchi added nisin (100 WIg) and the control Kimchi at 15cC. The Kimchi added nisin was showed pH 4.03 at 7 days fermentation, on the other hand the control Kimchi showing pH 4.04 at 5 days. And total acidity (lactic acid%) showed 0.47,0.69,0.88 at 5,9, 14 days fermentation compared with the control Kimchi showing 0.57,0.93, 1.13 respectively. Maximum growth of lactic acid bacteria on the control Kimchi indicated 1.8, 1.6 x 108 CFU/ml at 7 days but on presence of nisin indicated 9.5,6.4 x 107 CFU/ml at 5 days. In conclusion, nisin showed inhibitory action to Kimchi fermentation from pH, total activity and lactic acid bacteria count results.

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Antimicrobial Effect of Nisin against Bacillus cereus in Beef Jerky during Storage

  • Lee, Na-Kyoung;Kim, Hyoun Wook;Lee, Joo Yeon;Ahn, Dong Uk;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.272-276
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    • 2015
  • The microbial distribution of raw materials and beef jerky, and the effect of nisin on the growth of Bacillus cereus inoculated in beef jerky during storage, were studied. Five strains of pathogenic B. cereus were detected in beef jerky, and identified with 99.8% agreement using API CHB 50 kit. To evaluate the effect of nisin, beef jerky was inoculated with approximately 3 Log CFU/g of B. cereus mixed culture and nisin (100 IU/g and 500 IU/g). During the storage of beef jerky without nisin, the number of mesophilic bacteria and B. cereus increased unlikely for beef jerky with nisin. B. cereus started to grow after 3 d in 100 IU nisin/g treatment, and after 21 d in 500 IU nisin/g treatment. The results suggest that nisin could be an effective approach to extend the shelf-life, and improve the microbial safety of beef jerky, during storage.

Effect of pH and Nisin on Heat Resistance of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (Listeria monocytogenes의 열저항성에 미치는 pH와 Nisin의 효과)

  • 이신호;조현순
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.200-206
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    • 1993
  • The effect of pH (7, 5 and 4) and nisin (100 and 200IU/ml) on heat resistance of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A were determined using citrate-phosphate buffer system. Heat resistance of vegetative and starved cell was decreased as pH value was lower at 65 and 72C. Starved L. monocytogenes was more resistant than vegetative cell at both temperature. Heat resistance of vegetative and starved cell was decreased significantly with treatment of nisin. The effect of nisin was increased significantly at low pH(5, 4). Adherent microcolony was more resistant to heat and nisin than planktonic cell. Contamination of L. monocytogenes may be prevent by using nisin in food and food processing environments.

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