• 제목, 요약, 키워드: mussel

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중.소형 폐기물소각로 및 배연탈황공정용 홍합(Hard-Shelled Mussel) 패각페기물 Sorbent 적용에 관한 연구 (A Study on Sorbent Application of Hard-Shelled Mussel Waste Shell on the Medium/small Scale Waste Incinerator and Flue Gas Desulfurization Process)

  • 정종현
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.34-42
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the waste recycling possibility, practicability, economic efficiency and acid gas sorbent use of the hard-shelled mussel. This study is to investigate the hydration/calcination reaction and fixed bed reactor. The physical-chemical characteristics of the hard-shelled mussel were analyzed by ICP SEM-EDX, BET and pore volume. Thus, the results could be summarized as follows; Hard-shelled mussel can be used as iron-manufacture and chemical sorbents considering more than 53.7% of the mussel is lime content. The SO$_2$removal efficiency of the hard-shelled mussel after calcined hydration increased thirty times as a result of the higher pore size, specific surface area and pore volume. Also, the CaO content, pore volume, pore size distribution and specific surface area greatly influenced the SO$_2$ and NOx removal reactivity. The optimum particle diameter average of hard-shelled mussel was $\pm$100 mesh, which was applied to the sorbent on the medium/small scale waste incinerator and flue gas desulfurization processes.

국산 양식 홍합 함유 식빵의 제조 및 생리활성 평가 (Preparation and Evaluation of Physiological Activity of White Bread Containing Korean Blue Mussel)

  • 조민지;김윤아;이승철
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.45 no.11
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    • pp.1623-1629
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    • 2016
  • 우리나라 남해안에서 많이 양식되고 있는 홍합(진주담치)은 다가 고도 불포화지방산을 비롯한 다양한 유용 물질을 함유하고 있으며 이로 인한 항산화능, 항비만능, 알코올분해 효소 촉진능 등의 생리활성이 보고되었다. 본 연구에서는 홍합의 이용성 다양화를 위하여 홍합 분말을 첨가한 식빵(0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1%, 홍합/밀가루, w/w)을 직접반죽법으로 제조하여 그 특성을 분석하였다. 홍합분말이 첨가될수록 식빵의 명도는 감소하였고, 적색도와 황색도는 증가하였다. 홍합분말의 첨가는 식빵의 비용적에 크게 영향을 주지 않았지만, 항산화능(DPPH 및 ABTS 라디칼 소거능)은 증가시켰다. 또한, 홍합분말의 함량이 증가할수록 알코올 탈수소효소와 아세트알데히드 탈수소효소의 활성도 증가하였다. 관능 검사에서는 홍합분말 1% 첨가 식빵이 맛, 향, 물성과 선호도에서 상대적으로 높은 점수를 얻었다. 이상의 결과는 홍합이 식빵의 경도와 강도에 큰 영향을 주지 않고 생리활성을 향상 할 수 있는 소재로 활용될 수 있음을 의미한다.

국산 홍합과 뉴질랜드 초록입 홍합 열수 추출물의 알코올분해효소 활성에 미치는 영향 및 DPPH 라디칼 소거능과 Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 저해 활성 (Effects of Hot Water Extracts of Domestic Blue Mussel and New Zealand Green Lipped Mussel on Alcohol Metabolizing Enzymatic, DPPH Radical Scavenging, and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activities)

  • 김시경;옥둘이;박은주;이승철
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.43 no.9
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    • pp.1363-1368
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    • 2014
  • 우리나라 남해안 연안에서 주로 양식되는 진주담치(국산 홍합)와 세계적으로 기능성이 잘 알려진 뉴질랜드 초록입 홍합의 열수 추출물을 제조하여 생리활성을 비교하였다. 모든 홍합 추출물들은 알코올대사와 관련한 alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH)와 acetaldehyde dehydrogenase(ALDH)의 활성을 상승시켰으며, 특히 ADH의 활성을 크게 향상시켰다. 국산 홍합의 육질 추출물은 초록입 홍합의 육질 추출물에 비하여 ADH 상승 효과는 비슷하였으며, ALDH 상승 효과는 약간 낮았다. DPPH 라디칼 소거능으로 조사한 항산화능은 국산 홍합의 육질 추출물이 초록입 홍합의 육질 추출물 보다 높았다. 항고혈압과 관련한 ACE 저해능의 경우에는 국산 홍합 육질 추출물이 초록입 홍합의 육질 추출물에 비해 10 mg/mL 농도에서는 낮았으나 20 mg/mL 이상의 농도에서는 유의차(P<0.05)를 보이지 않았다. 이상의 결과는 국내에서 양식되고 있는 홍합도 세계적으로 초록입 홍합에 못지않은 생리활성을 가지고 있음을 시사한다.

