• Title, Summary, Keyword: mussel

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Isolation and Purification of Antimicrobial Peptide from Hard-shelled Mussel, Mytilus coruscus (참담치(Mytilus coruscus) 유래 항균 펩타이드 분리 및 정제)

  • Oh, Ryunkyoung;Lee, Min Jeong;Kim, Young-Ok;Nam, Bo-Hye;Kong, Hee Jeong;Kim, Joo-Won;An, Cheul Min;Kim, Dong-Gyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.11
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    • pp.1259-1268
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we investigated antimicrobial peptide from the acidified muscle extract of Mytilus coruscus, which mostly inhabits China, Japan, and Korea, to develop a natural product-derived antibiotics substitution in terms of its abuse and restriction. Antimicrobial peptide was purified by $C_{18}$ reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and was detected as having a molecular mass of 6,701 Da by MALDI-TOF/MS. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified peak was obtained from edman degradation, and 20 identified residues shown 100% identity with the N-terminus region of sperm-specific protein and protamine-like PL-II/PL-IV precursor of Mytilus californianus. We also identified 60 open-reading frame (ORF) encoding amino acids with 183 bp of purified peptide based on the obtained amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence of ORF showed 100% and the nucleotide sequence revealed 97.2% identity with the protamine-like PL-II/PL-IV precursor of Mytilus californianus. Synthesized antimicrobial peptide showed antimicrobial activity against gram-positive bacteria, including Bacillus cereus (minimal effective concentration [MEC], $20.8{\mu}g/ml$), Bacillus subtilis (MEC, $0.2{\mu}g/ml$), Streptococcus mutans (MEC, $0.2{\mu}g/ml$), gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MEC, $5.7{\mu}g/ml$), Escherichia coli (MEC, $2.6{\mu}g/ml$) and fungi, Candida albicans (MEC, $56.3{\mu}g/ml$). In addition, synthesized peptide showed stable activities under heat and salt conditions against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, but was inhibited by salt against only C. albicans. With these results, isolated peptide from M. coruscus could be an alternative agent to antibiotics for defending against pathogenic microorganisms, and helpful information to understand the innate immune system of marine invertebrates.

A comparison study of 76Se, 77Se and 78Se isotope spikes in isotope dilution method for Se (셀레늄의 동위원소 희석분석법에서 첨가 스파이크 동위원소 76Se, 77Se 및 78Se들의 비교분석)

  • Kim, Leewon;Lee, Seoyoung;Pak, Yong-Nam
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.170-178
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    • 2016
  • Accuracy and precision of ID methods for different spike isotopes of 76Se, 77Se, and 78Se were compared for the analysis of Selenium using quadrupole ICP/MS equipped with Octopole reaction cell. From the analysis of Se inorganic standard solution, all of three spikes showed less than 1 % error and 1 % RSD for both short-term (a day) and long-term (several months) periods. They showed similar results with each other and 78Se showed was a bit better than 76Se and 77Se. However, different spikes showed different results when NIST SRM 1568a and SRM 2967 were analyzed because of the several interferences on the m/z measured and calculated. Interferences due to the generation of SeH from ORC was considered as well as As and Br in matrix. The results showed similar accuracy and precisions against SRM 1568a, which has a simple background matrix, for all three spikes and the recovery rate was about 80% with steadiness. The %RSD was a bit higher than inorganic standard (1.8 %, 8.6 %, and 6.3 % for 78Se, 76Se and 77Se, respectively) but low enough to conclude that this experiment is reliable. However, mussel tissue has a complex matrix showed inaccurate results in case of 78Se isotope spike (over 100 % RSD). 76Se and 77Se showd relatively good results of around 98.6 % and 104.2 % recovery rate. The errors were less than 5 % but the precision was a bit higher value of 15 % RSD. This clearly shows that Br interferences are so large that a simple mathematical calibration is not enough for a complex-matrixed sample. In conclusion, all three spikes show similar results when matrix is simple. However, 78Se should be avoided when large amount of Br exists in matrix. Either 76Se or 77Se would provide accurate results.