• Title, Summary, Keyword: neglect

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The Effects of Parental Abuse and Neglect, and Children's Peer Attachment, on Mobile Phone Dependency (부모의 학대 및 방임과 학령기 아동의 또래애착이 휴대전화 의존에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Sujung
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.583-590
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of parental abuse and neglect, as well as that of children's peer attachment, on mobile phone dependency. Data were obtained from the Korean Child-Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), and the participants were 1,892 (909 boys, 983 girls) elementary students (5th graders) who had a mobile phone. To measure the variables, this study used such scales as the parental abuse and neglect scale, peer attachment scale, and mobile phone dependency scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and structural equation modeling analysis. The results of the study were as follows: First, parental abuse and neglect had direct negative effects on children's peer attachment; that is, the more parental abuse and neglect, the less children's peer attachment. Second, parental abuse and neglect had direct positive effects on mobile phone dependency; that is, the more parental abuse and neglect, the greater children's mobile phone dependency. However, children's peer attachment did not directly affect mobile phone dependency; that is, children's peer attachment did not have a mediating effect between parental abuse and neglect, and mobile phone dependency. In conclusion, parental abuse and neglect influence children's peer attachment and mobile phone dependency. Thus this study showed that parental abuse and neglect, rather than children's peer attachment, affect children's mobile phone dependency.

Dental neglect and related factors in mothers (어머니의 아동에 대한 치과의료 방임과 그 연관요인)

  • Ju, Hyun-Jeong;Lee, Heung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of dental neglect in mothers and their children and to analyze the factors that were associated with it. Methods: The subjects included in this study were 431 mothers with preschool children. The participants were given a self-report questionnaire for the study. The survey collected data on sociodemographic characteristics and dental neglect. For dental neglect, the Adelaide dental neglect scale was used for measurement. Results: The percentage of mothers with a high level (${\geq}15points$) of dental neglect was 52.7%. In terms of dental neglect in mothers and their children, 37.1% showed feeding of snacks before and after meals, followed by postponement of dental treatment for mothers at 22.8%, and dental treatment postponed due to children 21.7%. The demographic factors affecting the mother's dental neglect were found to be age of the mother, whether the mother was employed or not, and household income. The lower was the age of the mother, the higher was the level of dental neglect. In addition, when mothers had jobs, dental neglect was high, and the lower was the household income, the higher was the level of dental neglect. Conclusions: The level of dental neglect for mothers and their children was found to be high. Thus, this should be considered in the design of national oral health promotion strategies for children. In addition, the importance of dental neglect should be emphasized.

Status of Occupational Therapists on Unilateral Neglect Test Tools Usage and Symptom Classification

  • Jang, Woo-Hyuk
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.271-275
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of the use of neglect test tools and the awareness for egocentric neglect (EN) and allocentric neglect (AN). Methods: A survey questionnaire was distributed to occupational therapists attending continuing education at the Daegu-Gyeongbuk branch on April 16. A total 143 responses were collected, and with the exception of 5 incomplete responses, 138 of them were analyzed. Results: The most commonly used unilateral neglect test tools were the line bisection test (86 responses, 62.3%), cancellation test (35 responses, 25.4%), copy and drawing test (7 responses, 5.1%). In a follow-up survey of 86 respondents who used line bisection tests as the most commonly used test, the majority (82 responses, 95.3%2) were found to use the 20-line test paper. In question about the familiarity and education experience for test manual, only 20 responses (23.2%) and 3 responses (3.5%) answered 'Yes'. In a question about the experience of a manual and the article for the manual, 25 responses (29.1%) answered 'Yes'. In the question regarding the separation of EN and AN on the unilateral neglect test, 44 responses (31.9%) were 'distinction' and 94 responses (68.1%) were 'no distinction'. Conclusion: Information on the guidance and interpretation of the line bisection test is lacking and the concept of EN and AN was insufficient.

