• Title, Summary, Keyword: n-butylbenzene

Search Result 9, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

Comparison Solid Phase Microextraction with Purge & Trap on the GC/MS Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in Biota Samples (Solid Phase Microextraction 및 Purge & Trap을 이용한 생물시료 중 휘발성 유기화합물의 GC/MS 분석비교)

  • Ahn, Yun-Gyong;Seo, Jong-Bok;Hong, Jongki
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.392-399
    • /
    • 2001
  • The analysis of n-butylbenzene and 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP) as volatile organic compounds in biota samples was performed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-selected ion monitoring mode. The target compounds, n-butylbenzene and DBCP, in biota samples were extracted by headspace solid phase microextraction (SPME) with $100{\mu}m$ polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) fiber and purge & trap method. The extraction recoveries of these compounds obtained by SPME was 85.8% for n-butylbenzene and 92.4% for DBCP, respectively. Each value of method detection limit were $0.15{\mu}g/kg$ and $0.05{\mu}g/kg$, respectively. While in the case of purge & trap method, the extraction recovery was 115.2% for n-butylbenzene, 80.9% for DBCP and method detection limit were $0.04{\mu}g/kg$ and $0.70{\mu}g/kg$, respectively. The extraction yields and detection limits of these compounds obtained by purge & trap were equivalent to those by SPME.

  • PDF

Determination of DBCP and n-Butylbenzene using SPME with GC-MS (SPME-GC-MS를 이용한 DBCP 및 n-Butylbenzene의 분석)

  • Park, Hyun-Mee;Kim, Young-Man;Lee, Dai-Woon;Lee, Kang-Bong
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.471-475
    • /
    • 2001
  • Solid phase microextraction(SPME) with $85{\mu}m$-polyacrylate (PA) and $100{\mu}m$-polydimethylsiloxane(PDMS) fibers, coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane(DBCP) and n-butylbenzene in water. The conditions affecting the SPME process(i.e, extraction time, injection length, injection temperature, desorption time and temperature) were optimized. The linearity of the calibration curve (correlation coefficient, R) was over 0.99 and the limits of detection of the method were between 1.5 and $10.8{\mu}g/L$. Repeatability of the method was between 10.4 and 14.4 %.

  • PDF

A Study on the Characteristic Trace of Water Quality Pollutants in the Industrial Wastewater (업종별 산업폐수의 수질오염물질 배출 특성)

  • Park, Sun Ku;Kim, Sung Soo;Ko, Oh Suk
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.141-150
    • /
    • 1999
  • Twenty organic chemical substances, tetrachloroethylene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, isopropyl benzene, stylene, bromobenzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, 2-chlorotoluene 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, p-isopropyltoluene, 4-chlorotoluene, n-butylbenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, naphthalene, tert-butylbenzene, sec-butylbenzene, phenol, isopropyl benzene hydroperoxide were isolated from untreated and treated wastewater collected at 76 companys of 9 types industry in the basin of Young San River. Their organic compounds were elucidated by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and by comparison with each standard reagents. Especially, phenol compound is detected from effluent water but not detected from plant wastewater in the chemical industry. Heavy metal, which are Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, As, Al and Fe, are contained in the plant wastewater of all industry, Fe, Al of them is more detected than the other metals in plant wastewater. Cr, Cd, Pb, As is contained much in plant wastewater of electricity and electron, metal molding industry. Nine metals is nearely treated when plant wastewater is treated, and then the concentration of each other metals is detected below water quality standard or not detected by using AA.

  • PDF

Studies on the Constituents of the Stem Barks of Acanthopanax gracilistylus W. W. Smith

  • Liu, Xiang Qian;Chang, Seung-Yeup;Park, Sang-Yong;Nohara, Toshihiro;Yook, Chang-Soo
    • Natural Product Sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-25
    • /
    • 2002
  • Ten compounds were isolated from the stem barks of Acanthopanax gracilistylus WW Smith (AGS) by steam distillation, they were p-menta-1,5,8-triene, n-butyl isobutylphthalate, p-mentha-1,5-diene-8-ol, 8-hydroxy-p-cymene, myrtenol, trans-(+)-carveol, 1,3-di-tert-butylbenzene, 4-methyl-2,6-di-butylphenol, valencene and verbenone, respectively, characterized by GS-Mass spectra. And we have also extracted and isolated from the MeOH extracts of the stem barks of AGS, two compounds were obtained. On the basis of chemical and spectral evidence, they were syringin(l), ${\beta}-sitosterol(2)$.

Determination of Soil Washing Condition for Light Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soils (Light Hydrocarbon에 오염된 토양의 용매추출조건에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Keon-Joong;Atalay, Asmare
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.82-90
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to establish an ideal condition for obtaining maximum extraction efficiencies using an array of soil types and under a wide variety of conditions. Nine characteristic compounds were studied: benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and n-butylbenzene which were found in gasoline. Increasing the moisture content resulted in decreased recovery, and recovery of hydrocarbons from wet soils was significantly lower than from dry soils. For the batch extraction process, 4 hours of extraction time was sufficient to give optimum recovery of the contaminants. With methanol as an extraction solvent, maximum recovery time appeared to be reached quicker for BTEX components than with 2-propanol. The 2 to 1 ratio of solvent/soil was chosen as a compromise to provide for the indicated minimum solvent use and high extraction efficiency. The 0.4 mg/g soil contamination was adequate to show quantitative recovery. The percent recovery of BTEX was concentration dependent more than the semivolatile compounds. Methanol and 2-propanol consistently gave higher efficiency than water. Methanol was superior to 2-propanol in removing contaminants from silty clay loam soil. Using the most efficient extraction procedure, the average recovery of the light hydrocarbons from the three soils was 66 percent. Recoveries were also dependent on soil type, solvent type, extraction time, solvent amount, contaminant concentration, and compounds volatility. This study provided a useful screening technique for procedures that can be used to remediate soils contaminated with light hydrocarbons.

