• Title, Summary, Keyword: mixed coupling

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Coupling Structures in Combline Resonators (Combline 공진기 내의 결합구조)

  • 김병욱;김영수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Electromagnetic Engineering Society Conference
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    • pp.361-365
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    • 2002
  • Three types of the coupling structures in combline resonators are presented: magnetic, electric, and mixed coupling structures. The magnetic coupling structure is provided by the window, and the electric coupling is provided by the electric probe. The mixed coupling structure which is the superposition of the magnetic and electric coupling structures, is proposed for the electric coupling in combline resonators with easy tuning capability. The responses of each coupling structure are shown. A 4-pole combline filter is designed and fabricated as an application of those coupling structures, and shows good filter responses.

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Anisotropy Coupling in Patterned Thin Films with Mixed Uniaxial Anisotropies

  • Nam, Yoon Jae;Lee, Tae Young;Lim, Sang Ho
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.232-236
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    • 2014
  • Anisotropy coupling in thin films with mixed induced and shape anisotropies is investigated. A 200-nm-thick Co-Fe-Pd-B thin film with a large induced anisotropy of 57 Oe is fabricated and then patterned into micron-sized cells to provide shape anisotropy, whose strength has a similar magnitude to that of the induced anisotropy for enhancing the anisotropy coupling. The angles between the two mixed anisotropies considered are $0^{\circ}$, $90^{\circ}$, and $110^{\circ}$. Hysteresis loops measured under in-plane magnetic fields along various directions indicate no anisotropy coupling behaviour for all the three angles examined in this study.

The Compact UHF CT-Type BandPass Filter with a Mixed Coupling

  • Ju, Jeong-Ho;Kahng, Sung-Tek
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.134-137
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents the design of the compact UHF Bandpass filter of CT-type with a novel mixed coupling topology. In further detail, this new coupling structure mathematically equals the transmission zero that enables particularly the better rejection performance in the stopband without increasing the filter's order. To envision this design concept, we fabricated a microstrip filter whose measurement proves to agree with the predicted performance and the suggested coupling structure reduces the overall size, and will be possibly used in the miniaturized UHF apparatus such as the RFID system.

Behavior of strengthened reinforced concrete coupling beams by bolted steel plates, Part 2: Evaluation of theoretical strength

  • Zhu, Y.;Su, R.K.L.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.563-580
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    • 2010
  • Composite beams using bolts to attach steel plates to the side faces of existing reinforced concrete (RC) coupling beams can enhance both their strength and deformability. The behavior of those composite beams differs substantially from the behavior of typical composite beams made up of steel beams and concrete slabs. The former are subjected to longitudinal, vertical and rotational slips, while the latter only involve longitudinal slip. In this study, a mixed analysis method was adopted to develop the fundamental equations for accurate prediction of the load-carrying capacity of steel plate strengthened RC coupling beams. Then, a rigid plastic analysis technique was used to cope with the full composite effect of the bolt group connections. Two theoretical models for the determination of the strength of medium-length plate strengthened coupling beams based on mixed analysis and rigid plastic methods are presented. The strength of the strengthened coupling beams is derived. The vertical and longitudinal slips of the steel plates and the shear strength of the anchor-bolt connection group is considered. The theoretical models are validated by the available experimental results presented in a companion paper. The strength of the specimens predicted from the mixed analysis model is found to be in good agreement with that from the experimental results.

On the kinematic coupling of 1D and 3D finite elements: a structural model

  • Yue, Jianguang;Fafitis, Apostolos;Qian, Jiang
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.192-211
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    • 2010
  • In most framed structures the nonlinearities and the damages are localized, extending over a limited length of the structural member. In order to capture the details of the local damage, the segments of a member that have entered the nonlinear range may need to be analyzed using the three-dimensional element (3D) model whereas the rest of the member can be analyzed using the simpler one-dimensional (1D) element model with fewer degrees of freedom. An Element-Coupling model was proposed to couple the small scale solid 3D elements with the large scale 1D beam elements. The mixed dimensional coupling is performed imposing the kinematic coupling hypothesis of the 1D model on the interfaces of the 3D model. The analysis results are compared with test results of a reinforced concrete pipe column and a structure consisting of reinforced concrete columns and a steel space truss subjected to static and dynamic loading. This structure is a reduced scale model of a direct air-cooled condenser support platform built in a thermal power plant. The reduction scale for the column as well as for the structure was 1:8. The same structures are also analyzed using 3D solid elements for the entire structure to demonstrate the validity of the Element-Coupling model. A comparison of the accuracy and the computational effort indicates that by the proposed Element-Coupling method the accuracy is almost the same but the computational effort is significantly reduced.