Partial Purification of Mussel Adhesive Protein for Mytilus Edulis and Preparation of Mussel Protein Hydrolysates

  • Sun, Nam-Kyu;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 2000
  • Mussel adhesive protein (MAP) was extracted from Korean Mytilus edulis and then partially purified using Sephacryl S-300 gel permeation chromatography and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. As an indicator of adhesiveness, is 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) content was determined. Its DOPA/protein ratio of 0.19 was higher than those of other reports, indicating a good adhesive. The partially purified MAP was confirmed by acid-urea polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis using cetylpiridinium bromide as a cationic detergent. Sea mussel hydrolysates were prepared using three commercial proteases to provide value-added functional materials and their angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities were determined. Among hydrolysates of sea mussel, Protamex was the best and further purification would improved ACE inhibitory activity.

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홍합과 여러 식물의 열수 추출물의 알코올분해효소에 미치는 영향과 항산화 및 ACE 저해 활성 (Effect of Hot Water Extracts of Blue Mussel and Several Plants on Alcohol Metabolizing Enzymatic, Antioxidant, and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activities)

  • 옥둘이;김시경;이승철
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 2014
  • 홍합을 함유한 숙취 해소용 식품 개발의 근거를 확보하기 위하여 12종류의 열수 추출물을 제조하였다 - A(겨우살이); B(냉이); C(칡); D(콩나물); E(헛개나무); F(홍합); G(홍합과 겨우살이); H(홍합과 냉이); I(홍합과 칡); J(홍합과 콩나물); K(홍합과 헛개나무). C 추출물이 alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH)와 acetaldehyde dehydrogenase(ALDH)의 활성을 가장 크게 증가시켰으나, 홍합과 혼합한 경우에는 상승 효과를 보이지 않았다. 칡을 함유한 경우를 제외하고는 H 추출물이 높은 ADH($237.4{\pm}1.7%$)와 ALDH($136.5{\pm}2.1%$) 활성을 보였다. 또한, H 추출물은 가장 높은 DPPH 라디칼 소거능($93.9{\pm}0.1%$)과 안지오텐신 전환효소(ACE) 저해능($42.7{\pm}1.6%$)을 나타내었다. 홍합과 냉이를 혼합한 경우에는 alcohol dehydrogenase 활성과 ACE 저해능이 상승되는 시너지 효과를 확인하였다.

메카니즘 해석을 통해 바라본 홍합접착제 연구동향 (Brief Review on Mussel Adhesives by Evaluating Its Adhesion and Cohesion Mechanisms)

  • 강병언;이재성;오경석
    • 한국응용과학기술학회지
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.141-150
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    • 2018
  • 홍합 족사 단백질은 수분이 있는 표면에서도 강한 접착력을 가진다. 홍합 연구에 대표가 되는 marine blue mussel을 통해 9가지 단백질의 구조와 기능이 보고되었으며, 이 단백질들은 홍합 족사를 구성하는 실(threads)과 플래크(plaques)를 형성한다. 알려진 바에 의하면, 히드록시기 2개가 포함된 카테콜 기능기를 가진 DOPA 물질이 계면접착(adhesion)과 내부결합(cohesion) 과정에서 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 논문에서는, 최근 10년간 활발히 연구된 계면접착과 내부응력 메카니즘에 대해 소개하고 평가하였다. 또한, 접착력을 갖는 기능기를 활용한 발전된 접착소재의 개발, 바이오접착제와 의료용 소재로 응용가능성에 대해 살펴보았다. 홍합 단백질이 다시 관심의 대상이 되면서, 바이오소재로 사용될 가능성이 커지고 있음이 주목된다.