The Effects of Parents' Neglect Behavior and Children's Irrational Belief on Children's Anger Expression Style (부모의 방임행동, 아동의 비합리적 신념이 아동의 분노표현방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Yeon-Dug;Lee, Jin-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.10
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effect of parents' neglect behavior and children's irrational beliefs on children's anger expression style. The participants were 379 5th and 6th grade elementary school children. The major findings were as follows. Children tended to perceive higher levels of their parents' cognitive and emotional neglect than physical and home environmental neglect. Boys perceived higher levels of their parents' physical, supervisory and home environmental neglect than girls, and girls showed higher level of excessively self-expecting belief than boys. There were statistically significant correlations between the parents' neglect behavior, their child's irrational beliefs and anger expression style. A regression analysis showed that parents' physical and cognitive neglect were predictors of children's anger control. Children's excessive apprehension and avoidance beliefs were the best predictors of children's anger-in, while children's deterministic belief was the best predictor of children's anger-out. Parents' physical neglect behavior appeared to be powerful predictor.

Assessments of Spatial Neglect : Comparison of KF-NAP (Kessler Foundation - Neglect Assessment Process) and Pencil-Paper test (편측 공간무시 환자의 평가: KF-NAP(Kessler Foundation - Neglect Assessment Process)과 지필검사의 비교)

  • Jeong, Eun-Hwa
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2018
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to identify correlation between KF-NAP and Pencil-Paper test(Line bisection test, Letter cancellation, Albert's test) and to determine the high sensitive assessment tool for spatial neglect. Method : Thirty-two stroke patients who admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation unit at the medical center in Seoul from September, 2014 to September, 2015 were included in our research. They all have spatial neglect (male=19, female=13, the average age 61.8). KF-NAP and Pencil-Paper test were performed within 7 days. The detection of spatial neglect was analyzed by total scores of each assessments. Results : The highest sensitivity assessments of spatial neglect was KF-NAP. The detection of spatial neglect through KF-NAP was 93.8% (Line bisection test 53.1, Letter cancellation 53.1%, Albert's test 37.5%). Line bisection test (r=.430), Letter cancellation(r=.641), Albert's test(r=.398) and KF-NAP scores had significant correlation(p<0.05). Conclusion : KF-NAP is higher sensitive in comparison with Pencil-Paper test for detection of spatial neglect as the assessment tool of spatial neglect during activities daily livings of patients and neglect severity could be assessed with KF-NAP. Therefore, KF-NAP is recommended for assessment of spatial neglect.

Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Chopping Pattern on Neglect, Balance, and Activity of Daily Living of Stroke Patients with Hemi-Spatial Neglect: A randomized clinical trial (고유수용성신경근촉진법 내려치기 패턴 훈련이 편측무시가 있는 뇌졸중 환자의 편측무시, 균형능력 및 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 영향: 무작위 임상 시험)

  • Kang, Tae-Woo;Kim, Beom-Ryong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of the chopping pattern of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on the neglect, balance ability, and activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemi-spatial neglect. METHODS: Twenty stroke patients with neglect volunteered for this study. The subjects were assigned randomly to either the experimental group (EG, n=10) or control group (CG, n=10). The chopping pattern of PNF and exercise therapy were applied in the EG and CG, respectively, for four weeks. Neglect, balance, and activities of daily living were evaluated at the pre-and post-intervention. The assessment tools included a line-bisection test, balance test using Space balance 3D, and modified Barthel index. The pre-and post-intervention values were compared in each group using a paired t-test and the between-group differences were assessed using an independent t-test. Statistical significance was set to ${\alpha}=.05$ for all variables. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the EG and CG in terms of neglect, balance, and activities of daily living (p<.05). Both groups showed significant improvement in neglect, balance, and activities of daily living (p<.05). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the chopping pattern of PNF is effective in improving the hemi-spatial neglect, balance, and activities of daily living in stroke patients with neglect.