A NOTE ON THE CAUCHY PROBLEM FOR HEAT EQUATIONS WITH COUPLING MOVING REACTIONS OF MIXED TYPE

  • LIU, BINGCHEN;LI, FENGJIE
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.34 no.5_6
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    • pp.359-367
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    • 2016
  • This paper deals with the Cauchy problem for heat equations with coupling moving reactions of mixed type. After obtaining the infinite Fujita blow-up exponent, we classify optimally the simultaneous and non-simultaneous blow-up for two components of the solutions. Moreover, blow-up rates and set are determined. By using the analogous procedures, one can fill in the gaps for the other two systems, which are studied in the paper 'Australian and New Zealand Industrial and Applied Mathematics Journal' 48(2006)37-56.

Effect of 1,3-Diphenyl-guanidine (DPG) Mixing Step on the Properties of SSBR-silica Compounds

  • Lim, Seok-Hwan;Lee, Sangdae;Lee, Noori;Ahn, Byeong Kyu;Park, Nam;Kim, Wonho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 2016
  • 1,3-Diphenylguanidine (DPG) is commonly used as a secondary accelerator which not only acts as booster of cure but also activating silanization reaction. The aim of this study is to increase the interaction between silica and rubber by using DPG. In this study, mixing was proceeded in two steps. The T-1 compound is mixed DPG with silica and silane coupling agent in the kneader at high temperature which is named as $1^{st}$ mixing step. T-3 compound is mixed DPG with curatives in the two-roll mill at low temperature which is named as $2^{nd}$ mixing step. The T-2 compound is mixed a half of DPG in $1^{st}$ mixing step and the remainder is mixed in $2^{nd}$ mixing step. Total DPG content was equal for all compounds. When DPG is mixed with silica, silane coupling agent during the $1^{st}$ mixing step, a decrease in cure rate and an increase in scorch time can be seen. This indicates that DPG is adsorbed on the surface of silica. during rubber processing. However, bound rubber content is increased and dynamic properties are improved. These results are due to the highly accelerated silanization reaction. However, there are no significant difference in 100%, 300% modulus.

Deformation Characteristics of Steel Coupling Beam-Wall Connection (철골 커플링 보-벽체 접합부의 변형 특성)

  • Park Wan-Shin;Jeon Esther;Han Min-Ki;Kim Sun-Woo;Hwang Sun-Kyung;Yun Hyun-Do
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.435-438
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    • 2005
  • The use of new hybrid systems that combine the advantages of steel and reinforced concrete structures has gained popularity. One of these new mixed systems consists of steel beams and reinforced concrete shear wall, which represents a cost- and time-effective type of construction. A number of previous studies have focused on examining the seismic response of steel coupling beams in a hybrid wall system. However, the shear transfer of steel coupling beam-wall connections with panel shear failure has not been thoroughly investigated. The objective of this research was to investigate the seismic performance of steel coupling beamwall connections governed by panel shear failure. To evaluate the contribution of each mechanism, depending upon connection details, an experimental study was carried out The test variables included the reinforcement details that confer a ductile behaviour on the steel coupling beam-wall connection, i.e., the face bearing plates and the horizontal ties in the panel region of steel coupling beam-wall connections. It investigates the seismic behaviour of the steel coupling beams-wall connections in terms of the deformation characteristics. The results and discussion presented in this paper provide background for a companion paper that includes a design model for calculating panel shear strength of the steel coupling beam-wall connections.

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Grating phase measurement of photopolymer hologram by self-diffraction oscillations (자체회절 진동에 의한 포토폴리머 홀로그램의 격자 위상측정)

  • 경천수;성기영;곽종훈;최옥식;이윤우;이인원;서호형;이일항
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.328-334
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    • 1999
  • Methylene blue-sensitized photopolymerizable material based on acrylamide is investigated with two-wave energy coupling experiments. Differently from other studies, self-diffraction oscillations are observed and the grating phase is determined without applying external electric fields, moving nonlinear materials, and phase shifting one of two writing beams. The phase grating showed a phase shift of $\pm$50$^{\circ}$ with respect to the intensity grating. Modified Kogelnik's coupled wave equation considering the mixed gratings of phase and absorption gratings and nonzero spatial phase shifts of the gratings with respect to the intensity interference patterns formed during the two-wave energy coupling is discussed in detail to understand these phenomenon.

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Dehydropolycondensation of Aminophenols under the Catalytic Acition of Metallic Chelate Compounds (Ⅲ) Reactions of the Isomers, Reaction Mechanisms, and the Structures of the Oligomers (金屬킬레이트 化合物의 觸媒作用에 依한 Aminophenol 類의 酸化的 重縮合反應 (Ⅲ) 異性體의 反應, 反應機構 및 生成物의 構造)

  • Choi, Kyu-Suck
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 1968
  • In the oligomerization of p-aminophenol by the catalytic action of Fe-EDTA complex in the aqueous medium, the mixed complex intermediate, Fe-EDTA-M type, is considered to be formed, from which active radicals of the monomer are produced. In this system, polymerization is presumed to proceed as follows: Free radical formation ${\to}$ Coupling ${\to}$ Activation ${\to}$ Coupling, and so on. In this study, the form of the monomer and coordination state in the mixed complex, the catalytic action of Fe-EDTA the complex, the reaction mechanism, and the structure of the oligomers are discussed.

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