홍합 추출 접착액을 이용한 바이오 티슈의 접합능력 향상에 관한 연구 (Improvement of Bonding Performance for Biotissue using Marine Mussel Extract Adhesive)

  • 조병관
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2007
  • The adhesive performance of marine mussel extract was compared with that of the commercial medical adhesives for fastening biotissue (SIS) bandages. Joints bonded with mussel extract showed stronger strength than those bonded with other commercial adhesives. The bonding strength was much improved when the moisture in the Joint was reduced using superporous hydrogel regardless of curing time under humid condition ($37^{\circ}C$ and 91% relative humidity). Water inflow into the SIS joint seemed to degrade the performance of mussel extracts adhesive especially for the joints of short period of curing time. The strength of SIS joints coated with surgical sealant was well maintained after being exposed to water inflow.

진해 괴정 암반 조간대 담치대의 대형저서동물 군집구조 및 수직분포 (Community Structure and Vertical Distribution of Macrobenthos in the Mussel Bed on the Goijeong Rocky Shore in Jinhae)

  • 백상규;윤성규
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.500-508
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    • 2003
  • The fauna associated with mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) beds and vertical distribution of macrobenthos were studied on the Goijeong rocky shore in Jinhae Bay, Korea. Sampling was conducted seasonally using a quadrate from January to October, 1998. In the first experiment, to reveal the community structure of macrobenthos in mussel bed, a total of 62 species $(10,690ind./m^2,\;3,802.1\;g/m^2)$ were identified, which included polychaetes $(32\;spp.,\;52.6\%),$ molluscs (16 spp.), crustaceans (10 spp.), and others. The density-dominant species were Pseudopolydora antennata, Nereis heterocirrata, Littorina brevicula and Balanus kondakovi. And the density of associated fauna was correlated with that of mussel (r=0.951, p=0.049). In the second experiment, to reveal the vertical distribution of macrobenthos on the rocky shore, ANOVA showed highly significant differences between the density of top 5 dominant species (Chthamalus challengeri, Littorina brevicula, Balanus kondakovi, Septifer virgatus and Granulilittorina exigua) and tidal levels (P=0.000). Vertical distribution of macrobnethos was characterized by Ghthamalus belt and Balanus-Septifer belt in the mussel bed.

해양오염의 진단을 위한 생화학적 오염지표에 관한 연구 XI. 남해산 홍합 (Mytilus coruscus)의 콜린에스테라아제의 변화 (Study on Biochemical Pollutant Markers for Diagnosis of Marine Pollution XI. Changes in Cholinesterase Activity of the Mussel (Mytilus coruscus) in the South Sea)

  • 최진호;김대익;박수현;김동우;박청길;양동범
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.282-288
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed as a part of efforts to investigate the biochemical pollutant markers for diagnosis of marine pollutions by changes in cholinesterase activity of the mussel (Mytilus coruscus) in South Sea of Korea. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were remarkably lower (20∼41%, respectively) than those of wild mussel in Pohang(control) of East Sea. Acetylcholine (Ach) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were remarkably lower (15∼30%, respectively) than those of wild mussel in Pohang of East Sea. Monoamineoxidase (MAO-B) activities in muscle of cultured mussels in South Sea were significantly 2∼19% higher than those of wild mussel in Pohang of East Sea. It suggests that AChE, ACh and MAO-B activities in muscle of cultured mussels of South Sea may be used as the most effective mean in a biochemical markers for early warning of environmental damages caused by organophosphorus pesticides.

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진해만 담치 양식장내 지중해담치의 생산력 평가 (Assessment on the Productivity of Mytilus galloprovincialis on the Mussel Culture Ground in Jinhae Bay)

  • 박흥식;이순길;백상규
    • 한국패류학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2004
  • This study have conducted to calibrate the productivities on the mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) cultures in Jinhae Bay. Annual water temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen have varied to 7.2-$25.9^{\circ}C$, 32.9-34.0 psu, 7.9-8.7 mg/l, respectively. In April, the smallest size of spat, 3.3 mm in shell length, have recruited, and 82.5 mm have recorded to the maximum. In summer, variations of growing up between individuals showed both shell length and weights at same cohort. Annual production at 2 m, 5 m, 8 m depth calculated to 10.91, 10.85 and 9.19 gWWt/ind./yr, respectively. Mussel cultivated in the upper part of the water column (two meter depth) were significantly longer and heavier than those in lower part (eight meter depth). After the recruitment, monthly production showed gradual increment at all positions during summer. As results, annual production of mussel cultivated seemed to be controlled by conditions of growing up in summer. Based on the productivities calculated to this study, the total annual production of the mussel cultivated in Jinhae Bay have estimated about 196 ton/ha/yr.

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