• Title, Summary, Keyword: motivation theory

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A Study on the Motivation Theory In the Point of Cognitive Views (인지적 관점에서의 모티베이션 이론에 관한 연구)

  • 이영식;신승국
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.10 no.16
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    • pp.173-182
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    • 1987
  • Motivation models based on the Psychology have contributed to Predict and understand individual behaviors. During the many period, a various type of motivation models have been experimented by the researchers(i.e., need theory that is the first theory in motivation and equity theory, expectancy theory, reinforcement theory, and goal-setting theory centered on cognitive mechanisms). This article's objectives is to analyze motivation models mentioned above in the point of cognitive views (cognitive processes and cognitive mechanisms). Accordingly, the article's structure is consisted of five parts as follows. Part 1. Introduction. Part 2. The theoritical backgrounds of motivation. Part 3. The major theories of motivation. Part 4. The cognitive analysis of motivation theories. Part 5. Conclusion.

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Korean College Students' English Learning Motivation and Listening Proficiency

  • Yang, Eun-Mi
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.93-114
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study is twofold. First, this study aimed to explore how Korean university students' English learning motivation is related to their English listening proficiency and study time. Second, it attempted to interpret the English learning motivation linking the two different motivation theories: self-determination theory and L2 motivational self system. The constructs of the students' L2 learning motivation were investigated with the data obtained through the questionnaire from 122 sophomore students. A factor analysis was conducted to extract the major factors of motivation. As a result, 6 factors were extracted: Intrinsic Pleasure, Identified Value Regulation, Intrinsic Accomplishment, Introjected Regulation, External Regulation, and Identified Regulation. The Interrelatedness among the assessment results on the L2 listening proficiency (pre and post test), listening study time, and motivation factors was measured by correlation coefficients. The statistical results indicated that pre-test scores were significantly related to Identified Regulation and Identified Value Regulation toward English learning, and post-test results had significant correlation with Intrinsic Accomplishment and Identified Regulation. However, no motivation subtypes showed statistical association with the students' listening study time. The results were attempted to be interpreted both under L2 motivational self system and self-determination framework to better illuminate the motivation theory with more explanatory power.

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Development of a Purchase Motivation Scale Based on Self-Determination Theory (자기결정성 이론에 근거한 구매동기 척도개발)

  • Lim Kee-Ok;Yoo Hyun-Jung;Nam Su-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.71-82
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized scale to measure consumers' motivation to purchase based on a self-determination theory. A preliminary 27-item scale was developed through literature review, diary analysis, and FGI. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1,000consumers on internet using the preliminary scale. Then a series of tests, such as test-retest, item analysis, item-to-total correlation, Cronbach's reliability coefficient, and factor analysis, were conducted using the survey data. The final scale with21 items was constructed in the end. The Purchase Motivation Scale for Consumers consisted of five factors: (1) external motivation, (2) introjected motivation, (3) identified motivation I: self-respect, (4) identified motivation II: pursuit of harmony, and (5) internal motivation.

The Effects of Emotional Factors on Environment Behaviors - Comparing the Protective Motivation Theory with the ERB-Based Tentative Model - (환경행동에 미치는 정서적 요인의 영향: -보호동기이론과 환경 책임성 행위모형에 근거한 잠정적 모형의 비교-)

  • 이태연
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.18-30
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    • 2002
  • So far, the environmentally responsible behavior(ERB) model has been applied successfully to explain environment behaviors. But the ERB model has several limitations such as underestimation of social factors on environment behaviors. This study planned to point out that the emotional aspects should be considered seriously for explaining human's behaviors to conserve the environment in the ERB model. In this study, the effects of emotional aspects, such as perceived severity or perceived danger, on environment behaviors were investigated and the protective motivation theory(Rogers, 1983) and the ERB-based tentative model were compared Results showed that teenagers in urban areas realized clearly the severity and danger of environmental threats and do environmentally responsible behaviors more than ones in rural areas. Two model's goodness of fit to explain observed environment behaviors were analyzed through the regression analysis and the AMOS analysis. In the regression analysis, self-efficacy, confirmity toward social norm, and knowledge were involved in the regression equation as statistically meaningful variables in the ERB-based tentative model and self-efficacy and perceived severity were involved in the protective motivation theory. Especially, the AMOS analysis showed that the protective motivation theory was more valid model lot explaining environment behaviors than the ERB-based tentative model. In conclusion, it is reasonable that emotional aspects should be considered as meaningful variables for explaining environment behaviors.