  • PDF

Rapid Analytical Method of Volatile- and Semivolatile Organic Compounds in Water and their Monitoring in Water Treatment Plants (물 시료 중 휘발성 및 반휘발성 유기물질들의 빠른 분석법 및 정수처리 단계별 모니터링)

  • Shin, Ho-Sang;Ahn, Hye-Sil
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.240-250
    • /
    • 2004
  • A gas chromatography-mass spectrometric (GC-MS) assay method was developed for the rapid and sensitive determination of volatile- and semivolatile organic compounds in water. Two hundreds mL of water sample was extracted in a 250 mL separatory funnel with 1 ml of pentane at pH 6.5. Fluorobenzene and 1,2-dichlorobenzene-d4 as internal standards were added to water sample and the solution was mechanically shaken for 5 min and analyzed by GC-MS (selected ion monitoring) without more any concentration or purification steps. The peaks had good chromatographic properties and the extraction of these compounds from water also gave relatively high recoveries with small variations. The range of detection limits of the assay was 0.5-10 ng/L. Turnaround time for up to about 40 samples was one day. This method is simple, convenient, and can be learned easily by relatively inexperienced personnel. This method was used to analyze 15 volatile- and semivolatile organic compounds in water of a Lake, and raw and treated water from three Water Treatment Plants in Korea. As the analytical results, benzene, toluene, xylene, isopropylbenzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, naphthalene and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol were detected at concentrations of up to 0.4, 1.9, 1.3, 0.2, 1.8, 13.0, 1.7 and $1.1{\mu}g/L$, respectively. But chlorobenzene, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, ethylbenzene, n-butylbenzene and dibromochloropropane levels during that period were not significant. The removal effect of the compounds in three Water Treatment Plants was calculated. The compounds studied were generally removed during conventional water treatment, especially during the active carbon filtration.

The study on the measurement of volatile organic compounds in the air of A and B industrial area (모 공단 대기 중 휘발성 유기화합물 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Ho-Sang;Ahn, Hye-Sil
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.130-144
    • /
    • 2004
  • Recently, the air pollution in A and B industrial area has become one of the most important issues, then 60 VOCs in the area were measured using a highly sensitive method. The VOCs were adsorbed onto Carbotrap using air sampler and subsequently desorbed by a thermal desorber system into gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (TDS-GC-MS). The peaks of all compounds had good chromatographic properties and offered very sensitive response for the EI-MS (SIM). Method detection limits (MDL) ranged from 0.01 to 0.1 ppt(v/v), and linearities of calibration curves were over 0.995. We analyzed total 90 atmosphere air samples of A and B industrial complex using the method. Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, n-hexane, fluorotrichloromethane, carbon tetrachloride, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, styrene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, sec-butylbenzene and naphthalen were identified as the major compounds in the air, and their average concentrations were 0.81, 5.02 1.30, 3.0, 0.81, 37.9, 0.07, 0.15, 0.15, 0.79, 0.06, 0.33, 0.03, 0.12, 0.23, and 0.35 ppb(v/v), respectively. The concentrations of VOCs were low in summer and high in fall or winter. When the concentrations detected in air compare with WHO's norm, no case exceed it.

Effect of Surfactant on Solvent Extraction for Light Hydrocarbon from Soils (토양중 Light Hydrocarbon의 용매추출에 미치는 계면활성제의 영향)

  • Hwang, Keon-Joong;Atalay, Asmare
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.74-79
    • /
    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the surfactant solutions which influence solvent extraction from light hydrocarbon contaminated soils. Nine characteristic compounds were studied: benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-xylene, mxylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and n-butylbenzene which were found in gasoline. Adsee-799 and Witbreak DRA-22 showed some extractive capacity for light hydrocarbons from soil. There was no added advantage obtained by using other surfactants in this study. No removal of contaminants from soil was observed when the surfactant concentration was 0.5 percent or below. When the surfactant concentration was 4 percent, the average recovery for some hydrocarbons was 10.8 percent, which was the best obtained at these levels. There was 10 percent surfactant contribution for methanol extraction from soil with the Witbreak DPG-482 and Witbreak DRA-22. This study provided a useful screening technique for procedures that can be used to remediate soils contaminated with light hydrocarbons.

  • PDF

Non-Steady Group Combustion of Liquid Fuel Droplets (액체연료 액적군 의 비정상 집단연소)

  • 김호영
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.544-552
    • /
    • 1984
  • A non-steady group combustion model of a spherical droplets cloud has been developed to access the non-steady effects of collective behavior of fuel droplets on combustion characteristics and cloud structure. A system of conservation equations of droplets cloud in axisymmetric spherical coordinate was solved by numerical methods for n-Butylbenzene(C$_{10}$ / $H_{14}$) It was found that the effect of initial droplet size on combustion characteristics is dominated compare with effects of cloud size and number density of droplets. For dense droplets cloud, external group combustion mode is established during main part of cloud life time, and internal and single droplet combustion modes are simultaneously established for the dilute droplets cloud. Radius of cloud and external envelope flame are slowly decreased during main part of cloud life time, and suddenly decreased at end of combustion period.d.