• Title, Summary, Keyword: nasopharynx

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A Case of Foreign Body in the Nasopharynx (비인강 이물 1례)

  • 박승훈;김미자;윤희병;홍정애;강주원
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • pp.11.3-11
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    • 1981
  • There are many reported cases about foreign bodies in air and food passages in children, but not common about the nasopharynx. It is well known that the most of the foreign bodies in food passages are lodged at the first narrowing of the esophagus and this can be a cause of overlooking the foreign bodies in the nasopharynx. The authors experienced recently a case of foreign body, a coin, lodged in the nasopharynx in a 6-month-old male baby and emphasized the necessity of diagnostic radiological examination must be included the nasopharynx when suspected foreign bodies, especially in children so that it could not be overlooked.

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Management of Skull Base Osteoradionecrosis with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (고압산소요법으로 치료한 뇌기저부 방사선골괴사 1예)

  • Hwang, Eun;Lee, Jong-Joo;Shin, Yoo-Seob;Kim, Chul-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.66-69
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    • 2011
  • Skull base osteoradionecrosis(ORN)is a rare complication of radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma, but is one of the most severe and possibly fatal condition followed by radiotherapy. However, the treatment of skull base ORN has seldom been thoroughly described yet. Here we report a case of skull base ORN that was successfully treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy(HBO). A 52-year-old man visited our department complaining of trismus and foul odor. He was diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer with multiple lymph node metastasis one year ago and underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy. On the physical examination, mucopus and crusts with exposed necrotic bone was seen in the right nasopharynx. On the paranasal sinus magnetic resonance imaging, osteoradionecrosis which was extending from the right nasopharynx to the clivus, petrous apex, and cavernous sinus was noted. Nasopharynx biopsy resulted of ulcer with no malignant cells. HBO therapy was performed with debridement of nasopharynx for 3 months. There was no sign of recurrence or residual ORN 18 months after HBO therapy.

2 Cases of Nasopharyngeal Tuberculosis (비인강결핵 2례)

  • 문동숙
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.196-200
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    • 2000
  • Nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is a rare pathological condition. It is most often associated with lymph node and pulmonary lesions, but it may be an isolated lesion. The clinical manifestation may resemble a malignant tumor of the nasopharynx and the nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is occurred occasionally primary infection but more frequently secondary infection to pulmonary tuberculosis. The nasal endoscopic evaluation of nasopharynx is necessary in patient with possible pulmonary or extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The author reports two cases of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis in a 45-years old and 34-years old woman with a review of the literature.

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A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF NASOPHARYNX AND ADENOID GROWTH OF KOREAN CHILDREN (한국인 아동의 비인두와 Adenoid성장에 관한 누년적 연구)

  • Hwang, Chung-Ju;Ryu, Young-Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.93-103
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    • 1985
  • Since the fact was known that mouth breathing resulted from the adenoid hypertropy causes malocclusion, many investigators have studied nasopharynx and adenoid in order to clarify the role in relation to the effect on face and occlustion and the development of airway. The author analyzed 13 items in longitudinal cephalometric roentgenograms of 17 boys and 19 girls taken from the age of 7 to 12. The results were as follows. 1. The means and standard deviation for the measured items were obtained. 2. The continual growth of nasopharyngeal cavity was more affected by the height than the depth. 3. The size of adenoid was larger in males than in females, especially on R, $D-AD_2$. 4. Airway percentage was highest in boys at age 10 and girls at age 9. 5. The items showed significant differentiation between males and females were airway percentage, posterior height, $D-AD_1,\;D-AD_2$, and R.

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Nasopharyngeal Cancer (비인강암)

  • Choi Jong-Ouck;Yoo Jong-Seon;Yoo Hong-Kyun;Choi Myong-Seon
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 1990
  • Thirty nine cases of nasopharyngeal malignant tumor from 1981 to 1989 in Korea univeristy hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The results were as follows; 1) The most common initial symptom was neck mass(41.0%), and cranial nerve involvement was found in 6 cases. Lateral wall of the nasopharynx including $Rosenm\"{u}ller's$ fossa was the frequent predelection site(68.4%). 2) Histopathologically, squamous cell carcinoma was the most common and stage IV were 71.8%. 3) Thirty four cases were treated by radiation therapy alone and 5 cases were treated by combined modality(radiation therapy+chemotherapy). Overall 5 year survival rate was 28.2%(squamous cell carcinoma; 23.5%, undifferentiated carcinoma; 35.7%).

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A Case of Airway Obstruction Secondary to Neonatal Nasopharyngeal Dermoid Teratoma (신생아 호흡곤란을 유발한 비인강 기형종 1례)

  • 김민식;선동일;이정학;조승호
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 1999
  • Dermoids are rare disease which arise during embryogenesis. They are the most common variety of teratomas occurring in the head and neck region and most arsies in the nasopharynx or oropharynx. They are invariably benign and derived from only two germinal layers, ectoderm and mesoderm. They usually present as repiratory distress and swallowing difficulty at or soon after birth. Treatment consists of surgical resection. We recently experienced a case of a neonatal nasopharyngeal dermoid which led to severe airway obstruction and feeding difficulty and necessitated the endotracheal intubation.

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