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Investigation of the Possibility of Applying Protection Motivation Theory in Consumers' Changes by Fipronil Egg Contamination (살충제 달걀 파동에 대한 소비자의 행동변화에서 보호동기이론의 적용 가능성 검토)

  • Youn, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.278-288
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    • 2020
  • This study examined the effects of response-facilitating factors(Food-related Knowledge, Response-Efficacy, and Self-Efficacy) and response-inhibiting factors(Severity, Vulnerability, and Consumer Stress) on the consumer' behavior intention based on protection motivation theory, which explains the behavioral change to protect oneself. This study was conducted to reduce the customers' concerns regarding food safety accidents and introduce ways to make them more interested in food safety. A sample of 225 adults over 19 years of age was collected in February 2018 through a self-administered questionnaire. The results of the cognitive mediation process of protective motivation theory showed that the consumers' knowledge and self-efficacy which are response-facilitating factors, positively influence the behavioral intention. Severity and consumer stress were response-inhibiting factors. On the other hand, response-efficacy, which is a response-facilitating factor, and vulnerability, which is a response-inhibiting factor, did not influence the behavioral intention. Therefore, severity and consumer stress are response-inhibiting factors. The results were analyzed as a result of a behavioral change to protect oneself from food safety accidents. The applicability of the theory of protection motivation on the topic of food safety was also confirmed.

The Educational Implementation of e-Learning System Applying the Theory of Motivation - With Focus on "Interest" and the "Self-Determination Theory" (동기 이론이 적용된 e-Learning system의 교육적 실천: 흥미와 SDT를 중심으로)

  • Bang, Mi-Hyang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2018
  • This study examines and measures the enhancement of intrinsic motivation in learners who have been part of the e-Learning system (www.englishbuddy.kr) for elementary-level English learning, developed based on the systematic application of the motivation theory as dictated by 'interest' and 'self-determination' and put into practice at 3,100 private tutoring institutions. According to the survey conducted on 328 learners in the e-Learning system inspired by the motivation theory and on 150 learners in other English programs, the former was found to have stimulated 'interest' and satisfied 'psychological desire' in the learners, leading to the development of 'specific strategies to motivate learners.' The study has clearly identified how learners are better motivated in the e-Learning environment, demonstrating its contributions to advancing e-Learning, building a practical e-Learning system based on a systematic motivation theory defined by 'interest' and 'self-determination,' and applying the system to some 16,000 learners at 3,100 private tutoring institutions.

Detecting malicious behaviors in MMORPG by applying motivation theory (모티베이션 이론을 이용한 온라인 게임 내 부정행위 탐지)

  • Lee, Jae-hyuk;Kang, Sung Wook;Kim, Huy Kang
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2015
  • As the online game industry has been growing rapidly, more and more malicious activities to gain economic benefits have been reported as well. Game bot is one of the biggest problems in the online game industry. So we proposed a bot detection method based on the ERG theory of motivation for the first time. Most of the previous studies focused on behavior-based detection by monitoring patterns of the specific actions. In this paper, we applied the motivation theory to analyze user behaviors on a real game dataset. The result shows that normal users in the game followed the ERG theory of motivation in the same way as it works in real world. But in the case of game bots, the theory could not be applied because the game bot has specific reasons, unlike normal game users. We applied the ERG theory to users to distinguish game bot users from normal users. We detected the game bot with high accuracy of 99.78% by applying the theory.

A Study on the Measurement Tool Development of Reading Motivation Using Self-determination Theory (자기결정성 동기이론에 의한 독서동기 측정도구 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byeong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.311-332
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    • 2015
  • This study aims at developing the measurement tool of reading motivation using self-determination theory (SDT). SDT is not simply divided into the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. SDT resides along a continuum, with amotivation, external regulation, introjected regulation, identified regulation, integrated regulation, intrinsic motivation. SDT addresses the process of internalization of various extrinsic motives. This study analyzed motivation factor of the measurement tool such as MRQ (motivations for reading questionnaire), MRP (motivation to read profile) ERAS (elementary reading attitude survey, RSCS (reading self-concept scale). The study re-classified analysis results based on SDT. Ultimately, this study was proposed measurement tool of reading motivation using SDT has 6 area, 30 items.

Exercise Adherence Model of Middle-Aged based on Theory of Self-determination

  • Lee, Miok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to construct and validate a middle - aged exercise adherence model. The model was designed based on self - determination theory. Participants were 215 middle-aged men and women aged 40-60 who had been exercising for more than six months. Data was collected from four big cities of Seoul, Busan, Gwangju and Daejeon in Korea, using a questionnaire consisting of basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation, social support, and exercise adherence. Data were analyzed with SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 20.0. Social support and exercise adherence of the questionnaire were partially revised and verified by confirmatory factor analysis. The results of the study were as follows. The model's fit indices: GFI = .938, AGFI) = .915, NFI = .912, CFI = .941, and RMSEA = 0.041. The model satisfied the model fit of the structural model equation. This study model based on self - determination theory was confirmed that basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation, and social support were important factors for the middle - aged's exercise adherence. Basic psychological need and intrinsic motivation had a direct influence on the adherence of exercise, and social support indirectly influenced the exercise adherence through intrinsic motivation. Both basic psychological needs and social support directly affected internal motivation. The most influential factor in the middle - aged's exercise adherence was intrinsic motivation. In conclusion, it was found that intrinsic motivation such as interest and fun is important for the middle - aged to continue the exercise. Also, the basic psychological needs were important for middle aged's exercise adherence. The results of this study will provide basic data for restoring or maintaining health by continuing exercise. Strategies that enhance intrinsic motivation are needed when a chronic ill person needs to continue long-term exercising.