Treatments of Unilateral Neglect Syndrome: Review (일측성 무시 증후군 치료에 대한 고찰)

  • Shin Du-chul;Chae Soon-yub;Kim Ju Sang;Lee Yun Seob
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.156-168
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    • 2004
  • Unilateral neglect is a common behavioral syndrome in patients following stroke. Unilateral neglect is characterized by the failure to report or responds to people or object presented to the side opposite a brain lesion. The patients with unilateral neglect are severely disabled in all daily activities, have a poor rehabilitation outcome and therefore require professional assessment and treatment This article reviews recent efficacy of rehabilitation techniques includings; drug, cueing, scanning training, prism lense, eye patching, trunk rotation, neck vibration, TENS, limb activation, video feedback. The purpose of this reviews are: to clarify the different types of neglect, as a basis for understanding the tests and measures of unilateral neglect and give information about recent treatments.

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The Effects of a Mental Image Drawing on Left Neglect: a Case Study (심상그리기가 좌편 무시현상에 미치는 영향: 사례연구)

  • Kim, Ha-Kyung;Hwang, Young-Jin;Jeong, Ok-Ran
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated to the effects of a mental image drawing in RHD patients with left neglect. Three subjects participated in this study. All subjects were right handed and native speaker of korean. In task 1, the patients were presented with visual stimulus card directly above the response sheet and were asked to draw the picture. In task 2, they were presented with items auditorily and asked to draw the picture(mental image drawing). In all experimental conditions, there was no response time limit. The results showed that the subjects showed left neglect leaving some space on the left side in task 1. And the picture was drawn the left side from the right in direction. However, the neglect disappeared in task 2. And the picture was drawn the right side from the left in direction. The results of the present study suggested that a mental image drawing technique can be effective in treating individuals who exhibit left neglect. Also, the picture direction showed that the korean normality was same.

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Effects of Mother's Emotional Child Abuse and Neglect and of Child's Capacity for Self-Regulation on Child's Depressive Tendencies(DT) (어머니의 정서적 확대와 방임 및 아동의 자기조절능력이 아동의 우울성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Ok Ja;Hyun, On-Kang
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.141-161
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    • 2005
  • The 612 4th- and 6th-grade subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by t-test one- and two-way ANOVA, Pearson's r, and multiple regression analysis. Perceived mother's emotional abuse and neglect predicted child's depressive tendencies(DT). Abusive mothers were hostile and showed lack of concern for children's safety. Male children reported more neglect by mothers than female children. Younger mothers were more abusive. Higher maternal education was negatively related to neglect and positively related to lower DT. Mother's having a job was positively related to neglect. Mother's emotional abuse and neglect was the greatest predictor of child's self-regulation; children who experienced more emotional abuse had lower self-regulation capacity and higher DT. Self-regulation of male children was positively while that of female children was negatively correlated with age.

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Effect of Visual neglect for hemiplegia to motor recovery (시각무시가 편마비 환자의 운동 기능회복에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.18-29
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study by examine the effect of visual neglect on hemiplegia motor recovery are showing trouble which can be raised by visual neglect and helping the patient's ADL and functional recovering. Among the patients who are being taken physical therapy in many other hospitals in Busan From February 1st 2002 to august 31st, we chose 20 patients as control group who did not have symptoms of visual neglect and 20 other patients who did have as case group. We used Albert's test and line bisection as visual neglect test, and MAS as motor recovery. The average age of the patient group is 51.55 and that of control is 44.9. The men's rate is higher than women' s in both groups. Although the rate of left hemiplegia is higher than right hemiplegia in case group, that of right hemiplegia is higher than left hemiplegia in control group. There is much lesion site of basal ganglia in case group. There is the most amount of transformation of MAS when visual neglect is shorter than 1.5centimeter. Each change of MAS point before and after therapy in case group and control group is revealed $6.5{\pm}4.37$ and $12.5{\pm}5.95$.

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